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with astonishment and consternation. ing fifty; theirs is estimated at 1,000– Retreating out of sight they deliberated it is known to be very severe.” a third attack, this time selecting the This Federal success at Camp Wild conical hill as the point of approach. Cat greatly encouraged the Unionists of With much labor they opened a road | East Tennessee, as it seemed to open a through the woods along the side of a way through Cumberland Gap for the high ridge on the other side of the Lon- rescue of those loyal men from the thraldon road, and planted a piece of their dom of secession. Zollicoffer and his artillery. On our side, the Fourteenth force thoroughly disheartened, fled in Ohio Regiment, under Colonel Steadman, confusion through Barboursville to the came into the field by a forced march Gap, within the confines of Tennessee. and took position. One piece of cannon The advantage of our troops, however, was taken on the shoulders of the men was not improved, General Schoepf being to the top of the hill, and every prepa- compelled to remain inactive for want of ration made to give the rebels a hand-supplies. In the mean time, Zollicoffer, some reception. As they approached presuming upon the inertness of his anon the rear of the hill, they came in the tagonist, recovered courage, and, retracguise of friends, bearing their hats on ing his steps, ravaged the whole country the points of their guns, and calling out to within ten miles of the Federal enas they approached, “We are Union campment. Proceeding up the Cumbermen.' Then,' said our men, 'lay down | land Valley, the enemy gathered everyyour arms and come along.' Approached where herds of cattle, flocks of sheep, now within twenty yards of our lines, droves of pigs, and as much maize and they cried, “Now, d-n you, we've grain as their wagons could carry. When got you.' 'Give 'em the lead,' was the at last General Schoepf was prepared to fierce reply. The conflict was obstinate move, the enemy had retired beyond the and the carnage terrible. Volley after Cumberland, whither it was impossible volley was delivered into the tottering to follow them, the heavy rains having ranks of rebellion, until, throwing aside swollen the stream. Zollicoffer, moretheir muskets still loaded, they fled the over, had obstructed all the by-roads, and third time. The first fire of their can- having reached the Gap, found a large non, planted with such infinite pains, number of troops to reinforce him. Gendrew forth a reply from our piece on eral Schoepf accordingly prepared Nov. the hill, which disabled and silenced it. to winter at Camp Calvert, in Lou- 5. The battle was now over and the victory don County, whither he had advanced.

A fourth attack during the early General Thomas, posted in his rear at night was obviously a feint to cover their Camp Dick Robinson, remained equally terror-stricken retreat. Our loss in inactive for awhile. killed is less than ten, and by all casual The general position of the opposing ties, even to slight scratches, not exceed- | forces at this time in Kentucky was as


follows: General Buckner had advanced Colonel Sill with his own regiment, the Nov, to Bowling Green, whence the ene- Ohio Thirty-third, and a battalion Nov.

6. my's line extended through their under Colonel Hart, composed of 7. centre in Barron County to their right a company from each of the three regiat Burkesville. The Union forces, with ments—the Second, Thirty-third, and General Crittenden commanding the Fifty-ninth Ohio Volunteers, and two western division, General McCook the Kentucky companies. To this force was centre, and General Schoepf the east- added a troop of 142 mounted men, ern, were advancing slowly with the made up of teamsters, and thirty-six view of converging upon this line of volunteers under Colonel Apperson, with the enemy. The western had advanced a section of artillery. Colonel Sill was as far as Woodbury, at the confluence ordered to march by the way of John's of the Big Barron with the Green River, Creek and pass to the left of the enabout fifteen miles from the left flank campment of the enemy near Pikeville, of Buckner's position at Bowling Green. and thus turn it with the view of cutting The centre had moved to a position on off their retreat. General Nelson, havBarron Creek, about six miles from ing allowed a day to pass, in order that Munfordsville, on the Green River, and Colonel Sill might be able to advance the eastern under Schoepf had marched, sufficiently on his circuitous march of as we have seen, a little in advance of forty miles before he himself should Wild Cat camp after the repulse of make the attack in front, did not set Zollicoffer. General Buell had not at out until the next morning, when Nov. this time assumed the command, and the he moved forward with the Second 8. disheartened Sherman was still at the Regiment Ohio Volunteers, Colonel head of the army.

