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When Judicial Districts to be Designated-Assignment of Judges to Districts.
Section 13. The General Assembly shall, at the next session after the adoption of this Constitution, designate the several judicial courts as required by this Constitution. The judges in commission when such designation shall be made shall continue during their unexpired terms judges of the new districts in which they reside; but, when there shall be two judges residing in the same district, the President Judge shall elect to which district he shall be assigned and the additional law judge shall be assigned to the other district.
How Often Judicial Districts Shall be Designated.
Section 14. The General Assembly shall, at the next succeeding session after each decennial census and not oftener, designate the several judicial districts as required by this Constitution.
Expiration of Terms of Certain Judges Judge of Common Pleas Court of Schuylkill County.
Section 15. Judges, learned in the law, of any court of record holding commissions in force at the adoption of this Constitution shall hold their respective offices until the expiration of the terms for which they were commissioned, and until their successors shall be duly qualified. The Governor shall commission the President Judge of the Court of First Criminal Jurisdiction for the counties of Schuylkill, Lebanon and Dauphin as a judge of the Court of Common Pleas of Schuylkill county, for the unexpired term of his office.
Who Shall Become President Judges-Terms of Associate Judges.
Section 16. After the expiration of the term of any President Judge of any court of Common Fleas, in commission at the adoption of this Constitution, the judge of such court learned in the law and oldest in commission shall be the President Judge thereof, and when two or more judges are elected at the same time in any judicial district they shall decide by lot which shall be President Judge; but when the President Judge of a court shall be re-elected he shall continue to be President Judge of that court. Associate judges, not learned in the law, elected after the adoption of this Constitution, shall be commissioned to hold their offices for the term of five years from the first day of January next after their election.
Fixing Compensation of Judges.
Section 17. The General Assembly, at the first session after the adoption of this Constitution, shall fix and determine the compensation of the judges of the Supreme Court and of the judges of the several judicial districts of the Commonwealth, and the provisions of the fifteenth section of the article on Legislation shall not be deemed inconsistent herewith. Nothing contained in this Constitution shall be held to reduce the compensation now paid to any law judge of this Commonwealth now in commission.
Common Pleas Courts in Philadelphia and Allegheny Counties-Organization of, in Philadelphia.
Section 18. The courts of Common Pleas in the counties of Philadelphia and Allegheny shall be composed of the present judges of the District Court and court of Common Pleas of said counties until their offices shall severally end, and of such other judges as may from time to time be selected. For the purpose of first organization in Philadelphia the judges of the court number one shall be Judges Allison, Pierce and Paxson; of the court number two Judges Hare, Mitchell and one other judge to be elected; of the court number three Judges Ludlow, Finletter and Lynd; and of the court number four Judges Thayer, Briggs and one other judge to be elected. The judge first named shall be the President Judge of said courts respectively, and thereafter the President Judge shall be the judge oldest in commission; but any President Judge, re-elected in the same court or district shall continue to be President Judge thereof. The additional judges for courts numbers two and four shall be voted for and elected at the first general election after the adoption of this Constitution, in the same manner as the two additional judges of the Supreme Court, and they shall decide by lot to which court they shall belong. Their term of office shall commence on the first Monday of January, in the year one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five.
Organization of Common Pleas Courts in Allegheny County.
Section 19. In the county of Allegheny, for the purpose of first organization und this Constitution, the judges of the court of Common Pleas, at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, shall be the judges of the court number one, and the judges of the District Court, at the same date, shall be the judges of the CommonPleas rumber two. The President Judges of the Common Pleas and District Court shall be President Judge of said courts number one and two, respectively, until their offices shall end; and thereafter the judge oldest in commission shall be President Judge; but any President Judge re-elected in the same court, or district, shall continue to be President Judge thereof.
When Organization of Common Pleas Courts in Philadelphia and Allegheny Counties Shall Take Effect.
Section 20. The organization of the courts of Common Pleas under this Constitution for the counties of Philadelphia and Allegheny shall take effect on the first Monday of January, one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five, and existing courts in said counties shall continue with their present powers and jurisdiction unti! that date, but no new suits shall be instituted in the courts of Nisi Prius after the adoption of this Constitution.
Trial and Disposition of Causes and Transfer of Records, in Philadelphia County.
Section 21. The causes and proceedings pending in the court of Nisi Prius, court of Common Pleas, and District Court in Philadelphia shall be tried and disposed of in the court of Common Pleas. The records and dockets of said courts shall be transferred to the prothonotary's office of said county.
Trial and Disposition of Causes in Allegheny County.
Section 22. The causes and proceedings pending in the court of Common Pleas in the county of Allegheny shall be tried and disposed of in the court number one; and the causes and proceedings pending in the District Court shall be tried and disposed of in the court number two.
Appointment of Prothonotary in Philadelphia-Clerk of Quarter Sessions.
Section 23. The Prothonotary of the court of Common Pleas of Philadelphia shall be first appointed by the judges of said court on the first Monday of December, in the year one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five, and the present Prothonotary of the District Court in said county shall be the Prothonotary of the said court of Common Pleas until said date when his commission shall expire, and the present Clerk of the court of Oyer and Terminer and Quarter Sessions of the Peace in Philadelphia shall be the Clerk of such court until the expiration of his present commission on the first Monday of December, in the year one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five.
