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CACIA, three-thorned .

Virginian . ACER, generic characters of Acer carnpestre

rcinatum
" dasycarpum .

criocarpum . .
macrocarpит .
monspessulanum
montana .
negundo .
pennsylvanicum
platanoides
pseudo-platanus

rubrum . . * saccharinum , * 8. nigrum . * spicatum . * striatum. .

16 tataricum . ÆSCULUS, generic characters Esculus flava ,

zstanum

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Page . 212 Ash, Red 195 “ Thorny, Prickly . .

71 Asimina triloba 102 Azedarach . . . 93 95 Banian-tree. 95 Bass-wood, American Lime-tree. . 78 Bay, American Rose 101 " Loblolly. .

74' “ Red, Carolina Laurel
106 BERBERIS, generic characters of
76 Berberis canadensis
80 « vulgaris .
88 Berberry, Common
98 " Canadian
83. Bignonia catalpa .
84 Birch, West India .
74 Bow-wood, Osage Orange
76 Box-wood . . . . .

73 Bread Fruit-tree. · 109 Bread Nut-tree, Jamaica . · 118 BROUSSONETIA, generic characters of . 110 Broussonetia papyrifera . . . . 111 Buckeye, Edible . . . . . . 110 | . 110 " Fætid . · 111 « Large, Yellow Pavia . .

111 66 Small . . . 120 Buckthorn, Purging . . .

115 " Sea . . 155 Buffalo Berry, Rabbit Berry . . 150 BURSERA, generic characters of

156 Bursera gummifera. .. .224 BUXUS, generic characters of . 281. Burus sempervirens ..

282 " belearica . .

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18

h. ohioensis . . . .
h. pallida . .
h. rubicunda .
macrostachya . .

pavia ,
AILANTUS, generic characters of
Ailantus glandulosa

procera . . Almond-tree . . . AMELANCHIER, generic characters of Amelanchier bolryapium.

canadensis.

c. botryapium AMYGDALUS, generic characters of Amygdalus commun

" persica . .

4 p. lævis.
Amyris elemifera ..
Andromeda arborea .
ANNONA, generic characters of .
Annona triloba
Apple, American Crab.

Astrachan.

Common
" European Crab.

6 Siberian . .
Apricot-tree. .
Armeniaca vulgaris
Asb, American, White .
** Black, Brown, Water.
- Carolina .
* European .

Flowering . .
* Manna
· Mountain, Wild Service

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. 282 Camphor-tree . 223 Carob tree . . .224 Cassena, Yaupon. . 230 CATALPA, generic characters of . . 231. Catalpa syringafolia . 188 CELTIS, generic characters of . 356 Celtis australis . 30 " crassifolia ,

" occidentalis. 298 " tenuifolia 298 CERASUS, generic characters of . 296 Ceras Cerasus avium .

borealis , 298

caproniana

caroliniana 243

chicasa . 394

mahaleb . 396

pennsylvanica . 398

serotina . . 384

sylvestris. 404

virginiana. . 402

vulgaris .
0. semperflorens

297

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CERCIS, generic characters of . .
Cercis canadensis . . . .

" siliquastrum
Cherry, American Bird, Choke .

Carolinian, Wild Orange .

Common Garden
" Perfumed.

Virginian, Wild, Black ,

Wild, Gean, Merry.
Chicasaw Plum . .
CHIONANTHUS, generic characters of
China-tree .
CITRUS, generic characters of . .
Citrus aurantium . .
CLADRASTIS, generic characters of ..
Cladrastis tinctoria . .
Coffee-tree, Arabian ,

o Kentucky,
CORNUS, generic characters of . .
Cornus alba . . . .

" florida . . . . .

mascula . . .
Cow-tree
Cranberry, Tree.
CRATÆGUS, generic characters of .
Cratægus cordata ..
" crus-galli

punctata.
Cucumber-tree .
CYDONIA, generic characters of . .
Cydonia vulgaris . . . .

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220 Gordonia pubescens
. 221 Grape-vine, American, Wild .
220

Bland's, Pale-red
265

Catawba . ..
. 272

Elsanborough .
257

Isabella
. 266 Guava, Florida i
. 268 GYMNOCLADUS, generic characters of
. 253 Gymnocladus canadensis .
. 250
. 370 Hack Berry, Hag Berry, Hog Berry .

