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Of the 4,350 persons employed in the silk manufacturing industry, the largest proportion, or 29.4 per cent, have been in the United States twenty years or over, less than 10 per cent having had a period of residence of each specified number of years under five the same proportion, or 16.8 per cent, have resided in the United States from five to nine or from fifteen to nineteen years, 15.2 per cent having had a period of residence of from ten to fourteen years. The proportions of the members of races of old immigration who have been in the United States twenty years or over range from 59.1 per cent of the Scotch to 25.5 per cent of the French Canadians, while the proportions of the races of more recent immigration range from 12 per cent of the North Italians to 2.4 per cent of the Poles. Comparing the total number of male and female employees it is seen that a smaller proportion of the males have been in the United States each specified number of years under twenty, while a smaller proportion of the females have been in the United States twenty years or over.

The table next presented shows, by race of individual, the percent of foreign-born persons in the households studied who have been in the United States each specified number of years. Table 15.Per cent of foreign-born persons in the United States each specified number of

years, by race of individual.

(STUDY OF HOUSEHOLDS.) (By years in the United States is meant years since first arrival in the United States. No deduction is

made for time spent abroad. This table includes only races with 20 or more persons reporting. The total, however, is for all foreign-born.)

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Of 821 foreign-born persons reporting complete data 38.1 per cent have been in the United States under five years, 67.1 per cent have a residence of under ten years, and 93.9 per cent have been in this country under twenty years. The Hebrews show the highest percentage who have been in the United States under five years. The Syrians and the Poles show over 40 per cent having this length of residence and the Armenians, North Italians, and South Italians over 25 per cent who have been in this country under five years. The Hebrews show over 90 per cent, the Syrians over 70 per cent, the Poles and South Italians over 60 per cent, and the Armenians and North Italians over 50 per cent who have been in this country under ten years. The Hebrews show 100 per cent, the Poles and Syrians over 95 per cent, and the Armenians, South Ítalians and North Italians over 90 per cent who have been in the United States under twenty years.

RACIAL CLASSIFICATION OF EMPLOYEES AT THE PRESENT TIME.

The racial composition of the operating force at the present time may be seen from the following tables. The first table submitted in this connection shows, by sex, the number and percentage of employees of each race for whom information was secured at Paterson, N. J.

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TABLE 16.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity

and race: Paterson, N. J.
(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)
Number.

Per cent distribution.
General nativity and race.

Male. Female. Total. Male. Female. Total. Native-born of native father, White...

289 611 900

9.8 19.5 Native-born of foreign father, by country

14.8 of birth of father: Australia...

1
1 (a)

.0 Austria-Hungary.

(a) 10 17

3

3 Belgium..

13
17
.1
4

3 Canada.

5

.1
2

1 Denmark.

.0 England.

(a) 135 198 333 4.6 6.3

5.5 France.

25

50
.8
.8

.8 Germany.

179 330

509

6.1 10.5 Ireland.

8.4 101 246 347 3. 4

7.8 Italy

5.7 34 58 92 1.2 1.8

1.5 Netherlands..

135
263
398
4.6
8.4

6.5 Russia.

1
18
19 (a)

.6

..3 Scotland.

37
119
156
1.3
3.8

2.6 Spain.

1
1 (a)

.0 Sweden.

1
1

2 Switzerland.

(a)
56
85
141
1.9

2.3 Wales.

2
2
4
.1
.1

.1 West Indies..

1
1

0
Foreign-born, by race:
Armenian

13

4

2 Bohemian and Moravian.

5
1
6
.2

1 Bulgarian..

2

2
.1

0 Canadian, French.

12
12
.0

2 Canadian, Other.

2
3
5

.1

.1 Cuban..

1
1

.0 Danish..

(a)
4
.1
1

1 Dutch

99

244
3.4
4.6

4.0 English

132
362
7.8
4. 2

5.9 Finnish

3

.1 French

(a) 89

136
3.0
1.4

2. 2 German,

408
263
671 13.8

8.4

11.0 Greek

1
1

2 Hebrew, Russian.

(a)
213

40
253

1.3

4.2 Hebrew, Other..

41

E
47
1.4

.2 Irish.

