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artillery. The rebels did not pursue. After General Nelson had congratulaThey carried off their wounded, and ted his troops upon restoring Eastern then beat a hasty retreat. It is known Kentucky to the Federal authority, anthat the rebel force consisted of Terry's other feeble attempt at invasion was regiment of cavalry, two regiments of made by the enemy. Humphrey Marinfantry, and three pieces of cannon. shall, formerly a member of the United The rebels lost sixty-two killed. * * * States Congress from Kentucky, then a

" Willich's entire forces only number- general in the Confederate service, had ed 414, including commissioned officers, mustered a force of 2,000 or 3,000 men non-commissioned officers, and privates.* among the mountains on the borders of

Virginia, and penetrated the eastern part • This was the enemy's official account of the affair : “ HEADQUARTERS ADVANCE GUARD, C. A., Kr.,

of the State as far as Paintville, on the CAVE CITY, December 19, 1861. Big Sandy River, where he had in“SIR : At eight o'clock A.M., on the 17th inst., I moved toward Woodsonville for the purpose of breaking up the trenched himself. Colonel Garfield adrailroad from the vicinity of that place southward. My vanced with the Forty-second Ohio force consisted of 1,100 infantry and four pieces of artil

Regiment, Fourteenth Kentucky Regilery. When within two and a half miles of Woodsonville, concealed from the enemy's view, I halted the column and ment, and 300 of the Second Virginia ordered forward Colonel Terry's Rangers, to occupy the Cavalry. heights of my right, left, and front; and Major Phifer's Cavalry to watch the crossings of Green River, still farther

On hearing of my approach,” says to my left. These orders having been executed, and no

the Colonel in his report, “the main force of the enemy or pickets seen, I advanced the column till the right reached the railroad. This brought me within three-quarters of a mile of the river and the enemy. now ordered Captain Swift's battery and the Second Arbut still concealed, except a small body of cavalry upon kansas Regiment to support it, holding the Sixth Arkanthe extreme left. Here a company of rangers was detached sas Regiment in reserve. The artillery opened fire upon to observe the enemy from Rowlett's Knob, which was to the enemy in the field adjacent to the railroad, and drove my right, across the railroad. A strip of timber bordered them back of the river. Firing now ceased on both sides. the river parallel to the line held by the cavalry. Fields The enemy made no further attempt to advance, but were between a body of the enemy's infantry, as skirmish knowing that he had already crossed the river in force ers moved through the timber, by their right, on my left. more than double my own, and had the means of crossing They were fired upon by a small body of my cavalry, and additional forces, I withdrew my command by way of the retired. The firing ceased for about half an hour, and I turnpike, two miles and a half, and took position to meet went in person to select a suitable place for camp, leaving the enemy, if disposed to advance. There being no indiColonel Terry in command, with instructions to decoy the cations of such an intention, I returned to my camp here, enemy up the hill, where I could use my infantry and ar reaching this place at eight o'clock P.M. tillery with effect, and be out of the range of the enemy's My loss in this affair was as follows: Killed-Colonel batteries.

Terry and three men of his regiment. Dangerously Wounded “Before returning to the column, the fire from the skir -Lieutenant Morris and three men (Texas Rangers). mishers re-commenced. The enemy appeared in force upon Slightly Wounded --Captain Walker and three men (Texas my right and centre. Colonel Terry, at the head of 75 Rangers), and two men of the First Arkansas Battalion. rangers, charged about 300, routed and drove them back, “I estimated the enemy's loss at 75 killed and left on the but fell mortally wounded. A body of the enemy of about ground ; wounded, unknown. I have eight prisoners ; the same size attacked the rangers under Captain Ferrell, others taken were too badly wounded to be moved, and upon the right of the turnpike, and were repulsed with were left at citizens' houses. The troops under my comheavy loss. The enemy now began crossing by regiments, mand, who were engaged, displayed courage in excess. and moving about on my right and left flanks. Three The others were as steady as veterans. companies of Colonel Marmaduke's (First Arkansas) bat - Respectfully, T. C. HINDMAN, Brigadier-General. talion were thrown out as skirmishers on my left, en “ To Lieutenant D. C. WHITE, Acting Assistant Adjutantgaged the enemy's right, and drove them to the river. I General, First Division Central Army of Kentucky.”

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RETREAT OF MARSHALL.

