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Thou that wast seal'd in thy nativity

She calls him hog, as an appellation more contemptuous than boar, as he is elsewhere termed from his ensigns armorial.

JOHNSON.

In The Mirror for Magistrates is the following Complaint of Collingbourne, who was cruelly executed for making a rime: "For where I meant the king by name of hog,

"I only alluded to his badge the bore:
"To Lovel's name I added more, our dog;
"Because most dogs have borne that name of yore.
"These metaphors I us'd with other more,
"As cat and rat, the half-names of the rest,

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"To hide the sense that they so wrongly wrest.' That Lovel was once the common name of a dog may be likewise known from a passage in The Historie of Jacob and Esau, an interlude, 1568:

"Then come on at once, take my quiver and my bowe; "Fette lovell my hounde, and my horne to blowe."

The rhyme for which Collingbourne suffered, was:

"A cat, a rat, and Lovel the dog,

"Rule all England under a hog."

STEEVENS.

The rhyme of Collingbourne is thus preserved in Heywood's History of Edward IV. P. II:

"The cat, the rat, and Lovell our dog,

"Doe rule all England under a hog.

"The crooke backt boore the way hath found

"To root our roses from our ground.

"Both flower and bud will he confound,

"Till king of beasts the swine be crown'd:
"And then the dog, the cat, and rat,
"Shall in his trough feed and be fat."

The propriety of Dr. Warburton's note, notwithstanding what Dr. Johnson hath subjoined, is fully confirmed by this satire.

HENLEY.

The persons levelled at by this rhyme were the King, Catesby, Ratcliff, and Lovel, as appears in The Complaint of Colling

bourn:

"Catesbye was one whom I called a cat,
"A craftie lawyer catching all he could;
"The second Ratcliffe, whom I named a rat,
"A cruel beast to gnaw on whom he should:
"Lord Lovel barkt and byt whom Richard would,

The slave of nature, and the son of hell!
Thou slander of thy mother's heavy womb!
Thou loathed issue of thy father's loins!
Thou rag of honour thou detested-

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"Whom I therefore did rightly terme our dog,
"Wherewith to ryme I cald the king a hog.”

MALONE.

3 The slave of nature,] The expression is strong and noble, and alludes to the ancient custom of masters branding their profligate slaves; by which it is insinuated that his misshapen person was the mark that nature had set upon him to stigmatize his ill conditions. _Shakspeare expresses the same thought in The Comedy of Errors:

"He is deformed, crooked, &c.
"Stigmatized in making,-

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But as the speaker rises in her resentment, she expresses this contemptuous thought much more openly, and condemns him to a still worse state of slavery:

"Sin, death, and hell, have set their marks on him."

Only, in the first line, her mention of his moral conditions insinuates her reflections on his deformity: and, in the last, her mention of his deformity insinuates her reflections on his moral condition: And thus he has taught her to scold in all the elegance of figure. WARBURTON.

Part of Dr. Warburton's note is confirm'd by a line in our author's Rape of Lucrece, from which it appears he was acquainted with the practice of marking slaves:

"Worse than a slavish wipe, or birth-hour's blot."
MALONE.

• Thou rag of honour! &c.] This word of contempt is used again in Timon:

"If thou wilt curse, thy father, that poor rag,
"Must be the subject."

Again, in this play:

"These over-weening rags of France." STEEVens.

1

GLO. I cry thee mercy then; for I did think, That thou had'st call'd me all these bitter names. Q. MAR. Why, so I did; but look'd for no reply. O, let me make the period to my curse.

GLO. 'Tis done by me; and ends in-Margaret. Q. ELIZ. Thus have you breath'd your curse against yourself.

Q. MAR. Poor painted queen, vain flourish of my fortune !5

Why strew'st thou sugar on that bottled spider,

5

-flourish of my fortune!] This expression is likewise used by Massinger in The Great Duke of Florence :

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I allow these

"As flourishings of fortune." STEEVENS.

bottled spider,] A spider is called bottled, because, like other insects, he has a middle slender, and a belly protuberant. Richard's form and venom, made her liken him to a spider. JOHNSON.