HALESIA, generic characters of ...
. 56 Halesia tetraptera .
· 57 Hawthorn, European .
. 191 Hippophae argentea .
· 192 Holly, American . .
. 353 " Emetic, Yaupon . . .
: 218 " European · ·
.. 347 Horse-chestnut, Common .
. 348 “ Scarlet-flowered . .
. 350 Hydrangea hortense . .
. 348 Hypericum lasianthus . . . .
. 353 ILEX, generic characters of . .
. 274 Ilex aquifolium

280 " cassena . . . .
278 " c. vera . . .

opaca . . . .

paraguariensis . .

vomiloria . . . .
Judas-tree, Red-bud . . .
422 June Berry, Shad-blow. .
. 381
. 367 KALMIA, generic characters of . .
. 368 Kalmia latifolia . . . . .
. 350

Laurel, Kalmia

“ Big, Magnolia . .
. 507 " Carolinian, Red Bay .
. 479

European, Sweet Bay
. 509 “ Sheep, Lamb-kill .

510 LAURUS, generic characters of
. 504 Laurus benzoin .
508

camphora ,
. 501

carolinensis .
500

cassia.

cinnamomum
. 510

nobilis

66 sassafras .
. 469 Lilac, Indian, Persian ..
. 470 Lime-tree, American, Bass-wood . .

“ European, Linden
. 470 « Ogechee, Tupelo .
• 54 | LIRIODENDRON, generic characters of
. 383 Liriodendron tulipifera · ..
394 Locust, Black . .

Common . .
182, 371

Green, Yellow .

Honey, Sweet.
. 460 " Red. ,

" Rose-flowering .
.354 " Water .
. 211! " White
. 214 Lotus, European .
. 212 LYONIA, generic characters of .
. 51 Lyonia arborea : : :

54 MACLURA, generic characters of

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Daphne mezereum,
Devil-wood, American Olive
DIOSPYROS, generic characters of .
Diospyros virginiana
Dogwood, New-England Box-wood
Elm, American, White, Rock

< Boston, on Common . .
European
46 Hatfield . .
66 Johnstown . .
1 Penn's.
" Pittsfield
" Red, Slippery
" Thomas'
6 Wahoo . .

" Washington,
FICUS, generic characters of
Ficus carica . .

" Sycomorus . .
Fig-tree, Common.
Franklinia
FRAXINUS, generic characters
Fraxinus americana

" ! excelsior . . .
Fringe-trees . . . . .
Furze . . .
Fustic-trees . . .
Georgia Bark, Pinckneya ..
GLEDITSCHIA, generic characters of
Gleditschia, monosperma . . . .

triacanthos. ..
GORDONIA, generic characters of
Gordonia lasianthus

pubens . . . ...

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19 OLEA, generic characters of
17 Olea americana
7 " europæa ,
2 Olive, American ,
12 « European . .
22 " Wild.
22 | ORNUS, generic characters of

Ornus americana .

" europea
10 Orange, Common .

1 Navel

Osage, Maclura

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Maclura aurantiaca.
MAGNOLIA, generie character
Magnolia acuminata .

a. cordata
auriculata
conspicua .
c. alerandrina .
č. soulangeana .
fraseri . .
glauca . .
grandiflora .
macrophylla
purpurea .
p. gracilis .
pyramidata .
tripetala .

umbrella .
Magnolia, Conspicuous-flowered

Ear-leaved .
Large-flowered
Large-leaved.
Purple-flowered .

Umbrella .
Mahogany-tree
Maple, Ash-leaved, Negundo.

Field
Large-leaved
Montpellier
Mountain . .
Norway
Red, Swamp
Round-leaved .
Silver-leaved
Striped-barked .

Sugar, Rock
" Sugar, Black ,

Tartariani
“ White, Soft, Silver .
Maté, Paraguay Tea . .
Medlar, Dutch .
MELIA, generic characters of
Melia azedarach .
Mespilus arborea
MORUS, generic characters of
Morus alba .

a. multicaulis

nigra · · ·
u rubra . .

tinctoria
Mountain Ash, Wild Service.
Mulberry, Black .

Brousa.
Chinese . .
Italian
Paper . . .
Red, Virginian
Tartarian

White
Myrtle, Common European .
MYRTUS, generic characters of .
Myrtus communis .. . ..

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12 Paulownia imperialis
22 Pavia flava
10 lutea . . .

" macrostachya .
106

" rubra . . .
. 102 Papaw . . . .

78 Peach, Common .
101 | Pear-tree, Common

" Wild, Tupelo
80 Persica vulgaris .
98 Persimon, Virginian Date Plum

93 PINCKNEYA, generic characters of
. 95 Pinckneya pubens.
· 76 " pubescens
• 83 Pipperidge, Tupelo

84 PISTACIA, generic characters of
73 Pistacia officinarum

. '.
" dera. .

Pistachio Nut-tree
281 | PLANERA, generic characters of
. 122 Planera gmelini ..

" richardii .
. 282

" ulmifolia .
438 Plane-tree, European Sycamore

Plum, Common Domestic
. 445 " Chicasaw . . .
. 439 " Washington

Poison Sumach, Poison Elder
. 457 Pomegranate-tree . .
· 460 Poplar, White, Yellow . .

Pride of China, Azedarach . .

