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EXERCISES IN THE ANALYSIS OF SENTENCES.

EXERCISES ON THE CHART.

REM. 1.—The following Exercises will exhibit the proper method os reing the Chart in Etymological Parsing.

REM. 2.-If the large Chart is used, the attention of the whole Class should be directed to it one of the Students using a “pointer,” as he repeats the construction of each word, according to the formulæ given below.

Rem. 3.— It is well for beginners in Etymological parsing to have the Sentence to be parsed first placed in Diagram on the black board.

REM. 4.- In the following Exercises the words or parts of words which are printed in CAPITALs may be found on the Chart.

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Animals... An Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT—SUBJECT

WORD--Noun-Com. (common)-Mas. (masculine) Gender

Third Person-Plur. (plural) Number-Nominative Case. Run....... An Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT-PREDI

CATE-VERB--INDICATIVE MODE-PRESENT TENSE.

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Mary ..... An Element in the SENTENCE — PRINCIPAL ELEMENT—SUBJECT

WORD-NOUN-PROPER—Fem. (feminine) Gender-THIRD Per

son-Sing. (singular) Number—NOMINATIVE Case. Is reading.. An Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT-PREDICATE

- Verb and Part. (participle)--Verb is in the INDICATIVE

Mode-PRESENT Tense. Reading... An Element in the SenTENCE— PRINCIPAL ELEMENT—used in

PREDICATE with “is."

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JECT

. An Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT-SUB– Word-Pron. (pronoun)

Pers. (personal)—Mas, masculine) Gender — Third Person SING. (singular)

Number-NOMINATIVE Case. | An Element in the SENTENCE — PRINCIPAL ELEMENT

Might have

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Verb is in the POTENTIAL Mode-Prior Past Tense.

4. His palsied hand waxed strong.

hand waxed

strong

His palsi’d) His............An Element in the SENTENCE ADJUNCT - PRIMARY

WORD-ADJECTIVE-SPEC. (specifying)-Posses. (posses

sive). Palsied......... An Element in the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT_PRIMARY

WORD—ADJECTIVE-VERBAL—INTRAN. (intransitive). Hand... . An Element in the SENTENCE--PRINCIPAL ELEMENT-SUB

JECT—WORD-NOUN—Com. (common) - Neut. (neuter,
Gender - THIRD Person SING. (singular) Number

NOMINATIVE Case.
Waxed strong.. An Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT-PRE-
DICATE --VERB and

(adjective) — VERB is in the INDICATIVE Mode--Past Tense. Strong. ..... An Element in the SENTENCE—Adj. (adjective) used in

PREDICATE with “waxed."

6. That good men sometimes commit faults, cannot be denied.

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That good men sometimes commit faults,

is an Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT SUBJECT — - SENTENCE SUBSTANTIVE SIMPLE - TRANS. (transitive).

Cremanot be de- }is an Element in the SENTENCE PRINCIPAL ELEMENIT

nied.

and a Part. (participle)is in the POTENTIAL Mode-Present Tense.

Not

.....is an Element in the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT-PRIMARY

WORD-ADVERB of Negation.

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....Is an Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT

SUBJECT-WORD-Pron. (pronoun)—Pers. (personal)
Mas. (masculine) Gender—Third Person-Sing. (singular)

Number-NOMINATIVE Case.
Hears. ..... Is an Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT-

PREDICATE VERB-INDICATIVE Mode-PRESENT Tense. The.

.....Is an Element in the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT-PRIMARY

Word-Adj. (adjective)—SPEC. (specifying)-PURE. Thunder .... Is an Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT

OBJECT-WORD-Noux-Com. (common)-Neur. (neuter)
Gender-THIRD Person-Sing. (singular) Number—0B-

JECTIVE Case. Ere the tem- Is an Element in the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT—Primarybest lowers... SENTENCE-Adv. (adverbial)—Sımp. (simple) INTRANS

(intransitive).

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Too ...........Is an Element in the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT—SECONDARY

WORD-ADVERB--of Degree. low..... .Is an Element in the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT_PRIMARY

WORD-ADVERB—of Place.
They. Is an Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT-

SUBJECT-WORD-Pron. (pronoun)—Pers. (personal)
Mas. (masculine) Gender-THIRD Person-PLUR. (plural)
Number--NOMINATIVE Case.

Build.......... Is an Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT

PREDICATE-VERB-INDICATIVE Mode—PRESENT Tense. Who build be- | Is an Element in the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT_PRIMARY neath the stars Š SENTENCE — ADJECT. (adjective) — SIMPLE—INTRANS. (in

transitive). Who

.Is an Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT
SUBJECT WORD — Pron. (pronoun)-Rel (relative)
Mas. (masculine) Gender—Third Person—PLUR. (plural

Number-NOMINATIVE Case.
Build...... Is an Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT

VERB-INDICATIVE MODE-PRESENT Tense. Beneath the Is an Element in the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT_SECONDARY

stars.......

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Scaling yonder Is an Element in the SENTENCE—an ADJUNCT_PRIMARYpeak,

a PHRASE - ADJECT. (adjective) — Part. (participial) —

Trans. (transitive).
I...... Is an Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT

SUBJECT — WORDPron. (pronoun)—Pers. (personal)
Mas. (masculine) Gender–FIRST Person-Sing. (singular)

Number-NOMINATIVE Case.
Saw

Is an Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT

PREDICATE—VERB-INDICATIVE Mode—Past Tense. An..

Is an Element in the SENTENCE-an ADJUNCT-PRIMARY

-WORD-ADJECTIVE—Spec. (specifying)—Pure. Eaglo...... .Is an Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT

OBJECT-WORD--Noun-Com. (common)-Mas. (masculine) Gender-THIRD Person-SING. (singular) Number OBJECTIVE Case.

TRAN.

Wheeling near Is an Element in the SENTENCE—an ADJUNCT_PRIMARY its brow 1 - ParasE-ADJECT. (adjective)—Part. (participial)-- In

(intransitive). Near its brow...Is an Element in the SENTENCE-an ADJUNCT- SECONDARY

-PHRASE-Adv. (adverbial) -- Prep. (prepositional) ---

INTRAN. (intransitive). REM.--In the analysis of a Complex Sentence (see Obs., p. 42) an Auxili. ary Sentence is found to perform an individual office, and accordingly, it is parsed as one Etymological Element of the Principal Sentence. After it has been thus parsed, it should itself be analyzed, and the Words and Phrases of which it is composed, be parsed according to their respective offices. The same remark is applicable to Phrases. (See Exercise 7, above, and 2, below.)

ANALYSIS OF PHRASES BY THE CHART.

EXERCISES.

1. In the beginning (a Prepositional Phrase).

in

beginning

the

in .... . Is an Element in the PHRASE — PRINCIPAL ELEMENT — the

LEADER—a PREP. (preposition). The........ Is an Element in the PurasE—an ADJUNCT—WORD—ADJ.

(adjective) Beginning. . Is an Element in the PurasE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT—the SUB

SEQUENT—a WORD-NOUN-OBJECT.

2. “

Scaling yonder peak” (a Participial Phrase).

scaling

peak yonder

Sealing .... Is an Element in the PHRASE, PRINCIPAL ELEMENT— the

LEADER--a Part. (participle)—Trans. (transitive). Yonder .... Is an Element in the ParasEman ADJUNCT--WORD- ADJ.

(adjective). Peak. ... Is an Element in the PHRASE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT—th SUB

SEQUENT—a Word-Noun-OBJECT.

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