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cause of his importunity he will rise || devils through 'Beelzebub the chief A. M. 438. An. Olymp. and give him as many as he needeth. of the devils.
An. Olymp. 9 · And I say unto you, Ask, and it 16 And others, tempting him, 5 sought shall be given you ; seek, and ye shall find ; | of him a sign from heaven. knock, and it shall be opened unto you.
17 "But 'he, knowing their thoughts, said un10 For every one that asketh receiveth ; and to them, Every kingdom divided against itself he that seeketh findeth; and to him that knock-is brought to desolation; and a house divided eth it shall be opened.
against a house falleth. 11 If a son shall ask bread of
you 18 If Satan also be divided against himself, that is a father, will he give him a stone ? or how shall his kingdom stand? because ye say if he ask a fish, will he for a fish give him a that I cast out devils through Beelzebub. serpent ?
19 And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by 12 Or if he shall ask an egg, will he offer || whom do your sons cast them out? therefore him a scorpion ?
shall they be your judges. 13 If ye then, being evil, know how to give 20 But if I * with the finger of God cast out good gifts unto your children: how much more | devils, no doubt the kingdom of God is come shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit | upon you. to them that ask him?
21 "When a strong man armed keepeth his 14 And he was casting out a devil, and palace, his goods are in peace : it was dumb.
And it came to pass, when the 22 But when a stronger than he shall come devil was gone out, the dumb spake; and the upon him, and overcome him, he taketh from people wondered.
him all his armour wherein he trusted, and dia 15 But some of them said, 'He casteth out videth his spoils.
* Matt. 7.7. & 21. 92. Mark 11. 24. John 15. 7. James 1. 6. S. 22. Matt. 7.9:Gr. give:--- Matt. 9. 32. & 12. 22, 9. 31. & 12. 27.
1 John - Matt.
fGr. Beelzebub, and so rer. 18, 19.- $ Matt. 12. 33. & 16. 1.- Matt. 14. 25. Mark 3. 24. John 2. 25. _k Exod. 8. 19. Matt. 12. 29. Mark 3. 27. um Isai. 53. 12. Col. 2. 15.
Verse 9. And (or, therefore) I say unto you, Ask] Be im- || for any kind of serpent that proceeds from an egg, or the portunate with God, not so much to prevail on him to save word egg may be understood: the common snake is ovipayou, as to get yourselves brought into a proper disposition to | rous ; it brings forth a number of eggs, out of which the receive that merey which he is ever disposed to give. He || young ones are hatched. If he ask an egg, will he for one who is not importunate for the salvation of his soul, does that might nourish him, give him that of a serpent. But Bonot feel the need of being saved: and were God to commu- | chart states that the body of a scorpion is like to an egg, espenicate his mercy to such, they could not be expected to be cially if it be a white scorpion, which sort. Nicandler, Ælian, grateful for it; as favours are only prized and esteemed in | Avicenna, and others, maintain to be the first species. Nor do proportion to the sense men hare of their necessity and im- scorpions differ much in size from an egg in Judea, if we may portance. See this subject explained Matt. vii. 7, 8.
credit what the monks of Messuu suy, that there are about JeruVerse 12. Offer hin a scorpion?] Exogator, the Greek ety- salem, and through all Syria, great scorpions, &c. Hieron. I. iv. mologists derive the name from oxogaiEn toy.nov, scaitering cap. xxix. col. 641. edit. 1692. To this it may be said, there the poison. But is there any similitude between a scorpion may be such a similitude between a white scorpion and an and an egg, that the one might be given and taken in pluseegs, if the legs and tail of the former be taken away; but of the other. We know there is the utmost similitude be- || low there can be a resemblance any other way, I know not. tween some fish, especially those of the eel kind, and serpents: Verse 13. The Holy Spirit] Or, as several MSS. have it and that there are stones exactly similar to broad, in their ap- Tirupo araboy, the good spirit. See on Matt. vii. 11. pearance; from which we may conjecture that our Lord in- Verse 14. Casting out a devil] See on Matt. xii. 22. tended to convey the same idea of similitude between an egg Verse 19. Beelzebub] See on Matt. x. 25. and a scorpion. Perhaps the word scorpion here may be used Verse 20. Finger of God] See on Exod. viii. 29.
