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cent. Each of the other races, except the Syrian, shows less than 2 per cent at home. None of the North Italian, Polish, or Syrian males reporting are at school, and less than 2 per cent each of the Armenians and Hebrews. Of the South Italians, 2.1 per cent are at school.

GENERAL OCCUPATION OF WOMEN AT THE PI ESENT TIME, IN THE

HOUSEHOLDS STUDIED.

The next table submitted shows, by general nativity and race of individual, the general occupation of females in the households studied who were 16 years of age or over.

TABLE 25.General occupation of females 16 years of age or over, by general nativity and

race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.)

(This table includes only races with 20 or more females reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.

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Of the total number of females 16 years of age or over, 75.6 per cent are at home, 18.5 per cent are in the silk industry, and relatively smaller proportions are in the other general occupations. These figures closely reflect the occupation of foreign-born females, all but 31 of the total 336 being in that class. Considerably the largest proportion of the females of each specified race, the North Italian excepted, are at home, the proportion ranging from 74.1 per cent of Polish to 96 per cent of Syrian. The North Italians show only 47.9 per cent at home. They, however, have 45.2 per cent in silk goods, a proportion far outranking that of any other specified race.

WEEKLY EARNINGS.

The following table shows, by general nativity and race, the percentage of male employees 18 years of age or over who were earning each specified amount each week.

TABLE 26.—Per cent of male employees 18 years of age or over earning each specified

amount per week, by general nativity and race."

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) (This table includes only races with 80 or more males reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

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* This table shows wages or earnings for the period indicated, but no account is taken of voluntary lost time or lost time from shutdowns or other causes. In the various tables in this report showing annual earnings allowance is made for time lost during the year.

Of the male employees for whom information was secured, almost all earn $5 or over per week, 93.8 per cent earn $7.50 or over, 72.3 per cent earn $10 or over, 42.2 per cent earn $12.50 or over, 28.8 per cent earn $15 or over, 14.5 per cent earn $17.50 or over, and 5.8 per cent earn $20 or over. The proportions of individuals earning $12.50 or over and $15 or over per week, respectively, are largest for the nativeborn of foreign father, second largest for the native-born of native father, and smallest for the foreign-born; while the proportions earning $17.50 or over and $20 or over per week are largest for for the native-born of native father, second largest for the nativeborn of foreign father, and smallest for the foreign-born. Of the foreign-born the English and Dutch, in the order mentioned, have the largest and the South Italians and North Italians the smallest proportion of individuals earning $12.50 or over, $15 or over, and $17.50 or over per week, respectively. The proportion of individuals earning $20 or over per week is very much larger for the English than for the individuals of any other race and is smallest for the South Italian.

The table following shows, by general nativity and race, the percentage of female employees 18 years of age or over who were earning each specified amount per week.

TABLE 27.Per cent of female employees 18 years of age or over earning each specified

amount per week, by general nativity and race.*

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

[This table includes only races with 80 or more females reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.]

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Number

Per cent earning each specified amount per week. Average reporting data. per week. $2.50 or $5 or $7.50 or $10 or $12.50 $15 or

over. over. over. or over over.

2.3

2.1 2.6 1.3 2.1 4.0 .0

2.0 3.3 4.0 1.8 3.6 .0

2.3

1.9 2.0 3.0

* This table shows wages or earnings for the period indicated, but no account is taken of voluntary lost time or lost time from shutdowns or other causes. In the various tables in this report showing annual earnings allowance is made for time lost during the year.

It appears from the above table that almost all of the female employees 18 years of age or over for whom information was secured, earn $2.50 or over per week; that 77.4 per cent earn $5 or over; that 46.5 per cent earn $7.50 or over; that 23.6 per cent earn $10 or over; that 11.6 per cent earn $12.50 or over; and that only 2.3 per cent earn $15 or over. The proportions of individuals earning $5 or over, $7.50 or over, and $15 or over per week, respectively, are largest for the foreign-born, second largest for the native-born of native father, and smallest for the native-born of foreign father; and the proportions of individuals earning $10 or over and $12.50 or over per week, respectively, are largest for the foreign-born, second largest for the native-born of foreign father, and smallest for the native-born of native father. The North Italians, English, and Germans have the largest proportions of individuals earning $7.50 or over, $10 or over, $12.50 or over, and $15 or over per week, respectively.

The earnings of male children between the ages of 14 and 18 years are presented in the table following, which shows, by general nativity and race, the percentage of male employees 14 but under 18 years of age who were earning each specified amount per week.

TABLE 28.Per cent of male employees 14 and under 18 years of age earning each specified

amount per week, by general nativity and race.*

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) [This table includes only races with 40 or more males reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

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* This table shows wages or earnings for the period indicated, but no account is taken of voluntary lost time or lost time from shutdowns or other causes. In the various tables in this report showing annual earnings allowance is made for time lost during the year.

Of the male employees 14 and under 18 years of age for whom information was secured, 96.9 per cent earn $2.50 or over per week; 35.6 per cent earn $5 or over; 12.2 per cent earn $7.50 or over; and only 3.1 per cent earn $10 or over. The proportion of individuals earning $5 or over, $7.50 or over, and $10 or over per week, respectively, is largest for the foreign-born, second largest for the native-born of foreign father, and smallest for the native-born of native father.

The table next submitted shows, by general nativity and race, the percentage of female employees 14 and under 18 years of age who were earning each specified amount each week.

TABLE 29.-Per cent of female employees 14 and under 18 years of age earning each specified

amount per week, by general nativity and race.*

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.) (This table includes only races with 40 or more females reporting. The totals, however, are for all races.)

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*This table shows wages or earnings for the period indicated, but no account is taken of voluntary lost time or lost time from shutdowns or other causes. In the various tables in this report showing annual earnings allowance is made for time lost during the year.

Of the female employees 14 and under 18 years of age for whom information is given in the above table, 90.9 per cent earn $2.50 or over per week; 22.6 per cent earn $5 or over; ^.2 per cent earn $7.50 or over; and (1.1 per cent earn $10 or over. The proportion of employees earning each specified amount is largest for the foreignborn, second largest for the native-born of native father, and smallest for the native-born of foreign father. Of the foreign-born, the Dutch and North Italians, in the order mentioned, have the largest and the Poles the smallest proportion of individuals earning $5 or over per week. The proportion of individuals earning $7.50 or over per week is largest for the North Italians and Dutch, in the order mentioned, and the proportion earning $10 or over per week is much larger for the North Italians than for

any

other race.

RELATION BETWEEN PERIOD OF RESIDENCE AND EARNING ABILITY.

The

progress of male and female employees of foreign birth in industrial efficiency or earning ability after designated periods of residence in the United States is considered in the next two tabulations, which show, by race and length of residence in the United States, the percentage of foreign-born male employees 18 years of age or over earning each specified amount per week. By grouping the proportions in each period of residence under the several races it is possible to study the progress in earning ability made by the foreign-born male employees of each race.

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