15

rebel force left their strongly intrenched with three cannon posted on the hill. Jan. 7, camp and fled. I sent my caval- | We fought them until dark, having 1962.

ry to the mouth of Jennis Creek, been reinforced by about 700 men from where they attacked and drove the Paintville, and drove the enemy from all rebel cavalry, which had been left as a his positions. He carried off the majorvanguard, a distance of five miles, killity of his dead and all his wounded. ing three and wounding a considerable This morning we found twenty-seven of number. Marshall's whole army is now his dead on the field. His killed canflying in utter confusion. He had aban- not be less than sixty. We have taken doned and burned a large quantity of twenty-five prisoners, ten horses, and a stores. We have taken fifteen prisoners. quantity of stores. The enemy burned Our loss was two killed and one wound most of his stores, and fled precipitately ed.”

in the night. To-day I have crossed the Next day Colonel Garfield set out in river, and am now occupying Prestonpursuit of the retreating enemy with burg. Our loss is two killed and twen1,100 men. Having come up with their ty-five wounded.” advance guard two miles below Preston The enemy confessed to a retreat, burg, he drove them in and pushed on but notwithstanding claimed a success, toward their main body, posted at the declaring that their loss was but nine forks of Middle Creek, under Marshall. killed and nine wounded, while that of

“Skirmishing with his outposts began their antagonists was "from 400 to 500 Jan. at eight o'clock, and at one o'clock killed, and about the same number 10.

P.M.," wrote Colonel Garfield in his wounded."* report, "we engaged his force of 2,500,

• Richmond Dispatch.

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General Buell in command in Kentucky.—The character of the Army in Kentucky.—A respectable mob.- Organiza-

tion and discipline.--Delay operations.—Impatience of Unionists.-Ready for a campaign.-Composition of
Troops. —Division of Buell's Army.-Position of the Army.-Division of General McCook. -Position of the Enemy.
– Division of General Nelson.—Division of General Mitchell.–Division of Thomas.—Position of the Enemy under
Zollicoffer.-General Schoepf.-Opening of the Campaign. ---Plan of Thomas.-Attack by Zollicoffer.-His motives
explained. - The Battle of Webb's Cross Roads or Mill Spring.–The Enemy beaten. - Death of Zollicoffer.-Retreat
and pursuit.-Comparative losses. -Occupation of the Enemy's intrenched Camp. -Difficulty of pursuit. — Extent
of the Enemy's Flight. - Effect of the victory at Mill Spring. The panic at Richmond. -- Beauregard sent to the
West. - Sketch of General Zollicoffer.-Life of General Thomas.-Life of General Schoepf.

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When General Buell succeeded to the from the States of Ohio, Indiana, Illi-

command in Kentucky, he found nois, Wisconsin, Michigan, and the loyal
1862,

there a very large number of districts of Kentucky and Tennessee.

troops, which had been hastily muster- Well armed, thoroughly equipped, and

ed and thrown into the State ; but these devoted to the cause of the Union, they

were merely fresh recruits—a “respect- were prepared and eager for active ser-

able mob,” as the General himself vice.

termed them—a mass of raw material, General Buell had divided his large

which it was necessary to mould into the force, computed at from a hundred to

form and order of an army. The time a hundred and fifty thousand men, into

required to effect this caused a great de- five grand divisions or corps d'armée.

lay in active operations, which sorely His own staff was thus composed :

vexed the patience of those who, in the

eagerness of their patriotic desires, had Brigadier-General Don Carlos Buell,

fixed an early day for the restoration of acting Major-General.

the Union. At the opening of the new

STAFF.

year, however, General Buell had so far Captain James B. Fry, Assistant Ad-

succeeded in his work of organization jutant-General, chief of staff.

and discipline, that-possessing a force Captain N. H. McLean, Assistant Ad.

which, if not up to the military ideal jutant-General.

of a perfect army, was sufficiently effect Captain Oliver D. Greene, Assistant

ive for all practicable purposes—he ven- Adjutant-General.

tured upon the hazards of an active Captain James M. Wright, Assistant

campaign.

Adjutant-General and Aide-de-Camp.

His troops were chiefly composed of Lieutenant Frank G. Smith, Assistant

the hardy men of the West, gathered Adjutant-General and Aide-de-Camp.

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Camp.

Lieutenant A. W. Rockwell, Aide-de- there, engaged in throwing up intrench

ments and repairing the railway and Colonel Thomas Swords, Assistant bridge which cross the Green River. Quartermaster-General.

Opposed to McCook's division was an Captain H. C. Lymend, Commissary advanced column of the enemy, under of Subsistence.

