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Provided, Such stamps or device or instrument or means of removal or obliteration, shall entail no additional expense upon the persons required to affix or use the same. SEC. 19. [R. S., $ 3430.] That the proviso to section thirty-four hundred Matches, cigar

lights, wax-tapers, and thirty of the Revised Statutes is hereby amended to read as follows:

inedicines, per"Provided, That lucifer or friction matches, and cigar-lights, and wax. fumery, playingtapers, and all articles upon which a tax is imposed by law, as enumer- cards, &c., may be ated and mentioned in Schedule A following section thirty-four hundred removed from man. and thirty-seven of the Revised Statutes, may be removed from the without payment place of manufacture for export to a foreign country, without payment of tax. of tax, or affixing stamps thereto, under such regulations as the Com- R. S., 3430. missioner of Internal Revenue may prescribe.”

R.S., Sch. A, after

Ø 3437. SEC. 20. (Rep.) [That under such regulations and requirements as Alcohol for manto stamps, bonds, and other security as shall be prescribed by the Com- ufacture of permissioner of Internal Revenue, any manufacturer of perfumery, medi. fumery, &c., in cines, or preparations for export, manufacturing the saine in a duly con- warehouse, for exstituted manufacturing warehouse, shall be authorized to withdraw, in drawn from distiloriginal packages from any distillery warehouse, so much alcohol as be lery without paymay require for the said purpose, without the payment of the internal- ment of tax.

R. S., 3433. revenue tax thereon.]

For substitute, see

1880, May 28, ch. SEC. 21. That the word “gallon”, wherever used in the internal-reve. 108, 114.

Gallon, as used nue law, relating to beer, lager-beer, ale, porter, and other similar fer- in internal-revemented liquors, shall be held and taken to mean a wine-gallon, the liquid nue laws, defined. measure containing two hundred and thirty-one cubic inches.

16 Opin. Att’ySEC. 22. That whenever and after any bank has ceased to do business Gen.,

361.

Bank-tax not to by reason of insolvency or bankruptcy, no tax shall be assessed or col- be assessed on lected, or paid into the Treasury of the United States, on account of banks ceasing to do such bank, which shall diminish the assets thereof necessary for the full business on acpayment of all its depositors; and such tax shall be abated from such count of insolvennational banks as are found by the Comptroller of the Currency to be abatement, &c., of insolvent;

tax. And the Commissioner of Internal Revenue, when the facts shall so

R. S., 00 3407– appear to him, is authorized to reinit so much of said tax against insolv- 3417, 5214. ent State and savings banks as shall be found to affect the claims of their depositors.

That in making further collections of internal-revenue taxes on bank Certain deposits deposits, no savings-bank, recognized as such by the laws of its State, heretofore received and having no capital stock, shall, on account of mercantile or business by savings-banks

not to be taxed, deposits heretofore received, upon which no interest has been allowed

R. S , 3408. to the parties making such deposits, be denied the exemptions allowed 1874, June 18, ch. to savings-banks having no capital stock, and doing no other business 304. than receiving deposits to be loaned or invested for the sole benefit of 1874, June 22, ch.

399. the parties making such deposits, without profit or compensation to the banks, if such bank has paid the lawful tax upon the entire average amount of such business or mercantile deposits;

But nothing in this section shall be construed to extend said exemptions to deposits hereafter made, or in any way to affect the liability of such deposits to taxation.

[R. S., $ 3408.] That section thirty-four hundred and eight of the Re- Savings - banks vised Statutes be amended by striking out all after the thirtieth line exempt from cerand inserting the following:

tion. “Associations or companies known as provident institutions, savings- Substitute for part banks, savings-funds, or savings institutions doing no other business of than receiving and loaning or investing savings deposits shall be ex:

R. S., 03408. empt from tax on so much of such deposits as they have invested in 1874, June 18, ch. securities of the United States, and on two thousand dollars of savings

June 22, ch.

