« AnteriorContinuar »
the southerly extreme of Lake Michigan, running east as aforesaid to Lake Erie, to the aforesaid state, or dispose of it otherwise, in confor. mity to the fifth article of compact between the original states, and the people and states to be formed in the territory north-west of the river Ohio.
18. Sect. III. All that part of the territory of the united states, north-West of the river Ohio, hcretofore included in the eastern civision of said territory, and not included within tiie boundary hercin prescribed for the said state, is hereby attached to, and made'a part of the Indiana territory, from and after the formation of the said state, subject nevertheless to be hereafter disposed of by congress, according to the right reserved in the fifth article of the ordinance aforesaid, and the inhabitants therein shall be entitled to the same privileges and immunities, and subject to the same rules and regulations, in all respects whatever, with all other citizens residing within the Indiana territory.
19. Sect IV. All male citizens of the united states, who shall have arrived at full age, and resided within the said territory at least one year previous to the day of election, and shall have paid a territorial or county tax, and all persons having in other respects, the legal qualifications to vote for representatives in the general assembly of the territory, shall be, and they are hereby authorized to choose representatives to form a convention, who shall be apportioned amongst the several counties within the eastern division aforesaid, in a ratio of one representative to every twelve hundred inhabitants of each county, according to the enumeration taken under the authority of the united states, as near as may be, that is to say, from the county of Trumbull, two representatives ; from the county of Jefferson, seren representatives, two of the seven to be elected within what is now kuown by the county of Belmont, taken from Jefferson and Washington counties ; from the counlty of Washington, four representatives ; from the county of Ross, seyen representatives, two of the seven to be elected in what is now known by Fairfield county, taken from Ross and Washington counties. ; from the county of Adams, three representatives ; from the county of lia. milton, twelve representatives, two of the twelve to be elected in what is now known by Clermont county, taken entirely from Hainilton county; and the elections for the representatives aforesaid, shall take place on the second Tuesday of October next, the time fixed by a law of the territory, entitled, “An act to ascertain the number of free male inhabitants of the age of twenty-one, in the territory of the united states north-west of the river Ohio, and to regulate the clections of representatives for the same,” for electing representatives to the general assembly, and shall be held and conducied in the same inanner as is provided by the aforesaid act, except that the qualifications of electors shall be as herein specified.
20. Sect. V. The members of the convention, thus duly elected, shall be, and they are hereby authorized to meet at Chilicothe on the first Monday in November next ; which convention, when met, shall first determine by a majority of the whole number clected, whether it be or be not expedient at that time to form a constitution and state government for the people, within the said territory, and if it be deiti. mined to be expedient, the convention shall be, and hereby are authorized to form a constitution* and state government, or if it be deem. ed more expedient, the said convention shall provide by ordinance for electing representatives to form a constitution or frame of government; which said representatives shall be chosen in such manner,and in such proportion, and shall meet at such time and place, as shall be prescribcd by the said ordinance; and shall form for the people of the said state, a constitution and state government; provided the same shall be republican, and not repugnant to the ordinance of the thirteenth of July, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, between the ori. ginal states and the people and states of the territory north-west of the river Ohio.
21. Sect. VI. Until the next general census shall be taken, the said state shall be entitled to one representative in the house of representa. tives of the united states.
22. SECT. VII. The following propositions shall be, and the same are hereby offered to the convention of the eastern state of the said territory, when formed, for their free acceptance or rejection, which, if accepted by the convention, shall be obligatory upon the united states :
First, That the section, number sixteen, in every township, and where such section has been sold, granted or disposed of, other lands equivalent thereto, and most contiguous to the same, shall be granted to the inhabitants of such township, for the use of schools.
Second, That the six miles reservation, including the salt springs, coinmonly called the Sciota salt springs, the salt springs near the Muskingum river, and in the military tract, with the seclions of land which include the same, shall be granted to the said state for the use of the people thereof, the same to be used under such terms and conditions and regulations as the legislature of the said state shall direct: Provided the said legislature shall never sell nor lease the same for a longer period than ten years.
Third, That one twentieth part of the nett proceeds of the lands laying within the said state sold by congress, from and after the thirtieth day of June next, after deducting all expenses incident to the same, shall be applied to the laying out and making public roads, leading from the navigable waters emptying into the Atlantic, to the Obio, to the said state, and through the same ; such roads to be laid out under the authority of congress, with the consent of the several states through which the road shall pass : Provided always, That the three foregoing propositions herein offered, are on the conditions that the convention of the said state shall provide, by an ordinance irrevocable, without the consent of the united states, that every and each tract of land sold by congress, from and after the thirtieth day of June next, shall be and remain exempt from any tax laid by order or under authority of the state, whether for state, county, township or any other pure pose whatever, for the term of five years from and after the day of sale.
* Pursuant to this law, a constitution has been formed, and the state called ORJA.
