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AND REFLECTIONS MADE IN A COURSE OF GENERAL READING.
the only just principles of opposition his fish at a high rate; but this to a faithless tyrant-by their fierce butcher's son will hold over flesh, to opposition to religious liberty-and, get money thereby." above all, by their tame and base un. conditional submission to Charles II.
No: CCXV. who was bred in the school of hypo
Lupanthropia. crisy and profligacy, and who even I was eredibly informed by a genwent beyond the lessons of his educa- tleman of Dantzic (says Sir John Rèrestion.
by, in his Travels, 1657), that in (To be continued.)
some parts of Prussia the peasants will ordinarily go into the vast woods,
there fancy themselves to be wolves, GLEANINGS; SELECTIONS
prey upon raw flesh for some months, go upon all fours, and fly from the
sight of mau ; whether from frenzy, or No. CCXII.
that they were actually transformed, * Old Mumpsimus"-" New Sump
said he, is doubted, which would apsimus."
pear more ridiculous, had not some An old priest (says Camden) al- Greek authors written long since of ways read in his portass [breviary? Lupanthropia, from being sometimes
this kind of metamorphosis, calling it mumpsimus domine for sumpsimus ; said, that he had now used inumpsi- heasts for some time. whereof when he was admonished, he man, sometimes wolves; and that we
know Nebuchadnezzar ate grass with mus thirty years, and would not leave
8vo. 1813. p. 141. his old mumpsimus for their new sumpsimus.
And one of them shall say, Verily
I had an intimate friend while I lived In the county of Herefordshire the in the world, who said unto me, Art people have by tradition an account thou one of those who assertest the of what is called “a Kemble Pipe,” truth of the resurrection ? After we meaving the last one smoked at a shall be dead and reduced to dust and sitting the story alludes to a man bones, shall we surely be judged ? of that name, who, in the cruel per- Then he shall say to his companions, secution under that merciless bigot, Will ye look down? and he shall look Queen Mary, being condemned for down, and shall see him in the midst heresy—in his walk of some miles from of hell: and he shall say unto him, the prison to the stake, amidst acrowd By God, it wanted little but thou of weeping friends, with the tranquil- hadst drawn me into ruin ; and had lity and fortitude of a primitive mar- it not been for the grace of my Lord; tyr smoked a pipe of tobacco !
I had surely been one of those who No. CCXIV,
have been delivered up to eternal tor
Sale's Koran, V. ii.
No. CCXVII. tin, referring to Luther's Table-Talk)
Etymology of Libel: those of a certain Zany, who seems to
It was a new but witty Etymohave played his part very well :
logie, which the Lord Chancellour " In England was a cardinal, the st. Albans (at Star. Cha. in the son of a butcher, (he means Wolsey)
cause of the Nottingham Libel) gave concerning whom a knavish fool said, of a Mbel; that it was derived of a God be praised, that we have got such lie forged at home, and a bell to ring a cardinal: when he cometh to be
it up and downe the country, Pope, we may freely eat flesh in Lent
Holy Table, Name and Thing and on forbidden days; for St. Peter
1637. p. 1. was a fisher-man, and he forbad eating of flesh, to the end he might sell
Art. I.-Sermons on various impor- sermon-writers that excel Mr. Harti
tant Subjects, by the late Rev. son ; none that may be read with
it difficult to maintain.
sented to the public by his son, Mr. Domestic Union. The Duties of PaWilliam Harrison, is well known by rents. The Duties of Children. The his Sacred Harmony. He was for ma- Duties of Masters and Servants. Disny years joint-minister with the late cretion. History of Joseph. Review Dr. Barnes, of the respectable dis- of Divine Mercies. Contentment. senting congregation, meeting in Compassion. Praise. Forgiveness. Cross Street, Manchester; but, as we Faithi. Persecution. Beneficial Ef; have already given some account offects of Christianity. Human Life a him (v. 601, 602. ix. 264], we shall Pilgrimage. The Love of God. The observe only with regard to his life, necessity of Watchfulness. Charity. that it appears to have been such as Mutability of Life. The Christiani to create a natural desire in his sur- Life. God the only proper Object viving friends of possessing a volume of Glory. Danger of bad Company. of his discourses.
History of Cain and Abel. There is at the same time sufficient In the following passage the prinmerit in these sermons to recommend ciples of Protestant Dissenters are them, independently of the conside- well and boldly stated: the extract is rations of friendship. The reader soon from the first sermon, entitled, “Wisperceives that they are the produc- dom,” delivered“ on occasion of the tions of no ordinary mind; they uni- establishment of the Manchester Acaformly display an enlightened under. demys in the year 1786," and now standing, a sound judgment, a cor- re-printed. rect taste, and, which is of more im- " That Christ is the only king in his portance, clear views of scriptural church, and perunits no one to share in his truth, and pure moral discernment, authority—That he has left behind him no In the distribution of his subjects, the successor, to act as his vicegerent or repreacher is remarkably simple and un
presentative upon earth, with power to affected; but perhaps the plans of his alter, to add to, or to interpret the laws of
his kingdom, That no profession, rank, sermons are rather too uniform. He
or number of men has dominion over the is often peculiarly happy in his defi- conscience—That the scripture is a comnitions and descriptions. The style plete rule of faith, and that the applicais perspicuous and neat, and some- tion of this rule belongs to every private times elegant.
