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An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Volumen4
Vista completa - 1801
An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Volumen1
Vista completa - 1904
¬An Inquiry Into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations, Volumen2
Vista completa - 1791
according advantage afford altogether America amount ancient annual appear army authority become bounty branches Britain British called capital carried cent colonies commerce commodities consequence considerable consumer consumption continually contribute corn cultivation customs debt duties effect employed employment encourage England equal established Europe expence exportation fall farmer force foreign France frequently fund give gold greater hundred importation imposed improvement increase industry interest Italy kind labour land less maintain manner manufactures means merchants monopoly naturally necessarily necessary never obliged occasion ordinary otherwise paid particular perhaps person pounds present principal probably produce profit prohibited proportion provinces quantity raise reads regulations render rent respect revenue seems sell shillings silver society sometimes sort sovereign sufficient superior supposed thing tion trade whole
Página 267 - The man whose whole life is spent in performing a few simple operations, of which the effects too are perhaps always the same, or very nearly the same, has no occasion to exert his understanding, or to exercise his invention in finding out expedients for removing difficulties which never occur. He naturally loses, therefore, the habit of such exertion, and generally becomes as stupid and ignorant as it is possible for a human creature to become.
Página 185 - ... the duty of protecting the society from the violence and invasion of other independent societies ; secondly, the duty of protecting, as far as possible, every member of the society from the injustice or oppression of every other member of it...
Página 184 - The sovereign is completely discharged from a duty, in the attempting to perform which he must always be exposed to innumerable delusions, and for the proper performance of which no human wisdom or knowledge could ever be sufficient; the duty of superintending the industry of private people, and of directing it towards the employments most suitable to the interest of the society.
Página 114 - To found a great empire for the sole purpose of raising up a people of customers, may at first sight appear a project fit only for a nation of shopkeepers.
Página 273 - The more they are instructed, the less liable they are to the delusions of enthusiasm and superstition, which, among ignorant nations, frequently occasion the most dreadful disorders. An instructed and intelligent people, besides, are always more decent and orderly than an ignorant and stupid one.
Página 312 - Fourthly, by subjecting the people to the frequent visits and the odious examination of the tax-gatherers, it may expose them to much unnecessary trouble, vexation, and oppression; and though vexation is not, strictly speaking, expense, it is certainly equivalent to the expense at which every man would be willing to redeem himself from it.
Página 207 - Civil government, so far as it is instituted for the security of property, is in reality instituted for the defence of the rich against the poor, or of those who have some property against those who have none .at alL...
Página 152 - To hurt in any degree the interest of any one order of citizens, for no other purpose but to promote that of some other, is evidently contrary to that justice and equality of treatment which the sovereign owes to all the different orders of his subjects.
Página 246 - The only trades which it seems possible for a joint stock company to carry on successfully, without an exclusive privilege, are those, of which all the operations are capable of being reduced to what is called a routine, or to such a uniformity of method as admits of little or no variation.