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years. Of a total of 514 females reporting, it is seen that the greater proportions are in the lower periods or under fifteen years, while as regards the individual foreign-born races, the Poles show a very large proportion in the lower periods of residence and the Germans in the longer.

RACIAL CLASSIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES AT THE PRESENT TIME.

The racial classification of the operating forces of the mills at the present time is set forth in the following table, which shows, by sex, the number and percentage of employees of each race for whom information was secured: TABLE 84.- Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity

and race.
(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

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a Less than 0.05 per cent. The above table shows that of 4,326 employees for whom information was secured 3,759 are females and 567 are males, 61.9 per cent are native-born of foreign father, 23.1 per cent are native-born whites of native father, and 15 per cent are foreign-born.

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ECONOMIC STATUS.

Occupations entered in the industry—Weekly earnings—Hours of work per day and

week in the industry-Effect of improved machinery upon industry and employeesEmployers' opinions of recent immigrants—[Text Tables 85 to 89 and General Tables 56 to 61].

OCCUPATIONS ENTERED IN THE INDUSTRY. The distribution of the several races employed in the silk industry in the anthracite coal regions in the various occupations of the industry is set forth in the table below, which is based upon a representative establishment with 248 operatives. A classification is also made in the table according to sex and age of employees. TABLE 85.—Occupation of the employees of each race, in the silk industry, by sex and age.

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Weavers:

American.
Irish.
English
German.
Welsh
Greek.
Scotch.

Total...
Winders:

American Lithuanian Irish.. German. Slovak Polish English Italian

Total.
Piekers:

American.
Irish.
English.

Total...
Flyers:
Lithuanian.
American.
Irish.
Polish
German.
English.

Total...
Bobbin boys:

American.
German...
Welsh..

Total..
Twisters:
Irish.
English...

Total...

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TABLE 85.—Occupation of the employees of each race, in the silk industry, by ses and age

Continued.

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WEEKLY EARNINGS.

The following series of tables exhibits the average weekly earnings and range in weekly earnings of employees of the silk goods manufacturing industry in this region. The first table submitted shows, by general nativity and race, the number of male employees 18 years of age or over earning each specified amount each week. TABLE 86.- Number of male employees 18 years of age or over earning each specified

amount per week, by general nativity and race.*

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* This table shows wages or earnings for the period indicated, but no account is taken of voluntary lost time or lost time from shutdowns or other causes. In the various tables in this report showing annual earnings allowance is made for time lost during the year.

In the following table the percentage of female employees 18 years of age or over earning each specified amount per week is shown according to general nativity and race: TABLE 87.Per cent of female employees 18 years of age or over earning each specified

amount per week, by general nativity and race.*

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

[This table includes only races with 80 or more females reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

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