399. deposits and nothing in excess thereof, made in the name of and be

15 Blatch., 398. longing to any one person.

That all laws and parts of laws inconsistent with the provisions of Repeal. this section, be, and the same are hereby repealed.

304.

Reforences in SEC. 23. That wherever in any of the foregoing sections of this act this to Revised the Revised Statutes are referred to, it shall be held to mean the “edi. Statutes mean the tion of eighteen hundred and seventy-eight”. (March 1, 1879.] second edition.

CHAPTER 170.

March 3, 1879. AN ACT TO AMEND SECTION TWENTY FOUR HUNDRED AND THREE OF THE REVISED

STATUTES OF THE UNITED STATES, IN RELATION TO DEPOSITS FOR SURVEYS. 20 Stat. L., 352. Deposits made for public surveys to go in part payment of lands, or certificato may be assigned or used

in payment of lands. Deposits made Be it enacted, &c., That section twenty-four hundred and three of the for public surveys Revised Statutes of the United States be, and is hereby, amended so as to go in part pay- to read as follows: ment of lands, or certificate may be

SEC. 2403. Where settlers make deposits in accordance with the proassigned and used visions of section twenty-four hundred and one, the amount so deposin payment of ited shall go in part payment for their land situated in the townships, lands.

the surveying of which is paid for out of such deposits; or the certifiR. S., Ø 2401. Substitute for

cates issued for such deposits may be assigned by indorsement, and be R. S. 2403. received in payment for any public lands of the United States entered 1876, April 27, by settlers under the pre-emption and homestead laws of the United ch. 84.

States, and not otherwise. [March 3, 1879.]

CHAPTER 171.

March 3, 1879.
AN ACT GRANTING LANDS TO THE STATE OF MINNESOTA IN LIEU OF CERTAIN LANDS

HERETOFORE GRANTED TO SAID STATE.
20 Stat. L., 352.
Lands granted to Minnesota in lieu of former

1

- to be selected within three years. grants. Lands granted Be it enacted, &c., That there be, and hereby are, granted to the State to Minnesota in of Minnesota, to be selected by the governor of said State, twenty-four lieu of former sections of land, out of any public lands of the United States not other

1857, ch. 60, 8 5 wise appropriated, in lieu and instead of twenty-four sections of the (11 Stat. L., 167). land granted to said State of Minnesota by the fourth subdivision of

section five of an act entitled "An act to authorize the people of the Territory of Minnesota to form a constitution and State government preparatory to their admission in the Union on an equal footing with the original States", approved February twenty-sixth, eighteen hundred and fifty-seven, and selected by said State, but which were subsequently otherwise disposed of by the United States, and to which the United

States cannot make title to the said State of Minnesota: - to be selected Provided, That the lands herein granted shall be selected within three within three years. years, and from unoccupied lands of the United States lying within

the State of Minnesota.[March 3, 1879.]

CHAPTER 173.

March 3, 1879.

AN ACT TO AMEND THE ACT EXTITLED "AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR FURNISHING

TRUSSES TO DISABLED SOLDIERS”, APPROVED MAY TWENTY-EIGHTH, EIGHTEEN 20 Stat. L., 353. HUNDRED AND SEVENTY-TWO.

Trusses; when to be furnished to soldiers, petty. - application for and purchase of; how mado.

officers, seamen, and marines. Trusses; when Be it enacted, &c., That section one of the act entitled “An act to to be furnished to provide for furnishing trusses to disabled soldiers”, approved May soldiers, petty-offi; twenty-eighth, eighteen hundred and seventy two, (1) be, and the same cers, seamen, and marines.

is hereby, amended so that said section shall read as follows: Substitute for

NOTE.-(1) The act of 1872, ch. 228 (17 Stat. L., 164), here referred to, is incor rated into the Revised R. S., Ø 1176. Statutes in 99 1176, 1177, and 1178, and so is repealed by $ 5596.

