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New Mexico as a State, with such

now, Mr. President, I appeal to Senconstitution as the people may adopt. ators on the other side, when we thus This disposes of all territory that is offer to bridge over full seven-eighths adapted to slave labor, or that is of the frightful chasm that separates claimed by the South. It ought to us, will you not build the other settle the whole question. Surely, if eighth ? When, with outstretched we can dispose of all the territory arms, we approach you so near that that we have, we ought not to quar by reaching out your hands you can rel over that which we have not, and clasp ours in the fraternal grasp

from which we have no very honest way of which they should never be separacquiring. Let us settle the difficul- ated, will you, with folded arms and ties that threaten us now, and not an closed eyes, stand upon extreme deticipate those which may never come. mands which you know we cannot Let the public mind have time to accept, and for which, if we did, we cool; let us forget, in the general could not carry our constituents ? prosperity, the mutual dependence

The State that I have the and common glory of our country, honor, in part, to represent was the that we have ever quarreled over the last of the old thirteen to adopt the question that we have put at rest; constitution. She will permit no and perhaps when, in the march of other State to be the last to leave it. events, the northern provinces of She will remain true to the American Mexico are brought under our sway, flag so long as a shred of it floats. they may come in without a ripple on She deliberated long, because she apthe political sea, whose tumultuous prehended that in entering the Union waves now threaten to engulf us all she made great sacrifices and incurred in our common ruin. In offering to great risk of loss. She has found settle this question by the admission that, instead of sacrifice and loss, it of New Mexico, we of the North, who has been all glory and gain. assent to it, propose a great sacrifice However we may be estranged by and offer a large concession. We unfortunate and, I trust, transient propose to take in a State that is de

causes, we are all brethren of one ficient in population, and that pos household. Intermarriage and immisesses but imperfectly many of the gration have given to families of elements of a member of the Union, either section representatives in the and that will require, in one form or other. You cannot trace back the another, even after its admission, the family tree but some of its limbs will aid of the general government. But cast their shadows in every State. we make the offer in the spirit of The blood of your ancestors flowed compromise and good feeling, which, at Lexington, and reddened the sod we hope, will be reciprocated. And of Bunker Hill; the bayonets of ours

our

gleamed at the battle of Cowpens; humanity is to be broken up. I will and the sword of a Rhode Island not believe that this great Power, man, to whom my colleague has so which is marching with giant steps eloquently referred, directed the fight towards the first place among the naat Eutaw Springs. That day he made tions of the earth, is to be turned good the declaration that he would backward on its mighty track.' rescue the Carolinas, or perish in the There are no grievances, fancied or attempt. Together,

fathers real, that cannot be redressed within achieved the independence of this the Union and under the Constitucountry; together they laid the foun tion. There are no differences bedations of its greatness and glory; tween us that may not be settled if together they constructed this beau we will take them up in the spirit of tiful system under which it is our those to whose places we have sucprivilege to live, which it is our duty ceeded, and the fruits of whose labors to preserve and transmit. Together we have inherited.” (Applause in we enjoy that privilege; together we the galleries.) must perform that duty. I will not These eloquent words fell unheeded believe that, in the madness of popu upon the ears of the advocates of. lar folly and delusion, the most be secession. nignant government that ever blessed

DANIEL B. ST. JOHN.

HISTORIC Newburgh has been the long since known and honored in home and scene of labor of many America, he came naturally into the men who have not only led lives that possession of those gifts which are of should serve as an example to those the greatest value to any man-inabout them, but have been of import- tegrity, industry and a desire to make ant service to their city and State good use of his heart, his head and through various avenues of private his hands during his sojourn in this and public usefulness. Among them lower vale. must be named Daniel B. St. John, Mr. St. John was born in Sharon, who passed away in the opening days Litchfield county, Connecticut, on of the present year, after a long life October 8th, 1808. His grandfather, of industry, and rich in those rare Daniel St. John, was a man of influpossessions which only a high char ence in his day and locality, serving acter can give. The son of a family as a civil magistrate, as a member of

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the State Legislature and as county Congress, serving from 1847 to 1849. surveyor; while his father, Russell While occupying this honorable and St. John, was an intelligent farmer, responsible position, he was a memwho stood at the head of his profes ber of the committee on post offices sion in the region about his home, in and post roads upon which Abraham Hartford county, Connecticut-a fact Lincoln was serving, and a warm, illustrated by the premium of a silver personal friendship sprang up becup presented him by the Hartford tween the two. County Agricultural Society for the Upon the close of his Congressional best cultivated farm in the county. career, Mr. St. John was requested to

The boy, Daniel B. St. John, was take charge of the bank department educated in the public schools of at Albany, which was then under the Hartford, and at the age of sixteen supervision of the Comptroller of the left home and entered the employ of State. Hon. Washington Hunt, afterhis maternal uncle, Hiram Bennett, wards Governor, was then Compthe possessor

of a store at Monticello, troller of New York, and at his reSullivan county, New York. Here quest Mr. St. John accepted the office he gave an intelligent and faithful of chief register, which he occupied service for seven years, when he was until 1851, when, by act of the legisadmitted as

a partner; and subse lature, the bank department was quently became the sole proprietor. made a separate branch of the public He continued in active trade as a machinery. Mr. St. John was immemerchant and dealer in real estate diately appointed superintendent, and until 1848, when he retired from mer reorganized the department, and concantile pursuits.

tinued in control thereof until 1855. Mr. St. John had already been When, as above stated, Mr. St. John called upon to fill various positions retired from the cares of an active of public trust, and he gave to all business life it was with the hope that these duties the same intelligence, he might retire to the quiet of rural the same integrity, and the same rare pursuits, which had always held out business sense that had been dis à promising prospect before his busy played in his private affairs. He was mind; and accordingly, in 1856, he elected, in 1840, to the State legisla- purchased some twelve acres of land ture of New York, from Sullivan in the northern suburbs of Newburgh, county. He was at first a Henry upon which he erected a beautiful Clay Whig, and remained with that dwelling and commodious outbuildparty until its dissolution. From ings, and beautified the grounds with 1843 until 1846 he was the supervisor ornamental trees, winding walks and of the town of Thompson. In the lawns. In this quiet and beautiful year last named he was elected to retreat he made his home from

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