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that these externals are of great im- are, and wliere they are, but forment portance in the system of health. their imaginations with what they
But I know of no kind of weather, might have been, and where they which affects my countrymen more might have been, and having no taste seriously than rainy weather, and there for reading, they almost cease to be are sundry reafons why this should be objects of ridicule, and are, indeed, the case. In the first place, a rainy day as lord Falkland confiders them, obis a day of disappointment, often in jects of pity. matters of business, but more frequent There are, perhaps, few things that ly in engagements of pleafure. Hence, display more of a man's character of all rainy days, a sainy Sunday is than the manner in which he bears pregnant with the greateit mortifica- disappointments of this kind, and in tions, and when we may fee the most general, I am sorry to say it, we do lively representation of the pains of a
many who do bear them with party of pleafure. It is what no per- ą tolerable fliare of good humour, the Ton calculates upon, and therefore no reason of which is the want of a subpreparation is made to avert its pro- ftitute, which would always be foúnd, Þable consequences. Over night, the where they least think of seeking it, plan is laid of a pleasant day, a plea- in an agreeable or instructive book. fant ride, or walk, a pleasant party, It is one of the greatest misfortunes of a pleasant dinner, in a pleasant fpot life not to have acquired, and it is on the banks of the Thames, or on truly blame worthy to have lost a taste those formidable infpectors of the for reading, because universal experimetropolis, Hampstead or Highgate'
. 'ence has proved that it is the best and The new clothes are ready; the new the only infallible antidote against those
the last new fashion varieties of weather to which we are is to be sported, and the last new folly exposed in this country. Perhaps I to be humbly imitated. The parties may be partial to it, but beside thinkretire to sleep, with a perfect con ing that a man who has such a taste fidence that they shall wake to joy and may defy all weathers, I question very pleasure. Some of them, unable to much whether the many sudden exits, fleep, for thinking of it,' withdraw peculiar to an English November, the curtain at an early hour, when might not be averted in some measure alas!
The experiment is at leaft
worth trying, though I must warn • The dawn 'is overcast; the morning lours,
readers from expe&iing that this
iny And heavily in clouds brings on-the remedy will operate like a charm, or rain.'
like a quack medicine, by the taking
of one or two doses only. Highly as that is to dash the cup of pleasure from 'I think of its efficacy, I am persuaded their lips, and confirun them to fretful that nothing but a course regularly folimpatience, or helpless folitude-fir lowed for years will afford a complete the party is broke up.
antidote to the afperities of wind and The motto to this letter was a com- weather. mon saying of the celebrated lord It will, I presume, be readily alFalkland ; . I pity unlearned gentle- lowed, that the greatest misfortune men in a rainy day,' and most pitia- attending a rainy day, is the breaking able objects they are, for, having, up of a party, and the confining the according to our parliamentary lan- individuals of it to their own houses. guage, made up their minds to a pleau Now, in reading, a remedy is immesurable employment, the bitterness of diately found for this. What company disappointnient will not permit them can any one expect better than that of to recur to domestic topics ; they can- the molt celebrated English authors ? not comfort themselves with what they Men who will fet down with you
caps are made
coolly, clearly, and deliberately, to can have loft nothing. The man, who impart their sentiments, without rudely confiders the subject in this light, will controverting yours, offering you a think very little of the disappointment bet, which perhaps may not be con- which depends upon weather, and venient for you to pay, far less, throw- will, in many cases, have reason to ing a bottle at your head, a glass of felicitate himself that he has made an wine in your face, or any of those ar- exchange so worthy of a rational creağuments, which are not unfrequent in ture. what is termed genteel company. I Wisdom is fo indispensable an ingredo not wish to place an invidious dif- dient in happiness, that some have reference between the living and the folved all vice into ignorance. Perdead, nor to praise the latter fo extra- haps this is carrying the principle ravagantly, as leave no merit at all for ther too far, since the wilest of men the former, but I am sure, upon calm are not immaculate, but surely one recollection, there are few persons who chief means of securing our happiness would not prefer a volume of many is by holding converse with men of English authors I could mention, to wisdom and learning, whose writings most conversations they ever took part are so easy of access, that he who felin with their acquaintances. And there dom consults them must stand without is this particular advantage attending all excufe. And of whatever other our keeping up an intimacy with the and more important uses they may be, dead, that whereas with the living we they are highly valuable, if it were are often exposed to hear very unplea- only for the purpose which forms the fant conversation upon very odious subject of this letter, namely, to avert subjects, and compelled to spend what the horrors of a rainy day. The want we call a most disagreeable day, we of temper, peevilhness
, listlessness, and may, from our libraries, select the other uncomfortable fymptoms, are in subject that is most agreeable to us, themselves very serious misfortunes, and the author who handles it moft and require a remedy, Whether the agreeably, and enjoy the full • feast one I have propofed will be acceptaof reason and the flow of foul,' with- ble, I know not, but I am from long out the possibility of the interruptions experience so well convinced of its of impertinence, the clamours of in- utility, that I do not hesitate, as far toxication, or the repentance of an as my opinion may have weight, to ill-spent day.
add probatum est. A man who has teWhenever, therefore, a disappoint- sources within himself has little to fear ment descends from the clouds, we from externals. Wind and weather may console ourselves that the earth are to him merely objects of speculawill certainly profit by it, and that tion; their ferious consequences he there is at least a chance, or more leaves to the mariner, but the • pitithan a chance, that in our secluded less pelting of the storm,' has no effect employment, we may be more agree- upon his temper, and he can meet his ably entertained than we should have friends with cheerfulness, though even been with our party. In a party of in the circumstances which Shakspeare pleasure, we cannot tell what a day attributes to the meetings of witches mày bring forth, but in the amuse
In thunder, lightning, or in rain.'. 'ments of our closet, in conversing with the wise and learned of former
I am, fir, &c.
