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Enlistment of That section fourteen hundred and eighteen be amended so as to read boys and others.

as follows: 1881, Feb. 26, ch. 73, Ø 2.

“Sec. 1418. Boys between the ages of fifteen and eighteen years may 2 Lowell, 270. be enlisted to serve in the Navy until they shall arrive at the age of Substitute for twenty-one years; other persons may be enlisted to serve for a period R. S., V 1418.

not exceeding five years, unless sooner discharged by direction of the

President." Minors between That section fourteen hundred and nineteen be amended so as to read ages of 15 and 18

as follows: years, when not to Ve enlisted.

“ SEC. 1419. Minors between the ages of fifteen and eighteen years 1881, Feb. 26, ch. shall not be enlisted for the naval service without the consent of their 73, 02.

parents or guardians." Substitute for R. S., 5 1419. What persons are That section fourteen hundred and twenty be amendeel so as to read prohibited from

as follows: enlisting. 1 Mass., 71.

“ SEC. 1420. No minor under the age of fifteen years, no insane or Crabbe, 265. intoxicated person, and no deserter from the naval or military service

of the United States, shall be enlisted in the naval service.” Penalty for enlisting prohibited amended so as to read as follows;

That article nineteen of section sixteen hundred and twenty-four be persous Substitute for

“ SEC. 1624. ARTICLE 19. Any officer who knowingly enlists into R. S., \ 1624, art. the naval service any deserter from the naval or military service of the 19.

United States, or any insane or intoxicated person, or any minor between the ages of fifteen and eighteen years, without the consent of his parents or guardian, or any minor under the age of fifteen years, shall be punished as a court-martial may direct.” (May 12, 1879.]

CHAPTER 7.

May 14, 1879.
AN ACT TO AUTHORIZE THE EMPLOYMENT OF THREE ADDITIONAL ASSISTANTS IN THE

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS. 21 Stat. L., 4.

Thrco additional assistants to Librarian of Congress. Three additional Be it enacted, &c., That the Librarian of Congress be authorized to assistants to Libra- employ three additional assistants, at a yearly compensation of twelve rian of Congress. hundred dollars each; and the sum necessary is hereby appropriated R. S., \ 91.

out of any money in the Treasury not otherwise appropriated. (May 14, 1879.]

CHAPTER 8.

May 17, 1879. AN ACT TO AMEND SECTION FIFTY-FOUR HUNDRED AND FORTY OF THE REVISED

STATUTES. 21 Stat. L., 4.

All parties to conspiracy to defraud United States liable to penalty if ono docs any act, &c. All parties to Be it enacted, &c., That section fifty-four hundred and forty of the conspiracy liable Revised Statutes of the United States of America be amended so as to to penalty if one does any act.

read as follows: Substitute for If two or more persons conspire either to commit any offense against R. S., ♡ 5440. the United States or to defraud the United States in any manner or for 1 Lowell, 266.

any purpose, and one or more of such parties do any act to effect the 11 Blatch., 168. object of the conspiracy all the parties to such conspiracy shall be lia16 Blatch., 15, 21. ble to a penalty of not more than ten thousand dollars, or to imprison2 Wood, 175, 197. ment for not more than two years or to both fine and imprisonment in 3 Wood, 47. the discretion of the court. [May 17, 1879.]

4 Dillon, 128, 145, 407. 5 Dill., 58. 3 Hughes, 553. 100 U.S., 33.

CHAPTER 11.

AN ACT TO PP.EVENT THE INTRODUCTION OF CONTAGIOUS OR INFECTIOUS DISEASES

INTO THE UNITED STATES.

Jure 2, 1879. 21 Stat. L.,

5.

SECTION
1. Vessels from foreign ports where infectious

diseaso exists subject to certain regulations
before entering United States.

- proceedings in case of violation. 2. – to obtain sanitary certificate of consul or

medical officer, &c. - to pay feo for certificate. Medical officers of inspection, &c., detailed to

service in foreign ports. Penalty when vessels from such port, without

certificate, enter United States. 3. National Board of Health to co-operate with

State boarils, &c., and in certain cases niay make regulations to prevent introduction of

disease, &c. - to make regulations to be observed by ves.

sels at foreign ports of departure, &c., whero discase exists. - penalties for violating such regulations;

when to attach. 4. – to obtain information of sanitary condition

of foreign ports and places, and of ports, &c., in United States, and to publish and dis. tribute same.