Christian-That to substitute creeds and Throughout all the discourses there confessions, drawn up by fallible men, for prevails calm good sense; often united the words of Christ and his apostles, is an with a glow of affection that touches unwarrantable and dangerous imposition the heart, but never interrupted by whatever for nonconformity to huinan sys
--That to inflict penalties of any kind those bursts of eloquence which arouse the imagination and seize the passions. tems, or to exclude others from commu
nion, because they do not receive On some of the subjects we expected standard of orthodoxy, is a violation of more fervour than we have found.
men's natural and Christian privileges. None of the sermons are doctrinal, Pp. 31, 32. but the opinions of the author now The reader will be pleased with an and then appear, and we may, we expostulation on the subject of filial presume, rank him under the general duty, from Sermon iv. denomination of Unitarian.
« The honour due to parents is the On practical topics we know few natural expression of gratitude. It is die
return which every ingenuous mind will exquisite than the joys of luxury, or the be prompted to make, for innumerable pursuit of ambition, but becomes, by reproofs of kindness and affection. And flection, a perpetual source of enjoyment here should we slightly review the scenes and happiness. Nor is it a slight conof parental care and tenderness, how pow- sideration, that the compassionate man, by erful are the obligations to filial respect secnring the love and esteem of his fellowand esteem! From the first entrance of creatures, provides for himself a refuge in children into the world, ignorant of the the day of adversity. Such is the uncercircumstances of their being, weak and tainty of human affairs, that we know not helpless, the protection of a father screened what tiine may bring forth. Providence them from danger, the fondness of a mo- may sink our condition, to that of the man ther supplied every want. They listened who now implores our bounty. It may to your infant cries, and sympathized with visit us with calamities, similar to those all your sorrows. They turned pale at which we overlook or despise; and render the apprehension of your danger, and us the objects of compassion and comfort. serupied no labour or expence to promote Yet how can we expect to receive that your comfort. When infancy was followed kindness from others, which we bave failed by childhood, their care and affection still to exercise ourselves; or, if in the time continued. They set a guard upon your of prosperity we have been hard-hearted steps, and centred in your happiness their and unkind, what return can we expect in treasure and their joy. Nor did they at- the day of adversity? It is, therefore, a tend merely to your present cxigency; maxim of prudence, cast thy bread upon they provided for your future welfare. the waters, for thou shalt find it after many They were anxious to bestow upon you a days. Give a portion to seven, and also competent share of worldly blessings, and unto eight, for thou kyowest not what evil to introduce you with advantage upon the shall be upon the earth.' theatre of life. And their best expressions
To these arguments, which reason sugof kindness appeared in restraining those gests, we may add the powerful manner in propensities that lead to disgrace and mi- which this virtue is enforced by the Chrissery; and in forming those virtues which tian dispensation. In almost every page of are the foundation of present and of ever- the New Testament it is enjoined or exem-lasting happiness.
plified. We are exhorted to be pitiful What then are the returns due to parental and courteous, having compassion one of love? What is the recompence that belongs another.' The man that wants this printo benefactors like these? Will you not with ciple, is represented as destitute of religion alacrity give honour to a father, and rejoice and incapable of goodness. Our Saviour the heart of a mother? Will you not stu- has taught us not to confine our bonnty to diously avoid whatever may offend or dis- our wealthy friends and neighbours, but please, and by every token of respect and to regard the poor, the maimed, the lame affection, pay a small share of that debt and the blind.' He has instructed us not to which can never be wholly discharged ?" limit our kindness to the narrow circle of Pp. 82, 83.
