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PARTI

INTRODUCTORY EXERCISES.

God moves in a mysterious way,
His wonders to perform;
He plants his footsteps in the sea,
And rides upon the storm.”

Quest Of whom is something asserted in the lines above written Ans. Something is said concerning “God."

What is said of God!
A. God " moves.

How does God move!
A. "In a mysterious way."

What way!
A. "Mysterious” way.

What mysterious way i
A. "A" mysterious way.

“ God moves in a mysterious way"-why? A. “To perform his wonders."

Io perform wnat wonders ! A. His" wonders.

Concerning whom is something more said ! 4. Something more is said concerning "God."

you

think so 1 A. Because, in this connection "Ile" means God.

What more is said of God! A. He "plants."

Why do

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He plants what?
A. He plants “footsteps.

He plants what footsteps!
A. "His" footsteps.

He plants his footsteps—where
A " In the sea.

In what sea ?
A. In "the" sea.

What more is said of God?
A. He "rides."

He rides-where?
A. “Upon the storm.

Upon what storm?
A. "The storm.

In the lines written above what is the use or fice of the word

“God”? A. It is used to tell who "moves.”

What is the use of the word " moves" ? A. To tell what God does.

What is the use of “in a mysterious way 1
A. To tell how God moves

What is the use of .a?
A. To tell what mysterious way.

What is the use of “mysterious?
A. To tell what kind of way.

What is the use of “his wonders to perform" ?
A. To tell for what purpose God moves.

What is the use of “ He"?
A. To tell who "plants footsteps” and “rides."
What is the use of “

plants? A. To tell what " He" does.

What is the use of his",
A. To tell whose footsteps.

What is the use of " footsteps?
A. To tell what He plants.

What is the use of " in the sea"?
A. To tell where He plants footsteps.

What is the use of “rides" ?
A. To tell what " He" does.

What is the use of “upon the storm? A. To tell where He rides.

REMARK.—The young Pupil has seen, in this exposition of the four lines written above, that words have meaning, and that when they are properly put together, they convey the thoughts of the person who wrote them, to those who read them.

ADDITIONAL EXERCISES FOR ANALYSIS.

1. “The sun | rose on the sea I .”
2. “A | mist / rose | slowly | from the lake . ."
3. “The night | passed | away | in song |."
4. “Morning I returned | in joy 1."
5. "The mountains / showed their | gray | heads 1 ."
6. “The | blue | face of ocean | smiled [."
7.

“Day | declines 1 ;"
8. “Hollow | winds | are | in the pines 1 :"
9. “Darkly | moves / each | giant bough, |

O'er the sky's last crimson glow 1." 10.

“Nature's / richest | dyes | Are floating) o'er Italian skies ." 11. “A golden staff his steps supported.” 12. "The dying notes still murmur on the string." 13. “A purple robe his dying frame shall fold.” 14. “At the heaving billows, stood the meager form of Care" 15. “Oft the shepherd called thee to his flock.” 16. "The comely tear steals o'er the cheek.” 17. “The storms of wintry Time will quickly pass.” 18. “Thus in some deep retirement would I pass

The winter-glooms, with friends of pleasant soul." 19. “Then comes the father of the tempest forth,

Wrapt in thick glooms.”

(

23. “

20. “Thy bounty shines in Autumn unconfined,

And spreads a common feast for all that live." 21. “Some in the fields of purest ether play

And bask and whiten in the blaze of day." 22. “On thy fair bosom, waveless stream,

The dipping paddle echoes far,
And flashes in the moonlight gleam.”
Who can observe the careful ant,

And not provide for future want."
24. Nature with folded hands seemed there,

Kneeling at her evening prayer. 25.

“The woods Threw their cool shadows freshly to the west." 26. “The clear dew is on the blushing bosoms

Of crimson roses, in a holy rest.” 27. Spring calls out each voice of the deep blue sky. 28. Thou’rt journeying to thy spirit's home, Where the skies are ever clear.

A summer breeze Parts the deep masses of the forest shade,

And lets a sunbeam through.” 30. “The pines grew red with morning.” 81. “Sin hath broke the world's sweet peace-unstrung

Th’ harmonious chords to which the angels sung." 32. “And eve, ng the western skies,

Spreads her intermingling dyes." 33. The blooming morning ope'd her dewy eye. 84. “No marble marks thy couch of lowly sleep; 35. But living statues there are seen to weep." 96. “A distant torrent faintly roars.” 87. “His gray locks slowly waved in the wind

And glittered to the beam of night."

29.

"

LANGUAGE.

DEFINITION 1.Language is any means of communi cating thought, feeling, or purpose.

OBS. 1.—Thoughts and feelings are indicated1 By certain expressions of the features, by gestures, and by other

physical acts. This is called Natural Language. 2. By articulate sounds, or by written characters. This is called Arlo

ficial Language.

Obs. 2.–Natural language is common to all intelligent beings, and is understood by all without previous instruction.-Smiling, frowning, laughing, weeping, are instances of natural language.

Obs. 3.-Artificial language is invented by men.-Sounds are made to indicate thoughts by mutual or common consent. Generally, each nation has its peculiar language. PRINCIPLE.- Artificial Language is

SPOKEN and WRITTEN. DEF. 2.-Spoken Language consists in vocal sounds, indicative of thought, of feeling, or of purpose.

DEF. 3.- Written Language consists in artificial characters, so arr nged and combined as, by common consent, to represe thought or emotion.

REM.-'r customary to give to every science a name, by which it may be o!! -zished from other sciences; accordingly, people have agreed to in che science which treats of Language

GRAMMAR.

DEF. 4.-Grammar is the science of Language.

Obs. 1.—There are certain General Principles of Grammar which are common to all languages--Hence the term GENERAL GRAMMAR.

OBS. 2.—But each particular language has some idions and forms of monstruotion, peculiar witself.-Hene, the terin PARTICULAR GRAMMAR.

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