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MARQUE AND EEPRISAL, Congress has Power to grant Letters of,
No State shall grant any Letters of,
To be Offio red by the States,
Their right to keep and bear Arms Secured (Amendments),
Congress to Coin and Regulate Value of,
Art. Sec. Cl. Page. 1 8
381 1 10 1 333 1 8 15 832 1 8 16 332 2 2 1 334 2
338 1 8 2 331 1 8
831 1 9 7 832 1 10 1 833
NATURALIZATION, Uniform Rules of,
OATH of the President,
2 Of the Public Officers, The Senators when Sitting to try Impeachment shall be on,
1 OBLIGATION OF CONTRACTS. No state shall pass any Law Impairing the, 1 OFFICE, wbo Prohibited from Holding (Amendments),
14 OFFICERS of the House of Representatives shall be chosen by the House,
1 of the Senate shall be chosen by the Senate,
1 Civil, may be Removed by Impeachment,
2 ORDERS of one House Requiring the Concurrence of the Other to undergo the Formalities of Bills,
2 L'ATENTS to be Granted to Inventors,
1 P’ENSIONS and Bounties shall not be Questioned. The Validity of the Public Debt Incurred for the l'ayment of (Amendments),
14 PEOPLE, Reserved Rights of (Amendments),
9 PERSONS HELD to Service or Labor, their Importation or Immigration into the Upited States may be Prohibited after 1806,
1 Escaping from one State to Another shall be Delivered up to those Entitled to Service,
4 T'ETITION, Right of, (Amendments),
1 L'IRACY, Congress to Prescribe Punishment for,
1 PORTS of one State over those of Another, no Preference shall be given the, 1 POST OFFICES AND POST ROADS, Congress shall Es ablish,
1 TOWERS Dot Delegated to Congress nor Prohibited to the States are Reserved to the States or to the People (Amendinents),
1 PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES, Vested with the Executive Power, Shall be Chosen for Four Years,
2 Shall Take Care that the Laws be Faithfully Executed,
2 Shail coinmission all Officers,
2 PRESS, Eradom of (Amendments),
1 PRIVILEGES and Immunities of Members of Congriss,
4 Shalí not be Taken for Public Use without Just Compensation (Ainendments).
5 PUNISHMENTS, Cruel and Unusual, Prohibited (Amendments).
328 833 333 333 833 339 834 334 834 334 334 334 334 334 334 834 334 334 834 334 334 331 334 338 330
Art. Sec. CI. Page.
1 2 2 329
1 3 3
2 1 6 334
RACE, Color or Previous Condition of Servitude. The Right of any Citizen to
Vote shall not be Denied or Abridged on Account of (Amendments),..
Disability of Persons who have Engaged in (Amendments),
Law Respecting the Establishment of (Amendments),
Place without the consent of the Senate,
House of, shall Originate Bills for Raising Revenue,
by Executive Authority,
Undergo the Formalities of Bills,
Of Petition, Congress shall make no Law Abridging (Amendments),
served to the States or People (Amendments),
SCIENCE and the Useful Arts to be Encouraged,
States shall consist of a,
without the Consent of the House.
shall originate in the House,
Limit of Judgment of. in Cases of Impeachment,
How Chosen, (lassed and Terms of Service (Amendments).
Art, Sec. Ci. Page. SLAVES, their Importation may be Prohibited after 1808, .
1 9 1 332 Escaping from one State to Another may be Reclaimed,
341 SLAVERY, Except as a Punishment for Crime. Prchbited (Amendments), 13 1
340 SOLDIERS shall not be Quartered, in Time of Peace, in any House (Amend. ments),
338 SPEAKER OF THE HOUSE, how Chosen,
5 329 SPEECH, Freedom of (Amendments),
338 STATE, the United States shall Guarantee a Republican Forin of Government to every State in the Union,
336 STATE JUDGES Bound to consider Treaties, the Constitution and the Laws under it as Supreme,
2 336 STATES, NEW, may be Admitted into the Union,
3 1 836 May bo formed within the Jurisdiction of others, or by the Junction of
Two or More, with the Consent of Congress and the Legislatures Con-
3 1 336 STATES PROHIBITED FROM Entering into Treaty, Alliance or Confederation.
1 10 1 333 Granting Letters of Marque,
1 833 Coining Money,
1 883 Emitting Bills of Credit,
1 333 Making anything a Tender_but Gold and Silver Coin,
1 10 1 333 Passing Bills of Attainder, Ex-Post Facto Laws, or Laws Impairing Contracts.
