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BY MR. HAMILTON, MR. JAY, AND MR. MADISON.

A NEW EDITION,

WITH THE NAMES AND PORTRAITS OF THE SEVERAL WRITERS,

PHILADELPHIA:

PUBLISHED BY BENJAMİN WARNER, NO. 147, MARKET STREET,
AND SOLD AT HIS STORES, RICHMOND, VIRGINIA,

AND CHARLESTON, SOUTH CAROLINA.

1818.

DISTRICT OF NEW YORK, SS.

BE IT REMEMBERED, That, on the 21st day of September, in the thirty-fifth year of the independence of the United States of America, Williams and Whiting, of the said district, have deposited in this of. fice the title of a book, the right whereof they claim as proprietors, in the words and figures following, to wit:

“ The Federalist, on the New Constitution, written in 1788 By Mr. “ Hamilton, Mr. Jay, and Mr. Madison. To which is added, Pa. “cificus, on the proclamation of Neutrality, written in 1793. By Mr. “ Hamilton. A new edition, with the names and portraits of the se« veral writers. In two volumes, Vol. I."

In conformity to the act of the Congress of the United States, inti. tuled, “ An act for the Encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned.”- And also to the act, entitled, “ An act supplementary to an act, entitled, "An act for the Encouragement of Learning, by securing the copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the authors and proprietors of such copies, during the times therein mentioned,' and extending the benefits thereof to the arts of designing, engraving, and etching historical and other Prints."

CHARLES CLINTON, Clerk of the District of New York.

CONTENTS.

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PAGE

NUMBER I. Introduction

II. Concerning dangers from foreign force and influ.

11

III. The same subject continued

15

IV. The same subject continued

19

V. The same subject continued

23

VI. Concerning dangers from war between the states

VII. The subject continued, and particular causes enu-

merated

33

VIII. The effects of internal war in producing standing

armies, and other institutions unfriendly to liberty, 38

IX. The utility of the union as a safeguard against do-

mestic faction and insurrection

43

X. The same subject continued

49

XI. The utility of the union in respect to commerce and

a navy

56

XII. The utility of the union in respect to revenue

62

XIII. The same subject continued with a view to economy,

XIV. An objection drawn from the extent of country, an.

swered

70

XV. Concerning the defects of the present confederation,

in relation to the principle of legislation for the

states in their collective capacities

75

XVI. The same subject continued, in relation to the same

principles

82

XVII. The subject continued, and illustrated by examples,

to show the tendency of federal governments,

rather to anarchy among the members, than ty-

ranny in the head

87

XVIII. The subject continued, with further examples

91

XIX. The subject continued, with further examples 97

(X. The same subject continued, with further examples 102

XXI. Further defects of the present constitution

106

XXIJ. The same subject continued, and concluded

111

XXIII. The necessity of a government, at least equally en-

ergetic with the one proposed

120

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NUMBER

PAGE

XXIV. The subject continued, with an answer to an objec-

tion, concerning standing armies

124

XXV. The subject continued with the same view

129

XXVI. The subject continued with the same view

134

XXVII. The subject continued with the same view

140

XXVIII. The same subject continued

144

XXIX. Concerning the militia

148

XXX. Concerning taxation

153

XXXI. The same subject continued

158

XXXII. The same subject continued

162

XXXIII. The same subject continued

166

XXXIV. The same subject continued

170

XXXV. The same subject continued

176

XXXVI. The same subject continued

181

XXXVII. Concerning the difficulties which the convention

must have experienced in the formation of a proper

plan

188

XXXVIII. The subject continued, and the incoherence of the

objections to the plan exposed

195

XXXIX. The conformity of the plan to republican princi-

ples : an objection in respect to the powers of the

convention, examined

203

XL. The same objection further examined

210

XLI. General view of the powers proposed to be vested

in the union

217

XLII. The same view oontinued

226

XLIII. The same view continued

233

XLIV. The same view continued, and concluded

241

XLV. A further discussion of the supposed danger from

the powers of the union to the state governments

248

XLVI. The subject of the last paper resumed ; with an ex.

amination of the comparative means of influence

of the federal and state governments

254

XLVII. The meaning of the maxim which requires a separ.

ation of the departments of power, examined and

ascertained

260

XLVIII. The same subject continued, with a view to the

means of giving efficacy in practice to that maxim 267

XLIX. The same subject continued with the same view 272

L. The same subject continued with the same view 276

LI. The same subject continued with the same view,

and concluded

279

LII. Concerning the House of Representatives, with a

view to the qualifications of the electors and elect-

ed, and the time of service of the members

284

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