Aldermen in Cities, other than Philadelphia, Containing over Fifty Thousand Inhabitants.
Section 24. In cities containing over fifty thousand inhabitants, except Philadel phia, all aldermen in office at the time of the adoption of this Constitution shall con tinue in office until the expiration of their commissions, and at the election for city and ward officers in the year one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five one alder man shall be elected in each ward as provided in this Constitution.
Magistrates to Succeed Aldermen in Philadelphia.
Section 25. In Philadelphia magistrates in lieu of aldermen shall be chosen as required in this Constitution, at the election in said city for city and ward officers in the year one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five; their term of office shall commence on the first Monday of April succeeding their election. The terms of office of alderman in said city holding or entitled to commissions at the time of the adoption of this Constitution shall not be affected thereby.
Expiration of Term of Present Officers.
Section 26. All persons in office in this Commonwealth at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, and at the first election under it, shall hold their respective offices until the term for which they have been elected or appointed shall expire, and until their successors shall be duly qualified, unless otherwise provided in this Constitution.
Administration of Oath of Office.
Section 27. The seventh article of this Constitution prescribing an oath of office shall take effect on and after the first day of January, one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five.
Expiration of Terms of Present County Commissioners and Auditors.
Section 28. The terms of office of County Commissioners and County Auditors, chosen prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and seventy-five, which shall not have expired before the first Monday of January in the year one thousand eight hundred and seventy-six, shall expire on that day.
Compensation of Present Officers May Include Fees.
Section 29. All state, county, city, ward, borough and township officers in office at the time of the adoption of this Constitution, whose compensation is not provided for by salaries alone, shall continue to receive the compensation allowed them by law until the expiration of their respective terms of office.
State and Judicial Officers now in Office to Take Oath to Support this Constitution.
Section 30. All state and judicial officers heretofore elected, sworn, affirmed, or in office when this Constitution shall take effect, shall severally, within one month after such adoption, take and subscribe an oath, or affirmation, to support this Constitution.
General Assembly to Pass Laws Necessary to Enforce Constitution.
Section 31. The General Assembly at its first session, or as soon as may be after the adoption of this Constitution, shall pass such laws as may be necessary to carry the same into full force and effect.
Ordinance Submitting Constitution to Vote of Electors Declared Valid.
Section 32. The ordinance passed by this Convention entitled "An Ordinance for submitting the amended Constitution of Pennsylvania to a vote of the electors thereof" shall be held to be valid for all the purposes thereof.
The Term "County Commissioners" to Include the Philadelphia Commissioners.
Section 33. The words "County Commissioners," wherever used in this Constitution and in any ordinance accompanying the same, shall be held to include the Commissioners for the city of Philadelphia.
Date of Adoption by the Constitutional Convention-Signers.
Adopted at Philadelphia, on the third day of November, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and seventy-three.
JNO. H. WALKER,
D. L. IMBRIE,
GEORGE A. ACHENBACH,
WM. H. ARMSTRONG,
WM. J. BAER,
JOSEPH BAILY, Perry Co..
JNO. M. BAILEY,
M. C. BEEBE,
CHAS. O. BOWMAN,
C. R. BUCKALEW,
R. M. de FRANCE,
S. C. T. DODD,
A. B. DUNNING,
M. F. ELLIOTT,
JAMES H. HEVERIN,
E. C. KNIGHT,
R. A. LAMBERTON,
W. E. LITTLETON,
G. W. PALMER,
C. M. RUNK,
SAML. L. RUSSELL,
J. MCDOWELL SHARPE,
J. ALEXANDER SIMPSON,
H. G. SMITH,
GEO. W. WOODWARD,
Filed in the Office of the Secretary of the Commonwealth, November 13, 1873.
M. S. QUAY,
Secretary of the Commonwealth.
*AMENDMENT TO CONSTITUTION OF PENNSYLVANIA.
General Assembly May Enact Laws Providing a System of Registering, Transferring, Insuring and Guaranteeing Land Titles by the State or by Counties.
Laws may be passed providing for a system of registering, transferring, insuring of and guaranteeing land titles by the State, or by the counties thereof, and for settling and determining adverse or other claims to and interest in lands the titles to which are so registered, transferred, insured, and guaranteed; and for the creation and collection of indemnity funds; and for carrying the system and powers hereby provided for into effect by such existing courts as may be designated by the Legislature, and by the establishment of such new courts as may be deemed necessary. In matters arising in and under the operation of such system; judicial powers, with right of appeal, may be conferred by the Legislature upon County recorders and upon other officers by it designated. Such laws may provide for continuing the registering, transferring, insuring, and guaranteeing, such titles after the first or original registration has been perfected by the court, and provision may be made for raising the necessary funds for expenses and salaries of officers, which shall be paid out of the treasury of the several count es.
Adopted on November 2, 1915, by a vote of 353,686 for and 178,567 against.