1 10 1
333 Granting Titles of Nobility,
1 10 1 333 Laying Duties on Imports and Exports,
10 2 333 Laying Duties on Tonnage,
1 10 3 333 Keeping Troops or Ships of War in Time of Peace,
333 Entering into any Agreement or Contract with Another State or Foreign Power,
1 10 3 333 Engaging in War,
1 10 3 333 Abridging Right of Citizens of United States to Vote, on Account of Race or Color (Amendments),
341 SUFFRAGE, Extending the Right of, to Women (Amendments).
343 SUITS AT COMMON LAW, Proceedings in (Amendments),
339 SUPREME COURT-(See Court and Judiciary).
T TAX, Direct, According to Representation,
1 2 3 329 Shall le Laid only in Troportion to Census,
332 Or Duty on Exports from any State Prohibited,
5 332 TAXES, Duties, Imposts and Excises, Congress shall have power to Lay,
1 8 1 331 TAXES ON INCOMES, Congress may lay and collect (Amendments),
342 TENDER, what shall be a legal.
333 TERRITORY, or Other Public Property, Congress may make Ryles Concerning,.
2 836 TEST, Religious, shall not be Required,
3 336 TITLE from Foreign State Prohibited,
833 TITLES— (See Nobility). TONNAGE, no State shall Lay any Duty of, without the Consent of Congress, 1 10 3
833 TREASON Defined,
3 3 1 335 Bribery, or Other High Crimes and Misdemeanors. The President and
all Civil Officers shall be Removed from Office on Impeachment for
334 Punishment of, may be prescribed by Congress,
3 3 2 835 Two Witnesses, or Confession Necessary for Conviction of,
3 3 1 335 TREASURY, Money Drawn from, only by Appropriation,
1 9 7 332 THEATIES. how made,
2 2 2 334 And the Constitution the Supreme Law,
336 States Cannot make,
1 10 1 333
2 2 3
1 2 4
329 In the Senate, How Filled (Amendments).
342 VETO OF THE PRESIDENT, Effect of, and proceedings on,
1 7 2 330 VICE-PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES to be President of the Senate,
3 4 329 Shall be Chosen for Four Years,
2 1 1 333 How Elected (Amendments),
339 Sball in Certain Cases Discharge the Duties of President,
1 May be Removed by Impeachment,
334 VOTE of One House Requiring the Concurrence of the Other,
3 331 Right of Citizens 'to, not to be Abridged on Account of Race or Color (Amendments),
341 Right of (Stizens to, not to be denied or Abridged on Account of Sex (Amendments),
343 W WAR, Congress shall have Power to Declare,
1 8 11 831 Yo State shall Engage in, without the Consent of Congress,
1 10 3 333 WARRANTS for Searches and Seizures, When and how they shall Issue (Amendments),
338 WITNESS in Criminal Cases, no one Compelled to be a, Against Himself (Amendments),
338 WITNESSES Against him. In all Criminal Prosecutions the accused shall be Confronted with the (Amendments),
338 WEIGHTS AND MEASURES, Standard of,
331 WOMEN, Suffrage extended to (Amendments),
343 Y YUAS AND NAYS, when to be Entered on Journal,
با مون : نام
THE CONSTITUTION OF THE UNITED STATES OF
(This Constitution went into operation on the first Wednesday in March, 1789, 5, Wheat, 420
and is identical, as to spelling, punctuation, and capitalization, with the original document on file at Washington.
WE THE PEOPLE of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defence, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to vurselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this CONSTITUTION for the United States of America.
Legislative Powers Vested in Congress.
Section. 1. All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate ard House of Representatives.
Composition of the House of Representatives.
Section. 2. 1. The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numeronis Branch of the State Legislature.
*In May, 1785. a committee of Congress made a report recommending an alteration in the Articles of Confederation, but no action was talen on it, and it was loft to the State Legislatures to proceed in the matter. In January, 1786, the Legislature of Virginia passed a resolution providing for the appointment of five commissioners, who, or any three of them, should meet such commissioners as might be appointed in other States of the Union, at a time and place to be agreed upon, to take into consideration the trade of the United States; to consider how far a uniform system in their commercial regulations may be necessary to their common interest and their permanent harmony; and to report to the several States such an act, relative to this great object, as, when ratified by them, will enable the United States in Congress effectually to provide for the same. The Virginia commissioners, after some correspondence, fixed the first Monday in September as the time, and the city of Annapolis as the place for the meeting, but only four States were represented, viz: Delaware, New York, New Jersey and Pennsylvania; the commissioners appointed by Massachusetts, New Hampshire, North Carolina and Rhode Island failed to attenl. Under the circumstances of 80 partial & representation, the commissioners present agreed upon a report (drawn by Mr. Hamilton, of New York). expressin: their unanimous conviction that it might essentially tend to sauce the interests of the Union If the States by which they were respectively delegated would concur, and use their endeavors to procure the concurrence of the other staies, in the appointment of commissioners to me at Philadelphia on the second Monday of May following, to take into consideration the situation of the United States; to devise such further provisions as should appear to them necessary to render the Constitution of the Federal Government adequate as the exigencies of the Union, and to report such an act for that purpose to the United States in Congress assembled as, when agreed to by them and afterwards ontrued by the Legislatures of every State, would effectively provide for the same.
