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The Book of JUDGES.


Now, after the death of Joshua it came to pass, that the children of Israel asked the LORD, saying, Who shall go up for us against the Canaanites first, to fight against them?

2 And the LORD said, Judah shall go up: behold, I have delivered the land into his hand.

B. C. 1425.

a verse 3.
Jos. 24. 29.
c chap.20.18.
Nu. 27. 21.
d Nu. 21. 3.

e Jos. 11. 22.
Ge. 49. 8, 9.

g verse 2.

3 And Judah said unto Simeon his brother, Come up with me into my lot, that we may fight against the Canaanites; and I likewise will go with thee into thy lot. Bor, possess- had chariots" of iron.

So Simeon went with him.

ed the

5 And they found Adoni-bezek in Be-i zek; and they fought against him, and they slew the Canaanites and the Perizzites.

11 And from thence he went against the inhabitants of Debir; and the name of Debir before was Kirjath-sepher:

2 Ki. 18. 7.

Ps. 60. 12.

Ec. 9. 11.

20 And they gave Hebron unto Caleb, 4 And Judah went up; and the LORD as Moses said: and he expelled thence delivered the Canaanites and the Periz-h Ex. 14.7,&c. the three sons of Anak. zites into their hand: and they slew of them in Bezek" ten thousand men.

Jos. 17. 16.
Ps. 46. 9.
verse 17.
Nu. 14. 24.
De. 1. 36.

21 And the children of Benjaminm did not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited Jerusalem; but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Benjamin in Jerusalem unto this day.

m Jos. 15. 63.

22 And the house of Joseph, they also went up against Beth-el: and the LORD was with them.

18. 28.

6 But Adoni-bezek fled; and they pursued after him, and caught him, and cut off his thumbs and his great toes.

7 And Adoni-bezek said, Threescore and ten kings, having their thumbs and their great toes cut off, gathered their meat under my table: as I have done, so God hath requited me. And they brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died.

8 Now the children of Judah had fought against Jerusalem, and had taken it, and smitten it with the edge of the sword, and set the city on fire.

9 And afterward the children of Ju-8or, gleaned. dah went down to fight against the Ca-Le. 24. 19. naanites, that dwelt in the mountain, and 1 Sa. 15.33. Is. 33. 1. in the south, and in the valley. Mat. 7.1, 2. Ja. 2. 13.

10 And Judah went against the Canaanites that dwelt in Hebron, (now the name of Hebron before was Kirjath-arba,) and they slew Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai.

12 And Caleb said, He that smiteth Kirjath-sepher, and taketh it, to him will I give Achsah my daughter to wife.

Jos. 2. 12.
1 Sa. 30. 15.
Jos. 15. 63.
u Jos. 11. 21.
"2 Ki. 7. 6.
or, low
w Jos. 17. 11..
Jos. 15. 13.
Ro. 7. 21.
z Jos. 15. 15,
a Jos. 16. 10.
1 Ki. 9. 16.

13 And Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother, took it: and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife.


14 And it came to pass, when she came to him, that she moved him to ask of herb Jos. 19. 15. father a field: and she lighted from off c Jos. 19. 24.. her ass; and Caleb said unto her, What wilt thou?

15 And she said unto him, Give me a blessing for thou hast given me a south land; give me also springs of water. And Caleb gave her the upper springs and the nether springs.

16 And the children of the Kenite, Moses' father in law, went up out of the city of palm trees with the children of Judah into the wilderness of Judah, which lieth in the south of Arad; and they went and dwelt among the people.

1 Sa. 11. 8.

• verse 19. Ge. 49. 24. P Jos. 7. 2.


the thumbs
of their
hands and
of their
Ge. 28. 19.

17 And Judaha went with Simeon his brother, and they slew the Canaanites that inhabited Zephath, and utterly destroyed it. And the name of the city was called Hormah."


d Ge. 33. 11.
1 Pe. 3. 9.

e ch. 4.11,17.
1 Ch. 2. 55.
Ps. 106. 35.
h Jos. 19.32..

g De. 34. 3.

