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AN ACT TO AMEND AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR THE SALE OF A PORTION OF THE RES- March 3, 1879.
ERVATION OF THE CONFEDERATED OTOE AND MISSOURIA AND THE SAC AND FOX
OF THE MISSOURI TRIBES OF INDIANS IN THE STATES OF KANSAS AND NEBRASKA. 20 Stat. L., 471. Otoo and Missouria and Sao and Fox reservation -settlers may buy more. in Kangas to be appraised and sold.
- present occupants may be allowed further time - may be sold on deferred payments.
to make payments. - limitation on price.
Be it enacted, &c., That section three of the act of August fifteenth- Otoe and Miseighteen hundred and seventy-six, chapter three hundred and eight, en, souria and Sac and
Fos reservation in titled “An act to provide for the sale of a portion of the reservation of
Kansas to be apthe Confederated Otoe and Missouria and the Sac and Fox of the Mis- praised and sold. souri tribes of Indians”, be, and the same hereby is, amended so as to Substitute for read, as follows:
1876, Aug. 15, ch. That after the survey and appraisement of said lands, the Secretary 308. 1 3. of the Interior shall be, and is hereby, authorized to offer one hundred and twenty thousand acres from the western side of the same for sale, through the United States public land-office at Beatrice, Nebraska, in tracts not exceeding one hundred and sixty acres for cash, to actual settlers, or persons who shall make oath before the register or receiver of the land office at Beatrice, Nebraska, that they intend to occupy the land for authority to purchase which they make application, and who shall within three months from the date of such application make a permanent settlement upon the same, in tracts not exceeding one hundred and sixty acres to each purchaser:
Provided, That if, in the judgment of the Secretary of the Interior, it - may be sold on shall be more advantageous to sell said lands upon deferred payments, deferred payments. he may, with the consent of the Indians, expressed in open council, dispose of the same upon the following terms as to payments, that is to say, one third in cash, one third in one year, and one third in two years from date of sale, with interest at the rate of six per centum per annum:
And provided further, That no portion of said land shall be sold at — limitation on less than the appraised value thereof, and in no case less than two price. dollars and fifty cents per acre:
And provided further, That whenever a settler on any of the lands – settlers may buy subject to sale under the act to which this is amendatory shall apply to more than 160 acres purchase a tract containing a small excess over one hundred and sixty in certain cases.
1876, August 15, acres, owing to the legal subdivisions being made fractional by bound.
ch. 308. ary-line of reservation, township or section line his application shall not be rejected on account of such excess; but, if no other objection exist the purchase shall be allowed as in other cases.
And provided further, That bona fide claimants at present occupying - present occulands under the provisions of the act of which this is amendatory may pants may be alin the discretion of the Secretary of the Interior be allowed additional lowed further time time for making the deterred payments required by said act for the lands to make payments. so claimed and occupied by them in good faith, not exceeding one year on each payment so required to be made. (March 3, 1879.]
AN ACT TO GRANT ADDITIONAL RIGHTS TO HOMESTEAD SETTLERS ON PUBLIC LANDS
WITHIN RAILROAD LIMITS.
March 3, 1879.
20 Stat. L., 472. Homestead entries on public lands within railway occupants must have cultivated land one year,
grants, &c., to extent of 160 acres to each settler. wditional entry over 80 acres previously taken, &c.
Be it enacted, &c., That from and after the passage of this act, the Homestead eneven sections within the limits of any grant of public lands to any rail. tries, on public road company, or to any military road company, or to any State in aid of
way grants, &c., any railroad or military road, shall be open to settlers under the home to extent 160 acres stead laws to the extent of one hundred and sixty acres to each settler, to each settler.
R. S., ☺ 22392317.
And any person who has, under existing laws, taken a homestead on tries over 80 acres any even section within the limits of any railroad or military road land. previously taken, &c.
grant, and who, by existing laws shall have been restricted to eighty acres, may enter under the homestead laws an additional eighty acres adjoining the land embraced in his original entry, if such additional land be subject to entry;
Or if such person so elect, he may surrender his entry to the United States for cancellation, and thereupon be entitled to enter lands under the
homestead laws the same as if the surrendered entry had not been made. - provisions as to And any person so making additional entry of eighty acres, or new such additional
entry after the surrender and cancellation of his original entry, shall be entry.
permitted so to do without payment of fees and commissions; and the residence and cultivation of such person upon and of the land embraced in his original entry shall be considered residence and cultivation for the same length of time upon and of the land embraced in his additional or new entry, and shall be deducted from the five years' residence and
cultivation required by law: Occupant must Provided, That in no case shall patent issue upon an additional or have cultivated new homestead entry under this act until the person has actually, and land one year, &c. in conformity with the homestead laws, occupied, resided upon, and
cultivated the land embraced therein at least one year. [March 3, 1879.]