SECTION

- to procure information relating to climate,

&c.
- to make reports to Congress.
5. – to issue to consular officers, &c., and other.

wise publish its regulations.
Vessels not to enter ports to discharge cargo,

&c., except on certificate that regulations
have been complied with.
Master to produce certificate, &c.
6. Fees to be paid by vessels for services under

this act, to be fixed by Secretary of Treas.

ury:
7. Detail of officers from departments by Presi.

dent at request of Board of Health for tem.

porary duty.
8. Appropriation.
Board to report operations and expenditures

quarterly.
9. Consular officers, &c., not required to report

to surgeon-general of marino hospitals, and

that officer not required to make rules, &c. 10. Act not to be in force after June 1, 1883.

Be it enacted, &c.

(SECTION 1], That it shall be unlawful for any merchant ship or vessel Vessels from forfrom any foreign port where any contagious or infectious disease exists, eign ports whero to enter any port in the United States except in accordance with the exists subject to provisions of this act, and all rules and regulations of State boards of certain regulations health and all rules and regulations made in pursuance of this act;

before ontering And any such vessel which shall enter, or attempt to enter, a pórt of United States un

der penalty for the United States, in violation thereof, shall forfeit to the United States

violation. a sum, to be awarded in the discretion of the court, not exceeding one R. S., O Ø 4792thousand dollars, which shall be a lien upon said vessel, to be recovered 4796. by proceedings in the proper district court of the United States.

1878, April 29,

ch. 66. And in all such proceedings the United States district attorney for – proceedings in such district shall appear on behalf of the United States, and all such case of violation. proceedings shall be conducted in accordance with the rules and laws governing cases of seizure of vessels for violation of the revenue laws of the United States.

SEC. 2. All such vessels shall be required to obtain from the consul, - to obtain sanivice consul, or other consular officer of the United States at the port of tary certificate of

consul or medical departure, or from the medical officer, where such officer has been de

officer, &c. tailed by the President for that purpose, a certificate in duplicate setting forth the sanitary history of said vessel, and that it has in all respects complied with the rules and regulations in such cases prescribed for securing the best sanitary condition of the said vessel, its cargo, passengers, and crew; and said consular or medical officer is required, before granting such certificate, to be satisfied the matters and things therein stated are true;

And for his services in that behalf he shall be entitled to demand and - to pay fee for receive such fees as shall by lawful regulation be allowed, to be accounted certificate. for as is required in other cases.

That upon the request of the National Board of Health the President Medical officers is authorized to detail a medical officer to serve in the office of the con- of inspection, &c., sul at any foreign port for the purpose of making the inspection and may be detailed to

to serve in foreign giving the certificates hereinbefore mentioned:

ports. Provided, That the number of officers so detailed shall not exceed at 1879, March 3,

cl. 202. any one time six:

Prorided further, That any vessel sailing from any such port without Penalty and prosuch certificate of said medical officer, entering any port of the United ceedings when vesStates, shall forfeit to the United States the sum of five hundred dollars, without certifiwhich shall be a lien on the same to be recovered by proceedings in the cate, enter United proper district court of the United States.

States.

1879, July 1, ch. 61, 0 6.

And in all such proceedings the United States district attorney for such district shall appear on behalf of the United States, and all such proceedings shall be conducted in accordance with the rules and laws governing cases of seizure of vessels for violation of the revenue laws

of the United States. National Board SEC. 3. That the National Board of Health shall co-operate with and, of Health to co-op- so far as it lawfully may, aid State and municipal boards of health in boards, &c., and the execution and enforcement of the rules and regulations of such boards in certain cuses to prevent the introduction of contagious or infectious diseases into the may make regula- United States from foreign countries, and into one State from another; tions to prevent And at such ports and places within the United States as have no introduction of disease, &c.

quarantine regulations under State authority where such regulations 1879, March 3, are, in the opinion of the National Board of Health, necessary to prevent ch. 202.

the introduction of contagious or infectious diseases into the United 1879, July 1, ch. States from foreign countries, or into one State from another; 61, $ 6.