That every soldier of the Union Army, or petty-officer, seaman, or marine in the naval service, who was ruptured while in the line of duty during the late war for the suppression of the rebellion, or who shall be so ruptured thereafter in any war, shall be entitled to receive a single or double truss of such style as may be designated by the SurgeonGeneral of the United States Army as best suited for such disability;

And whenever the said truss or trusses so furnished shall become useless from wear, destruction, or loss, such soldier, petty-officer, seaman, or marine shall be supplied with another truss on making a like application as provided for in section two (2) of the original act of which this is an amendment: Provided, That such application shall not be made more than once Trusses: appli

cation for and purin two years and six months;

And provided further, That sections two and three (2) of the said act chase of; bow of May twenty-eighth, eighteen hundred and seventy-two, shall be con- Substitute for strued so as to apply to petty-officers, seamen, and marines of the naval R. 8., 1177,

1178. service, as well as to soldiers of the Army. (March 3, 1879.] NOTE.—(2) These two sections, here referred to, are the same as R. S., $$ 1177, 1178.

CHAPTER 174.

AN ACT TO VALIDATE AND CONFIRM CERTAIN ACKNOWLEDGMENTS OF DEEDS AND

OTHER INSTRUMENTS OF WRITING UNDER SEAL MADE IN A FOREIGN COUNTRY
FOR LANDS LYING IN THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, AND THE RECORDS THEREOF.

March 3, 1879. 20 Stat. L.,353.

Certain acknowledgments of deeds, &c., for District of Columbia taken in foreign countries made valid.

Be it enacted, &c., That all acknowledgments of deeds and other instru. Certain acknowl- . ments of writing under seal heretofore made in a foreign country, before edgments of deels; any secretary of legation, consul, or consular officer of the United States, Columbia taken in for lands lying in the District of Columbia, are hereby validated and foreign countries confirmed, and the same, and the records of the said deeds and instru. made valid. ments, if the said deeds and instruments have been recorded, are declared to be as good and effectual, in behalf of the grantees therein named, and all persons claiming throngh or under them, as if the said acknowledgments and records had been respectively made and recorded under the provisions of existing laws:

Provided, That nothing in this act shall be construed (to] divest just rights already acquired in good faith by creditors of or purchasers from the grantors in such deeds or instruments. [March 3, 1879.).

CHAPTER 176.

CRIMINAL CASES.

2.

reversal.

AN ACT [AN ACT] TO GIVE CIRCUIT COURTS APPELLATE JURISDICTION IN CERTAIN March 3, 1879.

20 Stat. L., 354. SECTION

SECTION 1. Circuit courts to have jurisdiction of writs of

on writs of error; judge to require bond. error to district courts in criminal cases.

- bail in case of stay of proceedings. -on exceptions to be allowed by jndge.

3. - when writ of error to be returnable. 2. — writs of error, when and how presented, - proceedings in case of affirmation and of

and when to stay proceedings. Be it enacted, &c.

[SECTION 1], The circuit court for each judicial district shall have Circuit courts to jurisdiction of writs of error in all criminal cases tried before the district have jurisdiction court where the sentence is imprisonment or fine and imprisonment, or district courts in where, if a fine only, the fine shall exceed the sum of three hundred dol- criminal cases. lars; and in such case a respondent feeling himself aggrieved by a de- R. S., 9 633. cision of a district court, may except to the opinion of the court, and tender his bill of exceptions, which, shall be settled and allowed accord--on exceptions to ing to the truth, and signed by the judge, and it shall be a part of the be allowed by record of the case.

