DOD Systems Modernization: Continued Investment in the Standard Procurement System Has Not Been Justified : Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on National Security, Veterans Affairs, and International Relations, Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives

U.S. General Accounting Office, 2001 - 45 páginas

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Página 11 - Act is that agencies should have processes and information in place to help ensure that information technology (IT) projects are being implemented at acceptable costs and within reasonable and expected time frames and that they are contributing to tangible, observable improvements in mission performance.
Página 21 - Incremental investment management involves three fundamental components: (1) developing/acquiring a large system in a series of smaller projects or system increments; (2) individually justifying investment in each separate increment on the basis of costs, benefits, and risks; and (3) monitoring actual benefits achieved and costs incurred on ongoing increments and modifying subsequent increments/investments to reflect lessons learned.
Página 25 - Subcommittee on Government Efficiency, Financial Management, and Intergovernmental Relations, House Committee on Government Reform; and Subcommittee on Oversight, House Committee on Ways and Means.
Página 11 - Environmental Security, Department of Defense Instruction (DoDI) 4715.9, Environmental Planning and Analysis, DoDD 5000.1, Defense Acquisition, and Department of Defense Regulation 5000.2-R, Mandatory Procedures for Major Defense Acquisition Programs and Major Automated Information System Acquisition Programs.
Página 28 - Net present value" is the difference between the present value of benefits and the present value of total costs.
Página 5 - Standard Procurement System (SPS) In November 1994, DOD began the SPS program to acquire and deploy a single automated system to perform all contract management-related functions within DOD's procurement process for all DOD organizations and activities. The goal of SPS was to replace 76 existing procurement systems with a single Departmental system.
Página 11 - Office of Management and Budget (OMB), Circular A-130, Management of Federal Information Resources (November 30, 2000) and Circular A-ll, Part 3, Planning, Budgeting, and Acquisition of Capital Assets (July 2001).
Página 22 - DOD issued a change to its major system acquisition policy requiring incremental investment management. Specifically, the policy notes that a program's milestone decision authority must verify that each increment meets part of the mission need and delivers a measurable benefit, independent of future increments.
Página 24 - This kind of approach to making investment decisions has historically resulted in agencies investing huge sums of money in systems that do not provide commensurate benefits, and thus has been abandoned by successful organizations. The need to avoid this pitfall was a major impetus for the Clinger-Cohen Act investment management reforms.
Página 28 - ... Cost-benefit analysis attempts to consider all costs and benefits, regardless of whether they are reflected in market transactions. The costs and benefits included depend upon the scope of the analysis, for example, private or social, local, state, or national. Net benefits of an alternative are determined by subtracting the present value of costs from the present value of benefits. (See also Present Value. For a distinction, see Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.) Cost-Effectiveness Analysis (Economics...

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