ACT of April 7, 1798. (Vol. IV. p. 90.) Sect. I. II. will be found in Western Lands, 89, 90. 25. Sect. III. All that tract of country bounded on the west by the Missisippi ; on the north by a line to be drawn due east from the mouth of the Yasous to the Chatahouchee river ; on the east by the river Chatahouchee; and on the south by the thirty-first degree of north latitude, shall be, and hereby is constituted one district, to be called the Missisippi territory : And the president of the united states is hereby authorized to establish therein a government in all respects similar to that now exercised in the territory north-west of the river Obio, excepting and excluding the last article of the ordinance made for the government thereof by the late congress on the thirteenth day of July one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and by and with the advice and consent of the senate, lo appoint all the necessary officers therein, who shall respectively receive the same compensations for their services; to be paid in the same manner as by law established for similar officers in the territory north-west of the river Ohio; and the powers, duties and emoluments of a superintendent of Indian affairs for the southern department, shall be united with those of governor : Provided always, That if the president of the united states should find it most expedient to establish this government in the recess of congress, he shall nevertheless have full power to appoint and commission all officers herein authorized ; and their commissions shall continue in force until the end of the session of congress next elisuing the establishment of the government.
24. Sect. IV. The territory hereby constituted one district for the purposes of government, may at the discretion of congress be hereaster divided into two districts, with separate territorial governments in each, similar to that established by this act.
25. Sect. V. The establishment of this government shall in no respect impair the right of the state of Georgia, or of any person or persons either to the jurisdiction or the soil of the said territory, but the rights and claims of the said state and all persons interested are hereby declared to be as firm and available, as if this act had never been made. [See postea 30.]
26. SECT. VI. From and after the establishment of the said government, the people of the aforesaid territory, shall be entitled to and enjoy all and singular the rights, privileges and advantages granted to the people of the territory of the united states, north-west of the river Ohio, in and by the aforesaid ordinance of the thirteenth day of July, in the year one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, in as full and ample a manner as the same are possessed and enjoyed by the people of the said last mentioned territory.
27. SECT. VII. From and after the establishment of the aforesaid government, it shall not be lawful for any person or persons to import or bring into the said Missisippi territory, from any port or place, without the limits of the united states, or to cause or procure to be so imported or brought, or knowingly to aid or assist in so importing or bringing any slave or slaves, and every person so offending, and be
ing thereof convicted before any court within the said territory, having competent jurisdiction, shall forfeit and pay, for each and every slave so imported or brought, the sum of three hundred dollars'; one joiely for the use of the united states, and the other moiety for the use of any person or persons who shall sue for the same ; and every slave so imported or brought, shall thereupon become entitled to and receive his or her freedom.
28. SECT. VIII. The sum of ten thousand dollars shall be, and hereby is appropriated, for the purpose of enabling the president of the united states to carry into effect the provisions of this act; and the said sum shall be paid out of any monies in the treasury not otherwise appropriated.
ACT of May 10, 1800. (Vol. V. p. 164.) 29. Sect. I. So much of the ordinance of congress of the thirteenth of July, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-seven, and of the act of congress of the seventh of August, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-nine, providing for the government of the territory of the united states north-west of the river Ohio, as relates to the organization of a general assembly therein, and prescribes the powers thereof, shall forth with operate, and be in force in the Missisippi territory : Provid. ea, That until the number of free male inhabitants of full age, in the said territory shall amount to five thousand, there shall not be returned to the general assembly more than nine representatives.
SECT. II. Until the number of free male inhabitants of full age in the Missisippi territory shall amount to five thousand, the county of Adams shall be entitled to choose four representatives to the general assembly, the county of Pickering four, and the Tensaw and Tombigbee settlements, one.
Sect. III. The first election, for representatives to the general as. sembly, shall be on the fourth Monday in July next, and all subsequent elections shall be regulated by the legislature.
Sect. IV. It shall be the duty of the governor of the Missisippi territory, to cause the said election to be holden on the day aforesaid, at the most convenient place in the counties and settlements aforesaid, and to nominate a proper officer or officers to preside at and conduct the same, and to return to him the names of the persons who may have been duly elected.
SECT. V. The representatives shall be convened by the governor at the town of Natchez, on the fourth Monday in September next.
SECT. VI. So soon as the number of free male inhabitants of full age shall amount to, or exceed five thousand, the number of representatives to the sercral assembly shall be determined, and the apportion. ment made in tise way prescribed in the ordinance.
30. Sect. VII. Nothing in this act shall in any respect impair the right of the state of Georgia to the jurisdiction, or of the said state, or of any person or persons to the soil of the said territory, but the rights and claius of the said state, and all persons interested, are hereby declared to be as firm and available as if this act had never been made [See antea 25.]
31. Sect. VIII. The general assembly shall meet at least once in every year, and such meeting shall be on the first Monday of Decem ber, unless they shall by law appoint a different day: Provided, That the governor shall have power on extraordinary occasions to convene the general assembly.
32. Sect. IX. Neither house during the session of the general aś= sembly shall, without the consent of the other, adjourn for more than three days, nor to any other place than that in which the two houses shall be sitting.
SECT. X. will be found in Western Lands, 91.
Secretary to provide printed clearancés).
ACT of September 2, 1789. (Vol. I. p. 36.) 1. Sect. J. There shall be a department of treasury, in which shall be the following officers, namely ; a secretary of the treasury, to be deemed head of the department ; a comptroller, an auditor, a trcasurer, a register, and an assistant to the secretary of the treasury, whichi assistant shall be appointed by the said secretary. [Altered,see postea 12.]
2. Sect. II. It shall be the duty of the secretary of the treasury to digest and prepare plans for the improvement and management of the revenue, and for the support of public credit ; to prepare and report estimates of the public revenue, and the public expenditures ; to superintend the collection of the revenue ; to decide on the forms of keeping and state ing accounts and making returns, and to grant under the limitations herein established, or to be hereafter provided, all warrants for monies