R.S., 0 563,

In circuit courts : SEC. 2. Within one year next after the end of the term at which such writs of error; sentence shall be pronounced, and not after, the respondent may petiwhen and how

pre- tion for a writ of error from the judgment of the district court in the to operate to stay cases named in the preceding section, which petition shall be presented proceedings.

to the circuit judge or circuit justice in term or vacation, who, on consid100 U.S., 342.

eration of the importance aud difficulty of the questions presented in the record, may allow such writ of error, and may order that suchr writ shall operate as a stay of proceedings under the sentence; but the allowance

of such writ shall not so operate without such order. - judge to require The judge or justice allowing such writ of error shall take a bond with bond.

sufficient sureties that the same shall be prosecuted to effect, and that

the respondent shall abide the judgment of the circuit court thereon. - bail in case of And if the writ shall be allowed to operate as a stay of proceedings stay of proceed- under the sentence, bail may in like manner be taken for the appear. inga.

ance of the respondent at the term of the circuit court to which such writ of error shall be returnable, and that he will not depart without

leave of court. - when writ of SEC. 3. Such writ of error so allowed shall be returnable to the next error to be return- regular term of the circuit court for the district, and shall be served on

the district attorney of the United States for such district. - may be ad- The circuit court may advance all such writs of error on its docket in vanced for speedy order that speedy justice may be done. trial. - proceedings in And in case of an affirmance of the judgment of the district court, case of affirmance the circuit court shall proceed to pronounce final sentence and to award and of reversal.

execution thereon; but if such judgment shall be reversed, the circuit court may proceed with the trial of said cause de novo, or remand the same to the district court for further proceedings. (March 3, 1879.]

CHAPTER 177.

uties for same.

March 3, 1879. AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR THE HOLDING OF TERMS OF THE DISTRICT AND CIRCUIT

COURTS OF THE UNITED STATES AT FORT SCOTT, KANSAS 20 Stat. L., 355. SECTION

SECTION
1. Circuit and district courts in Kansas to be 2. Marshal and district attorney to appoint dep-

held at Fort Scott or second Monday in
January for trial of cases by consent.

3. Building to be provided by county or city. Be it enacted, &c. Circuit and dis- [SECTION 1], That there shall be one term of the United States district courts in Kan- trict and circuit courts for the district of Kansas held in the city of Fort sals to be held at Scott in each year, che terms of said courts to be held on the second ond Monday in Monday of January from and after the passage of this act. January for trial But no cause, action, or proceeding shall be tried or considered in the of cases by consent, courts respectively herein provided for unless by consent of all the parR. S., ا 572,658. ties thereto, or order of the court for cause. Marshal and dis

SEC. 2. That the clerk of the district court for the district of Kansas, trict attorney to the marshal and district attorney for said district, shall perform the appoint deputies for same.

duties pertaining to their offices respectively for said courts; and said clerk and marshal shall appoint a deputy to reside and keep their offices at Fort Scott, and who shall, in the absence of their principals, do and

perform all the duties appertaining to their said offices respectively. Building to be SEC. 3. That each of said courts shall be held in a building to be provided by coun- provided for that purpose by the county or city authorities without excourts to be held pense to the United States. there.

If no suitable building is provided without expense to the United States, then, and in that case, no court shall be held at said place. [March 3, 1879.]

CHAPTER 180.

AN ACT MAKING APPROPRIATIONS FOR THE SERVICE OF THE POST OFFICE DEPART- March 3, 1879.

MENT FOR THE FISCAL YEAR ENDING JUNE THIRTIETH, EIGHTEEN HUNDRED AND
EIGHTY, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.

20 Stat. L., 355. SECTION

SECTION 1. Par. 1. Superintendent of Railway Mail Sery. 20. Fourth-class matter defined, and what is ex. ice and Chief of Special Agents to be

cluded from mails. allowed traveling expenso.

21. — rate of postage on. Par. 2. Advertisements of general mail-let. Proceedings in case of non-mailablo matter ting.

reaching office of delivery. Par. 3. Post-route maps may be sold at cost.

obscene books not to be delivered. Par. 4. Persons not probibited from receiving 22. What may be written on second, third, and and delivering mail-matter at nearest

fourth class mail-matter. offico, &c.