The miserable state of
the unbelieving Jews.
23 : He that is not with me is against vites, so shall also the Son of man be A. M. 4133. An. Olymp. me: and he that gathereth not with to this generation.
An. Olymp me scattereth.
31 "The queen of the south shall 24 . When the unclean spirit is gone out of a rise up in the judgment with the men of this man, he walketh through dry places, seeking generation, and condemn them: for she came rest; and finding none, he saith, I will return from the utmost parts of the earth to hear the unto my house whence I came out.
wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater 25 And when he cometh, he findeth it swept than Solomon is here. and garnished
32 The men of Nineveh shall rise up in the 26 Then goeth he, and taketh to him se- judgment with this generation, and shall conven other spirits more wicked than himself; demn it: for i they repented at the preaching and they enter in, and dwell there : and of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is
the last state of that man is worse than the here. first.
33 “ No man, when he hath lighted a candle, 27 [ And it came to pass, as he spake these putteth it in a secret place, neither under a things, a certain woman of the company lifted; "bushel, but on a candlestick, that they which up her voice, and said unto him, "Blessed is come in may see the light. the womb that bare thee, and the paps which 34 ^ The light of the body is the eye: therethou hast sucked.
fore when thine eye is single, thy whole body 28 But he said, Yea, rather, blessed are also is full of light; but when thine eye is evil, they that hear the word of God, and keep it. thy body also is full of darkness.
29 [ 'And when the people were gathered 35 Take heed therefore that the light which thick together, he began to say, This is an is in thee be not darkness. evil generation : they seek a sign; and there 36 If thy whole body therefore be full of light, shall no sign be given it, but the sign of Jonas having no part dark, the whole shall be full of the prophet.
light, as when the bright shining of a candle 30 For as 5 Jonas was a sign unto the Nine- doth give thee light.
Verse 24. When the unclean spirit] See on Matt. xii. 43. this race, shall rise up in judgment, &c. See the note on ver. 7.
Verse 27. A certain woman-lifted up her voice, and said) | The 32d verse may be read in the same way. It was very natural for a woman, who was probably a mother, Verse 33. No man, when he hath lighted, &c.] See on Matt. to exclaim thus. She thought that the happiness of the wo- v. 15. Our Lord intimates that if he worked a miracle man who was mother to such a son, was great indeed: but among such an obstinate people, who were determined to our blessed Lord shews her that even the holy Virgin could disbelieve every evidence of his Messiahship; he should act as not be benefited by her being the mother of his human na- a man who lighted a candle and then covered it with a bushel ture : and that they only were happy who carried Christ in which must prevent the accomplishment of the end for which their hearts. True happiness is found in hearing the glad it was lighted. See also on Mark iv. 21, &c. tidings of salvation by Christ Jesus, and keeping them in a Verse 34. The light of the body is the eye) Or,
eye holy heart, and practising them in an unblameable life. the lamp of the body. See on Matt. vi. 22, &c.
Verse 29. This is an evil generation) Or, This is a wicked The 35th and 36th verses are wanting in some MSS. and race of men. See on Matt. xii. 38-42.
are variously read in others. Verse 31. The queen of the south, &c.] Perhaps it would Verse 36 The whole shall be full of light] Or, altogethei be better to translate, A queen of the south, and the men of enlightened; i.e. when the eve is perfect, it enlightens the
Hypocrisy and condemnation
of the Pharisees.
A. M. 4033.
37 | And as he spake, a certain 41 “But rather give alms of such An.Olymp. Pharisee besought him to dine with things as ye have; and, behold, all An. Olymp.
him: and he went in, and sat down things are clean unto you. to meat.
