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a capable and competent civil engineer, and experienced in the building and maintenance of improved roads, an experienced maintenance engineer, a controller, who shall be an expert accountant and who shall keep a record of the finances of the department, audit all accounts and countersign all warrants, an assistant controller, who shall be an experienced accountant and in the absence of the controller shall perform and discharge all the duties of the controller; assistants to the chief engin. eer, a principle assistant engineer, construction engineers, and office engineer, an engineer of plans and surveys, who shall be capable and competent civil engineers experienced in the design and construction of highways, an engineer of bridges, district engineers, and additional civil engineers experienced in improved road building. He may also appoint superintendents of highways, a township engineer, engineers' assistants, an engineer of tests, a registrar of motor vehicles, an executive manager, statistician, secretary, inspectors, purchasing agent, paymasters, cost accountant, bookkeepers, cashier, equipment engineer, mechanicians, draughtsmen, stenographers, additional clerks, and such other employes as in his opinion are sufficient to carry on the work of the department.

The duties of the Highway Commissioner are to carry into effect the provisions of the Act of May 31 1912, and Acts relating to the management and maintenance of the National or Cumberland roads, and all Acts of Assembly providing for the cooperation of the State in the construction and maintenance of public highways. Under the Act approved July 22, 1913, a Bureau of Township Highways was established in the State Highway Department. This Act became effective the first Monday in December, 1913, and was re-enacted by the Act of July 16, 1917. By Act approved July 8, 1919, these Acts were repealed and a Division of Township Highways created in charge of a Township Commissioner. Under an Amendment approved July 15, 1919, the Commonwealth offers rewards for the construction of township roads and bridges in townships of the second class. Both of these latter Acts were amended by the 1921 Session of the Legislature enlarging the powers of the Township Commissioner and increasing the amount of rewards payable to townships. The Highway Commissioner has charge of the records of the Highway Department and is required to submit to the Governor a full report of the operation of the Department, giving the number of miles, cost and character of the roads built under its direction, detailed statements of the expenses of the Department, and such other information concerning the condition of the public roads of the State and the progress of their improvement as may be proper. Under the law, all persons owning automobiles, motor vehicles, motor trucks, or traction engines, must register them with the State Highway Commissioner; when issued on or after August first one-half fees shall be charged. All registrations shall expire after December thirty-first of the year for which issued. The license fees are appropriated for the use of the Department.

BOARD OF COMMISSIONERS OF PUBLIC GROUNDS AND BUILDINGS. The Governor, Auditor-General and State Treasurer, by the Act of June 16, 1919, constitute the Board of Commissioners of Public Grounds and Buildings. This Board has entire control and supervision of the Public Grounds and Buildings, including the Executive Mansion, and all repairs, alterations and improvements made to, and all work done or expenses incurred in and about them, including the furnishing and refurnishing of the same; the Board is authorized to enter into contracts for stationery, supplies, furniture, distribution of documents, fuel, repairs, alterations or improvements and other matters needed by the Legislature, the several departments, boards and commissions of the State Government and the Executive Mansion.

By the Act of June 3, 1895, the Board is authorized, under certain conditions, to advertise for bids and contract for the rebuilding of such county bridges, which are now or may hereafter be erected over and across the navigable rivers and such other streams as have been declared public highways by Act of Assembly, and which may be carried away or destroyed by flood, fire or other casualty. The Act of May 28, 1913, P. L. 367, permits the changing of the location of bridges under certain conditions, which by the Act of 1895 the Board is authorized to rebuild. The Act of May 16, 1919, P. L. 196, authorizes the Board under certain conditions to advertise for bids and contract for the rebuilding of county bridges over eight hundred feet in length, located on State Highways, which have been destroyed by fire. The Act of June 16, 1919, P. L. 482, authorizes and requires the Board to employ capable superintendents of construction under whose personal supervision all legislative appropriations for the erection of new State institutions and repairs or additions to present State buildings shall be expended. By Act approved May 14, 1915, the Board is authorized to rebuild, restore or replace buildings, structures, equipment or other property of the Commonwealth of Pennsyl inia damaged or destroyed by fire or other casualty and regulate the placing of insurance thereon. The Act of July 18, 1919, P. L. 1049, and amended by the Act of May 16 1921, P. L. 551, authorizes the Board, under certain conditions, to advertise for bids and contract for the construction of a bridge in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, from a point in Capitol Park following State Street, to a point at or near Thirteenth Street, as a memorial to the citizens of this Commonwealth who served in the military and naval forces of the nited States, in the late World War, and to be known as a Soldiers' and Sailors' Memorial Bridge.

The Act of July 18, 1919, P. L. 1053, authorizes the Board under certain conditions to advertise for bids and contract for the construction of an Office Building in the Capitol Park.

