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TO AUTHORIZE THE COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR
AFFAIRS TO MAKE INVESTIGATIONS INTO ANY MATTER
WITHIN ITS JURISDICTION, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

OCTOBER 1, 1955-SITKA
OCTOBER 1, 1955—PETERSBURG

OCTOBER 3 AND 5, 1955—KETCHIKAN
OCTOBER 4, 1955-HYDABURG, KLAWOCK, AND CRAIG

OCTOBER 6, 1955–ANNETTE ISLAND RESERVE

PART 5

Printed for the use of the Committee on Interior and Insular Affairs

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COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS

CLAIR ENGLE, California, Chairman
WAYNE N. ASPINALL, Colorado

A. L. MILLER, Nebraska
LEO W. O'BRIEN, New York

JOHN P. SAYLOR, Pennsylvania
WALTER ROGERS, Texas

J. ERNEST WHARTON, New York
Mrs. GRACIE PFOST, Idaho

E. Y, BERRY, South Dakota
JAMES A. HALEY, Florida

WILLIAM A. DAWSON, Utah
GEORGE A. SHUFORD, North Carolina JACK WESTLAND, Washington
ADAM CLAYTON POWELL, JR., New York JOHN R. PILLION, New York
ED EDMONDSON, Oklahoma

CLIFTON YOUNG, Nevada
LEE METCALF, Montana

CRAIG HOSMER, California
GEORGE H. CHRISTOPHER, Missouri JOHN J. RHODES, Arizona
B. F. SISK, California

HAMER H. BUDGE, Idaho
STEWART L. UDALL, Arizona

J. EDGAR CHENOWETH, Colorado
CHARLES C. DIGGS, JR., Michigan

JAMES B. UTT, California
J. T. RUTHERFORD, Texas
Mrs. EDITH GREEN, Oregon

Mrs. JOSEPH R. FARRINGTON, Hawaii

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E. L. BARTLETT, Alaska
ANTONIO FERNÓS-ISERN, Puerto Rico

SUBCOMMITTEE ON TERRITORIAL AND INSULAR AFFAIRS

LEO W.O'BRIEN, New York, Chairman
CLAIR ENGLE, California

A. L. MILLER, Nebraska
WAYNE N. ASPINALL, Colorado

JOHN P. SAYLOR, Pennsylvania
WALTER ROGERS, Texas

J. ERNEST WHARTON, New York
Mrs. GRACIE PFOST, Idaho

E. Y. BERRY, South Dakota
JAMES A, HALEY, Florida

WILLIAM A. DAWSON, Utah
GEORGE A. SHUFORD, North Carolina JACK WESTLAND, Washington
ADAM CLAYTON POWELL, JR., New York JOHN R. PILLION, New York
ED EDMONDSON, Oklahoma

CLIFTON YOUNG, Nevada
LEE METCALF, Montana

CRAIG HOSMER, California
GEORGE H. CHRISTOPHER, Missouri JOHN J. RHODES, Arizona
B. F. SISK, California

HAMER H, BUDGE, Idaho
STEWART L. UDALL, Arizona

J. EDGAR CHENOWETH, Colorado
CHARLES C. DIGGS, JR., Michigan

JAMES B. UTT, California
J. T. RUTHERFORD, Texas
Mrs. EDITH GREEN, Oregon

Mrs. JOSEPH R. FARRINGTON, Hawaii

E. L. BARTLETT, Alaska
ANTONIO FERNÓS-ISERN, Puerto Rico

GEORGE ABBOTT, Commttee Counsel

J. L. TAYLOR, Territories Consultant
SIDNEY L. MCFARLAND, Engineering Consultant

II

CONTENTS

Page

61

18

40 50

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52

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merce.

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Sitka, Alaska, October 1, 1955:
Statement of

M. L. Borders, administrative officer of the medical center,

Mount Edgecumbe, Alaska
Frank Calvin.
Warren C. Christianson, attorney at law.
Dan Doyl, secretary of the Central Labor Council.
Andrew Hope, member of the executive board, Alaska Native

Brotherhood.
Charles W. Kidd, chairman, public schools comunittee, Chamber of

Commerce
William W. Knight, representing the Sitka Chamber of Com-
Dr. Carl Mankinen, United States Public Health Service, Mount

Edgecum be, Alaska..
William Olsen, area director, Alaska Native Service
Patrick John Paul, Sr., grand president, Alaska Native Brother-

hood
Mrs. Hopewell Rands, Chamber of Commerce committee on

transportation.
Myrth B. Sarvela, secretary, Northern Fishing Vessel Owners

Association. Inc.
Fred Van Horn.

