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GEORGE WHARTON PEPPER, Republican, was born in Philadelphia, Pa., March 16, 1867 ; prepared privately for college; was graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in 1887 with the degree of bachelor of arts; read law in the office of Biddle and Ward; was graduated with the degree of LL. B. from the department of law of the University of Pennsylvania in 1889, and was admitted to practice in the same year; practiced his profession in Philadelphia for the thirty-two years next . ensuing; is the author of various books on legal and other topics. Has received the following honorary degrees from the institutions named: LL. D., University of Pennsylvania, 1907, Yale, 1914, University of Pittsburgh, 1921, and Lafayette University of Rochester and Pennsylvania Military Institute, 1922; D. C. L., University of the South, 1908, and Trinity, 1918. Has represented the Episcopal Diocese of Pennsylvania for many years in the general convention of that communion; participated in the movement for national preparedness in 1914 and thereafter, and was a member of provisional training regiments at Plattsburg in 1915 and 1916; was chairman of the Pennsylvania Council of National Defense during the war; was a member of the commission on constitutional revision in Pennsylvania in 1920 and 1921; was from 1894 to 1910 Algernon Sidney Biddle professor of law in the University of Pennsylvania, and since the latter date has been a trustee of that institution; was Lyman Beecher lecturer at Yale University in 1915; is a member of various organizations and learned societies concerned with education and research; was married November 25, 1890, to Charlotte R. Fisher, only daughter of the late Professor George P. Fisher, of Yale University, and has three children ; was appointed by the governor of Pennsylvania to the United States Senate to succeed the late Boies Penrose, to hold office until after the popular election in November, 1922, and received the Republican nomination at the primary election in May, 1922, by a majority of 241,159 votes. Was elected a member of the Republican National Committee in June, 1922, to succeed the late Senator

Penrose.

DAVID AIKEN REED, Republican, born December 21, 1880, at Pittsburgh. Pas; attended school in Pittsburgh; B. A., Princeton, 1900; LL. B. University of Pittsburgh, 1903.

Chairman of Pennsylvania Industrial Accidents Commission, 1912-1915; Major, 311th Field Artillery, 1917-1919; practised law in Pittsburgh, 1903-1917, and from

Nominated in Republican primary, May 16, 1922, for United States Senator. Appointed August 8, 1922, by Governor Sproul as United States Senator to succeed Honorable William E. Crow, deceased, in serving out the unexpired term of Honorable Philander C. Knox, deceased

1919-1922.

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE.

IN CONGRESS, JULY 4, 1776.

The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen United States of America.

When in the Course of human events, it becomes necessary for one people to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the Powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and Nature's God entitle them, a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.

We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the congent of the goverued, That whenever any Form of Government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new Government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that Governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed. But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute Despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such Government, and to provide new Guards for their future security.-Such has been the patient sufferance of these Colonies; and such is now the necessity which constrains them to alter their former Systems of Government. The history of the present King of Great Britain is a bistory of repeated injuries and usurpations, all having in direct object the establishment of an absolute Tyranny over these States. To prove this, let l'acts be submitted to a candid world.

He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.

He has forbidilen his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtainedl; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.

He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Represcutation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.

He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their Public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.

He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.

He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative Powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the meantime exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsier's within.

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