OLD LILLY. times, we can at leaft tell, what a day will not bring forth. We can assure P.S. Does not Solomon allude fome Ourselves that it will be followed by how to my subject, when he fays,** A no unpleasant reflections, and that in continual dropping in a very rainy " blending instruction with amusement, day, and a contentious, nuoman, are 2we malt have gained something, and like?'
Interesting EXTRACT'S from Mr. Pennant's Hisory of the Parishes
of Whiteford and Holywell.' Having had Reason to apprehend, from a former Intimation, that Mr. Pennant
had entirely relinquished bis literary Labours, it is with Pleasure that we fee him resume bis agreeable and instructive Pen. The Work before us is a History of bis native Fields ; and we are perfuaded, that we fhall bighly gratify our
Readers by the following Extracts from it.
Foster-Fathers, &c. in former Times. name of aqua vitæ :
appears to have been chiefly used in Wales were frequent. The fidelity
In captain Wyndham's voyage to of Robin ap Inko, foster-brother to. Guinea, there was brandy on board for Jevan ap Vychan, of the house of the use of the fick failors. It was said Gwelir, in the reign of Edward IV, to have been invented by Raymundus was a most noted one. In a fatal' feud
Lullius, the famous alchymiit, who between Jevan and his brother-in-law died in the year 1315. Charles the Rys ap Howel, the latter, expecting Bad, king of Navarre, came to a a fray, provided a butcher to murder most horrible end, says Mezerey, who, Jevan in the confusion of the battle, to restore his strength, weakened by and to him he gave orders in these debauchery, was wrapped in sheets The butcher not being ac
steeped in eau de vie. His valet by quainted with Jevan, Ap Rys said, accident fet fire to them : after the • Thou shalt soone discerne him from third day he died in he most dreadful the rest by his ftature, and he will
tortures, and it is to be hoped thus make way before him. There is a foster-brother of his, one Robin ap crable life. I am indebted for the
expiated the crimes of his most exeInko, a little fellow, that useth to
origin of brandy to a inost elaborate match him behind: take heed of him, essay on it which I received from Mr. for be the encountre never foe hot, William Taylor, of Norwich, by fahis eye is ever on his folter-brother;'
vour of my friend Dr. Aikin. —and so it happened. Robin sufpečied the treacitery, and seeing the butcher watching his opportunity,
A Singular Event. came behind him and knocking him on the hiad in the moment in which Mostyn Hall
, in Flintshire, is a great
At one end of the gallery, at he had come behind Jevan, and had aimed one at that of his beloved foster- During the time that Henry earl of
room, remarkable for a singular event. brother. The patrimony of his faith- Richmond was fecretly laying the ful follower was in the parish of Llan- foundation of the overthrow of the derfel; and to this day retains the house of York, he passed concealed Dame of Tyddin Inko.
from place to place, in order to form an intereit among the Welsh, who fa
voured his cause on account of their Account of the Origin of Brandy.
respect to his grandfather Owen TuBRANDY, it is probable, was not, dor, their countryman. While he at that time (1642) in fashion in was at Mołyn, a party attached to Wales: yet nuste, in Romeo and Richard III, arrived there to appre
hend him. He was then about to At this time money was so Ycarce. dine, but had just time to leap out of that 4l. was a price for a pair of oxen; a back window, and make his escape and the baronet of Molyn was thought through a hole, which, to this day, very liberal in sending his heir apis called the King's. Richard ap parent to the university with 2ol. ia Howe!, then lord of Moftyn, joined his pocket. Henry at the battle of Bosworth; and after the victory, received from the A fingular Typographical Anecdote. king, in token of gratitude for his preservation, the belt and sword he Mr. Pennant, after having given an wore on that day; he also pressed account of the curious manutcripis and Richard greatly to follow him to ancient books in the Mostyn Library, court: but he nobly answered, like adds : To this classical lift let me add the Shunamitish woman: I dwell a a modern edition of the Bible, remarkmong mine own people. The sword able for its magnificence, but more so anc i tuor: preserved in the house till for a fingular erratum. It was printed within these few years. It is observa. by Basket, at the Clarendon presó, in bie, that none of our historians account 1717, in two vast volumes. It is afor a certain period of Henry's life, dorned with a frontispiece, and various previous to his accession. It is very head-pieces, from paintings by fir J. evident that he passed the times when Thornhill, and others, engraven by he difappeared from Bretagny, in Vander Gutch, de Bosche, &c. The Wales.