Leslie Yaw, superintendent, Alaska Miners Home, Sitka..
Petersburg, Alaska, October 3, 1955:
Statement of

Ralph Hall, president, Chamber of Commerce
Malcolm E. Hardy, professional forester, United States Forest

Service-
Ed Lochen, manager, Bank of Petersburg
Earl N. Ohmer.
Robert K. Schwartz
Mrs. Bernice Stokke

Lester L. Wingard, Superintendent of schools
Ketchikan, Alaska, October 3, 1955:
Statement of--.

Georger Anderson, Industrial Unity Council, 634 Grant Street..
Hon. George Beck, mayor of Ketchikan, Alaska..
W. K. Boardman, manager, Ketchikan Chamber of Commerce
J. E. Danielson, superintendent of schools, Ketchikan.
Arthur W. Greeley, regional forester, Alaska region of the United

States Forest Service, Department of Agriculture.
J. F. Krause, representing the Southeastern Alaska Seine Boat

Owners Association.
Diane Olsen, troller-
Ole Olsen, commercial troller.
Robert Sharp, city manager, city of Ketchikan..

W. 0. Smith, trollers union.
Hydaburg, Alaska, October 4, 1955: Summary of hearing-
Klawock, Alaska, October 4, 1955: Summary of hearing -
Craig, Alaska, October 4, 1955: Summary of hearing-

107

93 83 74 87 105 113

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144 120 160 154

185

iiiiiii

148 209 206 121 133 217 231 239

III

270

Frank M. Williams, fisherman.
Annette Island Reserve, Alaska, October 6, 1955: Summary of hearing--

(NOTE.-See subject index at end of volume.]

262
257
277

11

ALASKA, 1955

SATURDAY, OCTOBER 1, 1955

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
SUBCOMMITTEE ON TERRITORIAL AND INSULAR AFFAIRS
OF THE COMMITTEE ON INTERIOR AND INSULAR AFFAIRS,

Sitka, Alaska. The subcommittee met, pursuant to call, at 9:30 a. m., in the Federal Building, Hon. Gracie Pfost presiding,

Mrs. Prost. The Subcommittee on Territories and Insular Affairs will now come to order.

We have 24 hours at our disposal this morning.

I would like in opening the meeting to introduce to you the subcommittee members present. On my left is Congressman Utt, of California, next is Judge Chenoweth, of Colorado, then your own Delegate, Bob Bartlett. To his right is Congressman Sisk, of California.

Traveling with us are three very able staff members. Here behind us is Dr. John Taylor, consultant for our subcommittee, and to my left at the end of the table is Sid McFarland, who is our full committee engineering consultant, and our very able reporter is Karl Veley. We also have with us Colonel Libby who is keeping us on schedule.

We have now spent three most enjoyable and constructive weeks in the Territory of Alaska. But this committee has had little time to relax, to go sightseeing, or to otherwise participate in the pleasant social functions here. We have spent 67% hours in actual hearings. We have heard from 182 people, and we expect to increase that somewhat today. We are told, however, that we must be finished by 12 noon.

Our able chairman, Mr. Leo O'Brien, found it necessary to leave from Juneau to return to his home in Albany, N. Y., last week. We are sorry because Mr. O'Brien is an Alaska enthusiast, and you can depend that he will be selling Alaska legislation to eastern Members of Congress when we all return to the session next January.

This group, as you know, is a two-party group. We have 2 Republicans and 2 Democrats at this time with us. However, in committee work we do not indulge in party politics. We have a common desire to search into your problems, and we will assume a nonpartisan approach in attempting to solve them.

Yesterday afternoon we viewed the site of the new pulp mill which, I understand, is a very fervent hope of this community. We, along with you, certainly hope that you will be able to induce that industry to locate in your community.

I understand too, that hydro projects are something that are vital to this area. I might add that they are most important in my own State of Idaho. We have that great, deep Hells Canyon gorge on the Snake River, which I have been trying to get authorized since my election to Congress 3 years ago, so that we may develop our natural resources in Idaho.

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