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MODIFICATION OF ADJECTIVES.
REM. Most Qualifying Adjectives express, by variations in form, different degrees of quality. Hence,
PRIN. Some Adjectives are varied in form to denote Comparison.
There may be four degrees of Comparison.
1. Diminutive,.. .bluish,.. ...saltish.
DEF. 93. The Diminutive Degree denotes an amount of the quality less than the Positive.
It is commonly formed by adding ish to the form of the Positive.
DEF. 94. The Positive Degree expresses quality in its simplest form, without a comparison.
"Now fades the glimmering landscape on the sight.”
DEF. 95.-The Comparative Degree expresses an increase or a decrease of the Positive.
It is commonly formed by adding er, or the Words more or less, to the form of the Positive.
EXAMPLES.-Larger-purer-richer-more common-less objectionable. "Richer by far is the heart's adoration."
DEF. 96.-The Superlative Degree expresses the highest increase of the quality of the Adjective.
It is commonly formed by adding est, or the Words most or least, to the form of the Positive.
"The purest treasure mortal times afford
STANFORD LEN A
OBS. 1.-By the use of other Words, the degrees of Comparison may be rendered indefinitely numerous.
EXAMPLES.-Cautious-somewhat cautious-very cautious-unusually cautious-remarkably cautious-exceedingly cautious-too little cautious -uncautious-quite uncautious.
OBS. 2.-Comparison descending, is expressed by prefixing the Words less and least to the Adjective.
EXAMPLES.--Wise, less wise, least wise-ambitious, less ambitious, least
OBS. 3.-Most Adjectives of two or more syllables, are compared by prefixing the words more and most, or less and least, to the Positive.
OBS. 4. Some Adjectives may be compared by either method specified above.
PRIN.-Some Adjectives are irregular in comparison.
OBS. 5.-Some Adjectives want the Positive.
"He was in the after part of the ship."
OBS. 6. Some Adjectives want the Comparative.
"He stood upon the topmost round."
OBS. 7.-Some Adjectives can not be compared-the qualities they indicate not being susceptible of increase or diminution.
Let the Pupil determine which of the following Adjectives are Qualifying, which are Specifying, and which are Verbal. Of the Qualifying Adjectives, which can be compared, and how compared-of the Specifying Adjectives, which are Pure, which Numeral, which Possessive -of the Verbal, which are Transitive, which are Intransitive.
Let the Pupil point out the Adjectives, Nouns, and Pronouns, in the following Sentences, and name their classes and modifications. Let him be careful to give a reason for the classification and modifica tion of each, by repeating the appropriate definitions and observations
1. Good scholars secure the highest approbation of their teacher.
4. An ignorant rich man is less esteemed than a wise poor man.
These winding aisles, of human pomp or pride,
7. Report not. No fantastic carvings show
The boast of our vain race, to change the form 8. Of thy fair works. Thou art in the soft winds That run along the summits of these trees 9. In music: thou art in the cooler breath,
That, from the inmost darkness of the place, 10. Comes, scarcely felt: the barky trunks, the ground, The fresh, moist ground, are all instinct with thee."
These...describes "vaults;" hence an Adjective-for "a Word used to qualify or otherwise describe a Noun or Pronoun, is an Adjective."
Dim....qualifies "vaults;" hence an Adjective-for "a Word used to qualify or otherwise describe a Noun or Pronoun, is an Adjective."
Expresses a quality; hence Qualifying-for "a Word used to describe a Noun by expressing a quality, is a Qualifying Adjec tive."
Vaults..is a Name; hence a Noun-for "the Name of a being, place, or thing, is a Noun.”
Name of a sort or class; hence common-for "a Name used to designate a class or sort of beings, places, or things; is a Common Noun."
Spoken of; hence, Third Person-for "the Name of a person or thing spoken of, is of the Third Person."
Denotes more than one; hence Plural Number-for "Nouns denoting more than one, are of the Plural Number."
Subject of the Sentence; hence Nominative Case-for
Winding..describes "aisles;" hence an Adjective-for a Word used
to qualify or otherwise describe a Noun or Pronoun, is an Adjective."
Describes, by expressing a condition; hence Verbal-for " Word used to describe a Noun by expressing incidentally a condition, state, or act, is a Verbal Adjective."
Humar.describes "pomp" or "pride;" hence an Adjective-for "a Word used to qualify or otherwise describe a Noun or Pro noun, is an Adjective."
Expresses a quality; hence Qualifying-for "a Word used to describe a Noun by expressing a quality, is a Qualifying Adjective."
[It is profitable to repeat the Definitions until they become familiar: after that they may be omitted-the parts of speech and the classes and modifications of the several Words being simply named, as in the follow ing exercise.]
Carvings Noun Common, Third, Plu. "Adjective Specifying,
Common, Third, Sing.
Nom. to "show."
limits "boast." Obj. of "show."
The Teacher will abridge or extend these Exercises at pleasure. Then let four Sentences be made, each containing the Word good, so that, in the first, it will qualify the Subject-in the second, the Object— in the third, the Object of a Phrase attached to the Subject-in the fourth, the Object of a Phrase attached to the Object.
In like manner use the Words amiable-honest-industrious—wi sam this-some--loving-loved. Thus,
1. That amiable young lady was at the lecture.
2. We saw the amiable gentleman.
3. The benefits of an amiable disposition are numerous.
4. She possesses the advantages of an amiable temper