18 Also Judah took Gaza with the coast thereof, and Askelon with the coast thereof, and Ekron with the coast thereof.

19 And the LORD was with Judah, and he drave out the inhabitants of the mountain, but could not drive out the inhabitants of the valley, because they


Nu. 21. 1.
Nu. 10. 29..
1 Sa. 15. 6.

23 And the house of Joseph sent to descry? Beth-el. Now the name of the city before was Luz.!

24 And the spies saw a man come forth out of the city, and they said unto him, Shew us, we pray thee, the entrance into the city, and we will shew thee mercy.

25 And when he shewed them the entrance into the city, they smote the city with the edge of the sword; but they let go the man and all his family.

26 And the man went into the land of the Hittites, and built a city, and called the name thereof Luz: which is the name thereof unto this day.

27 Neither did Manasseh" drive out the inhabitants of Beth-shean and her towns, nor Taanach and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns: but the Canaanites wouldy dwell in that land.

28 And it came to pass, when Israel was strong, that they put the Canaanites to tribute, and did not utterly drive them out.

29 Neither did Ephraim drive out the Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer;" but the Canaanites dwelt in Gezer among them.

30 Neither did Zebulun drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, nor the inhabitants of Nahalol; but the Canaanites dwelt among them, and became tributaries.

31 Neither did Ashere drive out the inhabitants of Accho, nor the inhabitants of Zidon, nor of Ahlab, nor of Achzib, nor of Helbah, nor of Aphik, nor of Rehob:

32 But the Asherites dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land; for they did not drive them out.

33 Neither did Naphtali" drive out the inhabitants of Beth-shemesh, nor the inhabitants of Beth-anath; but he dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land: nevertheless the inhabitants of

An Angel rebukes the Israelites. JUDGES, III. Beth-shemesh and of Beth-anath became B. C. 1406. tributaries unto them.

34 And the Amorites forced the chil-a Ac. 13. 20. dren of Dan into the mountain: for they would not suffer them to come down to the valley:

35 But the Amorites would dwell in mount Heres in Aijalon, and in Shaalbim yet the hand of the house of Joseph Y prevailed so that they became tributaries. 36 And the coast of the Amorites was

Idolatry of the Israelites.

judges which delivered them out of the hand of those that spoiled them.

17 And yet they would not hearken unto their judges, but they went a whoringd after other gods, and bowed themselves unto them: they turned quickly out of the way which their fathers walked in, obeying the commandments of the but they did not so.

18 And when the LORD raised them up

from the going up to Akrabbim, from Y was heavy. Judges, then the LORD was with the judge,

6 And when Joshua had let the people go, the children of Israel went every man unto his inheritance to possess the land.

7 And the people served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that outlived Joshua, who had seen all the great works of the LORD,

that he did for Israel.

8 And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the LORD, died, being an hundred and ten years old.

9 And they buried him in the border of his inheritance in Timnath-heres," in the mount of Ephraim, on the north side of the hill Gaash.

10 And also all that generation were gathered unto their fathers: and there arose another generation after them, which knew not the LORD, nor yet the works which he had done for Israel.

the rock, and upward.

ƒ Jos. 1. 5.

8or, Maaleh-
Nu. 34. 4.
Jos. 15. 3.


AND an angel of the LORD came up
from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I made
you to go up out of Egypt, and have Ge. 6. 6.
brought you unto the land which I sware
unto your fathers; and I said, I will
never break my covenant with you.

De. 32. 36.
Ho. 11. 8.

Cor, messen

2 And' ye shall make no league with the inhabitants of this land; yem shall throw down their altars: but" ye have not obey-i ed my voice: why have ye done this?

3 Wherefore I also said, I will not drive them out from before you; but they shall be as thorns? in your sides, and their gods? shall be a snarer unto you.

4 And it came to pass, when the angel of the LORD spake these words unto all the children of Israel, that the people lifted up their voice and wept.

5 And they called the name of that place Bochim: and they sacrificed there unto the LORD.

11 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim :

12 And they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods, of the gods of the people that were round about them, and bowed themselves unto them, and provoked the LORD to anger.

13 And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.

14 And the anger" of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he delivered them into the hands of spoilers that spoiled them, and he sold them into the hands of their enemies round about, so that they could not any longer stand before their enemies.

