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OBS. 4.-The Interrogative what, followed by the Conjunctions though, if, and some others, commonly belongs to a Principal Sentence understood, and on which the following sentence depends for sense. EXAMPLES.-1. "What if the foot aspired to be the head?"

What [would be the consequence] if the foot, &c.

2. "What though Destruction sweep these lovely plains!" What [occasion have we to despair] though Destruction sweep these lovely plains?


RULE 5.-Adjective Pronouns are substituted for the Nouns which they qualify.

NOTE I. When used as Subjects, each, either, neither, this, that, and all other Adjective Pronouns indicating unity, require their Verbs to be in the Singular Number.

EXAMPLES.-1. "Each believes its own."

2. Either is sufficient.

NOTE II.-These, those, many, others, several, and other Adjective Pronouns indicating plurality, require their Verbs to be in the Plural.

EXAMPLES.-1. "These are the things which defile.”

2. "Those were halcyon days."


NOTE III-Any, all, like, some, none, more, and such, may have Verbs in the Singular or Plural, according as they indicate unity or plurality.

EXAMPLES.-1. "None but the upright in heart are capable of being true friends."-Y. L. Friend.

2. "None has arrived."

3. "All are but parts of one stupendous whole."

4. "What if the field be lost! All is not lost."

5. "The like were never seen before." "Like produces


6. "Objects of importance must be portrayed by objects of importance; such as have grace, by things graceful." "Nestled at its root


Is Beauty; such as blooms not in the glare

Of the broad sun."

OBS. 1.—Qualifying and some Specifying Adjectives receive the definitive "the" before them, on becoming Adjective Pronouns. They may be qualified by Adjectives or Adverbs, according as the thing or the quality is to be qualified.

EXAMPLES.-1. "The GOOD alone are great."

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2. "The professedly GOOD are not always really so.”

3. "The much GOOD done by him will not soon be forgotten."

'Professedly" modifies the quality-hence, is an Adverb.

“Much” limits the things done—hence, is an Adjective.

OBS. 2.—In the analysis of a Sentence, each other, one another, and simlar distributives, are properly parsed as single words.

But, in strict construction the parts perform different offices.

EXAMPLES.-They assisted each other.

They assisted-each [assisted] the other.

OBS. 3.—When two things are mentioned in contrast, and severally referred to by Adjective Pronouns-this and these, refer to the latter— that and those, to the former.

EXAMPLES.-1. "Here living tea-pots stand, one arm held out,

ONE bent; the handle THIS, and that the spout."- Pope

2. "Farewell, my friends; farewell, my FOES;
My peace with THESE, my love with those."-Burns.

8. "Some place the bliss in action; SOME, in ease:

Those call it pleasure; and contentment THESE."

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AUXILIARY SENTENCE Getteth . Predicate of "that."

Wisdom. Object of "getteth."

Auxiliary, Simple



.Is used for a name..

.Hence, a Pronoun.

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Denotes but one.

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Its form denotes its Person....... Hence, Personal.

Has the form of the Masculine. . . Hence, Masculine Gender.

Spoken of..

Subject of "loveth."


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.Hence, Third Person. .Hence, Singular Number. . Hence, Nominative Case.

-“The Subject of a Sentence must be in the Nominative Case."

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Relates to "he" as its Antecedent. Hence, Third Person,

RULE 4.-" A Pronoun must agree with its Antecedent in Gender,

Singular Number.


Person and Number."

Subject of "getteth.".

.Hence, Nominative Case.

RULE 1.-"The Subject of a Sentence must be in the Nominative Case."

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RULE 2.-"A Verb must agree with its Subject in Person and Number.

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RULE 2.-" A Verb must agree with its Subject in Person and Number"

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Describes by specifying...

.Hence, an Adjective.

..Hence, Specifying.

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Specifies by denoting possession... Hence, Possessive.

Own.....Describes "soul."

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.Hence, an Adjective.

...Hence, Specifying.

.Hence, Possessive.

Specifies by denoting possession.

Foul.....Is a name.

Denotes one of a class.

Spoken of.......

Denotes but one.

Object of "loveth.".

.Hence, a Noun.

. Hence, Common.

.Hence, Third Person.

.Hence, Singular Number.

..Hence, Objective Case.

RULE 3.-"The Object of an Action or Relation must be in the

Objective Cuse."


1. The man WHO was present can give the particulars.

2 The person WHOм we met appeared very much alarmed. 8. I saw the wretch THAT did it.

4. We saw the man wном you described.

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The starry host, rode brightest."-Milton.

6. "Memory and Forecast just returns engage

That pointing back to youth, this on to age."

7. "There is something in their hearts which passes speech -Story 8. "Behind the sea-girt rock, the star



That led him on from crown to crown

Has sunk."-Pierpont.

"The mountain-cloud

That night hangs round him, and the breath
Of morning scatters, is the shroud

That wraps the conqueror's clay in death."-Idem.

"Mount the horse

Which I have chosen for thee."-Coleridge.

11. "Few be they who will stand out faithful to thee."-Idem.
12. "For cold and stiff and still are they, who wrought
Thy walls annoy."-Macaulay.

13. "Ishmael's wandering race, that rode

On camels o'er the spicy tract that lay

Prom Persia to the Red Sea coast."-Pollok.

14. "The king granted the Jews which were in every city, to gather

themselves together, and to stand for their life, to destroy, to slay, and to cause to perish, all the power of the people and province that would assault them."-Bible.

15. "We have more than heart could wish."

16, "My punishment is greater than I can bear."

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