Harris ; Twenty-first Regiment Ohio The various operations continued for Volunteers, Colonel Norton ; Fifty-ninth some time to be rather skirmishes be- Regiment Ohio Volunteers, Colonel tween detached parties than regular Fyffe ; the battalion of Kentucky Volmovements in accordance with a uniform unteers, under Colonel Charles A. Marplan. Occasional successes, however, shall, and two sections of artillery, Capoccurred; such was the affair at Ivy tain Konkle, taking the direct road to Mountain, near Pikeville, on the borders Pikesville, twenty-eight miles distant. of Virginia, where the enemy had en- When about eight miles beyond Prestoncamped in considerable force.

burg, the mounted picket guards of the General Nelson, having moved to enemy were discovered and put to flight. Prestonburg, on the Big Sandy River, in The road along which our forces now Eastern Kentucky, determined to ad- advanced was but seven feet wide, and vance upon the enemy and to surround cut in the side of a high mountain. This and capture or drive them back into mountain, covered with brushwood, endVirginia. He accordingly first sent outed in a steep ridge at Ivy Creek, which

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bends around it in the form of an Our loss in killed was six, and twentyelbow.

four wounded. If General Nelson had “Behind this ridge, and all along the had with him any cavalry, he feels conmountain side, the enemy, 700 strong, fident he would have taken or slain the lay in ambush, and did not fire until the whole of them. As it was, the enemy head of Colonel Marshall's battalion, retreated, cutting down trees across the himself leading, was up to the elbow. narrow road and burning or cutting all The skirmish. was very sharp. The the bridges, which are numerous. Genmountain side was blue with puffs of eral Nelson bivouacked four miles besmoke, and not an enemy to be seen. yond the Ivy Creek. It rained, and the The first discharge killed four and men had to wade through mud and in a wounded thirteen of Marshall's men. heavy rain all the day of the 9th, the General Nelson ordered the Kentucki- march being heavy and slow on account ans to charge. Colonel Harris, whose of the felled trees obstructing the road, regiment was immediately behind the and the necessary repairing of bridges. General, led his men up the mountain At night the army again bivouacked in side most gallantly, and deployed them the November rain, and the next mornalong the face of it. Colonel Norton, ing they reached Pikeville, where Col. whose regiment had just reached the onel Sill had arrived the previous night. defile, anticipating an order from the Captain Berryhill, of the Second Ohio, General, led his men up the northern was wounded severely at Ivy Creek, ridge of the mountain, deployed them while leading the column up the mountalong the creek, and went at the rebels. ain side. Two pieces of artillery were got in During these operations, the composition in the road and opened upon mand of Colonel Sill executed General them. Owing to the steepness of the Nelson's orders, and occupied Pikeville mountain, all this required time. On by a circuitous route on the 9th, at four the opposite side of the river, which at P.M. Colonel Metcalf's mounted men that point is narrow, deep, and swift, in advance exchanged shots with a rethere were also rebels who annoyed our connoitring party which had just crossed men.

In an hour and twenty minutes the river, but immediately retreated. the rebels were dispersed and fled, leav- Metcalf and Hart's forces were then ing a number of killed and wounded on thrown out, deployed as skirmishers on the ground, and six prisoners unhurt. the hill-side, flanking the road which As General Nelson marched immediate- debouches at the ford. They found the ly in pursuit, the rebel loss was not as- enemy's camp deserted, and the main certained accurately, but thirty were street of the village occupied by mounfound dead on the field. Among the ted men, who were making off by the wounded prisoners was H. M. Rust, late Shelby road. A few rounds of shell State senator from Greenup County. were sent after them, and Metcalf's men