ẞ saved.

15 Whithersoevere they went out, the hand of the LORD was against them for evil, as the LORD had said, and as the LORD had sworn unto them: and they were greatly distressed.

16 Nevertheless the LORD raised up

Ps. 106. 43..
verse 30.

Ps. 18. 44.
dEx.34.15,16. LORD;
e Jos. 10. 12.


h verse 5.
chap. 4. 1.
Ge. 17. 7.
Ps. 89. 34.

n were cor-
De. 7. 2.
let nothing
fall of.

m De. 12. 3.
"verse 20.
Ps. 106. 34..

• Jos. 23. 16.
P Jos. 23. 13.
q chap. 3. 6.
Ex. 23.33.
Ps. 66. 10.
λ suffered.
t Jos. 24. 28,

De. 7. 16.


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and delivered them out of the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge: for it repented the LORD because of their groanings by reason of them that oppressed them and vexed them.

19 And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, that they returned, and corrupted themselves more than their fathers, in following other gods to serve them, and to bow down unto them: they eceased not from their own doings, nor from their stubborn way.

20 And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel; and he said, Because that this people hath transgressed my nant which I commanded their fathers, and have not hearkened unto my voice,


21 I also will not henceforth drive out any from before them of the nations which Joshua left when he died;

22 That through them I may prove Israel, whether they will keep the way of the LORD, to walk therein, as their fathers did keep it, or not.

23 Therefore the LORD Aleft those nations, without driving them out hastily: neither delivered he them into the hand of Joshua.

CHAPTER III. Now these are the nations which the LORD left, to prove Israel by them; all the wars of Canaan; even as many of Israel as had not known

2 Only that the generations of the children of Israel might know to teach them war, at the least such as before knew nothing thereof;

3 Namely, five" lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baal-hermon unto the entering in of Hamath.

4 And they were to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would hearken unto the commandments of the LORD, which he commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.

5 And the children of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites, Hittites, and Amorites, and Perizzites, and Hivites, and Jebusites:

6 And they took their daughters to be their wives, and gave their daughters to their sons, and served their gods.

7 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and forgat the LORD their God, and served Baalim and the groves.

8 Therefore the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and he sold them into the hand of Chushan-rishathaim king of Mesopotamia: and the children of Israel served Chushan-rishathaim eight


9 And when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniels the son of

Eglon slain by Ehud.

Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

10 And the Spirit" of the LORD came upon him, and he judged Israel, and went out to war: and the LORD delivered Chushan-rishathaim king of Mesopo- B was. tamia into his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushan-rishathaim.


Ps. 17. 10.

11 And the land had rest forty years: and Othniel the son of Kenaz died.


! B. C. 1394.

21 And Ehud put forth his left hand, and took the dagger from his right thigh, and thrust it into his belly.

22 And the haft also went in after the blade; and the fat closed upon the blade, so that he could not draw the dagger out of his belly; and the dirt came out.

23 Then Ehud went forth through the porch, and shut the doors of the parlour upon him, and locked them.

24 When he was gone out, his servants came; and when they saw that, behold, the doors of the parlour were locked, they said, Surely he covereth his feet in his summer chamber.

12 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD: and the LORD strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against Israel, because they had done evil in the sight of the LORD.

13 And he gathered unto him the children of Ammon and Amalek, and went and smote Israel, and possessed the city of palm trees.

14 So the children of Israel servedh Eglon the king of Moab eighteen years.

15 But when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD, the LORD raised them up a deliverer, Ehud the son of Gera, Sa Benjamite, a man lefthanded: and by him the children of Israel sent a present unto Eglon the king of Moab.

16 But Ehud made him a dagger which had two edges, of a cubit length; and he did gird it under his raiment upon his right thigh.

17 And he brought the present unto Eglon king of Moab: and Eglon was a very fat" man.


18 And when he had made an end to offer the present, he sent away the people that bare the present.

19 But he himself turned again from the quarries that were by Gilgal, and said, I have a secret errand unto thee, O king: who said, Keep silence. And all that stood by him went out from him.