42 ' But woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye 38 And a when the Pharisee saw it, he mar- tithe mint and rue and all manner of herbs, velled that he had not first washed before and pass over judgment and the love of God: dinner.
these ought ye to have done, and not to leave 39 "And the Lord said unto him, Now do ye the other undone. Pharisees make clean the outside of the cup 43 : Woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye love and the platter ; but your inward part is full the uppermost seats in the synagogues, and of ravening and wickedness.
greetings in the markets. 40 Ye fools, did not he that made that which 44 "Woe unto you, scribes and Pharisees, hyis without make that which is within also ? pocrites! for ye are as graveś which appear
• Mark 7. 3.
• Matt. 23. 25.
ch. 12. 33.
Matt. 23. 23.
- Tit. 1. 15.- Isai. 58.7. Dan. 1. 27.
- Matt. 23. 6. Mark 12. 38, 39.- Matt. 23. 27.
Ps. 5. 9.
whole body. Every object within the reach of the eye, is as both as to your bodies and souls, as he intended should shew completely seen as if there was an eye in every part. So the forth his praise; but can you think that the purpose of God eye is to every part of the body, what the lamp is to every can be accomplished by you while you only attend to exterpart of the house.
nal legal purifications, your hearts being full of rapine and When the light of Christ dwells fully in the heart, it ex- wickedness? How unthinking are you to imagine that God tends its influence to every thought, word, and action; and can be pleased with this outward purification, when all within directs its possessor how he is to act in all places and circum- is unholy ! stances. It is of the utmost importance to have the soul
Verse 41. Give alms of such things as ye have] Meaning properly influenced by the wisdom that comes from above. either what was within the dishes spoken of before ; or what The doctrine that is contrary to the gospel, may say, igno- was within their houses, or power : or what they had at hand, rance is the mother of devotion; but Christ shews that there | for so Tu svoyta is used by the purest Greek writers. Cease can be no devotion without heavenly light. Ignorance is the from rapine: far from spoiling the poor by wicked exactions, mother of superstition ; but with this the heavenly light has rather give them alms of every thing you possess ; and when nothing to do.
a part of every thing you have, is sincerely consecrated to Verse 37. To dine] Otwş açısnon. The word agostoy signifies God for the use of the poor, then all that remains will be the first eating of the day. The Jews made but two meals in clean unto you; you will have the blessing of God in your the day; their apstok may be called their breakfast or their basket and store, and every thing will be sanctified to you. dinner, because it was both, and was but a slight meal. Their These verses are very difficult, and are variously translated chief meal was their du tvoy or supper, after the heat of the and interpreted by critics and divines. I have given what I day was over; and the same was the principal meal among believe to be our Lord's meaning, in the preceding parathe Greeks and Romans. Josephus in his life, says, sect. 54. phrase. For a description of the rapine, &c. of the Pharithat the legal hour of the apictoy on the sabbath, was the sixth sees, see on Matt. xxiii. 25. hour, or at twelve o'clock at noon, as we call it. What the Verse 42. Ye tithe mint and rue] See on Matt. xxiii. 23. hour was on the other days of the week, he does not say; Verse 43. Ye love the uppermost seats) Every one of them but probably it was much the same. Bishop Pearce. affected to be a ruler in the synagogues. See on Matt. xxiii. 5. Verse 38. First washed] See on Mark vii. 2-4.
Verse 44. Ye are as graves which appear not] In Matt. Verse 39. Ye-make clean the outside] See on Matt. xxiii. xxii. 27. our Lord tells them that they exactly resembled 25.
whitewashed tombs, they had no fairness but çn the outside : Verse 40. Did not he that made that which is without] Did (see the note there), but here he says they are like hidden not the maker of the dish form it so both outwardly and in- tombs, graves which were not distinguished by any outward wardly, as to answer the purpose for which it was made: decorations, and were not elevated above the ground, so that And can it answer this purpose without being clean in the those who walked over them, did not consider what corrupinside as well as on the outside ? God has made you such, || tion was within: so they, under the veil of hypocrisy, covered
The wickedness and
condemnation of the lawyers, &c.
A. D. 49.
A.D. 29. An. Olymp. CCII. 1.
not, and the men that walk over them || was shed from the foundation of the A. M. 1035.