CHAPTER 192. March 3, 1879. AN ACT TO PROVIDE ADDITIONAL REGULARIONS FOR HOMESTEAD AND PRE-EMPTION
ENTRIES OF PUBLIC LANDS. 20 Stat. L., 472.
Notice of intention to make final proof for pre- -proof after thirty days.
rules respecting. - to be published, and what to contain. Notice of inten- Be it enacted, &c., That before final proof shall be submitted by any tion to make final person claiming to enter agricultural lands under the laws providing proof for preemp- for pre-emption or homestead entries, such person shall file with the stead entries to be register of the proper land-office a notice of his or her intention to make filed.
such proof, stating therein the description of lands to be entered, and the R. S., O2262, names of the witnesses by whom the necessary facts will be established. 2291.
1877, March 3, ch. 122.
Upon the filing of such notice, the register shall publish a notice, that – to be published. such application has been made once a week for the period of thirty
days, in a newspaper to be by him designated as published nearest to such land, and he shall also post such notice in some conspicuous place
in his office for the same period. - what to contain. Such notice shall contain the names of the witnesses as stated in the
application. - after thirty days At the expiration of said period of thirty days, the claimant shall be proof may be made. entitled to make proof in the manner heretofore provided by law. - rules respecting. The Secretary of the Interior shall make all necessary rules for giving
effect to the foregoing provisions. [March 3, 1879.]
March 3, 1879. AN ACT PROVIDING FOR AN ADDITIONAL ASSOCIATE JUSTICE OF THE SUPREME COURT
OF THE TERRITORY OF DAKOTA. 20 Stat. L., 473. SECTION
SECTION 1. Dakota supremo court to have four judges. 5. The additional judge assigned to fourth dis2. Additional judge; how appointed.
trict temporarily. 3. Four judicial districts.
6. Jurisdiction of court in fourth district. 4. Fourth district; what to include.
Be it enacted, &c. Dakota supreme
(SECTION 1], That hereafter the supreme court of the Territory of court to have four Dakota, shall consist of a chief justice and three associate justices, any judges. R. S., Ø 1864.
three of whom shall constitute a quorum.
SEC. 2. It shall be the duty of the President to appoint an additional Supreme court of associate justice of said supreme court, in manner now provided by law, al judge; "how apwho shall hold his office for the term of four years and until his succes
pointed. sor is appointed and qualified.
R. S., 01864. SEC. 3. The said Territory shall be divided into four judicial districts, -four judicial disand a district court shall be held in each district by one of the justices triets in.
R. S., Ø Ø 1865, of the supreme court, at such time and place as may be prescribed by 1873. law; each judge, after assignment, shall reside in the district to which he is assigned.
SEC. 4. Until changed by the legislative assembly of said Territory, Fourth district; the fourth district of said Territory shall consist of the following coun. what to include. ties, to wit: Clay, Union, Lincoln, Minnehaha, Moody, Brookings, Duel, Grant, Codington, Lake, Wood, Hamlin, Clark, Greeley, Stone, Turner, and McCook, and the Sisseton and Wahpeton Indian reservation.
And the second district shall consist of the remainder of the Territory which now constitutes said second district, as defined by the statutes of said Territory. SEC. 5. Temporarily, and until otherwise provided by law, the addi.
The additional tional associate justice to be appointed under this act is hereby assigned judge, assigned to
temto said fourth district, and the times and places as now fixed by the porarily. statutes of said Territory for holding court therein shall remain until changed by law.
SEC. 6. The district court of said fourth judicial district shall have no Jurisdiction of jurisdiction to try, hear, or determine any matter or cause wherein the court in fourth dis
trict. United States is a party, and no United States grand or petit jury shall be summoned in said court;
But said fourth district is hereby attached to and made a part of the second judicial district for the purpose of hearing and determining all matters and causes arising within said fourth district in which the United States is a party. March 3, 1879.]
AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR TAKING THE TENTH AND SUBSEQUENT CENSUSES. March 3, 1879. SECTION SECTION
20 Stat. L., 473. 1. Census to be taken June, 1880.
Express companies. 2. Census Office in Interior Department.