20 And Ehud came unto him; and he was sitting in a summer parlour, which he had for himself alone: and Ehud said, I have a message from God unto thee. And he arose out of his seat.

25 And they tarried till they were ashamed; and, behold, he opened not the doors of the parlour; therefore they took a key, and opened them: and, behold, their lord was fallen down dead on the earth.

a chap. 6. 34. 11. 29.

26 And Ehud escaped while they tarried, and passed beyond the quarries," and escaped unto Seirath.

27 And it ame to pass, when he was come, that he blew a trumpet in the mountain of Ephraim, and the children of Israel went down with him from the mount, and he before them.

28 And he said unto them, Follow after me; for the LORD hath delivered" your enemies the Moabites into your hand. And they went down after him, and took

8 Aram.
b chap. 5. 6.
chap. 5. 8.

15. 15.


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chap. 2. 19. fchap. 1. 16. 1 Sa. 12. 9.

Ps. 83. 9.

It seems to

only North


De. 28. 48.

k ver. 13, 16.

gor, the son of Jemini.

shut of his

right hand. chap. 1. 19. Ge. 35. 8. n Ps. 73.7,19. or, graven images. Jos. 4. 20. Ex. 14. 4. a chap. 5. 21. Ka parlour of cooling, Am. 3. 15.

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Israel enslaved by Jabin.

the fords of Jordan toward Moab, and suffered not a man to pass over.

29 And they slew of Moab at that time about ten thousand men, all lusty, and all men of valour; and there escaped not a man.

2 Sa. 5. 24. Ps. 68. 7, 8. Is. 52. 12.

a ch. 7. 9, 15. 6 Ps. 83.9,10. Jos. 10. 10.

He. 11. 32.

30 So Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Israel. And the land had rest fourscore years.

31 And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, which slew of the Philistines six hundred men with an ox goad: and he also delivered Israel.d

Ehud was dead.

2 And the LORD sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, that reigned in Hazor; the captain of whose host was Sisera, which dwelt in Harosheth of the Gentiles.

3 And the children of Israel cried unto

the LORD; for he had nine hundred chariots' of iron; and twenty years he mightily oppressed the children of Israel.

4 And Deborah a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, she judged Israel at that time.

5 And she dwelt under the palm tree of Deborah, between Ramah and Beth-el

in mount Ephraim; and the children of Israel came up to her for judgment.

6 And she sent and called Barak, the son of Abinoam, out of Kedesh-naphtali, and said unto him, Hath not the LORD God of Israel commanded, saying, Go, and draw toward mount Tabor, and take with thee ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun?

7 And I will draw unto thee, to the river Kishon, Sisera, the captain of Jabin's army, with his chariots and his multitude; and I will deliver him into thine hand.

8 And Barak said unto her, If thou wilt go with me, then I will go; but if thou wilt not go with me, then I will not go.

9 And she said, I will surely go with thee: notwithstanding the journey that thou takest shall not be for thine honour; for the LORD shall sell Sisera into the hand of a woman." And Deborah arose, and went with Barak to Kedesh.

10 And Barak called Zebulun and Naphtali to Kedesh; and he went up with ten thousand men at his feet: and Deborah went up with him.

11 Now Heber the Kenite, which was of the children of Hobab," the father in law of Moses, had severed himself from the Kenites, and pitched his tent unto the plain of Zaanaim," which is by Kedesh.

12 And they shewed Sisera that Barak the son of Abinoam was gone up to mount Tabor.

13 And Sisera gathered together all his chariots, even nine hundred chariots of iron, and all the people that were with him, from Harosheth of the Gentiles unto the river of Kishon.

14 And Deborah said unto Barak, Up; for this is the day in which the LORD hath delivered Sisera into thine hand: is not the LORD gone out before thee? So Barak went down from mount Tabor, and ten thousand men after him.

15 And the LORD' discomfited Sisera, and all his chariots, and all his host, with the edge of the sword, before Barak; so

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18 And Jael went out to meet Sisera, and said unto him, Turn in, my lord, turn in to me; fear not: and when he had turned in unto her into the tent, she covered him with a mantle.