And at such ports and places within the United States where quarantine regulations exist under the authority of the State, which, in the opinion of the National Board of Health, are not sufficient to prevent the introduction of such diseases into the United States, or into one State from another, the National Board of Health shall report the facts to the President of the United States, who shall, if, in his judgment, it is necessary and proper, order said Board of Health to make such additional rules and regulations as are necessary to prevent the introduction of such diseases into the United States from foreign countries, or into one State from another, which, when so made and approved by the President, shall be promulgated by the National Board of Health and enforced by the sanitary authorities of the States, where the State authorities will undertake to execute and enforce them;

But if the State authorities shall fail or refuse to enforce said rules and regulations the President may detail an officer or appoint a proper

person for that purpose. - to make regu- The Board of Health shall make such rules and regulations as are an. lations to be ob- thorized by the laws of the United States and necessary to be observed at foreign port of by vessels at the port of departure and on the voyage where such vessels departure, &c., sail from any foreign port or place at which contagious or infectious diswhere disease ex- ease exists, to any port or place in the United States, to secure the best ists.

sanitary condition of such vessel, her cargo, passengers, and crew, and 1879, March 3, ch. 202.

when said rules and regulations have been approved by the President they shall be published and communicated to, and enforced by, the con

sular officers of the United States: - penalties for vi- Provided, That none of the penalties herein imposed shall attach to dating such rogha any vessel or any owner or officer thereof, till the act and the rules and lations; to attach.

regulations made in pursuance thereof shall have been officially promul

gated for at least ten days in the port from which said vessel sailed. - to obtain infor. SEC. 4. It shall be the duty of the National Board of Health to obtain mation of sanitary information of the sanitary condition of foreign ports and places from eign ports and which contagious and infectious diseases are or may be imported into places, and of the United States, and to this end the consular officers of the United ports, &c., in Uni- States at such ports and places as shall be designated by the National ted States, and to Board of Health shall make to said Board of Health weekly reports of publish and distribute same.

the sanitary condition of the ports and places at which they are respect1879, March 3, ively stationed, according to such forms as said Board of Health may ch. 202.

prescribe;

And the Board of Health shall also obtain, through all sources accessible, including State and municipal sanitary authorities throughout the United States, weekly reports of the sanitary condition of ports and places within the United States;

And shall prepare, publish, and transmit to the medical officers of the Marine Hospital Service, to collectors of customs, and to State and municipal health officers and authorities, weekly abstracts of the consular sanitary reports and other pertinent information received by said board;

And shall also, as far as it may be able, by means of the voluntary National Board of co-operation of State and municipal authorities, of public associations Health to procure

information relatand private persons, procure information relating to the climatic and

ing to climate, &c. other conditions affecting the public health; And shall make to the Secretary of the Treasury an annual report of

- to make report

to Congress. its operations, for transmission to Congress, with such recommendations as it may deem important to the public interests;

And said report, if ordered to be printed by Congress, shall be done under the direction of the board.

SEC. 5. That the National Board of Health shall from time to time - to issue to conissue to the consular officers of the United States and to the medical sular officers, &c., officers serving at any foreign port, and otherwise make publicly known, make public its the rules and regulations made by it and approved by the President, to regulations, &c. be used and complied with by vessels in foreign ports for securing the best sanitary condition of such vessels, their cargoes, passengers, and crews, before their departure for any port in the United States, and in the course of the voyage;

And all such other rules and regulations as shall be observed in the inspection of the same on the arrival thereof at any quarantine station at the port of destination, and for the disinfection and isolation of the same, and the treatment of cargo and persons on board, so as to prevent the introduction of cholera, yellow fever, or other contagious or infectious diseases;

And it shall not be lawful for any vessel to enter said port to dis- Vessels not to charge its cargo or land its passengers except upon a certificate of the enter ports to dis

charge cargo, &c., health officer at such quarantine station, certifying that said rules and

except on certifiregulations have in all respects been observed and complied with, as cate that regulawell on his part as on the part of the said vessel and its master, in re- tions have been spect to the same and to its cargo, passengers and crew;

complied with. And the master of every such vessel shall produce and deliver to the

Master to procollector of customs at said port of entry, together with the other papers duce certificate, of the vessel, the said certificates required to be obtained at the port of &c. departure, and the certificate herein required to be obtained from the health officer at the port of entry.

SEC. 6. That to pay the necessary expenses of placing vessels in proper Fces to be paid sanitary condition, to be incurred under the provisions of this act, the by vessels for servSecretary of the Treasury be, and he hereby is, authorized and required to be fised by secs to make the necessary rules and regulations fixing the amount of fees to retary of Treasury. be paid by vessels for such service, and the manner of collecting the same. SEC. 7. That the President is authorized, when requested by the Na

Detail of officers tional Board of Health, and when the same can be done without preju

from departments

by President at redice to the public service, to detail officers from the several departments quest of Board of of the government, for temporary duty, to act under the direction of said Ilealth for tempoboard, to carry out the provisions of this act; and such officers shall rary duty under

said board, receive no additional compensation except for actual and necessary expenses incurred in the performance of such duties.

