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White Knights of Ku Klux Klan directive entitled “Secrecy” (Harold
Ku Klux Klan of America, Inc. (Robert Shelton Exhibit No. 2
WASP, Inc., bulletin (Sam Bowers Exhibit No. 4-February 1,
Articles of Incorporation of New Hanover County Improvement
Association, Inc. (Richard Constantineau Exhibit No. 24 October
The House Committee on Un-American Activities is a standing committee of the House of Representatives, constituted as such by the rules of the House, adopted pursuant to Article I, section 5, of the Constitution of the United States which authorizes the House to determine the rules of its proceedings.
RULES ADOPTED BY THE 90TH CONGRESS
Resolved, That the Rules of the House of Representatives of the Eighty-ninth Congress, together with all applicable provisions of the Legislative Reorganization Act of 1946, as amended, be, and they are hereby, adopted as the Rules of the House of Representatives of the Ninetieth Congress * * *
* * * * * * so RULE X STANDING COMMITTEES
1. There shall be elected by the House, at the commencement of each Congress,
* + * * + sk + (r) Committee on Un-American Activities, to consist of nine Members. * * * * * sk * RULE XI
Powers And DUTIES OF COMMITTEES * * * * * + + 18. Committee on Un-American Activities. (a) Un-American activities. (b) The Committee on Un-American Activities, as a whole or by subcommittee, is authorized to make from time to time investigations of (1) the extent, character, and objects of un-American propaganda activities in the United States, (2) the diffusion within the United States of subversive and un-American propaganda that is instigated from foreign countries or of a domestic origin and attacks the principle of the form of government as guaranteed by our Constitution, and (3) all other questions in relation thereto that would aid Congress in any necessary remedial legislation. The Committee on Un-American Activities shall report to the House (or to the Clerk of the House if the House is not in session) the results of any such investigation, together with such recommendations as it deems advisable. For the purpose of any such investigation, the Committee on Un-American Activities, or any subcommittee thereof, is authorized to sit and act at such times and places within the United States, whether or not the House is sitting, has recessed, or has adjourned, to hold such hearings, to require the attendance of such witnesses and the production of such books, papers, and documents, and to take such testimony, as it deems necessary. Subpenas may be issued under the signature of the chairman of the committee or any subcommittee, or by any member designated by any such chairman, and may be served by any person designated by any such chairman or member. * *: + * *k sk *
27. To assist the House in appraising the administration of the laws and in developing such amendments or related legislation as it may deem necessary, each standing committee of the House shall exercise continuous watchfulness of the execution by the administrative agencies concerned of any laws, the subject matter of which is within the jurisdiction of such committee; and, for that purpose, shall study all pertinent reports and data submitted to the House by the agencies in the executive branch of the Government.
This report presents some of the evidence regarding modern ku klux klan operations which the committee obtained as a result of a full-scale investigation during the 89th Congress. In order to compile this evidence, the committee had to penetrate a curtain of secrecy which surrounds the innermost workings of a klan organization. Relatively few klansmen interrogated by the committee showed any willingness to violate their klan oath to “die rather than divulge” information about the organization. The committee nevertheless gained considerable insight into the functioning of a klan through the cooperation of those klansmen, past and present, who were willing to testify in executive and public sessions or furnish information to committee investigators. Case studies of individuals and organizations selected as targets by klan activists were also illuminating. Members of the investigative staff conducted field investigations in Virginia, North and South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, Texas, and Arkansas, as well as in such Northern States as New York, Pennsylvania, Delaware, and Ohio. I will not attempt to describe all of the facets pursued and difficulties encountered in the course of the intensive staff work from the time the committee approved a formal inquiry in March 1965 until the start of public hearings in October of that year. The results which are summarized in this report should demonstrate that the investigation was painstaking, thorough, and extremely productive. I would like to express at this time, however, the committee's appreciation of the wholehearted cooperation it received from many law enforcement agencies. The purpose of the investigation was to give Congress facts which would aid it in the enactment of any remedial legislation which might be considered necessary to deal with problems created by klan activity in the United States. This report has the same purpose. What kind of facts must Congress have to determine whether or not legislative action may be called for in this area? As I repeatedly stressed in the course of the committee's lengthy investigation, Congress should be informed with respect to the purposes of klans, the manner in which they are organized, how they are controlled, their strength and their scope, and the methods by which they seek to carry out their objectives. This report includes the committee's findings on all of these subjects. The committee also offers some general conclusions regarding the problems raised by klan activity, which I believe are inescapable when the evidence is reviewed. The facts set forth in this report are based on information acquired by the committee through early 1967. The bulk of the evidence, however, is contained in the record of public investigative hearings con