19 And he said unto her, Give me, I pray thee, a little water to drink; for I am thirsty and she opened a bottle of milk," and gave him drink, and covered him.


24 And the hand of the children of rael P prospered, and prevailed against Jabin the king of Canaan, until they had destroyed Jabin king of Canaan. CHAPTER V.

a Ps. 145. 7. Brighteous1 Sa. 12. 7.


c Ps. 57. 8.

d Is. 43. 17.

THEN sang Deborah, and Barak the son of Abinoam, on that day, saying,

2 Praise ye the LORD for the avenging of Israel, when the people willingly offered themselves.

3 Hear, O ye kings; give ear, O ye princes: I, even I, will sing unto the LORD; I will sing praise to the LORD God of Israel.

y unto one. Ps. 68. 18. fPs. 75. 7. 2 Ki. 6. 19. or, rug, or, blanket.

draw with h ch. 5. 25, 26. Chis feet.

nor, In. o impress

20 Again he said unto her, Stand in the door of the tent, and it shall be, when any man doth come and inquire of thee, and say, Is there any man here? that thou shalt say, No.

A or, port.



μor, creeks. v exposed to 21 Then Jael, Heber's wife, took a nail reproach. of the tent, and took an hammer in her Re. 12. 11. hand, and went softly unto him, and smotem Ge. 14. 23. the nail into his temples, and fastened it" Ps. 18. 47. into the ground; for he was fast asleep, chap. 4. 15. and weary: so he died. 22 And, behold, as Barak pursued Si-chap. 4. 7. sera, Jael came out to meet him, and said unto him, Come, and I will shew thee the man whom thou seekest. And when he came into her tent, behold, Sisera lay dead, and the nail was in his temples.


1 18. 40.

Ps. 83.9, 10. going, went

and was hard.

23 Son God subdued on that day Jabin the king of Canaan before the children of Israel.

6 In the days of Shamgare the son of Anath, in the days of Jael, the highways were unoccupied, and the xtravellers walked through & byways.

7 The inhabitants of the villages ceased, they ceased in Israel, until that I Deborah arose, that I arose a mother in Israel.

8 They chose news gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

9 My heart is toward the governors of Israel, that offered themselves willingly among the people. Bless ye the LORD.

10 Speak, ye' that ride on white asses, ye that sit in judgment, and walk by the way.

11 They that are delivered from the noise of archers in the places of drawing water,


i Ps. 4. 4.


La. 3.40,41. put.

9 Ps. 44. 5.

tramplings, or, plungings. Is-Ex. 15. 1. Ps. 18, title. & De. 32. 43. Ps. 18. 47. t2 Ch.17.16.


* Ps. 3. 7.

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Ps. 68. 7, 8.

≈ 2 Sa. 22. 8.
Is. 64. 3.
a Ps. 97. 5.

4 LORD, when thou wentest out of Seir, she hamwhen thou marchedst out of the field of Edom, the earth trembled, and the heavens dropped, the clouds also dropped water.

mered. b Ex. 19. 18. c chap. 3. 31. Ф Between.

5 The mountains melted" from before the LORD, even that Sinai from before the LORD God of Israel.

e Le. 26. 22.

chap. 4. 17. xwalkers of paths. destroyed. & crooked


Ca. 2. 9. De. 32. 17. 1 Sa.13.19,22 ẞher words. Ex. 15. 9,10. y to the head


of a man. verse 2. & or, meditate.

Song of Deborah and Barak.

there shall they rehearse" the righteous acts of the LORD, even the righteous acts toward the inhabitants of his villages in Israel: then shall the people of the LORD go down to the gates.

12 Awake, awake, Deborah; awake, awake, utter a song: arise, Barak, and lead thy captivity captive, thou son of Abinoam.

chap. 10.4. mPs. 92. 9.

13 Then he made him that remaineth have dominion over the nobles among the people: the LORD made me have dominion over the mighty.

14 Out of Ephraim was there a root of them against Amalek; after thee, Benjamin, among thy people: out of Machir came down governors, and out of Zebulun they that handle the pen of the writer.

15 And the princes of Issachar were with Deborah; even Issachar, and also Barak: he was sent on foot into the valley. For the divisions of Reuben there were great thoughts of heart.