our countrymen, but to pity and relieve the The conclusion of Sermon x. on
distressed, of whatever nation or religion,
sect or party. He has pronounced "blessed “ Compassion," has, besides other ex
are the merciful, for they shall obtain cellencies,a more evangelical complex- mercy;' and has declared, that compassion ion than distinguishes some of the dis- to our fellow-creatures is a necessary concourses :
dition of our acceptance with God. He * Compassion shines with peculiar lus- has taught us, that we cannot be the tre amongst the social virtues. We de- children of the Most High, unless we reservedly esteem the generous and the semble him in goodness, and are kind bountiful; but still more, the merciful even to the unthankful and unjust.' And, man, whose kindness is directed to the by his own cxample, he has particularly friendless and forlorn, the poor and the af- illustrated and enforced this amiable virficted. Is it thought that the exercise of tue. His compassion prompted him to uncompassion will subject us to uneasiness, paralleled labours and sutterings for our and add the misfortunes of others to our sakes. He sympathized with the children own share of calamity? It is true, that it of sorrow and want. " He went about, necessarily supposes a sensibility of mind, doing good' to the souls and bodies of and that we participate in the distresses of men. His divine oslice was ' to seek and others. But the satisfaction that results to save those that were lost'; and, promptfrom it, will amply compensate for the ed by the most generons love, he gave ifreasiness it creates. The sorrows of the himself up to death for our sakes, the compassionate heart are infinitely over- just for tlie unjust, that he might bring us balanced, by the inward approbation and unto God.' self-complacence, with which it is ac. • Let,' then, the same mind be in us, companied. And every act of hunanity, which was also in Christ Jesus.' "As the not only yields a present pleasure, far more clect of God, holy, and beloved, let us put on bowels of merey.' Let us abound in the psalms, and hymns, and spiritual songs, exercise of a virtue, which will contribute singing with grace in your hearts unto the so much to our present and future hap- Lord,' piness. Let us subdue that pride and ma- Nor does the propriety of this mode of lice, envy and resentment, which oppose worship rest only on general custom, or the feelings of compassion. Let us banish mere authority. Divine song is undoubtthat indolence, let us extirpate that avarice, edly the language of Nature. It originates which prevent our compliance with its from our frame and constitution. The dictates. Considering mankind as the wise author of nature has kindly added to children of one cominon parent, let us our other powers and faculties, the sense of O jove as brethren,' Let us not overlook harmony. He has ordained certain sounds the sorrows of others, nor the circumstances to excite sensations of delight; he has that aggravate their affliction. Let us made them the proper accompaniment and remember, that, many of the distresses expression of the passions and affections of which we witness, will, in all probability, the mind. Were we to observe with the fall to our own lot. Is thy fellow-creature Psalmist, that the duty is pleasant, that the in sickness, forget not that thou art exposed voice of melody tends to cheer and into similar suffering. Is he lamenting the vigorate the spirits, to still the tumultuous loss of friends, remember, that ere long passions, to fix the wandering attention, thy own must be the house of mourning. Is and to prepare and compose the heart for he involved io sudden calamity, Boast the exercises of public worship, it would not thyself of to-morrow, for thou knowest be no slight argument in its favour. But . not what a day may bring forth. Let a we rather observe that it is comely, as sense of our own frailty and weakness, suitably expressing the sentiments of degive us a lively interest iu the distresses of votion, and the sublime joy which religion others. And, above all, conscious that our is fitted to inspire. It is the manner in hope of divine mercy must rest upon our
which the affections of the mind, when conduct towards our fellow-creatures, let elevated and enlarged, do vaturally ex. us . be kind one to another, tender-heart- press themselves. It can accommodate ed, forgiving one another;' remembering itself to the various modifications of love that with what measure we mete, it shall and joy, the essence of a devotional teinbe measured unto us again;' and that'he per. It hath losty strains for the sublimity shall have judgment without mercy, who of adoration, plaintive accents which behath shewn no mercy.' Pp. 162–166. come the tears of penitence and sorrow;
it can adopt the humble plea of suppliThere is not a finer passage in the cation, or swell in the bolder notes of volume than this on sacred musick, thanksgiving and triumph. Yet it has from Sermon xi. on “Praise," in which been properly remarked, that the influence the author appears quite at home, and of song reaches only to the amiable and rivals the beauty of Bishop Atterbury's pleasing affections, and that it has no exSermon, preached on Cecilia's day pression for malignant and tormenting [Sermons, Vol. iv. pp. 235–263.]:
passions. The sorrow therefore to which
it is attuned, should be mingled with hope; « « It is good,' says the Psalmist, to the penitence it expresses, cheered with sing praises unto our God; it is pleasant, the sense of pardon; and the mournful and praise is comely.' So excellent, be- scenes on which it sometimes dwells, ircoming and delightful, is the song of radiated with the glorious views and conpraise, that it has been authorized by the solations of the gospel. example of all nations, and universally re- We further add, that, by a sympathetic ceived into the solemnities of religion. influence, the tones, which naturally exIt formed a conspicuous and important press, do also powerfully excite certain part of the Jewish worship; and gave passions of the mind; and that, under due beauty, dignity and animation, to the sa- regulation, the aid of music becomes fa cred services of the temple. Nor bath vourable to religious impression. She can Christianity abolished this expression of awake the dull and torpid powers, she can bumage as an empty form, or useless