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Internal Affairs or Superintendent of Public Instruction, in a judicial office or in any other elective office he is or may be authorized to fill. He commiss ons all State officers elected by the people or appointed by himself (except the Lieutenant Governor and members of the General Assembly), all judges, magistrates and justices of the peace, all county officers that require commissions, notaries public, commissioners of deeds, officers in the National Guard, and such others as he may Le directed by law to commission. He also appoints the members of the boards of the various State institutions, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, and may remove public oflicers for cause, as provided by law, or upon proper investigation and proofs of misconduct.

On receipt of the returns of the election of electors for President and VicePresident, he enumerates the number of votes given for each one, and declares by proclamation (published in one or more newpapers) the names of the persons duly elected, and delivers to each one a notification of his election on or before the last Wednesday of the month in which they are elected. He also causes three lists of the names of the electors to be made, certified and delivered to the electors on or before the day on which they meet to cast the vote of the State for President and Vice-President. As soon as the result of any election for judges of the Supreme and Superior courts has been determined according to law, he issues a proclamation declaring the number and names of the persons elected.

On receipt of the returns of the election of members of Congress from the several districts of the State, he declares by proclamation (published in one or more newsl'apers), the names of the persons so returned, and transmits the same to the House of Representatives.

Upon the receipt of the certificate of the result of the vote on the election of United States Senator from the Secretary of the Commonwealth, the Governor issues a certificate of election under the seal of the Commonwealth to the candidate receiving the highest number of votes. In case of a vacancy happening in the office of United States Senator the Governor makes a temporary appointment to fill the vacancy until such time as said vacancy shall be filled by an election, as provided for by law. *. He approves all charters of corporations for profit created under the general corporation act of 1874 and its supplements, and the charters of insurance companies created under the acts of 1911, and issues letters patent to all corporations for profit created under the laws of the State.

The Governor signs all patents for lands issued in the name and by the authority of the State.

He may order out for actual service, by draft or otherwise, as many of the militia as necessity demands, in case of war, invasion, the prevention of invasion, the suppression of riots, and to aid civil officials in the execution of the laws of the Commonwealth.

He has power to remit fines and forfeitures, to grant reprieves, commutations of sentences and pardon, except in cases of impeachment; but no pardon shall be granted nor sentence commuted except upon the recommedation in writing of the Board of Pardons, or any three of them. He signs all death warrants of persons sentenced by the courts of oyer and terminer to be electrocuted, and fixes the day of execution. He may demand fugitives from justice from the executive of any other State or Territory, and issue warrants for the arrest of persons resident in this State upon the requisition of the Governor of any other State or Territory.

Records and instruments of writing intended for use in other States and Territories are authenticated by the Governor under the seal of the State.

He has authority, through proclamation, to close for a period not to exceed one season at one time, any county or counties, or any section of a county, to either

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hunting or fishing, or to close any stream or part of streams to fishing, because of excessive drought and consequent danger from forest fires, low water, and the presence of contagious or infectious diseases, when such action may be necessary to conserve either the health or welfare of our people or our natural resources.

He may also request the resignation of State employes, under certain conditions, whom by reason of physical or mental disability have become permanently incapacitated from performing their regular official duties, and place them on the retirment list, with half pay, during the remainder of their lives.

He is authorized to employ such consultants, experts, accountants, investigators, inspectors, and clerks, as he may deem necessary, and fix their salaries, wages and fees, to inform, advise, and assist him in properly supervising and directing the Commonwealth's business and caring for the public welfare.

He is, ex-officio, a member of the Board of Commissioners of Public Grounds and Buildings, the State Board of Agriculture, the Emergency Public Works Commission, the Pennsylvania Historical Commission, the Board to Pass upon the Necessity for the Construction of Elevated and Underground Passenger Railways, the ComInission to provide for joint acquisition and maintenance by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the State of New York of certain toll bridges over the Delaware River, and of the Board of Trustees of Pennsylvania State College, the University of Pittsburgh, and Allegheny College; Chairman of the Commission for the erection of a statue or memorial in memory of General George Gordon Meade at Washington, D. C., and of the Commission to contruct a bridge over the Delaware River connecting Philadelphia and Camden; and President of the State Armory Board, the General Galusha Pennypacker Memorial Commission, the Commission to provide for joint acquisition and maintenance by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the State of New Jersey of certain toll bridges over the Delaware River, the Washington Crossing Park Commission, the State Fair Commission, the Board of Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania, the Soldiers' and Sailors' Home at Erie, and the Soldiers' Orphan School Commission.

