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self-examinntion formed constituent it probably hastened his conclusion ; at. parts. Alas! how grossly has his which he had no sooner arrived, than limplicity been imposed upon. It is the countenances of his auditors indeed observed as a holiday by the brightened, and they congratulated lower casts, and spent by some of the one another on their being emanciinduftrious orders of mechanics in the pated from the fatigue of this tire-. innocent amusement of walking in the some ceremony. fields, accompanied by their wives • Had I never penetrated farther and children. By those of less sober into the character of these Christians, manners, it is employed in the indul- Į hould have confidered them as be." gence of gluttony, and the most de ings altogether incapable of a seripraved intemperance. By the higherous and profound attention to the: cafts, it is altogether unohserved, ex- performance of any religious duty; cept as a day particularly propitious but a deeper investigation convinced to the purpose of travelling. A select me of the contrary, and that in the number, from all the different cafts, performance of such ceremonies as occafionally amuse themselves by at- they deemed of real importance, these tending, for an hour or two, on the triding people could evince a degree mornings of that day, at certain large of assiduity and perseverance, that buildings, called churches ; a practice would have done honour to a Sanee which they doubtless continue in con-' aliee*, formity to fome ancient custom, the The rites to which I allude, may, origin of which is now forgotten, in my opinion, easily be traced to the though the practice continues to be sacred institutions of the beloved of partially observed. Curiosity once : Brahma; the nation which is the pure led me into one of the churches, fountain of all human wisdom. where a young man dressed in white. • To the intelligent mind of the began the performance of the cere- noble rajah, it is well known how our nony. Had it not been for the care- great ancestors, incomparable in wisai
ellness of his manner, I should have. dom, ordained such myftical repre. been tempted to believe that he was sentations.of the superior intelligences; engaged in affering prayers to the asst is not lawful for any but the mc & Deity; and so far as the extreme ra- holy and learned of the dramins to exa pidity of his utterance would permit plore. The moft pious of the facred me to judge, some things he faid fo catt, after purifying themselves from plainly alluded to a future state of worldly thoughts by years of abtiexistence, that one, less truly inform- nence, spent in the filence of falemn ed than I was, might have been led groves, are, by much application, and into a belief that fome fuch notions unwearied ftudy, enable to perceive had actually been entertained among the true meaning of those representathem. The ceremonies of this day tions hewn in the ftupendous rock, or were concluded by an elderly priest, carved in the lofty walls of ancient in & black robe, who read, in a lan- edifices, which, to
, the eyes of the guid and monotonous tone, from a vulgar, appear uncouth images of smal book, which he held in his hand, stone. And it is doubtless from this a sort of exhortation ; the truths con- wife example of our ancient bramios, tained in which, seemed equally indif- that the priests of all religions have ferent to himself and to his audience. learned the art of concealing the fimNor did the little attention that was plicity of truth, under the dark and paid to his discourse seem to give him impenetrable cloud of symbolicat any offence, or to impel him to speak mystery, which none but they themin a more energesic manner; though felves can fully explain. The know
* A religious recluse.
Den the very priest lost the apathy 188 THE UNIVERSAL MAGAZINE ledge of the vulgar is the death of suits : but that it is sufficient for a dozeal. But deep is the reverence of mestic character to refrain fro:n their ignorance.
The żeal for the Poojah of " It was not then, from the people cards inspires a more exalted degree engaged in the rites I mention, that of self-denial : I have known it lead I could expect information concerning its ardenc votaries to exclude the foul. them : but I had a better inftrucior in enlivening rays of the golden sun, in the depth of my own fagacity, which the finest evenings of their short-lived foon taught me, that the object of summer; and while the nightingale their most serious devotion was strialy warbled its tale of love to the listenanalogous to the symbols of our ing rose, and all the beauties of naDewtah, not indeed cut in the solid ture glowed around them, I have berock of gloomy caverns; not hewn held them turn from the temptation on the walls of sacred temples ; but, with heroic firmness, and placing correspondent to the trifling genius of themselves at the altars of their idols, these filly people, painted upon small remain immoveably fixed in that deNips of fiff paper ! Neither is the votion, which absorbed the powers of manner in which these devotions are their soul. performed exa&tly similar to ours. It Little as I am inclined to coincide is, ' not necessary that those devotees with the opinion of the rajah, relative should perform the seven ablutions; to the superiority of the females of neither do they rub their bodies with Europe in any other particular, I must carth; neither do they, cover their confefs, that in their unwearied affia heads with cow-dungi and, instead duity to the Poojah' of cards, they of solemin proftration before these evince a degree of constancy scarcely painted obje&ts of their idolatry, they exceeded by a pious Yogee + in the take them familiarly into their hands, act of penance. and tofs them one after another upon . The languor, so visible in the a table covered with green cloth; countenances of the people assembled turn them up and down, sometimes in the church, was never to be obgazing upon them with momentary served during the performance of this admiration, as they lie prostrate on more important ceremony. Here, seizing them with holy ardour, they which had there fo trongly marked turn them haftily upon their faces. his countenance. The attention of And to this Poojah of idols, termed his fellow worshippers was no longer cards, do the major part of the peo- a matter of indifference to him. His ple devote their time; facrificing zeal was kindled into fervour, and every enjoyment of life, as well as broke forth into the severity of se
every, domestic duty, to the performa proach against a female who fat opance of this fingular devotion. posite to him," for exhibiting fome
• It is said, that it is incumbent only transient mark of negligence in the on a "profeffed hermit wterly to re- performance of the duty in which the pounce his passions, and worldly pur- was now engaged.'