Telegraph companies. 3. Superintendent, chief clerk, employés, &c.
Life-insurance companies. 4. Supervisors.
Fire and marine insurance companies. 5. Supervisors' duties.
Other information may be required. 6. Pay of supervisors.
18. Enumerators to collect facts. 7. Enumerators; qualification and oath.
- except as to mortality in certain cities hav. 8. - duties of.
ing official registration. Indians not taxed to be omitted.
– and except as to manufacturing and social 9. Original schedules to be forwarded to super
statistics in certain cases, in which experts visors,
may be employed. 10. Pay of enumerators.
Experts; their employment, oath, duties, pay, - forms for accounts of time occupied, &c.
&c. 11. Subdivisions not to exceed 4,000 inhabitants. Schedules of interrogatories to be prepared. - additional enumerators in certain cases.
Oath and authority of experts and agenta. boundaries of, to be described.
19. Enumeration to commence first Monday in 12. Punishment for neglect.
June, 1880, &c. 13. — for receiving fee, reward, &c., for employ. - when to be completed. ment of enumerator or clerk.
20. Maximum cost limited. 14. Information by members of families and pen. 21. Information may be obtained from other dealty for refusal, &c.
partments. - by officers of corporations.
22. States taking census between national cen. 15. Penalties; how recovered.
suses, upon depositing copy, may have pay. 16. Papers and documents which niay be mailed
ment toward expenses. free of postage.
23. Supervisors and enumerators may be removed - penalty for illegal use of privilege.
and vacancy filled. 17. Schedules of Revised Statutes altered.
24. Subsequent censuses to be taken according to Railroad corporations; facts concerning, to
this act. be obtained Be it enacted, &c.
SECTION 1], That a census of the population, wealth, and industry Census to be of the United States shall be taken on or for the date, June first, eight. taken June, 1880.
R.S., 02175. een hundred and eighty.
1880, April 20,
ch. 57. 1881, March 3, ch. 132, § 4. Const., art. 1, \ 2. Notr.-(1) This act seems to superscdo and repeal all the provisions of the Revised Statutes on the subject in $ 2175-2205, retaining, by $ 17 of this act, the schodules set forth in R. S., 9 2206. It is so understood by the Superintendent of 'tho Census.
Census Office in SEC. 2. That there shall be established in the Department of the InInterior Depart. terior an office to be denominated the Census Office, the chief officer of ment.
which shall be called the Superintendent of the Census, whose duty it shall be, under the direction of the head of the department, to superin. tend and direct the taking of the Tenth Census of the United States, in accordance with the laws relating thereto, and to perform such other
duties as may be required of him by law. Superintendent, SEC. 3. The Superintendent of Census shall be appointed by the Presichief clerk, em- dent, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate; and he shall &
receive an annual salary of five thousand dollars;
And the Secretary of the Interior may appoint a chief clerk of the Census Office, six clerks of class four, ten clerks of class three, fifteen clerks of class two, with such number of clerks of class one, and of copyists and computers at salaries of not less than seven hundred dollars or more than one thousand dollars, as may be found necessary for the proper and prompt compilation and publication of the results of the enumeration of the census herein provided to be taken.
And upon such compilation and publication of said census, said office of Superintendent shall cease, and the period of service of said clerks
shall end. Supervisors. SEC. 4. The Secretary of the Interior shall, on or before the first day
of March, eighteen hundred and eighty, designate the number, whether one or more, of supervisors of census, to be appointed within each State or Territory, who shall be residents of the State or Territory.
The supervisors shall be appointed by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. The total
number of such supervisors shall not exceed one hundred and fifty. Oath of office by The Superintendent and the supervisors shall, before entering upon Superintendent the duties of their offices, repectively, take and subscribe the following and supervisors.
oath or affirmation :
(Superintendent or supervisor, as the case may be), do solemnly swear or affirm that I will support the Constitution of the United States, and perform and discharge the duties of the office of (Superintendent or supervisor, as the case may be), according to law, honestly and correctly, to the best of my ability;
which oath shall be filed in the office of the Secretary of the Interior. Supervisors' du- SEC. 5. Each supervisor of census shall be charged with the performties.
ance, within his own district, of the following duties : - as to apportion- To propose to the Superintendent of Census the apportionment of his ment of districts. district into subdivisions most convenient for the purpose of enumera- to employ enu- To designate to the Superintendent of Census suitable persons, and, merators.