The Act of July 15, 1919, P. L. 976, authorizes the Board under certain conditions to acquire property for use of the Commonwealth, by proceedings in eminent domain. The executive officer of the Board is the

Superintendent of Public Grounds and Buildings who is appointed by the Governor, with the advice and consent of the Senate, for the term of four years. He gives a bond in the sum of $25,000. He prepares annually under the supervision of the Board the schedules of stationery, furniture and all other supplies, repairs, alterations and improvements needed for the several departments and boards; receives from the contractor or contractors the articles mentioned in the schedules and delivers them to the proper officials, upon their requisition: keeps accurate account of same and makes a yearly report in reference thereto to the Board. He sees that all repairs and improvements, and all furnishing and refurnishing ordered by the Board are properly made and attended to, and, with its approval, disburses the funds of the Board.

He has immediate charge of the Capitol police, and all the other officers and employes of the Department of Public Grounds and Buildings. He is required to enforce good order in the bui ings and on the grounds, and for that purpose both he and the police are given the power to make arrests.

Stato Art Commission. The State Art Commission, created by Act of May 1, 1919, in the Department of Public Grounds and Buildings, consists of five citizens of the Commonwealth, appointed by the Governor, for the term of three years.

No public monument, memorial, building, or other structure shall become the property of the Commonwealth by erection or construction, purchase, gift, or otherwise, unless a design for the same and the proposed location is first approved by the State Art Commission.

Before any monument, memorial, building, or other structure, belonging to any person or corporation, is erected upon or extended over any highway, stream, lake, square, park, or other public place, within any subdivision of this State, the design for and the location thereof must first be approved by such Commission.

The Commission shall submit annually to the Governor, on or before the first Monday of December, a report of its proceedings during that year, together with such recommendations as the Commission shall deem conducive to the improvement of the Commonwealth.

The provisions of the act creating this Commission do not apply to a city of the first or second class.

DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC PRINTING AND BINDING. This Department was created by the Act approved February 7, 1905, P. L. 3, which Act has been amended by the Acts of May 11, 1911, P. L. 210; July 23, 1919, P. L. 1128, and February 16, 1921, P. L. 5. The Chief officer of the Department is

Superintendent of Public Printing and Binding who is appointed by the Governor, with the advice and consent of the Senate, for the term of four years from the date of his appointment. He gives a bond to the State in the sum of $10,000.

It is his duty to receive and take charge of all reports made to the Governor by the heads of Departments, and have the same printed and bound by the contractor or contractors and delivered to the proper departments. He also arranges all matter ordered to be printed by the Legislature, or either branch thereof, and supervises the printing and binding of the same, causing it to be done in a prompt and workmanlike manner. He purchases all the paper and stock used, except binding material, as well as all steel plates, cuts and electrotypes. On the fourth Tuesday of February every year preceding the expiration of a contract he is authorized to receive bids and award contracts, subject to the approval of the Governor, Auditor-General and State Treasurer, for executing the public printing and binding for a term of one, two, four or six years from the first day of July next thereafter, the term to be the one most advantageous to the Commonwealth. When necessary, he likewise receives bids and awards contracts for the furnishing of paper, envelopes and other supplies, for the furnishing of half-tone cuts, electrotypes, steel and other plates and for lithographic printing. He makes an annual report to the Governor.

Division of Documents.

By the Act of July 22, 1919, P. L. 1097, which superseded the original Act of July 19, 1913, P. L. 845, a Division of Documents was authorized to be established in the Department of Public Printing and Binding and the appointment of a Chief of the Division by the Superintendent of Public Printing and Binding was authorized, subject to the approval of the Governor. The Chief of said Division before 28suming the duties of his office is required to file a bond in the sum of $10,000 conditioned on the faithful performance by him of the duties of his office.

Under the provisions of said Act and amendments thereto all documents printed by the State, unless otherwise ordered by the Superintendent of Public Printing and Binding, are delivered to this Division and are distributed by the Chief of said Division upon the written requisition of the heads of the various departments of the State Government.

Whenever any documents are delivered to the Chief of the Division it is his duty to notify the Superintendent of Public Printing and Binding, who shall have the paper, printing and binding thereof examined and compared with the paper, printing and binding set forth in the order issued by the said Superintendent and if he shall find any variance in the quality of paper or in the printing or binding he shall

once notify the Chief of the Division not to accept the same. The Chief of said Division makes an annual report to the Superintendent of Public Printing and Binding on the first day of July each year.

STATE LIBRARY AND MUSEUM.

The Act of May 23, 1919, P. L. 242, provides for a general reorganization, revision and consolidation of the laws relating to the State Library and Museum, including the law relating to the Free Library Commission and the Division of Public Records, and repeals all former laws in relation thereto.

