Proceedings of the ... Annual Meeting of the National Child Labor Committee, Volumen4


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Página 28 - The limitations which this statute places upon her contractual powers, upon her right to agree with her employer as to the time she shall labor, are not imposed solely for her benefit, but also largely for the benefit of all.
Página 13 - We emphasized the consideration that "woman's physical structure and the performance of maternal functions place her at a disadvantage in the struggle for subsistence...
Página 13 - That woman's physical structure and the performance of maternal functions place her at a disadvantage in the struggle for subsistence is obvious. This is especially true when the burdens of motherhood are upon her. Even when they are not, by abundant testimony of the medical fraternity continuance for a long time on her feet at work, repeating this from day to day, tends to injurious effects upon the body, and, as healthy mothers are essential to vigorous offspring, the physical well-being of woman...
Página 29 - The two sexes differ in structure of body, in the functions to be performed by each, in the amount of physical strength, in the capacity for long-continued labor, particularly when done standing, the influence of vigorous health upon the future well-being of the race, the self-reliance which enables one to assert full rights, and in the capacity to maintain the struggle for subsistence. This difference justifies a difference in legislation and upholds that which is designed to compensate for some...
Página 126 - No child under fourteen years of age shall be employed, permitted or suffered to work in or in connection with any factory, workshop, mine, mercantile establishment, store, business office, telegraph office, restaurant, hotel, apartment house, or in the distribution or transmission of merchandise or messages. It shall be unlawful for any person, firm or corporation to employ any child under fourteen years of age in any business or service...
Página 105 - Aid the dawning, tongue and pen; Aid it, hopes of honest men ; Aid it, paper — aid it, type — Aid it, for the hour is ripe, And our earnest must not slacken Into...
Página 20 - ... would have been non-existent for us. Without the circumstances of infancy we might have become formidable among animals through sheer force of sharp-wittedness. But, except for these circumstances, we should never have comprehended the meaning of such phrases as " self-sacrifice " or
Página 52 - ... is not the most scientific method of arriving at the truth. And yet when the census bureau compiles statistics gained in that way, the statement becomes an authority. Fortunately for the cause of the children, a recent study of the population tables of 1900 gives the result of that house to house canvass, as to the number of children, ten to fifteen years of age, engaged in particular industries.
Página 57 - In 1810, with the changed conditions resulting from immigration, it was found impossible to enforce the law without important additions, amounting in reality to a set of factory laws, forbidding the employment of children under fourteen years of age who have not attended school for at least three months in the year.
Página 59 - ... Considering the white population alone, the percentage of illiterates in the South Atlantic division in 1870 was 23.5, and this had been reduced to 11.5 per cent in 1900. In the South Central states the percentages were 23.4 in 1870 and n.8 per cent in 1900. For the United States the percentages were 11.5 in 1870 and 6.2 in 1900. The South, despite the reductions made, is still in point of average literacy behind all the other sections of the Union, and far behind such countries of Europe as...

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