Many cotemporary bards, ridiculous mistake is in the runningby feigned names, record this part of title to the twentieth chapter of St. his life, under those of the Lion, the Luke; in which“ Parable of the vineEagle, and the like, which were to yard,” is printed « Parable of the rellore the empire to the Britons : for vinegar;" and on that account the edithe inspired favourers of the house of tion is better known by the name of Lancafter did not dare to deliver their the Vinegar Bible, than any other, verses in other than terms allegorical, for fear of the reigning prince.
On the Cultivation of Potatoes.
Every cottage in Whiteford has Anecdote of the Value of Money in tbe its garden; and if that is not large laft Century.
enough, any landlord or neighbour Sir Roger Moftyn had a great
allots him a piece in one of his fields, timacy with Pyers Pennant, bis.co- and this spot is prepared and manured
for the purpofe of a potatoe-garden, temporary neighbour at Bychton. Both seem to have been boon com
by the landlord, and for which not panions, as is evident from the P.S. more than 18d. per rood is demanded. to the following curious epistle :
The last comfort is not of long date,
for I can remember the time in which Mostyn,
1674. it was almost unknown to the poorer Dear Pyers,
people; neither did the rich extend • I hope you will excuse me for ask- the culture beyond the garden. How ing for the 41. you owe me for the fingular dpes appear to us the followpair of oxen; for I want the money ing quotation from old Gerard, who to make
201. to send my son to speaks of it as being also a meate Oxford next week.
for pleasure, equall in goodnesse and I am, dear Pyers,
wholesomenesse vnto the fame, being Your's, &c. &c. either roited in the embers, or boyled Roger Mostyn.
and eaten with oyle, vinegar, and P.S.-How does your head do pepper, or dressed any
other way by this morning ?-mine aches confound the hand of some cunning in cookerie.' edly.'
-At present our gardeners, and a few
others of the parish, raised sufficient demand, therefore, from the 'numeto supply their pei hbours, and to 'rous populous towns is very consideracarry for sale to the adjacent market. ble, and at times occasions a great rise
. The stiff foil of the parish is unfavour- in the price, and a consequential claable to the culture. If we want pota- mour at home. The complaints are tocs in any quantities, we muft import the draining of our county of grain, them from the vale of Conwy, from and the imaginary evil of great farms. Cheshire, and Lancashire. In the Grain is one of the articles of compresent time of scarcity, (May 1793) merce of the parish; and weaving the the cultivat on has been unusually en fupport of thousands and thousands of creased in Whiteford parish. Before poor in the great county I have menthis season, I never raised more than tioned. We feed them, they supply was necessary for the use of my family: us with various species of clothing: this year 1 increased my potatoe. As to food, let me add, that the ground many fold, even before I had farmers of that county even make us a read the speech made by fir John Sin- return in that article; for they supply clair. Thoufands have done the same us with potatoes, as we do them with in a similar state of ignorance, fome wheat. We all depend upon one anofroin benevolence, fome from view of ther: so true is it, that gain, and others on the principle of felf-preservation. I may predict also, God never formid an independant man! from the foi mer motives, that wheat Without fuch means of fale, or, we will be in the next season fown four
may call it, exchange of commodifold. Admonitions surely are unne. ties, the great farmer would cease to cefiary. In the next year we may re: plough, would cease to form those joice in plenty, even in fuperfluity, magazines of corn, on which, at all and have the happiness of seeing the times, our markets depend, and which poor man exult in our success. But
are the great preservative from famine the. halcyon days are arriving faft. in these kingdoms. At times, bad Let us comfort ourselves with the fair seasons occalion bad crops, and of prospect before us, and devoutly pray course enhance the price. ' An inorfor the accomplishment of those hopes dinate lult of gain may sometimes ocdelivered to us in the following pro- casion criminal confederacies; which, phetic effufion :
criminal as they are, have 'hitherto Let us cut off those legal bars baffled every atiempt of the legislaWhich crush the culture of our fertileille! ture to prevent. The poor are now Were they remov’d, unbounded wealth left quite defenceless against the ini
would flow, Our walles would then with varied pro- the repeal of the 5th and 6th Edward
quitous race of forestallers, &c. by duce smile, And England soan a second Eden prove ? VI. It is much to be lamented that
those humane laws are not revived,
modified in any manner adapted to the Wheat.
times. A middle inan in great conWhat grows remarkably well in tracts is often requifite : it is not that our clayey land; it is the red“kind, description of men at whom I aim, that the farmer prefers for seed; it is but those yuho in small bargains tempt the hardiest, and the furest of finding the farmer, by offers of exorbitant fale; the white and the grey being in prices, and contribute to the distresses our country less in request. We raise of the poor, and discontents of the much more the parish would con- country, to a degree unspeakable. fume. The rest is exported to Liver: At present a calamitous war aslifts that pool, to supply the county of Lanca- evil; but surely we cannot grudge Thire with bread, that vast county not food to our brave countrymen, who being productive of much wheat. The are fighting for all that is dear to, usa