† An order of religious Recluses, remarkable for the rigorous 'performance of the penitential duties, esteemed by the Hindoos so effentially necessary toward the advance. ment of their happiness in a future ftate. The voluntary penances undertaken by these pious Yogeee, are frequently so severe as to excite an equal degl'te of astonishment and horror.
REFLECTIONS ON GAMING.
To the Editor of the Universal Magazine. Sir, The following plain and primitive, but truly excellent Letter, lately fell iniy my
Hands. It appears to have been written, half a Century ago, by a venerable Clergyman in the Country to his Patron, a young Baronet in Town. As the Vice which the goed Mar fo Arongly inveizhs againft, is not less prevalent, nor lefe defirullive, at this Period than it was then, I trust that this Letter may be productive of good Efects, if cafuell taken up and perused by any of your Readers, who may have unfortunately imbibed a Propensity to Gaming, before they are involved, beyond Recovery, in thefi fatal Calamities, of which our domestic Annals afford but too numerous Infiances. I am, Sir, &c.
OBSERVER. DEAR SIR CHARLES,
you had not twopence more left in OU will forgive an old friend, your pocket. How then can you go
who has troubled you, now and on to be fo fond of a thing, that may, then, with something like advice, if in time, render you unwise, inglorihe should do so once more, now there ous, ungenerous, unmerciful, and unfeems to be particular occafion for it. jult ? You say, in your lait, that you are I know you will laugh, and say, I two thousand pounds the poorer this am preaching to you. Well, that, year, for play. I am sorry to hear you know, is my profeflion ; and I it, with all my heart, for we people fhall never be ashamed of it. But in the country look upon two thousind how does play, do all the things I have pounds as a very serious matter; and been talking of? Why, if you please, had I not known you so well, I should I will tell you ; and that in a few have been much surprifed to find, that words too, though I am fo old a you could write so gaily, on losing man., such a vast sum as that.
Any one's manners must be tinged I know you gentlemen of the town a good deal with the company he look on gaming only as an idle and keeps. Now the groom-porter's itweak thing at the worst; but I have felf, as I take it, is not a place to long considered it as one of the great- learn much wisdom in. The lowest est fins I know of. You will forgive fort of gamesters are as weak men an old parlon for using a word which, (take them out of cards and dice) asi they tell me, is almost grown out of ever I met with; and a man who fashion.
games much will be apt, sometimes, Will you give me leave to tell you to fall in even with these, rather than why I look on gaming as fo very stand out; and, confequently, into wicked 'a thing it is, because I conversations that are far enough from think it may make a very bad man of being improving. a very good one.
As to reputation, the character of I know your temper very well, and a gamester will certainly be allowed am fure, that, naturally, you were to be one of the worst in the world ; much inclined to do good, and very and though the world is so bad, there desirous to have a good name in the never yet was a man in it generally world. You were of a sweet dispofi- esteemed for being a gamester, that tion from a boy; and I have seen you I know of. If there has, things have give fixpence to a poor old man, when grown worse since I was last in town;
in the Year 1743.
which was at king George the firt's An Account of what might have been coronation.
done by Sir Charles for the I beg you to recollect, (for I know Benefit and Happiness of Mankind, your good disposition) how often you have been willing to relieve some
£ worthy person whom you faw in
To apprenticing out the two .