A critick, who styles himself "Robert Heron, Esquire," (though his title to Esquireship is but ill supported by his language, "puppy, booby, wise-acre," &c. being the usual distinctions he bestows on authors who are not his favourites,) very gravely assures us that "a bottled spider is evidently a spider kept in a bottle long fasting, and of consequence the more spiteful and venomous." May one ask if the infuriation of our Esquire originates from a similar cause? Hath he newly escaped, like Asmodeo, from the phial of some Highland sorcerer, under whose discipline he had experienced the provocations of lenten imprisonment?-Mrs. Raffald disserts on bottled gooseberries, and George Falkener warns us against bottled children; but it was reserved for our Esquire (every one knows who our Esquire is) to discover that spiders, like ale, grow brisker from being bottled, and derive additional venom from being starved.-It would be the interest of every writer to wish for an opponent like the Esquire Heron, did not the general credit of letters oppose the production of such another critick. So far I am from wishing the lucubrations of our Esquire to be forgotten, that I counsel thee, gentle reader, (and especially, provided thou art a hypochondriac,) to peruse, and (if thou canst) to re-peruse them, and finally to

Whose deadly web ensnareth thee about?
Fool, fool! thou whet'st a knife to kill thyself.
The day will come, that thou shalt wish for me
To help thee curse this pois'nous bunch-back'd
toad.

HAST. False-boding woman, end thy frantick

curse;

Lest, to thy harm, thou move our patience. Q. MAR. Foul shame upon you! you have all mov'd mine.

RIV. Were you well serv'd, you would be taught your duty.

Q. MAR. To serve me well, you all should do me

duty,

Teach me to be your queen, and you my subjects: O, serve me well, and teach yourselves that duty. DOR. Dispute not with her, she is lunatick.

Q. MAR. Peace, master marquis, you are malapert:

Your fire-new stamp of honour is scarce current :"
O, that your young nobility could judge,
What 'twere to lose it, and be miserable!

thank me as thy purveyor of a laugh.-Every man should court a fresh onset from an adversary, who, in the act of ridiculing others, exposes himself to yet more obvious ridicule.

STEEVENS. A bottled spider is a large, bloated, glossy spider; supposed to contain venom proportionate to its size. The expression occurs again in Act IV:

"That bottled spider, that foul hunch-back'd toad.”

RITSON.

7 Your fire-new stamp of honour is scarce current:] Thomas Grey was created Marquis of Dorset, A. D. 1476. PERCY. The present scene, as has been already observed, is in 1477-8, MALONE.

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They that stand high, have many blasts to shake

them;

And, if they fall, they dash themselves to pieces. GLO. Good counsel, marry ;-learn it, learn it, marquis.

DOR. It touches you, my lord, as much as me. GLO. Ay, and much more: But I was born so

high,

Our aiery buildeth in the cedar's top,

And dallies with the wind, and scorns the sun.

Q. MAR. And turns the sun to shade;-alas !

alas!

Witness my son, now in the shade of death;8
Whose bright out-shining beams thy cloudy wrath
Hath in eternal darkness folded up.

Your aiery buildeth in our aiery's nest :-
O God, that see'st it, do not suffer it;
As it was won with blood, lost be it so!

BUCK. Peace, peace, for shame, if not for charity.
Q. MAR. Urge neither charity nor shame to me;

• Witness my son, &c.] Her distress cannot prevent her quibbling. It may be here remarked, that the introduction of Margaret in this place, is against all historical evidence. She was ransomed and sent to France soon after Tewksbury fight, and there passed the remainder of her wretched life. RITSON.

Witness my son,] Thus the quarto of 1598, and the folio. The modern editors, after the quarto of 1612, read—sun.

MAL ONE.

• Your aiery buildeth in our aiery's nest :] An aiery is a hawk's or an eagle's nest. So, in Greene's Card of Fancy, 1608:

"It is a subtle bird that breeds among the aiery of hawks.”

Again, in Heywood's Rape of Lucrece, 1630:

"His high-built aiery shall be drown'd in blood."

Again, in Massinger's Maid of Honour:

"One aiery, with proportion, ne'er discloses

"The eagle and the wren." STEEVENS,

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