Imágenes de páginas
PDF
EPUB
[blocks in formation]

Rem.—“Child” is the name of a young being, and, in this connection, 18 the proper object of “carried.” But “home” is a name applied to a habitation, a building, and “they” probably did not “carry” that. They carried the child to some place—and that place was its home.

“He told me his history.—He related TO ME his history. I asked him his OPINION.

Our dear Joachim has asked me for my opinion.”Michelets Luther. “He gave me a book.”—He gave a book to me.”

[ocr errors]

REM.-In parsing examples like the above, the ellipsis should be supplied. Thus, “to his home" is an Adjunct of “carried.” Hence, au Adverbial Phrase.

Home,” as a Representative of the Phrase, is an Adverb.

“ Home,” as an Element in the Phrase, is a Noun-Object of to understood. Hence, in the Objective Case.

Obs. 10.—The Verbs make, esteem, rigard, consider, eiect, bid, dare, feel, hear, see, and some others, are often followed by an Intinitive Phrase, having its Preposition (and sometimes the Verb) understood.

EXAMPLES.—-1. “Lorenzo, these are thoughts that make* man man.”

Young. these are thoughts that make man (TO BE] MAN. 2. " Teach them OBEDIENCE to the laws.".

Teach them [TO YIELD] OBEDIENCE to the laws. REM.-In examples like these the second Noun or Pronoun is the Object of the Verb understood or used in Predicate with it. Thus, “ man" is used in Predicate with “to be," or “to become," understood; and “obedience" is the object of “yield.” EXAMPLES.—1. Intemperance makes a man [to become) a fool.

2. “He maketh the storm [ ] a calm.” (See Diagram,

p. 216.)

“ to cause

* The word make is generally thus used, when it signifies w be,” “to cause to become.”

NOTE IV.-Intransitive Verbs have no Object.

EXAMPLES.—I sit—Thou art-He sleeps.

Obs. 1.—But some Verbs, commonly used Intransitively, sometimes have Objects of their own signification. EXAMPLEŞ.—1. I have fought a good fight.

2. We ran a race.
3. He sleeps the sleep of death.
4. “ Luther * * * * blew a blast."
5. “[They] shout their raptures to the clouldless skies"

a

NOTE V.-A few Verbs may be used Transitively or
Intransitively.
EXAMPLES.-1. The sun set in the west.

2. He set the inkstand on the table.
3. Cool blows the wind.
4. The wind blows the dust.

POSITION OF THE OBJECT.

[ocr errors]

Obs. 1.-When a Transitive Verb is followed by two Objects-one, the Ohject of the Verb, and the other the Object of a Preposition suppressed, the Object of the Preposition is placed between the Verb and its Objecte ExamPLES.—1. “Mary gave me a ROSE.

2. “Bring home my books." Rem.—“Me” is an abridged Adjunct of "gave” (see Adverbs by Repre sentation, p. 23), and is placed next its Verb according to the Rule foi the Position of Adverbs (see p. 259).

Exception. When the indirect Object suggests the important thoughty or when it is the emphatic word in the Sentence, it is placed after the direct Object.

EXAMPLE.—“They carried the child home."

OBS. 2.-But, when the Preposition is expressed, the dire... Hject is placed next its Verb.

EXAMPLE.—“Mary GAVE a rose to me."

OBJECT PHRASE.

PRIN.—Transitive Verbs may have, as their Objects, Substantive Phrases.

EXAMPLES.—1. “I doubted his having been a soldier.

[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small]
[ocr errors]

s

[ocr errors]

I doubted—what? Not “his,” nor having,” nor "been,” nor “Q," aor. “soldier," but the fact asserted by the whole Phrase" His having been a soldier."

2. " His being a minister, prevented his rising to civil

power.Obs. 1.-Object Phrases are limited, almost exclusively, to the Participial Form, Prepositional and Infinitive Phrases being commonly used

Adjuncts, and Independent Phrases as Logical Adjuncts. (See p. 20, Obs. 1; see also Clark’s Analysis, p. 115.)