fons of a foldier, that fought dilbrers, and could not do it, because che dice had run against you a night
bravely, and was killed in the 40
battle of Dettingen or two before. - In each of these kances; it was the dice that made you
To a poor clergyman tKat had
bred up a large family on a wanted to
105 not generous,
living of 15l. a year be fo with all
To a portion for five young
maids, on the day of their for any gentleman, by play, his poor
marriage with honest tradeftenants in the country must be driven the harder to pay in their rents when
To the clothing and schooling wanted ; and the rents in general must
100 be racked as high as posible, to sup. To apprenticing out. 14 boys
of ten boys ply the annual demands of the gam
and fix girls ing-table ; and both there, I fear, of
To setting-up four young men, ren in a manner that may be too fairly
just out of their time, in 150. caled unmerciful. Where gaming swallows up good
their proper trades
Loan to poor tradesmen, withpart of an income, as gaming debts
out interest, for three years muit be paid first, most other debts
each will be suffered to stand too long. The
To officers children, left in ? true value of money in trade confifts
distress a good deal in the circulation of .it; To a decayed gentleman of and if tradefmen's debts are of long
birth and merit
300 continuance, there mult be an injustice To a gentlewoman, whose fafomewhere. Either they charge no more than they should to a quick pay
ther, being a gamester, left
her without any fortune, to er, and then you are unjust to them,
300 in keeping them out of their money
buy her an annuity of 301. a o long; or they will charge you more Charities to fundry perfons dis
year for her life thạn the proper value of the goods,
covered to bedecretly pining 235 and then you are the occasion of in
and distress justice to yourself.
So that all the things that I faid, I think, are true; but the point, I own,
Total £ 2000 which grievęs me moft is, that fo exçellest a turn of mind, as I know to Instead of this, as I apprehend, in be in you, should be rendered of no your present account it must all stand effect by such pitiful means. I have under one article, thus : just been computing, what a vast
For the Year 1743. deal of good you might have done the laft year pat; all which you have To cards and dice
$ 2000 let slip out of your hands, without Ah! Sir Charles, let me intreat adding any thing either to your cha- you to compare two very different acracter or your happiness. I shall just counts together, and to weigh the one transcribe the account I have been against the other. Had you
had the making, and then be your very hum- happiness to follow the former, what ble fervant.
a pleasure it must have given you,
every time you looked it over,' to things 'alreadyWhen I hear any conlider how far you had gone, in thing good of you, it is the comfort one year, toward making to many of my gray hairs; and when I hear worthy distressed persons happy for any thing ill, I feel it here at mý their whole life! What have you, in heart. If you should happen to fend. .the stead of this, but the mortification mę word, this time twelvemonth, that - I will say no more, but leave you you had disposed of only half the to fill it up yourself. Think of it a overplus of your income, in doing , little, good fir Charles, if it be pofli- good, instead of facrificing it all in ble for you to fit down and think this wretchod way, I verily believe is I have always loved you as if you were would comfort me so much, that it my own son. You gave me my liv. would add two or three years to the ing, and have been ever good to me; declining life of, dear fir Charles, and I could, methinks, give it all up your most faithful and obliged humble again; to have the world speak well fervant to command, of you all round, as they do in most
GLE À NING S.
Llandaff attempted many years ftances both of the powers of habit, ago to prove, and we think fatisfac- and of their utility, and none more torily, that the numerous charitable than the commonest of all arts, the institutions for the lack and poor, owe art of speaking. What is faid on this their erection entirely to the spirit of lait point is highly amusing. The the gospel. History, says he, it is art of a good speaker, if it were not true, is chiefly employed in exploring more common, would appear more the causes which bring on revolu- wonderful, than that a man should tions in communities, in exhibiting dance blindfold amid a thousand blcody accounts of the martial archiev- burning ploughshares without being ments of different nations, in afcer- burnt. W.thout inftinét a child would taining the characlers of fuch indivi- not live to become a man, and withduals as either tyranny and ambition, out habit, a man would continue a or an honest regard for the liberties of child in power and understanding mankind, and the interests of society, through life. have rendered illustrious in their
age and country. The virtues of private The inefficacy of positive laws to life, the civil constitutions and internal regulate the conduct of mankind is politics of states, are seldom thought well expressed by Dr. Johnson, in a important enough to be enlarged on; fermon he wrote for Dr. Taylor. or they are pailed over as matters uni. No man can invade the property, og versally known; yet had any charita- difturb the quiet of his neighbour, ble inititutions, firailar to our hospi- without fubjecting himself to penalties, tals, exiited in ancient times, we can- and suffering in proportion to the in not doubt but they would at least have juries he has offered. But cruelty and been incidentally mentioned.
pride, oppression and partiality, may
tyrannize in private families without HABIT, according to Dr. Reid, controul ; meekness may be trampled differs from inftine not in its nature upon, and piety insulted, without any but in its origin, the latter appearing appeal, but to conscience and to heaperfect at once, the former being gra- ven. A thousand methods of torture dually acquired. Habit, he defines a may be invenced, a thousand acts of facility of doing a thing, and a prone: unkindness, or disregard, may be ness to do it, acquired by doing it committed, a thousand innocent gra.