He is also, ex-officio, a visitor to the Philadelphia city and county prisons, to the penitentiaries of the State, to the several lunatic hospitals and to the soldiers' orphan school.

The Secretary to the Governor

is charged, under the direction of the Governor, with the duties appertaining to official correspondence, receiving all applications for appointment and commissions, and with the supervision of the general clerical work of the office. It is his duty to have charge of the executive office for the transaction of such business as may not require the personal attention of the Governor, and to notify him of such business as may need his immediate action.


is elected at the same time with the Governor, for the same term, and must have the same qualifications in all respects. He is President of the Senate, but has no vote unless they are equally divided. He is also a member of the Board of Pardons and the Commission of Public Welfare. In case of the death, conviction or impeachment, failure to qualify, resignation or other disability of the Governor, the powers, duties and emoluments of the office, for the remainder of the term, or until the disability be removed, devolve upon the Lieutenant-Governor.

In case of a vacancy in the office of Lieutenant-Governor, or when he shall be impeached, or when he is unable to exercise the duties of his office, the powers, duties and emoluments thereof, for the remainder of the term, or until the disability be removed, shall devolve upon the President pro tempore of the Senate, who, in like manner, becomes Governor if a vacancy or disability occurs in that office.


The Secretary of the Commonwealth

is the head of the State Department. He is appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the Senate. He is also a member of the Board of Pardons, the Board of Sinking Fund Commissioners, the Board of Revenue Commissioners, the Board of Property, the Board to pass upon the Necessity for the Construction of Elevated and Underground Passenger Railways and the Board to License Private Bankers.

His duties bring him into intimate relations with the Governor, as nearly all the official transactions of the latter pass through his hands, and a record of all his officials acts is kept in the State Department. The Secretary is the keeper of the seal of the State, and affixes it to, and countersigns such instruments as the law requires.

The act of May twenty-fifth, one thousand nine hundred and seven, requires that all fees, percentages and commissions received by him, by virtue of his office as Secretary of the Commonwealth, or on collections made by him as such, shall be paid daily into the State Treasury.

He is the custodian of the laws and resolutions passed by the Legislature, and they and the veto messages of the Governor are prepared for publication under his supervision.

The official bonds and recognizances of all State, county and municipal officers and notaries public, whom the Governor commissions, are kept in the State Department, and all commissions, appointments and proclamations issued by the Governor are countersigned and a record thereof kept by the Secretary of the Commonwealth.

Under the general corporation laws of the State, proceedings for the organization of all corporations for profit, the amendment of their charters, the purchase and sale of franchises and property or merger and consolidation of companies, the change of their corporate names and extension of route by strect railway companies, their reorganization after judicial sale, are all conducted under the scrutiny of the Secretary of the Commonwealth and recorded in his department. Proceedings for the increase or decrease of stock or indebtedness, change in par value of shares, change in location of principal office, and decrease of dissolution of all corporations are required to be filed therein.

No foreign corporation can lawfully do business in this State, without first appointing the Secretary of the Commonwealth and his successor in office to be its true and lawful attorney and authorized agent, upon whom all lawful process in any action or proceeding against it may be served; the power of attorney shall be executed with the seal of the corporation, and signed by the president and secretary thereof; and shall contain a statement showing the title and purpose of said corporation, the location of its principal place of business in the Commonwealth and the post office address within the Commonwealth to which the Secretary of the Commonwealth shall send by mail any process against it served on him.

The Secretary of the Commonwealth is also the custodian of the election returns for National, State and such county officers as receive executive commissions, and he compiles and publishes the returns of the State elections.

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