General Hindman, posted at Cave City, Surgeon Robert Murray, Medical Di- ten miles to the southwest of Munrector.

fordsville. The picket guards of the Major Charles T. Larned, Assistant opposing forces were extended in sight Paymaster-General.

of each other. The second division, Captain F. E. Prime, Corps of En- under Brigadier-General T. Nelson, was gineers.

marching south on the road from LouisCaptain Nathaniel Mechler, Corps of ville, via Glasgow, to Nashville, in order Topographical Engineers.

to co-operate with the first division, The various divisions, with their coin- with which it completed the centre. manders, who ranked as brigadier-gene- These two, moving on parallel lines, rals, but acted as major-generals, were were to combine at the proper time as follows:

in an attack upon the enemy's inFirst Division-Brigadier-General Al- trenched position at Bowling Green. exander McDowell McCook, of Ohio, The road taken by General Nelson headquarters at Munfordsville.

crosses the Green River about ten miles Second Division-Brigadier-General east from Munfordsville, where McCook T. Nelson, of Kentucky, headquarters had crossed. Glasgow was the enemy's near Summerville, Ky.

position which first presented itself to Third Division (Reserve)--Brigadier- the advance of Nelson, and it was proGeneral 0. H. Mitchell, of Ohio, head- posed that he should attack this place quarters at Bacon Creek, Ky.

simultaneously with the movement of Fourth Division--Brigadier-General McCook against Cave City, immediately George W. Thomas, of Kentucky, head in his front. quarters at Columbia, Ky.

The third division, commanded by the Fifth Division-Brigadier-General T. popular astronomer, General Mitchell, L. Crittenden, of Kentucky, headquar- being composed generally of fresh reiers at Calhoun, Ky.

cruits, was held as a reserve, to be Four of these divisions had been ad-moved forward to Munfordsville whenJan. vanced to a line across the State, ever McCook should advance against

14. parallel to that occupied by the the enemy. enemy. The first division, forming the The main body of the fourth division, advance of the centre, under General under General Thomas, forming the left McCook, whose march to Munfordsville wing of General Buell's army, was posted has already been related, remained at Columbia, midway between Bowling

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Green on the west and Somerset on the the west and north. Before, however,
east. The enemy, under Zollicoffer, this design could be accomplished, the
however, having moved from Cumber- enemy became aware of it, and, leaving
land Gap to the neighborhood of Somer- their intrenchments, advanced to meet
set, General Thomas had divided his General Thomas. The motives for this
force with the view of thwarting their movement of the enemy are thus stated
designs. General Schoepf, with a por- by one of their own writers :*
tion of the division, had been left ten Our position at Beech Grove, on
miles west of Somerset, in order to the north side of the Cumberland River,
watch the enemy in front, while Thomas is said to have been, in a military point
himself, with the larger portion of his of view, untenable. We had intrench-
troops, prepared to make a flank move- ments, it is true ; but they are said to
ment from Columbia.

have been utterly indefensible against The fifth division, under General Crit- an attack by a superior force. We had tenden, forming the right wing of Buell's twelve pieces of artillery, but against army, was far to the east, toward the the long-range guns of the enemy they Cumberland Gap, prepared to co-oper- were useless. A deep and rapid river ate with the contemplated movements was behind our army, and the means of against the enemy's fortifications on that crossing it were a small steamer and river, and to interrupt the communica- three ferry flats, only sufficient in all to tion between the left of the Confeder- transport at one carrying three hundred ates at Columbus and their centre at men. The country around was utterly Bowling Green.

devoid of provisions. The most untirThe campaign in Kentucky was open- ing efforts of commissaries had been ed on the extreme left of Buell's army, only availing to drain the country for by the movement of General Thomas, twenty miles southward of every article which resulted in a brilliant success near for purchase ; while on the immediate Somerset.

road to Knoxville, enough provisions A plan had been formed to attack the could not be bought, from day to day, enemy's encampment on the Cumber- to subsist a single team.

A more indeland River, by a combined movement of fensible position than Beech Grove, it is General Thomas with the main body of said, could hardly be imagined as long his division—the fourth-and General as an enemy was in front. Mill Spring Schoepf with the rest of the forces. could have been better defended ; but General Thomas was to move on the even there, the entire absence of facilienemy's flank, from Jamestown, whitherties for supplies from the rear, and the he had advanced from Columbia, and stoppage of communication with NashGeneral Schoepf to the front, from his ville by the river, would have compelled position at Somerset, with the view of an advance at a very early date, or a making the assaults simultaneously from

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• Richmond Examiner.

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