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according action actual admitted affections appears Arcesilaus Aristotle Aristotle's attained benevolence called caused century Christian common commonly complete conceived conception condition conduct consider consist definitely desire determined directed distinct distinguished divine doctrine duty element essential ethical evil existence express external fact feeling function fundamental further given gives hand happiness held holds human ideal important impulses individual influence interest justice kind knowledge latter less maintained man's means merely method mind moral motive natural notion object observe original pain particular perfect persons philosophic physical Plato pleasure political positive practical preference present principles pure question rational realised reason recognised regarded relation result rules sage seems sense social society Socrates soul Stoics taken teaching term things thought tion true truth ultimate universe virtue wellbeing whole wisdom
Página 92 - Felicity is a continual progress of the desire from one object to another, the attaining of the former being still but the way to the latter.
Página 94 - Demonstration.—The idea of a supreme Being, infinite in power, goodness, and wisdom, whose workmanship we are, and on whom we depend; and the idea of ourselves, as understanding rational beings; being such as are clear in us, would, I suppose, if duly considered and pursued, afford such foundations of our duty and rules of action as might place morality amongst the sciences capable of demonstration...
Página 114 - Let it be allowed, though virtue or moral rectitude does indeed consist in affection to and pursuit of what is right and good, as such; yet, that when we sit down in a cool hour, we can neither justify to ourselves this or any other pursuit, till we are convinced that it will be for our happiness, or, at least, not contrary to it.
Página 147 - It is not to be expected that this process should be strictly pursued previously to every moral judgment, or to every legislative or judicial operation. It may, however, be always kept in view: and as near as the process actually pursued on these occasions approaches to it, so near will such process approach to the character of an exact one.
Página 126 - Reverse, in any considerable circumstance, the condition of men : Produce extreme abundance or extreme necessity : Implant in the human breast perfect moderation and humanity, or perfect rapaciousness and malice : By rendering justice totally useless, you thereby totally destroy its essence, and suspend its obligation upon mankind.
Página 121 - ... that action is best, which procures the greatest happiness for the greatest numbers; and that worst, which in like manner occasions misery.
Página 119 - But some of great and distinguished merit, have, I think, expressed themselves in a manner, which may occasion some danger, to careless readers, of imagining the whole of virtue to consist in singly aiming, according to the best of their judgment, at promoting the happiness of mankind in the present state...
Página 162 - ... the absolutely good, the absolutely right, in conduct, can be that only which produces pure pleasure — pleasure unalloyed with pain anywhere. By implication, conduct which has any concomitant of pain, or any painful consequence, is partially wrong...
Página 99 - Whatever I judge reasonable or unreasonable for another to do for Me, That, by the same Judgment, I declare reasonable or unreasonable, that I in the like Case should do for Him.