16 Why abodest thou among the sheepfolds, to hear the bleatings of the flocks? 7 For the divisions of Reuben there were great searchings of heart.

17 Gilead abode beyond Jordan: and why did Dan remain in ships? Asher continued on the sea shore, and abode in his " breaches.

18 Zebulun and Naphtali were a people that jeoparded their lives unto the death in the high places of the field.

19 The kings came and fought; then fought the kings of Canaan in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo: they took no gain of money.

20 They fought from heaven; the stars in their courses fought against Sisera.

21 The river of Kishon? swept them away, that ancient river, the river Kishon. O my soul, thou hast trodden down strength.

22 Then were the horsehoofs broken by the means of the pransings, the pransings of their mighty ones.

23 Curse ye Meroz, said the angel of the LORD; curse ye bitterly the inhabitants thereof; because they came not to the help of the LORD, to the help of the LORD against the mighty.

24 Blessed above women shall Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite be; blessed shall she be above women in the tent.

25 Hey asked water, and she gave him milk; she brought forth butter in a lordly dish.

26 She put her hand to the nail, and her right hand to the workmen's hammer; and with the hammer she smote Sisera; she smote off his head, when she had pierced and stricken through his temples.

27 At her feet he bowed, he fell, he lay down at her feet he bowed, he fell; where he bowed there he fell down dead."


28 The mother of Sisera looked out at a window, and cried through the lattice, Why is his chariot so long in coming? why tarry the wheels of his chariots ?

29 Her wise ladies answered her, yea, she returned & answer to herself,

30 Have they not sped? have they not divided the prey; to every man a damsel or two? to Sisera a prey of divers colours, a prey of divers colours of needlework, of divers colours of needlework on both sides, meet for the necks of them that take the spoil?

31 So let all thine enemies perish,TM O

The call of Gideon.


LORD: but let them that love him be as the B. C. 1256.
sun when he goeth forth in his might.
And the land had rest forty years.
AND the children of Israel did evil in
the sight of the LORD; and the LORD
delivered them into the hand ofd Midian
seven years.


2 And the hand of Midian prevailed against Israel: and because of the Midianites the children of Israel made them the dense which are in the mountains, and caves, and strong holds.

3 And so it was, when Israel had sown, that the Midianites came up, and the Amalekites, and the children of the east, even they came up against them;

21 Then the angel of the LORD put forth the end of the staff that was in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel of the LORD departed out of his sight.

4 And they encamped against them, and destroyed the increase of the earth, till thou come unto Gaza; and left no sustenance for Israel, neither & sheep, nor ox, nor ass.

έor, goat.
h ch.13.22,23.
Is. 6. 5..8.

22 And when Gideon perceived that he was an angel of the LORD, Gideon said, ichap. 7.12. Alas, O Lord GOD! for because I have seen an angel of the LORD face to face.

Je. 46. 23. * Ge. 32. 30.

5 For they came up with their cattle, and their tents, and they came as grasshoppers for multitude; for both they and gi.e. The their camels were without number: and they entered into the land to destroy it.

23 And the LORD said unto him, Peace be unto thee; fear not: thou shalt not die. 24 Then Gideon built an altar there unto the LORD, and called it $Jehovahshalom: unto this day it is yet in Ophrah of the Abi-ezrites.

6 And Israel was greatly impoverished because of the Midianites; and the children of Israel cried' unto the LORD.

Bor, meat
a 2 Sa. 23. 4.

Ps. 37. 6.
Pr. 4. 18.
b Ps. 19. 5.

ya kid of the

e chap. 2. 19.
Hab. 3. 7.

S was strong.
e1 Sa. 13. 6.
Le. 9. 24.
1 Ki. 18.38.

2 Ch. 7. 1.
g Le. 26. 16.
De. 28. 30.

send peace,
Ge. 22. 14.
Ex. 17. 15.
Je. 33. 16.

Eze. 48.35. nor, and.