with the consent of said Superintendent, to employ such persons as 1880, April 20, enumerators within his district, one for each subdivision, and resident ch. 57, 5.
therein, who shall be selected solely with relerence to their fitness, and without reference to their political or party affiliations, according to the
apportionment approved by the Superintendent of Census; - to transmit To transmit to enumerators the printed forms and schedules issued forms, &c.
from the Census Office, in quantities suited to the requirements of each
subdivision; to instruct enu- To communicate to enumerators the necessary instructions and direcmerators.
tions relating to their duties, and to the methods of conducting the census, and to advise with and counsel enumerators in person and by letter, as freely and fully as may be required to secure the purposes of this act; and under the direction of the Superintendent of Census, and to facilitate the taking of the census with as little delay as possible, he may cause to be distributed by the enumerators, prior to the taking of
the enumeration, schedules to be filled up by householders and others; - to provide for To provide for the early and safe transmission to bis office of the transmission of re- returns of enumerators, embracing all the schedules filled by them in turns.
the course of enumeration, and for the due receipt and custody of such returns pending their transmission to the Census Office;
To examine and scruitnize the returns of enumerators, in order to Supervisors to ascertain whether the work has been performed in all respects in com- examine, &c., ro
turns. pliance with the provisions of law, and whether any town or village or integral portion of the district has been omitted from enumeration;
To forward to the Superintendent of Census the completed returns of -- to forward comhis district in such time and manner as shall be prescribed by the said pleted returns. Superintendent, and in the event of discrepancies or deficiencies appear. ing in the returns from his district, to use all diligence in causing the same to be corrected or supplied ;
To make up and forward to the Superintendent of Census the accounts — to make up acrequired for ascertaining the amount of compensation due under the counts, &c., of provisions of this act to each enumerator of his district.
compensation. SEC. 6. Each supervisor of census shall, upon the completion of his -pay of. duties to the satisfaction of the Secretary of the Interior, receive the sum of five hundred dollars in full compensation for all services rendered and expenses incurred by him, except an allowance for clerk hire may be made, at the discretion of the Superintendent of Census.
SEC. 7. No enumerator shall be deemed qualified to enter upon his Enumerator's duties until he has received from the supervisor of census of the dis qualification, &c. trict to which he belongs a commission, under his band, authorizing him to perform the duties of an enumerator, and setting forth the boundaries of the subdivision within which such duties are to be performed by him.
He shall, moreover, take and subscribe the following oath or affirma- - oath of. tion:
1880, April 20,
ch. 57, \ 6. “I,
an cnumerator for taking the census of the United States, do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will make a true and exact enumeration of all the inhabitants within the subdivision assigned to me, and will also faithfully collect all other statistics therein, as provided for in the act for taking the
census, and in conformity with all lawful instructions which I may receive, and will make due and correct returns thereof as required by said act, and will not disclose any information contained in the schedules, lists, or statements obtained by me to any person or persons, except to my superior officers.
(signed) Which said oath or affirmation may be administered by any judge of a court of record, or any justice of the peace empowered to administer oaths; and a copy thereof, duly authenticated, shall be forwarded to the supervisor of census before the date fixed herein for the commencement of the enumeration.
SEC. 8. It shall be the duty of each enumerator, after being qualified - duties of. in the manner aforesaid, to visit personally each dwelling-house in his subdivision, and each family therein, and each individual living out of a family in any place of abode, and by inquiry made of the head of such family, or of the member thereof deemed most credible and worthy of trust, or of such individual living out of a family, to obtain each and every item of information and all the particulars required by this act, as of date June first, eighteen hundred and eighty.
And in case no person shall be found at the usual place of abode of such family or individual living out of a family competent to answer the inquiries made in compliance with the requirements of this act, then it shall be lawful for the enumerator to obtain the required information, as nearly as may be practicable, from the family or families or person or persons living nearest to such place of abode:
Provided, That Indians not taxed shall be omitted from the enumera- Indians not taxed tion; but the Superintendent of Census may employ special agents or to be omitted, but other means to make an enumeration of all Indians not taxed, within may be otherwise the jurisdiction of the United States, with such information as to their condition as may be obtainable.
Sec. 9. And it shall be further the duty of each enumerator to forward Original sched. the original schedules, duly certified, to the supervisor of census of his ules to be forward
ed to supervisors. district, as his returns under the provisions of this act.
1880, April 20, ch. 57, ở 6.