State Librarian and Director of the Museum.

The State Library and Museum as now constituted is under the exclusive control, supervision, direction and management of the State Librarian and Director of the Museum who is appointed by the Governor, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, for a term of four years. He may be removed by the Governor and any vacancy that may happen in the State Librarianship shall be filled by appointment by the Governor for the unexpired term. The law provides that he shall be a person of known literary and bibliographical attainments. He gives a bond to the Commonwealth with sureties, to be approved by the Governor, in the sum of $6,000 for the faithful performance of the duties of the office. He appoints with the approval of the Governor a Deputy State Librarian and Director of the Museum who gives a bond to the Commonwealth in the sum of $2,000, to be approved by the Governor, conditioned for the faithful performance of his duties and takes and subscribes the oath prescribed by the Constitution. The Deputy State Librarian and Director of the Museum shall have and possess all the powers and shall perform all the duties of the State Librarian and Director of the Museum, during his absence or inability to act. The law provides that the State Librarian and Director of the Juseum shall adopt such rules and regulations as shall be deemed necessary for the government of the State Library and Museum and for the several divisions thereof. He receives and disburses all moneys that are appropriated for the institution and keeps regular and accurate accounts thereof, which are open to the inspection of the fiscal officers of the Commonwealth. All such accounts shall be settled annually by the accounting officers of the Commonwealth in the same manner that the other accounts of the Commonwealth are settled. A system of foreign and domestic exchanges is maintained, the Librarian and Director receiving 300 copies of each of the several documents of the Commonwealth, and 60 each of the Supreme and of the Superior Court reports for the purpose. He makes an annual report to the Governor in the month of December, submitting such information as it may be proper to present, the number of publications and volumes received through exchange, by donation, purchase or otherwise, and appends to his report his accounts. The State Librarian and Director of the Museum is empowered to bring suit in the name of the Commonwealth against any person unlawfully in possession of any property belonging to the State Library and Museum, or against any person who shall have received or who retains any publication or property therefrom contrary to the rules and regulations thereof, and the recovery shall be for double the value of such property or publication. The State Library and Museum shall be kept open to the public between the hours of 9 A. M. and 10 P. M., excepting on holidays, and on Saturday, when it closes at noon. The Governor and members of the Genoral Assembly of the Commonwealth, the Justices of the Supreme and Superior Courts, Heads of the Departments, oflicers of the Commonwealth and such others as are designated by the rules and regulations adopted are entitled to take books from the Library. The State Librarian and Director of the Museum appoints such clerks, employes, stenographers, cataloguers, and assistants as may be necessary.

The Divisions of the State Library and Museum. The State Library and Museum are divided into the following Divisions, all of which are under the supervision, management, and control of the State Librarian and Director of the Museum :

1. General Library Division.
2. Law Library Division.
3. Public Records Division.
4. Library Extension Division.
5. Museum Division.

General Library Division. This Division is under the immediate charge of an Assistant Librarian who is appointed by the Librarian and Director with the approval of the Governor. He gives bond to the Commonwealth, to be approved by the Governor, in the sum of $2,000, conditioned upon the faithful performance of his duties, and takes and subscribes the oath prescribed by the Constitution.

Law Library Division. TH Division is in the immediate charge of an Assistant Librarian, appointed by the State Librarian and Director of the Museum, with the approval of the Governor, who gives a bond with sureties to be approved by the Governor, in the sum of $2,000, conditioned for the faithful performance of the duties of his office, and he takes and subscribes the oath of office prescribed by the Constitution.

The Law Library includes volumes relating to the law and also Legislative and Government documents.

Public Records Division. This Division is under the immediate charge of the Custodian who is appointed by the Librarian and Director with the approval of the Governor. He gives a bond, to be approved by the Governor, in the sum of $2,000 for the faithful performance of his duties, and must take and subscribe the oath prescribed by the Constitution.

The Public Records Division is devoted to the preservation of all public records throughout the Commonwealth, and gives special attention to the safe keeping and preservation of all records of the State Government not in use, and hence directly of historical value.

The Custodian is empowered under the direction of the Librarian and Director of the Museum to collect, classify, preserve, and make acceptable for reference all records which may come into the possession of the Division. He reports to the Librarian and Director biennially on the condition of the State records and makes such recommendations as shall be desirable for the preservation of all public records throughout Pennsylvania. He is required to examine into the condition of the records, books, pamphlets, documents, archives, maps and papers kept filed or recorded in the several offices of the counties, cities, or boroughs, of the State, and to recommend such action to be taken by persons having the care and custody of public records as may be necessary to secure their safety and preservation, and to cause all laws relating to public records to be enforced. He must submit an annual

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