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EXERCISES IN THE ANALYSIS OF SENTENCES.
EXERCISES ON THE CHART.
REM. 1.—The following Exercises will exhibit the proper method os reing the Chart in Etymological Parsing.
REM. 2.-If the large Chart is used, the attention of the whole Class should be directed to it one of the Students using a “pointer,” as he repeats the construction of each word, according to the formulæ given below.
Rem. 3.— It is well for beginners in Etymological parsing to have the Sentence to be parsed first placed in Diagram on the black board.
REM. 4.- In the following Exercises the words or parts of words which are printed in CAPITALs may be found on the Chart.
Animals... An Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT—SUBJECT
WORD--Noun-Com. (common)-Mas. (masculine) Gender
Third Person-Plur. (plural) Number-Nominative Case. Run....... An Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT-PREDI
CATE-VERB--INDICATIVE MODE-PRESENT TENSE.
Mary ..... An Element in the SENTENCE — PRINCIPAL ELEMENT—SUBJECT
WORD-NOUN-PROPER—Fem. (feminine) Gender-THIRD Per
son-Sing. (singular) Number—NOMINATIVE Case. Is reading.. An Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT-PREDICATE
- Verb and Part. (participle)--Verb is in the INDICATIVE
Mode-PRESENT Tense. Reading... An Element in the SenTENCE— PRINCIPAL ELEMENT—used in
PREDICATE with “is."
. An Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT-SUB– Word-Pron. (pronoun)
Pers. (personal)—Mas, masculine) Gender — Third Person SING. (singular)
Number-NOMINATIVE Case. | An Element in the SENTENCE — PRINCIPAL ELEMENT
Verb is in the POTENTIAL Mode-Prior Past Tense.
4. His palsied hand waxed strong.
His palsi’d) His............An Element in the SENTENCE ADJUNCT - PRIMARY
WORD-ADJECTIVE-SPEC. (specifying)-Posses. (posses
sive). Palsied......... An Element in the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT_PRIMARY
WORD—ADJECTIVE-VERBAL—INTRAN. (intransitive). Hand... . An Element in the SENTENCE--PRINCIPAL ELEMENT-SUB
JECT—WORD-NOUN—Com. (common) - Neut. (neuter,
(adjective) — VERB is in the INDICATIVE Mode--Past Tense. Strong. ..... An Element in the SENTENCE—Adj. (adjective) used in
PREDICATE with “waxed."
6. That good men sometimes commit faults, cannot be denied.
That good men sometimes commit faults,
is an Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT SUBJECT — - SENTENCE SUBSTANTIVE SIMPLE - TRANS. (transitive).
Cremanot be de- }is an Element in the SENTENCE PRINCIPAL ELEMENIT
and a Part. (participle)is in the POTENTIAL Mode-Present Tense.
.....is an Element in the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT-PRIMARY
WORD-ADVERB of Negation.
....Is an Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT
SUBJECT-WORD-Pron. (pronoun)—Pers. (personal) —
PREDICATE VERB-INDICATIVE Mode-PRESENT Tense. The.
.....Is an Element in the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT-PRIMARY
Word-Adj. (adjective)—SPEC. (specifying)-PURE. Thunder .... Is an Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT
OBJECT-WORD-Noux-Com. (common)-Neur. (neuter)
JECTIVE Case. Ere the tem- Is an Element in the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT—Primarybest lowers... SENTENCE-Adv. (adverbial)—Sımp. (simple) — INTRANS
Too ...........Is an Element in the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT—SECONDARY
WORD-ADVERB--of Degree. low..... .Is an Element in the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT_PRIMARY
SUBJECT-WORD-Pron. (pronoun)—Pers. (personal)
Build.......... Is an Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT
PREDICATE-VERB-INDICATIVE Mode—PRESENT Tense. Who build be- | Is an Element in the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT_PRIMARY neath the stars Š SENTENCE — ADJECT. (adjective) — SIMPLE—INTRANS. (in
.Is an Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT
VERB-INDICATIVE MODE-PRESENT Tense. Beneath the Is an Element in the SENTENCE-ADJUNCT_SECONDARY
Scaling yonder Is an Element in the SENTENCE—an ADJUNCT_PRIMARYpeak,
a PHRASE - ADJECT. (adjective) — Part. (participial) —
SUBJECT — WORDPron. (pronoun)—Pers. (personal)
Is an Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT
PREDICATE—VERB-INDICATIVE Mode—Past Tense. An..
Is an Element in the SENTENCE-an ADJUNCT-PRIMARY
-WORD-ADJECTIVE—Spec. (specifying)—Pure. Eaglo...... .Is an Element in the SENTENCE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT
OBJECT-WORD--Noun-Com. (common)-Mas. (masculine) Gender-THIRD Person-SING. (singular) Number OBJECTIVE Case.
Wheeling near Is an Element in the SENTENCE—an ADJUNCT_PRIMARY its brow 1 - ParasE-ADJECT. (adjective)—Part. (participial)-- In
(intransitive). Near its brow...Is an Element in the SENTENCE-an ADJUNCT- SECONDARY
-PHRASE-Adv. (adverbial) -- Prep. (prepositional) ---
INTRAN. (intransitive). REM.--In the analysis of a Complex Sentence (see Obs., p. 42) an Auxili. ary Sentence is found to perform an individual office, and accordingly, it is parsed as one Etymological Element of the Principal Sentence. After it has been thus parsed, it should itself be analyzed, and the Words and Phrases of which it is composed, be parsed according to their respective offices. The same remark is applicable to Phrases. (See Exercise 7, above, and 2, below.)
ANALYSIS OF PHRASES BY THE CHART.
1. In the beginning (a Prepositional Phrase).
in .... . Is an Element in the PHRASE — PRINCIPAL ELEMENT — the
LEADER—a PREP. (preposition). The........ Is an Element in the PurasE—an ADJUNCT—WORD—ADJ.
(adjective) Beginning. . Is an Element in the PurasE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT—the SUB
Scaling yonder peak” (a Participial Phrase).
Sealing .... Is an Element in the PHRASE, PRINCIPAL ELEMENT— the
LEADER--a Part. (participle)—Trans. (transitive). Yonder .... Is an Element in the ParasEman ADJUNCT--WORD- ADJ.
(adjective). Peak. ... Is an Element in the PHRASE-PRINCIPAL ELEMENT—th SUB