50

121
1.7
2.3

2.0 Italian, North.

349
232
581
11.8
7.4

9.5 Italian, South

178

216
6.0 1.2

3.5 Lithuanian.

1

3
(a)

1 Magyar...

(a) 5

5
.2
.0

.1 Norwegian

2

2.
.1

.0 Polish..

(a) 17

22
.6

.2 Roumanian

.1 Russian.

35

2

.6 Scotch.

69
129
2.0
2.2

2.1 Slovak

7

0

.1 Slovenian.

1
1

.0 Spanish.

4
4

.0 Swedish.

2

4
.1
.1

.1 Syrian.

16

16

5
.0

3 Welsh.

1
1

2 (a) Austrian (race not specified).

2

2
1

.0 Belgian (race not specified)..

21

5
26

7

.2 Swiss (race not specified).

87
63
150
2.9
2.0

2.5 Grand total.....

2,951 3,138 6,089 100.0 100.0 100.0 Total native-born of foreign father.. 724 1,374 2,098 24. 5 43.8

34.5 Total native-born..

1,013 1,985
2, 998 34.3 63.3

49.2 Total foreign-born..

1,938 1, 153 3,091 65.7

36.7

50.8

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The preceding table shows that information was secured from a total of 6,089 employees—2,951 of whom are males and 3,138 of whom are females. Of the males, 65.7 per cent are of foreign birth, 24.5 per cent are native-born of foreign parentage, and 9.8 per cent are native-born of native parentage. Of the females, 43.8 per cent are native-born of foreign parentage, 36.7 per cent are of foreign birth, and 19.5 per cent are native-born of native parentage. Considering the foreign-born by race, it is seen that the Germans show the largest proportion of both males and females, with 13.8 per cent of the former and 8.4 per cent of the latter. Certain races report no males and certain other races no females. The difference between the proportion of males and the proportion of females of a given race is not large enough to require specific comparison.

The table below shows in a representative form the racial make-up at the present time of the silk goods manufacturing establishments of the various localities studied.

TABLE 17.--Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity

and race.

(STUDY OF EMPLOYEES.)

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Native-born of native father, White...

664

2,045 Native-born of foreign father, by country of birth of father: Australia.

4

36 Austria-Hungary.

53

391 Belgium..

13 Bulgaria.

1 Canada,

23

46 Denmark

2 England.

200

508 France.

34

37 Germany.

285

1,051 Greece.

1

9 Ireland..

198 Italy.

1,173 40

105 Netherlands.

137

264 Russia.

465 Scotland

51

152 Spain.

1 Sweden

1 Switzerland.

64

120 Wales..

28

303 West Indies..

1 Foreign-born, by race: Armenian.

20 Bohemian and Moravian.

5

3 Bulgarian..

2 Canadian, French.

45

55 Canadian, Other.

10

28 Croatian

3 Cuban..

1 Danish..

3

3 Dutch

104

150 English

354

245 Finnish

1

2 French.

94

50 German,

482

357 Greek.

9

22 Hebrew, Russian.

213

41 Hebrew, Other.

41

6 Irish

77

144 Italian, North

378

266 Italian, South

193

77 Lithuanian..

2

73 Magyar..

5

23
a Less than 0.05 per cent.

TABLE 17.-Employees for whom information was secured, by sex and general nativity

and race— Continued.

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It appears from the above table that of the employees for whom information was secured 56.5 per cent of the males and 23.8 per cent of the females are foreign-born, 27.6 per cent of the males and 53 per cent of the females are native-born of foreign father, and 15.9 per cent of the males and 23.2 per cent of the females are nativeborn of native father. Males whose fathers were born in Germany, England, Ireland, and the Netherlands, and females whose fathers were born in Ireland, Germany, England, Russia, and AustriaHungary, have the largest representation among the native-born of foreign father. The principal races of the foreign-born are, in the case of the males, the Germans, North Italians, English, Russian Hebrews, and South Italians, in the order mentioned, and in the case of the females the Germans, North Italians, English, and Poles, in the order mentioned.

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