Obs. 2.—But Prepositional, Infinitive, and Independent Phrases may be used technically as Objects of Transitive Verbs. EXAMPLES.—1. “The maniac repeated, 'on a bed of green sea-flowers,'

during the interview.” 2. The damsel could not say “ to be loving,without em

barrassment. OBs. 3.-Infinitive Phrases following Verbs, commonly indicate purpose or cause, and serve to limit the signification or application of Verbs. Such are properly called Adverbs. EXAMPLES.—1. Pupils are allowed to read.

2. Pupils appear to read.
3. Pupils assemble to read.
4. Pupils ought to read.
5. Pupils begin to read.

6. Pupils wish to read. REM. 1.-In Sentences (1), (2), (3), and (4), the Phrase "to read" is plainly Adverbial, the Predicate Verbs being necessarily Intransitive.

In the analysis of Sentences like (5) and (6), two sentiments obtain with prominent grammarians-1, that “to read” is the Object of “begiu"

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

and “wish” (see Welch, p. 205, and others); 2d, that “begin” and “wish” are here Intransitive Verbs. (See Brown, p. 496, and others.)

The test given by these and other authors for determining the Object of a Verb, viz., the question what? does not seem to be appropriate. Pupils beign-what?.

...to do what ? Pupils wish—what ?

.to do what? If the question what? is more appropriate, "to read” is the Object of “ wish.” But,

If the question to do what ? is more appropriate, “ to read” is an Ad. junct of “wish.”

Obs. 4.- The Transitive Verbs having Objects expressed, are often limited by Infinitive Phrases. EXAMPLES.--1. The teacher REQUESTED William to recite.

2. I BELIEVE the milk-man to be honest.

a

66

REM. 2.—“To recite” is a Phrase, Adjunct of “requested;" it limits the request.

“ William” is the Object of “ requested.” To be honest” is a Phrase Adjunct of “believe:" milk-man is the ject of the modified Predicate “believe to be honest.”

Obs. 5.—This construction should be carefully distinguished from that in which the Infinitive Phrase is Adjunct of the Object.

EXAMPLES.--1. The general gave the ORDER to fire.

[blocks in formation]

2. The subordinate manifested a DISPOSITION to dictate.
3. The truant manifested no inclination to return.
4. Idle pupils manifest little anxiety to improve.
5. “But half of our heavy task was done,

When the bell tolled the hour for retiring.
6. “We have our various duties to perform.”

7. “I have meat to eat that ye know not of.” REM. 3.-" To fire" limits “ order;" hence, an Adjective.

“To dictate" limits “disposition;" hence, an Adjective.

Let the Pupil place Sentences (2), (3), and (4) in the given Diagroun; aud

vary the Diagram for (5), (6), and (7).

OBJECT SENTENCE.

Piin.—Many Transitive Verbs have as their Objects Substantive Auxiliary Sentences.

Obs. -Object Sentences are distinguished as direct Objects and indirect objects.

EXAMPLES

Direct: -1. “But Brutus says he was ambitious."

2. “Nathan said unto David, Thou art the man.” Faliroch.--. "The ancieat Russians believed that their northern moun

tains encompassed the globe.

[blocks in formation]

4. “Gou never meaut hat man should scale the heavens oy

strid's of human wisdom.
5. “Can you tell where my highiand laddis's gone 2
6. “He hastily demanded wny i came.
7. “ The village all declared hou much he knew.*
8. “Did you but know to whom I gave the ring.
9. “He little dreamed what dangers threatened him.

10. “We can not learn who did it.liem. 1.—The Pupil will notice that Sentences used at Inčirct Oljects, ac, introduced by a Word or a Phrase which constitutes, logically, the essential part of the Object. Thus in Sentence (4) “that” stands for the whole Proposition.

“Their northern mountains encompassed the globe.”
“The ancient Russians believed that."
“My Highland laddie has gone,”- -can you tell where?
“I
gave the ring,”—did you

but know to whom.
“Dangers threatened him”-he little dreamed whala

“Who did it ?”- -We can not learn. REM. 2.-Still we are to regard the entire Auxiliary Sentence as the Grammatical Object of the Principal Predicato.

[ocr errors]
« AnteriorContinuar »