SEC. 8. That to meet the expenses to be incurred in carrying out the Appropriation. provisions of this act, the sum of five hundred thousand dollars, or so

1879, July 1, ch.

61, 7. much thereof as may be necessary, is hereby appropriated, to be disbursed under the direction of the Secretary of the Treasury on estimates to be made by the National Board of Health, and to be approved by him.

Said National Board of Health shall as often as quarterly make a full Board of Health statement of its operations and expenditures under this act to the Sec. to report opera

tions and expendiretary of the Treasury, who shall report the same to Congress.

tures quarterly. SEC. 9. That so much of the act entitled "An act to prevent the intro- Consular oflicers duction of contagious or infectious diseases into the United States”, not required to reapproved April twenty-ninth, eighteen hundred and seventy-eight, as port to Surgeonrequires consular officers or other representatives of the United States General of Marine at foreign ports to report the sanitary condition of and the departure of need not make vessels from such ports to the Supervising Surgeon-General of the Marine rules. Hospital Service; and so much of said act as requires the Surgeon-Gen- Repealing part of eral of the Marine Hospital Service to frame rules and regulations, and

1878, April 29, ch. 66, Ø 2.

to execute said act, and to give notice to Federal and State officers of the approach of infected vessels, and furnish said officers with weekly abstracts of consular sanitary reports, and all other acts and parts of acts inconsistent with the provisions of this act be, and the same are

hereby, repealed. Act not to be in SEC. 10. This act shall not continue in force for a longer period than force after June 1, four years from the date of its approval. [June ., 1879.] 1883.

CHAPTER 12.

June 9, 1879.

21 Stat. L.,7.

AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR THE EXCHANGE OF SUBSIDIARY COINS FOR LAWFUL MONEY

OF THE UNITED STATES UNDER CERTAIN CIRCUMSTANCES, AND TO MAKE SUCH
COINS A LEGAL TENDER IN ALL SUMS NOT EXCEEDING TEN DOLLARS, AND FOR
OTHER PURPOSES.

SECTION
1. Silver coins of less than a dollar each may be

exchanged for lawful money.
2. — may be obtained in exchange for lawful

money.

SECTION

3. - to be legal tender to amount of $10.
4. Repeal.

Be it enacted, &c. Silver coins of [SECTION 1], That the holder of any of the silver coins of the United less than a dollar States of smaller denominations than one dollar, may, on presentation changed for lawful of the same in sums of twenty dollars, or any multiple thereof, at the money.

office of the Treasurer or any assistant treasurer of the United States, R.S., 3527. receive therefor lawful money of the United States.

1876, July 22, Res. No. 17, p. 254. - may be obtained SEC. 2. The Treasurer or any assistant treasurer of the United States in exchange for who may receive any coins under the provisions of this act shall exlawful money. R. S., \ 3527.

change the same in sums of twenty dollars, or any multiple thereof, for 1876, July 22, lawful money of the United States, on demand of any holder thereof. Res. No. 17, p. 254.

to be legal ten- SEC. 3. That the present silver coins of the United States of smaller der to amount of denominations than one dollar shall hereafter be a legal tender in all $10. R. S., 03586.

sums not exceeding ten dollars in full payment of all dues public and

private. Repeal.

SEC. 4. That all laws or parts of laws in conflict with this act be, and the same are hereby, repealed. [June 9, 1879.]

CHAPTER 16.

June 10, 1879. 21 Stat. L.,9.

AN ACT TO CONFER UPON THE COMMISSIONERS OF THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA CER

TAIN POWERS, DUTIES, AND LIMITATIONS CONTAINED IN CHAPTER EIGHT (WATER
SERVICE) OF THE REVISED STATUTES OF THE UNITED STATES RELATING TO THE
DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.

SECTION
1. Water service in District of Columbia to be

under Commissioners.

SECTION

taxes to be uniforin.
- interest on, to bo 10 per cent.

Be it enacted, &c. Water service in [SECTION 1], That the Commissioners of the District of Columbia District of Colum- shall have all the powers and be subject to all the duties and limitations bia to be under provided in chapter eight of the Revised Statutes of the United States Commissioners, except, &c.

relating to the District of Columbia, excepting such powers and duties R.'S. (D. C.), as belong to the Chief of Engineers: 105–221.

taxes for, to be Provided, That water-main taxes and water rents shall be uniform in uniform.

said District:

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