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Obs. 4.—You was formerly limited to the Second Person Plural, but is now used in the Second Person Singular and Plural. Its Verb is commonly in the Plural form. EXAMPLES." You are come too late.”
You have accomplished your object. OBS. 5.—But it has sometimes a Singular form. EXAMPLES. —“On that happy day when you was given to the world.”
Dod's Man “ When you was here comforting me.”—Pope.
" Why was you glad!”—Boswell's Life of Johnson.
“It was my father.”
was Dr. Chalmers." ---B. B. Edwards.
NOTE IV.—Pronouns of different Persons, used in the same connection, should have their appropriate position.
Obs. 1.-The Second Person is placed first—the Third next, and the First last.
EXAMPLE. --You and Jan and I have been invited.
OBS. 2.-But when a fault is confessed, this order is sometimes re versed.
EXAMPLE—“ I and my people have sinned.”
OBs. 3.—This position obtains also when we acknowledge a defeat or a common calamity. EXAMPLE.—“Then I and you and all of us fell down,
Whilst bloody Treason flourished over us.”
NOTE V.-The Pronoun " them” should not be used Adjectively.
Incorrect.—Bring me thein books.
Obs. 1.-A Relative Pronoun always performs a double office, and is used,
“Who” relates to "he," and is the Subject of studies—hence, a Stubstantive.
2. Conjunctively-introducing an Adjective Sentence.
Obs. 2.- Who and whom are applied to man, and to other intelligent beings; which, to things; that, to persons or things. EXAMPLES.—1. “ He that attends to his interior self, has business."
2. “Too low they build, who build beneath the stars."
“ where is the patience now
That you so oft have boasted to retain P”--Lear, mi. 6. Obs. 3.—But the name of a person, taken as a name merely, or as a title, may be represented by the Relative which.
EXAMPLE.—Shylock-wilicu is but another name for selfishness.
Obs. 5.—When the Relative “ what” is used substantively, it bears & part in the structure of two sentences at the same time. It is always equivalent to “ that which," or “ the things which.” The Antecedent part may be the Subject (A) or Object (B) of a Principal Sentence, the Object (C) of a Phrase in that Sentence, or used in Predicate (D). The Consequent or Relative part introduces an Auxiliary Sentence, which qualifies the Antecedent, and may be the Subject (E) or Object (a) of that Sentence, the Object of a Phrase (u), or used in Predicate with a Verb (1). A B 1. “What reason weaves, by passion is undone."
2 •Deduct what is but vanity.”—Idem.
3. “ Each was favored with what he most de
4. “It is not what I supposed it to be."
OBs. 6.- What is sometimes a Simple Relative.
Obs. 7.— Whoever, whosoever, whatever, whatsoever, and who (used for whoever), have a construction similar to what. EXAMPLES. — “Whatover purifies, fortifies also the heart."
“Who lives to Nature, rarely can be poor;
Who lives to Fancy, never car be rich.”
2. “Whatever object is most dear.”
Le "Which hope we have.”
Obs. 12.-The two words, but what—and also, but that-are sometimes improperly used for the Conjunction that. EXAMPLES.—“I did not doubt but what
would come." “ I did not doubt but that you would come.” Corrected.—I did not doubt that you would come.
Obs. 13.—The Relatives than and as have Adjectives, or Adjective Pronouns, for their Antecedents.
As, when & Relative Pronoun, has for its Antecedent the word "such”—used Adjectively, or as an Adjective Pronoun.
Than follows more, or some other Adjective, in the Comparative Degree.
“Nestled at his root
Of the broad sun.”—Bryant. 2. “We request such of you as think we overlaud the ode, to point out one word in it that would be better away.”— Wilson's Burns.
3. “He has less discretion than he was famed for having."
REM.—Let it be remembered, that than and as are Substantives only when they constitute Subjects or Objects of Sentences. Most teachers would regard those words in the Examples above as thus used, but a rigid analysis of these sentences would require the ellipses to be supplied —then the words as and than would perform the office of Prepositions
Beauty such as [that which) blooms not, &c.
NOTE 1V.—The Position of Relative Pronouns should be such as most clearly to indicate their Antecedents.
Obs. 1.—When a Relative is the Subject or the Object of an Aux: dary
Thy form to please me so p”
Hath found, at length, a tongue to chide.”
"O, they love least that let men know their love."—Shakspeare. Obs. 2.-When the Relative is the Object of a Prepositional Phrase, it comes between its Antecedent and the Auxiliary Sentence with which that Phrase is construed.
EXAMPLE.—“We prize that most FOR WHICH we labor most."
Obs. 3.—The Relative that, used as the Object of a Preposition, is placed
2. “Withhold not good from them to whom it is due.” 3. The world in which we sojourn is not our home.”
4. “We could not learn for what he came." Obs. 4.—The Relative--whether the Subject or the Object of a Sentence, or the Object of a Phrase-can rarely be omitted with but weaken: ing the force of the expression.
EXAMPLES.—1. “For is there aught in sleep [ ] can charm the wise f
2. “The time may come [ ] you need not fly.”
3. “It is a question [ ] I can not answer.” OBS. 5.-But the suppression of the Relative is allowed when the position of the words is such as to prevent ambiguity or weaken the expression. EXAMPLES. -1. “History is all the light we have in many cases; ana
we receive from it a great part of the useful truths
The noblest cause mankind can have at stake.”
NOTE V.-Interrogative Pronouns are construed like Personal Pronouns. EXAMPLES. — 1. As the Subject of a Sentence~ Who has the lesson !
2. As the Object of a Sentence-Whom seek ye?
3. As the Object of a Phrase--For what do we labor! Obs. 1.—The Interrogative force of such Pronouns is commonly supe pressed when they introduce Substantive Auxiliary Sentences. EXAMPLES.–1. We shall soon ascertain who has the lesson. 2. Ye still refuse to tell whom
serk. 3. We scarcely know for what we labor. Obs. 2.—But the Principal Sentence may remain Interrogative. EXAMPLES.-1. “ Who shall decide which shall have the premiuin ?"
2. How can you tell whom the teacher will reward?
3. By whom did you learn for whom I voted ? Obs. 3.—The word which answers a question has a construction similar to that of the word which asks it. EXAMPLES.—1. Whose book have you? Mary's.
2. How long was you going? Three days.
4. Whence came they? From Ireland. REM.—" Mary's” specifies “ book”—[during] "three days” modifier was gone”—“in Rochester" modifies “ did see"_“from Ireland” modi fies “came.”