cere- introduce and cherish the affections which mony. Its divine author was pleased to belong to thanksgiving and praise. Seconsecrate this act of worship hy his own parate even from language and sentiment, example, undes circumstances peculiarly she can influence the passions and moveaffecting. On the evening which pre- ments of the soul, can inspire with soceded his sufferings, when he celebrated lemnity and awe, can animate with gladthe passover with his disciples, and in- ness, or dispose the heart to devout love stituted the memorial of his death, they and affectionate sorrow. But the full and concluded the solemnity by joining in a proper effect of music depends upon a psalm or hymn of praise. And St. Paul connexion with becoming sentiments and exhorts the Christian converts to the ob- expressions. When directed to a suitable servance of this duty : Let the word of object, and subservient to the beart and Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; voice, her energy is most conspicuous and teaching and admonishing one another is delightful; and she displays her noblest
excellence and use, when consecrated to posed. It supposes a comparison of two the service of religion, and employed in or more ideas, and a judgment of the mind the courts of the living God. When the concerning them. It is, therefore, imglories of the great Jehovah are our theme, properly applied to a simple apprehension. his mercies oor song, when sublime sub- And though, in common language, we are jects of praise are accompanied with ex- said to believe in a particular person or pressive harmony, and the pleasures of thing, this is only a figurative way of devotion heightened by the charms of sing- speaking, and affects not the definition we ing, we experience the most pure, rational have given. All that it imports, is, that and exquisite delight. Under this image, we assent to some proposition relating to the Scriptures convey to us some obscure that person or thing. So when we are representation of the exercises and enjoy- said to believe in God, the meaning is, ments of the heavenly world. I heard we believe that God exists, that he is posthe voice of a great multitude, as the voice sessed of infinite perfection, and the like; of many waters, and the voice of mighty otherwise, such language would be unthunderings, saying, Hallelujah, for the intelligible. From this definition of Faith. Lord God omnipotent reigneth. They arises the obvious inference, that no man sang the song of Moses, the servant of can be said to believe that which he does God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, not understand. For if Faith be the Great and marvellous are thy works, Lord judgment of the mind upon the comparison God Almighty, just and true are thy ways, of two ideas, it follows, that where we have O king of Saints!'
no ideas to compare, there can be no belief. “ But that divine song may correspond Were a man, for example, to utter words in with its importantobject it requires to be well an unknown language, and enjoin us to regulated and improved. It shunld adopta credit his assertions, the thing would be style of music chaste and pure; suited to impossible. Unable to comprebend his boly places, and to sacred subjects. Care meaning, we should be equally unable to should be taken, that it be executed in a determine concerning its truth. We might, becoming manner; lest discord and dis- from various canses, conclude him to be a sonance be substituted for the charms of man of veracity, and confide in his probity melody and harmony, and this mode of and worth; and in this sense, might bc worship, instead of elevating on devotions said to believe in him; but we could have to divine and delightful sensations, should no belief in those propositions which we awaken our regret, and excite uneasiness were unable to understand, and disgust.” Pp. 173-177.
But are we not actually persuaded of A very just distinction is made in the truth of many things, which we do not $. xi. on “ Forgiveness," between clearly comprehend; as, the gravitation of punishment and revenge:
matter, the attraction of the loadstone, the “ When therefore we are required not legetation of plants? I answer, that this to avenge ourselves, we are by no means
is by no means the case; and that belief, restrained from necessary punishment, nor without a comparison of ideas, is a contrafrom a proper regard to our own security. diction in terms. For what is it that we But the precept of the text universally pro.
believe concerning these phænomena of hibits revenge; and it may be of im- nature? It is the plain fact, that matter portance to observe the distinction between does gravitate, that the loadstone attracts, punishment and revenge. They both re
or that plants vegetate; things which we quire that the offender should suffer for his comprehend, being obvious to sense and
But as we know not the crimes; but they proceed from different experience. principles, and have respect to different manner in which these operations are conends. * Punishment origihales from a be- ducted, so we pretend not to any belief nevolent temper, and its tendency is to concerning it. I have introduced these promote the public happiness. Revenge remarks with a view to expose the error of considers not the amendment of the of those zealots, who demand our assent to fender, the good of society, or the pre- doctrines, which they, far from being able vention of future evil. Its object is to
to explain, acknowledge to be incompremake the person unhappy, because he has hensible; or, in other words, incapable of offended. Revenge has a retrospective view, being believed.” Pp. 195–197. punishment looks forward. The former is What mind does not assent, what actuated with a sense of past evil, the latter heart does not respond, to the followaims at approaching good.” Pp. 183, 184. ing argument for a future life, from
The cnlightened Christian teacher the mutability of the present, S. appears in the remarks on the meaning of“ Faith,” in S. xiji.
“ The shortness and uncertainty of the “ The primary meaning of the word prosent world indicate a future and a hapFaith, and that, to which its other senses pier state of existence. The changes and may be referred, is belief, or an assent of disappointments which we now experience, the mind to the truth of something pro- direct our hopes and desires to a better