PRUNUS, generic characters of.
. 445 Prunus armeniaca.
. 444

арит
444

cerasus
. 461

« chicasa
. 457

domesiica .
. 446

mahaleb .

serotina
. 343 PTELIA, generic characters of.
. 342 Ptelia trifoliata
. 343 PUNICA, generic characters of .

Punica granatum .
. 231 | PYRUS, generic characters of
. 105 | Pyrus aucuparia . . ..
. 106 I a. americana . .
· 517 1 communis . .
. 516 " C. pyraster . . . . .
. 422 " cydonia . , .. . .

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209

Page 1
Pyrus japonica . . . . .

331 | TILIA, generic characters of
in malus ..

296 Tilia americana
. m. acerba .

297

" a. alba . .
m. coronaria . . . . . . 297 " europæa .

" glabra . .
Quince, Common . . . . . . 333 « heterophylla ..

Toothache-tree .
RHAMNUS, generic characters of

Tree of Friendship
Rhamnus catharticus .

" Heaven .
RHODODENDRON, generic characters of

" Liberty
Rhododendron marimum . . .

.359 | Tulip-tree, Liriodendron
" ponticum.

. 358 Tupelo-tree, .
ROBINIA, generic characters of . . • 194

Large
Robinia glutinosa . .

• 209

Sour.
montana . .

209
pseudacacia

. 195 ULMUS, generic characters of
pseudo-acacia .

195 Ulmus americana .
" discosa .

a. alata
RHUS, generic characters of

181 a. fulda
Rhus coriacea .

182

a. opaca .
cotinus . .

182

a. racemosa .
" typhina . . .

184 6 campestris.
venenata

186 " c. montana .
* vernis . .

186 " c. m. glabra .

rubra . .
Sassafras-tree

. 416 Umbrella-tree .
Service-tree, Wild

. 325 Uvaria triloba . .
SHEPHERDIA, generic characters of . 428
Shepherdia argentea

. 429 Virgilia lutea .
Snow-drop-tree

366, 371 VITIS, generic characters of

ers of . .
Snow-flower-tree, Virginian ..

. 371 | Vitis labrusca
Sorbus aucuparia .

. 325 " 1. isabella
Sorrel-tree, Lyonia

. 356 " vinifera . .

· ·
Sour Gum . .

. 423
“ Tupelo. .

. 426 Wahoo .

: . . . .
Stillingia sebifera .

. 431 / White-wood.
Styrax officinale .

. 365 Wickoby
Sumach, Poisonous .

. 186 Witch Hazel.
" Staghorn, Virginian

. 184
" Venice .

182 XANTHOXYLUM, generic characters of
SWIETENIA, generic characters of . 126 Xanthoxylum fraxineum ; . . .
Swietenia mahogoni
Sycamore, Maple. . .

88 Yellow Gum, Tupelo . . . .

Yellow-wood, Virgilia .
Tallow-tree . . . .

" Great Prickly . . .
Tamariz gallica . . .
Thorn, Cock-spur . . .

278 Zanthoxylum americanum

urunumlum americanum . . .
" Dotted-fruited .

clava herculis . . .
« Washington

. . . 280 Zerkoua, Zelkona . . . . .

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Deritations. The name Magnolia was given to this genus by Linnaeus in honour of M. Pierre Magnol, a distinguished butanist of Montpelier, in France. The German name, Gurkenbaum, means Cucumber-tree; and Bieberbaum signifies Beaver-tree, which is sometimes applied in America to the Magnolia glauca.

Generic Characters. Calyx of 3 deciduous sepals, that resemble petals. Corolla of from 6_9 petals. Sta mens numerous. Pistils numerous. Carpels disposed compactly in spikes, opening by the external angle, 1-2-seeded, permanent. Seeds baccate, somewhat cordate, pendulous, hanging out beyond the carpels by a very long umbilical thread. Trees and shrubs with large, entire leaves, and solitary, terminal, large, odoriferous flowers.-Dom, Miller's Dict.

MSAT HE genus Magnolia embraces the most admirable productions of

the vegetable world. All the species are highly ornamental, and may generally be cultivated in most parts of Britain, the middle and southern states of Europe and of North America, without protection during winter. But, in Russia and the northern parts of Britain, Germany, Sweden, and of the United

States, the less hardy kinds are green-house plants. Few of the species ripen their seeds in England, but most of them do in France. The American species are generally produced from seeds; but those from Asia are increased by layers, or by inarching, and in some cases from seeds.

Geographical Distribution. The native country of the most hardy magnolias is North America; but there are some hardy species found in China, Japan, and probably in Hindoostan. No tree of this genus has hitherto been found indigenous to Europe, Africa, South America, nor Australia; and the geographical range of the order Magnoliaceæ in America and Asia is comparatively limited.

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