1 Ho. 5. 15.

7 And it came to pass, when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD because of the Midianites,

25 And it came to pass the same night, that the LORD said unto him, Take thy father's young bullock, even the second bullock of seven years old, and throw down the altar of Baal that thy father hath, and cut down the grove that is by it:

8 That the LORD sent a prophet unto the children of Israel, which said unto them, Thus saith the LORD God of Israel, Im brought you up from Egypt, and brought you forth out of the house of bondage;

26 And build an altar unto the LORD thy God upon the top of this rock, in the ordered place, and take the second bullock, and offer a burnt sacrifice with the wood of the grove which thou shalt cut down.

or, an orderly

9 And I delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of all that oppressed you, and drave" them out from before you, and gave you their land:


27 Then Gideon took ten men of his servants, and did as the LORD had said 10 And I said unto you, I am the LORD unto him: and so it was, because he feared your God; fear not the gods of the Amor- He. 11. 32, his father's household, and the men of the ites, in whose land ye dwell: but ye have not obeyed my voice.

n Ps. 44. 2, 3.
• 2 Ki.17.35..


city, that he could not do it by day, that he did it by night.

11 And there came an angel of the LORD, and sat under an oak which was in Ophrah, that pertained unto Joash the Abi-ezrite: and his son Gideon? threshed wheat by the winepress, to hide it from the Midianites.

28 And when the men of the city arose early in the morning, behold, the altar of Baal was cast down, and the grove was cut down that was by it, and the second bullock was offered upon the altar that was built.

a man, a prophet.

De. 7. 5.



μ cause it to


a chap. 13. 3.
Ge. 25. 22.
Ps. 77. 7..9.

t He. 11. 32.

12 And the angel of the LORD appeared my thou
unto him, and said unto him, The LORD
is with thee, thou mighty man of valour.

sand is the
Mi. 5. 2.

13 And Gideon said unto him, Oh my Lord, if the LORD be with us, why then is all this befallen us? and where be all his miracles which our fathers told us of, saying, Did not the LORD bring us up from Egypt? but now the LORD hath forsaken us, and delivered us into the hands of the Midianites.

i. e. Let Baal plead. u 1 Sa. 12. 11. 2 Sa. 11. 21, Jerubbesheth;

i. e. Let

14 And the LORD looked upon him, and said, Go in this thy might, and thou shalt save Israel from the hand of the Midianites: have not I sent thee?

15 And he said unto him, Oh my Lord, wherewith shall I save Israel? behold, my family is poor in Manasseh, and I am the least in my father's house.

16 And the LORD said unto him," Surely I will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the Midianites as one man.

17 And he said unto him, If now I have found grace in thy sight, then shew* me a sign that thou talkest with me.

18 Depart not hence, I pray thee, until I come unto thee, and bring forth my

the shame

ful thing

w Ex. 3. 12.

Is. 41.15,16.
y verse 3.
ver. 36..40.
2 Ki. 20. 8.

Ps. 86. 17.
Is. 7. 11.

a chap. 3. 10.



Gideon's deliverance. present, and set it before thee. And he said, I will tarry until thou come again.

19 And Gideon went in, and made ready aykid, and unleavened cakes of an ephah of flour: the flesh he put in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot, and brought it out unto him under the oak, and presented it.

Ge. 18. 3, 5.

c Nu. 10. 3.

σ called.

20 And the angel of God said unto him, Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and lay them upon this rock, and pour out the broth. And he did so.

29 And they said one to another, Who hath done this thing? And when they inquired and asked, they said, Gideon the son of Joash hath done this thing.

30 Then the men of the city said unto Joash, Bring out thy son, that he may die: because he hath cast down the altar of Baal, and because he hath cut down the grove that was by it.

31 And Joash said unto all that stood against him, Will ye plead for Baal? will ye save him? he that will plead for him, let him be put to death whilst it is yet morning: if he be a god, let him plead for himself, because one hath cast down his altar.

32 Therefore on that day he called him Jerubbaal," saying, Let Baal plead against him, because he hath thrown down his altar.

33 Then ally the Midianites and the Amalekites and the children of the east were gathered together, and went over, and pitched in the valley of Jezreel.

34 But the Spirit of the LORD came upon Gideon, and he blew a trumpet, and Abi-ezer was gathered after him.

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