23. When other writing thercon or inclosed, let.
Members of Congress, &c., may send

ter-postage to be charged, &c.
and receive by mail public docu. -publishers may inclose bills and receipts.
ments free until December after ex- 24. Regulations for wrapping second-class mat-
piration of term of office.

ter.
Par. 5. Estimates for railway mail service. 25. Publications frco to subscribers in county of

Prohibition of increase of postal-car publication.
service repealed.

- when deposited in letter-carrier offices for Par. 6. Certain postal employés required to delivery to pay postage, except, &c.

wear no uniform except a badge. 26. Part-paid letters to be delivered on payment Par. 7. Postal cards, at two cents each, for of deficiency by special stamps. foreign postal service.

Commissions to postmasters on special stamps 3. On what trains, &c., mails shall be carried.

for unpaid postage. 4. How postal cars shall be constructed.

Regulations may be made for free-delivery 5. Deductions of pay when railways fail to de

offices. liver mail on time. Repealed.

27. Penalty for failing to account for postage, or 6. Postmaster-General may require certain data to cancel stamps, &c., by officials. of railways.

28. — for washing, selling, using, &c., canceled - to report to Congress.

stamps, stamped envelopes, &c. 7. Classes of mailable matter.

29. Letters, &c., on official business may be sent 8. First class.

free of postage by all otticers of government 9. Postago on first-class matter.

and of Smithsonian Institution in official - on drop-letters and postal cards, &c.

envelopes. 10. Second-class matter.

- except pension agents and some other offi. 11. – rates of postage on.

cers, 12. examination of.

30. Now suroties for mail contracts may be re- penalty for false evidence concerning.

quired. 14. on what conditions publications admittedas. 31. Acting postmasters during vacancy of office 15. foreign periodicals admitted as.

to receive pay. 16, - supplements to publications may be sent. 32. Letter-sheet envelopes. 17. Third-class matter, postage on.

Double postal cards and double-letter envel. - in foreign mails free of duty, except, &c.

opcs. 18. circular defined.

- but no royalty for patent thereon to be paid. 19. Printed matter defined.

33. When act takes effect; repeal. Be it enacted, &c. SECTION 1.1 Par. 1.) The Superintendent of Railway Mail Service and the Chief of Railway Mail

Superintendent of Special Agents shall be paid their actual expenses while travelling Service and Chief on the business of the department.

of Special Agents to be allowed trav

eling expenses. [Par. 2.) (1) That the Postmaster-General shall cause advertisements Advertisements of all general mail-lettings of each State and Territory to be conspicuously of general mail-letposted up in each post-office in the State and Territory embraced in said ting: advertisements for at least sixty days before the time of such general 179, 1

.

1876, July 12, ch. letting; and no other advertisement of such lettings shall be required; 1881, March 1, but this provision shall not apply to any other than general mail-lettings. ch. 96, ý 1, par. 1.

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[Par. 3.) For preparation and publication of post-route maps, includ- Post-route maps ing revision of former editions, and maps, diagrams, and other informa- may be sold at tion, thirty five thousand dollars; and the Postmaster-General may au- cost, &c.

1878, June 17, ch. thorize the publication and sale of said maps to individuals at the cost 259, ý í, par. 2. thereof; the proceeds of said sales to be applied as a further appropriation for said purpose.

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[Par. 4.] That nothing contained in section thirty-nine hundred and Persons not proeighty-two of the Revised Statutes shall be construed as prohibiting hibited from roany person from receiving and delivering to the nearest post-office or ceiving and delivpostal car mail-matter properly stamped :

at nearest office,

R. S., 03982. Provided further that from and after the passage of this act Senators, Members of ConRepresentatives and Delegates in Congress, the Secretary of the Senate gress, Secretary of

Senate, and Clerk NOTE.—(1) This provision is repeated in the act of 1881, March 1, ch. 96 (21 Stat. L., 376).

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