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ERRATA. In the Greek quotations, the reader is requested to excuse and correct the following typographical errors:

Page 183, for ólos read olos: 185, for dom700 read decrolov: 194, for you read yag: for Osog read @sw; dele comma after Dos: 224, divide rou apagou, dele stop after Jeov: for of read so: 225, for Jeo read Jsou: for pogonu read pogonu: 281, for velgıws read neleiws: and 429, for ad seivit read adscivit.

The principal oversights that affect the sense are these :

Page 11, line 10, semicolon omitted after David's: 19, 1. 7, for enthusiastic read enthusiast; 101, 1. 9, for consist read con. sists: 149, 1. 1, for in read on: 154, 1. 3 from the bottom, transfer comma from then to suffer: 185, 1. 2, for autography read autograph: 225, 1. 13, for Pierce read Peirce: 271, 1. 4 from the bottom, for favours read favour: 272, l. 5, for results read result: 280, 1. 4 from the bottom, for taken read taking: 432, 1. 10 from the bottom, for is God, read, is the Spirit of God.Correct this last with the pen.


THIS second edition has given the Author an opportunity of profiting by observations and strictures made on the first; and he will gladly avail himself of a future impression for the same purpose: but this is the only mode of defence or reply, that he ever contemplated; agreeably to a sentiment expressed in the preface to his Treatise on the Attributes, published in 1818: “If it were adopted as an universal rule and canon among authors, to deliver their own sentiments, without expressly controverting the opinions of their antagonists; in no case to refer to an opponent by name; and, least of all, with asperity or personal allusions, how greatly would the labour of the

press be diminished, the price of knowledge reduced, and the edification of the public enhanced!”

The notes are now annexed to each sermon respectively. The extracts are, for the most part, taken from the writings of the most learned, zealous and popular advocates for the doctrines controverted in this volume, that their true nature and tendency may be ascertained on unquestionable authority; and to justify the representation given of them in these sermons; not to fix a stigma on any sect or individual. They are generally copied from Bishop Mant's Bampton Lectures, Bishop Tomline on Calvinism, Acta Dordracena Remonstrantium, and other works of undoubted credit; as the Author could not always have access to the original works: but no argument depends on the accuracy of these quotations.

Belfast, June 20, 1826.



To the First Presbyterian Congregation in Belfast.


THIS volume I dedicate to you, in token of gratitude for the liberality and indulgence, with which you have attended on my ministry for four and thirty years; and in consequence of a wish, frequently expressed, that I should leave a record of the religious principles, inculcated from your pulpit for a century past.

With this desire I have, at length, been induced to comply, by the prevalence of opinions, which appear to me to be unscriptural, and of pernicious tendency; and an apprehension, that yours may have been misrepresented by the violence of party zeal. I have, therefore, selected these discourses, not only to assist your recollection, but also for the consideration of those who differ from us. In these controversial times, individuals and societies are called upon to make their sentiments known; and a minister may deem it his duty to his people, to explain himself in a form more precise and permanent than oral instruction. This is particularly expedient in those who profess free inquiry, and adopt neither creed, nor confession, articles of faith, nor doctrinal catechism, but the word of God alone.

Though these circumstances may expose you to obloquy and misrepresentation, they are attended with many advan

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