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Obs.-In Regular Verbs, the sign of this Tense is d or ed added to the root of the Verb.
In Irregular Verbs, a distinct form is used. [See List.]
DEF. 116.—The Prior Present Tense denotes time past, but in a period reaching to the present. EXAMPLES.--I have completed my task.—John has returned.
Mary has been prospered.—Thou hast destroyed thyself. OBs. 3. — Have, hast, and has, are the signs of this Tense. DEF. 117.-The Present Tense denotes time present. EXAMPLES.—Eliza studies.-Ellen is reading.
Do you hear the bell l-Emily may write that Diagram.
2. Indefinite-as, Virtue is commendable. DEF. 118.-The Prior Future Tense denotes time past, as compared with some future time specified.
EXAMPLE.—We shall have finished this recitation before the next class will come.
OBS.—Shall have and will have are the signs of this Tense.
DEF. 119.-The Future Tense denotes future time, as compared with the present.
EXAMPLE. -James will return to-morrow-I shall see him.
OBS.-Shall, in the First Person, and will, in the Second and Third, are the signs of this Tense.
REM.-Distinctions of time are not indicated with precision by the form of the Verb. This must be done by the use of Adjuncts.
In the Potenvial Mode, the Tenses are quite Indefinite--one forma being often used for another.
The same remarks will apply to Participles—to the Infinitive, the Subjunctive, and sometimes the Indicative.
er Let each Verb and Participle in the following Exercises be pointed out, and its Class and Modification given. 1. I wrote.
7. Willing to be taught. 2. Thou art reading.
8. Having seen the teacher. 3. James
9. Retire. 4. Mary can study.
10. Let us alone. 5. Joining the multitude.
11. Permit me to pass. 6. Accustomed to study.
12. Let me go
21. “To be or not to be—that is the question " 22. “Spirit! I feel that thou
Wilt soon depart 1 23. This body is too weak longer to hold
The immortal part. 24. The ties of earth are loosening, 25. They soon will break; 26. And thou, even as a joyous bird,
Thy flight wilt take
To the eternal world.” 27. Go forth when midnight winds are high,
And ask them whence they come; 28. Who sent them raging through the sky, 29. And where is their far home! 30.
“ Mark the sable woods, That shade sublime yon mountain's nodding brow 31. With what religious awe the solemn scene
Commands your steps. 32.
As if the reverend form
Move to your pausing eye.”
When first the coral fills his little hand; 34. Throned in his mother's lap, it dries each tear,
As her sweet legend falls upon his ear; 35. Next it assails him in his top's strange hum,
Breathes in his whistle, echoes in his drum; 36. Each gilded toy that doting love bestows,
He longs to break, and every spring expose.” 37.
“Could I forget
What I am destined to. 88.
I am not the first
I have been happier.”
And dies amuid her worshipers."
Crushed ....is [a Participle, from the Verb crush ;] used here to do
scribe a condition of “Truth;" hence, a Verbal Adjective. Will rise .... asserts an act of “Truth ;" hence, a Verb.
has 20 object; hence, Intransitive.
denotes time future; hence, Future Tense. hre.. asserts being of "years;" hence, a Verb. Are .has no object; hence, Intransitive.
simply declares; hence, Indicative Mode.
denotes time present; hence, Present Tense. Wounded ...is [a Participle, from the Verb wound ;] used here to de
scribe a condition of “Error;" hence, a Verbal Adjective. Writhes..... asserts an act of “Error;" hence, a Verb.
has no object; hence, Intransitive.
“The surging billows and the gamboling storms
Come crouching to his feet.” Surging.....is [a Participle, from the Verb surge.]
used here to describe“ billows;" hence, a Verbal Adjective. Gamboling..is [a Participle, from the Verb gambol.]
used here to describe “storms;" hence, a Verbal Adjective. Come....
asserts an act of “billows” and “storms;" hence, a Verb.
denotes time present; hence, Present Time. Crouching...is [a Participle, from the Verb crouch.]
used here to modify the act expressed by “come;"
“In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.” Beginning...is [a Participle, from the Verb begin.]
used here as the name of an event; hence, a Verbal Noun Created..... asserts an act of “God;" hence, a Verb.
act passes to objects (heaven and earth).
CONJUGATION OF VERBS
REMARK 1.-We have seen that most verbs are varied in form to de pote different modes and times of action or being.
They are also varied to correspond with their subjects in on and Number The regular arrangement of the various forms of a Verb is called its
Conjugation. Rem. 2.–Verbs are varied by inflection of their Radicals, or by the use of different Radicals. Hence, Prin.-Verbs are distinguished as
Regular and Irregular.
DEF. 120.-A Regular Verb is a Verb whose Past Tense is formed by the addition of d or ed to the Radical. EXAMPLES. -Present Tense.- I love, act,
Past Tense.—I loved, acted, saved, feared. OBS. 1.—Some Verbs, for euphony, drop the final letter of the Radical.
EXAMPLES. -Love, loved—Save, saved-Recite, recited.
Obs. 2.-Some Verbs, for euphony, double a final letter of the Radical.
EXAMPLES. -Tan, tanned—Transmit, transmitted.
DEF. 121.--An Irregular Verb is a Verb whose Past Tense is not made by the addition of d or ed to the Radical. EXAMPLES.— Present Tense.--I am, see, do, hide, lay,
Past Tense.I was, saw, did, hid, laid. Rem. Some Irregular Verbs are not used in all the Modes and Termos Hence,