. 45 Then answered one of the law- tion; yers, and said unto him, Master, thus saying 51 - From the blood of Abel unto the blood thou reproachest us also.
of Zacharias, which perished between the altar 46 And he said, Woe unto you also, ye law- and the temple : verily I say unto you, It shall yers ! for
lade men with burdens grievous to be required of this generation. be borne, and ye yourselves touch not the bur 52 'Woe unto you, lawyers! for ye have taken dens with one of your fingers.
away the key of knowledge : ye enter not in 47 Woe unto you! for ye build the sepul- yourselves, and them that were entering in ye chres of the prophets, and your fathers killed hindered. them.
53 And as he said these things unto them, the 48 Truly ye bear witness that ye allow the scribes and the Pharisees began to urge him vedeeds of your fathers : for they indeed killed hemently, and to provoke him to speak of many them, and ye build their sepulchres.
things : 49 Therefore also said the wisdom of God, 54 Laying wait for him, and seeking to catch
I will send them prophets and apostles, and something out of his mouth, that they might acsome of them they shall slay and persecute:
cuse him. 50 That the blood of all the prophets which
a Vatt. 23. 4.
D Matt. 23. 29.
Matt. 23. 34.
d Gen. 4. 8.
co Chron. 24. 20, 21.
-F Matt. 23. 13.—6 Or, forbad. Mark 12. 13.
their iniquities, so that those who had any intercourse or or intention, Bishop Pearce has well shewn in his note on this connection with them, did not perceive what accomplished place, where he refers to a like use of the word in chap. ix. knaves they had to do with.
45. xiv. 10. John x. 17. Rorn. v. 20. xi. 11. I Cor. i. 15, 31, Verse 45. Thou reproachest us] He alone who searches the &c. heart, could unmask these hypocrites; and he did it so ef Verse 51. From the blood of Abel] See this subject exfectually, that their own consciences acknowledged the guilt, plained at large on Matt. xxiii. 34. and re-echoed their own reproacłı.
Required] Ex<rononcitas may be translated either by the Verse 46. Ye lade men with burdens] By insisting on the word visiled or revenged, and the latter word evidently conveys observance of the traditions of the elders, to which it appears the meaning of our Lord. They are here represented as barby the way, they paid no great attention themselves. See on ing this blood among them; and, it is intimated, thal God Matt. xxiii. 4.
will come by and by to require it, and to enquire how it was Verse 47. Ye.build the sepulchres] That is, ye rebuild and shed, and to punish those who shed it. beautify them. See on Matt. xxiji. 29.
Verse 52. Ye have taken away the key of knowledge] By Verse 48. Truly ye bear witness] Ye acknowledge that your traditions ye have taken away the true method of interthose of old who killed the prophets were your fathers, and preting the prophecies: ye have given a wrong meaning to ye are about to shiew by your conduct towards me and my those scriptures which speak of the kingdom of the Messiah, Apostles, that ye are not degenerated, that ye are as capable and the people are thereby hindered from entering into it. See of murdering a prophet now, as they were af old.
on Matt. xxiii. 13. Verse 49. The wisdom of God] These seem to be Luke's Verse 53. Began to urge him vehemently] Auws everysky, they words, and to mean that Jesus, the wisdom of God, (as he is, began to be furious. They found themselves completely uncalled, 1
or. i. 24.) added the words which follow here, on masked in the presence of a vast concourse of people. See that occasion : and this interpretation of the words is agree- chap. xii. 1. (fur we cannot suppose that all this conversation able to that of Mathew, who makes Jesus speak in his own' passed while Christ was at meat in the Pharisee's house, as person ; wherefore behold, I send you prophets, &c. Matt. xxiii. Matthew, chap. xxiii. 25. shews that these words were spoken 34. See the note there, and see Bishop PEARCE.
on another occasion.) They therefore question him on a raVerse 50. That the blood] That the particle sve, may be riety of points, and hope, by the multitude and impertinence translated so that, pointing out the event only, not the design of their questions, to puzzle or irritate him, so as to induce
Christ preaches against hypocrisy
and the fear of man.
him to speak rashly (for this is the import of the word anosomoo f'beams of thy light upon those who have to defend themselves 14:00) that they might find some subject of accusation against | against subtle and deceitful' men! Raise and animate their him. See Wetstein and Kypke.
hearts that they may not be wanting to the canse of truth.
