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WE, THE PEOPLE OF THE UNITED STATES, IN ORDER
TO FORM A MORE PERFECT UNION, ESTABLISH JUSTICE,
power. United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.
SECT. II. The House of Representatives shall be compos. Of the ed of members chosen every second year, by the people of House of the several states ; and the electors in each state shall have Kepretenta. the qualifications requisite for electors of the most nume.
lives. rous branch of the state legislature.
No person shall be a Representative, who shall not have attained to the age of twenty-five years, and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he shall be chosen.
Representatives and diret taxes shall be apportioned, among the several states which may be included within this Union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other persons. The actual enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of teu fears, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The Aumber of Representatives shall not excced one for every
thirty thousand, but each state shall have at least one rc. presentative ; and, until such enumeration shall be made, the state of New-Hampshire shall be entitled to choose three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York six, NewJersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North-Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.
When vacancies happen in the representation from any state, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election, to fill such vacancies.
The House of Representatives shall choose their Speaker, and other officers, and shall have the sole power of im
peachment. Of the Se 'SECT. III. The Senate of the United States shall be comHate.
posed of two Senators from each state, chosen by the legislature thereof for six years ; and each Senator shall have one vote.
Immediately after they shall be assembled, in consequence of the first election, they shall be divided, as equally as may be, into three classes. The seats of the Senators of the first class shall be vacated at the expiration of the second year ; of the second class at the expiration of the fourth year; and of the third class at the expiration of the sixth year ; so that one third may be chosen every second year; and if vacancies happen by resignation, or otherwise, during the recess of the legislature of any state, the executive thereof may make temporary appointments, until the next meeting of the legislature, which shall then fill such vacancies.
No person shall be a Senator, who shall not have attained to the age of thirty years, and been nine years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state for which he shall be chosen.
The Vice-President of the United States shall be Presi dent of the Senate, but shall have no vote, unless they be equally divided.
The Senate shall choose their other officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the absence of the Vice-President, or when he shall exercise the office of President of the United States.
The Senate shall have the sole power to try all impeachinents. When sitting for that purpose, they shall be on oath or affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside. And no person shall be convicted, without the concurrence of two thirds of the members present.
Judgment in cases of impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any office of honor, trust, or profit, under the United States ; but tlic party convicted shall, nevertheless,