took possession of the town, fording the With scarcely half rations, you have river on horseback. The rest of the pressed forward with unfailing perseverforce crossed on a raft-bridge. The ance. The only place at which the enemy enemy were occupied all the previous made a stand, though ambushed and day in evacuating the place. General very strong, you drove him from in the Williams was there when the skirmishers most brilliant style. For your constancy opened fire, but he retreated, and Col- and courage I thank you, and with the onel Sill subsequently occupied his qualities which you have shown that you headquarters. On the route, Colonel possess, I expect great things from you Sill twice encountered a body of moun- in the future.” ted men : the first fire killed a horse and Such had been the various conflicts of wounded two of the rebels, On the more or less importance between the night of the 8th, a party of ten, sent out opposing parties in Kentucky when by Colonel Metcalf, encountered Captain General Buell assumed the command of Shawhan's rebel cavalry, about 150 the Union army, and General Johnston strong, and it was reported that Captain that of the enemy. The former had his Shawhan was wounded. His party fell | headquarters at Louisville, and the latter back in great haste. The troops in was commanding a greatly increased Pikeville were not well off for provis- force at Bowling Green, where Buckner ions. All they could get was beef, but had first taken his position. there is a mill in the vicinity, which Buell, after assembling and organizing they intended to set in motion and sup- a large army in Louisville, was enabled ply themselves with corn meal. It was to reinforce the various advanced posts impossible to obtain any accurate account of the Unionists, and to push forward of the numbers of the dispersed rebels, some 40,000 men of his centre, under but they were most effectually cleared | General McCook, toward the enemy's

at Bowling Green. The Confederates The enemy were thus temporarily withdrew their advance guard under routed from that portion of Eastern Ken- the command of General Hindman, as tucky, and General Nelson could grate- McCook approached, and after retreating fully and proudly proclaim to his troops : to the southern bank of the Green River,

“In a campaign of twenty days you partially destroyed the stately iron bridge Nov.

have driven the rebels from Eastern of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, 10. Kentucky and given repose to that which crosses that stream. When the portion of the State. You have made Unionists, however, reached Green Rivcontinual forced marches over wretched er, they constructed a temporary bridge. roads, deep in mud. Badly clad, you and began to throw across eight com. have bivouacked on the wet ground in panies of the Thirty-second Indiana the November rain without a murmur. Regiment, mostly Germans, under Col

onel Willich, to act as an advance guard.


* Louisville Journal.



This little force proceeded to occupy conflict, lasting fully an hour. The for their encampment an area of cleared enemy strove in vain to draw the Gerground near Munfordsville, of about a mans up the hill by feigned retreats, and mile in breadth, surrounded by woods. a masked battery was so planted as to An attempt was now made by a portion have swept our brave fellows fore and Dec. of the enemy's advance guard, con- aft, had they for a moment permitted

17. sisting of infantry, and the Texan their valor to get the better of their disRangers under Colonel Terry, to take cretion ; but, knowing the fearful odds them by surprise. The camp, however, arrayed against them, they were conwas on the alert. The enemy's scouts tent to hold their ground. Finally, had been observed in the woods, and two when the enemy despaired of getting companies were ordered to dislodge them. them into the ambush, they unmasked The scouts retreated as the Unionists ad- their battery and opened fire. The first vanced, who continued to push on cau- ball passed between the adjutant and tiously as skirmishers. Soon after a troop major of the regiment, who occupied of cavalry came dashing over the hill to positions not many feet apart. This meet our men still in pursuit. Finding was the signal for another onset by the that the enemy were thus in force on Texas Cavalry, and right well did they their front, the two companies, after firing perform the work. Captain Wellscha volley in response to the shots of their bellich, Company G, formed his men in mounted antagonists, retired to a level hollow square, and the cavalry boldly field, in order to draw the enemy from charged their front, their right, and their the cover of the woods. Having thus left, but they were as adamant; the chosen their ground, the Unionists square remained unbroken, while many sounded their bugles to bring up the of the Texans, equally brave, but less companies from the camp and those on successful because they were the attackthe other side of the river, which had ing party, bit the dust. The cavalry not yet crossed. The enemy, finding retired, discomfited, and then an entire themselves greatly superior in numbers, regiment of rebel infantry darkened the did not hesitate to make an attack. But hill and came marching down toward before they were able to shake the steady the brave men composing Company G, little band of some two hundred Ger- but a galling fire from our front and mans, their comrades came to the rescue. right scattered their forces and gave

“They came on right gallantly,” | them something else to think of. Colwrote one who was present, “part of onel Willich had been ordered on duty them having to cross Green River, and at headquarters, and consequently did fell in upon the right and left flank with not get to his regiment until the heat of as much coolness as if this had been their the battle was over. The regiment was hundredth battle instead of their first. forced to fall back a short distance, not Then followed an almost hand-to-hand being able to make a stand against the

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