Guide their tongue that they may not be deficient in prudence, A minister of the gospel of God should, above all men, benor expose thy truth by any indiscretions or inseasonable continent of his tongue: his enemies, in certain cases, will transports of zeal. Let meekness, gentleness, and long-suffercrowd question upon question, in order so to puzzle and con- ing influence and direct their hearts; and may they ever feel found him, that he may speak unadvisedly with his lips, and the full weight of that truth : the wruth of man worketh not thus prejudice the truth he was labouring to promote and the righteousness of God!" The following advice of one of defend. The following is a good prayer which all who are the ancients is good : Erndt de anos ws axMW TUTTOLLEVOS, uzdou called to defend or proclaim the truths of the gospel, may con- youp a fantou depto fai xan vixão.. “ Stand thou firm as a beaten fidently offer to their God. « Let thy wisdom and light, 0 || anvil : for it is the part of a good soldier to be flayed alive, Lord, disperse their artifice and my darkness! Cast the bright ll and yet conquer."
CHAPTER XIT. Christ preaches to his disciples against hypocrisy, and against timidity in publishing the gospel, l-5. Excites
them to have confidence in Divine Providence, 6, 7. Warns them against denying him, or betraying his cause, 8, 9. Of the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost, 10. Promises direction and support in persecution, 11, 12. Warns the people against covetousness, 13—15. Parable of the rich man who pulled down his granaries to build greater, 16–21. Cautions against carking cures and anxieties, 29–32. The necessity of living to God, and in reference to eternity, 33—40. At the request of Peter, he further explains the preceding discourse, 41–48. The effects that should be produced by the preaching of the gospel, 49–53. The signs of the times, 54–57. The necessity of being prepared to appear before the judgment seat of God, 58, 59.
N'the mean time, when there were darkness, shall be heard in the light; A.M. 4035,
gathered together an innumerable and that which ye have spoken in the An. Olymp.
multitude of people, insomuch that ear in closets, shall be proclaimed upon they trode one upon another, he began to say the house-tops. unto his disciples first of all, "Beware ye of the 4 « And I say unto you, my friends, Be not leaven of the Pharisees, which is hypocrisy. afraid of them that kill the body, and after that
2 'For there is nothing covered that shall not have no more that they can do: be revealed; neither hid that shall not be 5 But I will forewarn you whom ye shall fear; known.
Fear him, which after he hath killed hath power 3. Therefore whatsoever ye have spoken into cast into hell; yea, I say unto you, Fear him.
A. M. 4033
A. D. 29. An. Olymp. CCII. 1.
* Matt. 16. 6. Mark 8. 15. - Matt. 16. 12.--- Matt. 10. 26. Mark 4. 22.
Ch.8.17.mid Matt. 10. 28. Isai. 51.7,8,12, 13 Jer. 1.3...
- Johň 15. 14, 15.
NOTES ON CHAP. XII.
be an addition to the text, because it does not appear that it Verse 1. An innumerable multitude of people] Tuy jugadw is their hypocrisy which Christ alludes to, but their false docTOV oxhov, myriads of people. A myriad is ten thousand, and trines. They had however, a large proportion of both, myriads must, at the very lowest, mean twenty thousand. Verse 2. There is nothing covered] See the notes on Matt. But the word is often used to signify a crowd or multitude v. 15. X. 26, 27. Mark iv. 22. which cannot be readily nunbered. There was doubtless a Verse 4. kill the body] See on Matt. x. 28. vast crowd assembled on this occasion, and many of them Verse 5. Fear him] Even the friends of God are comwere deeply instructed by the very important discourse mandel to fear God, as a being who has authority to send both which our Lord delivered.
body and soul into hell. Therefore it is proper even for the Leaven of the Pharisees) See Matt. xvi. 1-12.
most holy person to maintain a fear of God, as the punisher Hhich is hypocrisy.) These words are supposed by some toll of all righteousness. A man has but que life to lose, and