Congress, on the 21st of February, 1887, adopted a resolution in favor of a convention, and the Legislatures of those States which had not already done so (with the exception of Rhoir Island), promptly appointed delegates. On the 25th of May,
States having convened George Washington, of Virginia, was unanimously elected President, and the comsideration of the proposed constitution was commenced. On the 17th of September, 1787, the Constitution as engrosse and agreed upon was si by all the members present, except Mr. Gerry, of Massachusetts, and Messrs. Mason and Randolf, of Virginia. The l'resident of the convention transmitted it to Congress, with a resolution stating how the proposed Federal Government should be put in operation, and an explanatory letter. Congress, on the 28th of September, 1787, directed the Constitution so framed, with the resolutions and letter concerning the same, to "he transmitted to the several Legislatures in order to be submitter to a convention of dele gates chosen in each State by the people thereof, in conformity to the resolves of the convention."
On the 4th of March, 1789, the day which had been fixed for commencing the operations of Government under the new Constitution, it had been ratified by the convention chosen in each State, to consider it, as follows: Delaware, December 7, 1787; Pennsylvania, December 12. 1787; New Jersey, December 18, 1787; Georgia, January 2, 1788; Connecticut, January 9, 1785; Massachusetts, February 6, 1788; Maryland, April 28, 1788; South Carolina, May 23, 1788; New Hampshire, June 21, 1788; Virginia, June 26, 1788; and New York. July 26, 1788. The Presi. dent informed Congress, on the 28th of January, 1790, that North Carolina had ratified the Con. stitution November 21, 1789; and he informed Congress on the 1st of June, 1790, that Rhode Island had ratified the Constitution May 29, 1789, Virmont in convention, ratified the Constitution January, 10, 1789, and was, by an act of Congress Approved February 10, 1791, "received and Admitted into this Cnion as a new and entire member of the United States.'
Qualifications of Representatives.
2. No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty-five Years, and been_seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.
Apportionment of Representatives and Direct Taxes-Census.
3. * [Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States yvhich may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not tased, three fiftlis of all other Persons.] The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The Namber of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until succh enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.
Filling of Vacancies in Representation.
4. When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.
Selection of Officers-Power of Impeachment. 5. The House of Representatives shall chuse their Speaker and other officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment.
Of the Senate.
Section. 3. 1. †[The Senate of the United States shall be composed of two Senators from each State, chosen by the Legislature thereof, for six Years; and each Senator shall bave one Vote.]
Classification of Senators—Filling of Vacancies. 2. Immediately after they shall be assembled in Consequence of the first Election, they shall be divided as equally as may be into three Classes. The Seats of the Senators of the first Class shall be vacated at the Expiration of the second Year, of the second Class at the Expiration of the fourth Year, and of the third Class at the Expiration of the sixth year, so that one-third may be chosen every second year; (and if Vacancies happen by Resignation, or otherwise, during the Recess of the Legislature of any State, the Executive thereof may make temporary Appointments until the next Meeting of the Legislature, which shall then fill sich Vacan
Qualifications of Senators. 3. No Person shall be a Senator who shall not have attained to the Age of thirty Years, and been nine Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State for which he shall be chosen.
Vice President to be President of Senate. 4. The Vice President of the United States shall be President of the Senate, but shall have no Vote, unless they be equally divided.
Selection of Senate Officers-President pro tempore.
5. The Senate shall chuse their other Officers, and also a President pro tempore, in the Absence of the Vice President, or when he shall exercise the office of President of the United States.
Senate to Try Impeachments.
6. The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two thirūs of the Members present.
*The clause included in trackets is amended by the fourteenth amendment, second section.
The first paragraph of Section 3, of Article I. and that part of the second paragraph of Sec. tion 3, of Article I, included in brackets have been superseded by the seventeenth amendmont. (Article XVII.)