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HORACE M. HALE, President of the Yankee household. His father was University of Colorado, was born at one of thirteen children and his Hollis, Hillsboro County, N. H., mother one of nine. March 6, 1833, the fourth son in a In 1837 his father moved from Holfamily of five boys and one girl, all lis to Rome, N. Y., where the family of whom are still living. His father, remained until the father's death, in John Hale and his mother, whose 1852. In those days the maintenance maiden name was Jane Morrison, of a family of eight persons, the ages were also born in New Hampshire. of six of whom formed an arithmetiHis paternal and maternal grandpa- cal progression, having five for the rents were early settlers in New Eng first term, and two for a common difland—his mother being a lineal de ference, admitted of no strikes for scendent of John Morrison, one of the short hours—fourteen hours a day pioneers of Londondery, N. H. The for the father and a minimum of sixline of ancestry on his father's side teen hours for the mother, seldom extends back to the English, and on overstocked the larder or created a his mother's side to the Scotch.

redundance in the wardrobe. The life of President Hale, though The father was a mechanic of more a busy and useful one, has been than ordinary genius, skilled in inneither remarkable nor strikingly vention, but generally permitting eventful; yet, if it could be presented others to reap the benefit of his ingein panorama before the ambitious nuity. The modern threshing machiyouth of to-day, who are preparing nes, planing machines, and machines for the battle of life, but struggling for making barrels, have all been with poverty as well, it would cer evolved from inventions patented and tainly tend to encourage, and to in- unpatented, of John Hale's, prior to cite to persistent and unyielding 1840. endeavor.

While the subject of this sketch The writer of this brief biography was attaining his nineteenth year, his has know him intimately-boy, youth father was successively the proprietor and man for fifty years, and for of machine shops, founderys, sawthirty-one years has been his daily mills, and the wood-working estabcompanion. His parents were poor lishment for the manufacture of agriand the family large-typical repre cultural implements. Twice was he sentatives were they of the average burned out, losing all he owned. In

all these manufactories, the boys were trict school. His success in this first required to lend a hand-seldom was and brave attempt was no doubt due other help employed, and Horace re to a reputation he had earned, not ceived instruction and business expe- only for scholarship and push, but for rience in these practical manual being the champion light weight athtraining schools during nine months lete for miles around. of the year, becoming skilled in In the spring, (1853), with his three handicraft—both in wood and iron month's earnings intact, as capital, while his mental training was covered he entered Genesee Wesleyan Semiby an irregular attendance at the vil nary, at Lima, N. Y. The following lage school for three months in the winter he taught another school at winter. Seldom could he enter. be- eighteen dollars a month-the writer fore Christmas, and usually left in taught in the adjoining district at April, when the busy time in the shop the same time. Upon returning to began. Nevertheless he always main- Lima, in the spring of 1854, he was, tained his rank with the class and upon examination, admitted to the never lost a grade.

sophomore class of Genesee College. In 1852 his father died; the shops He remained here through the sophowere heavily mortgaged and had to more and junior years, teaching in be sold; the older brothers had reach the winters and working in the fields ed their majority and had branched and shops during the summer vacaout for themselves; the younger tionis. were thrown upon their own resour At the close of the junior year, he

Horace could command fair took a letter of honorable dismissal wages as a mechanic, but he resolved

and entered the senior class of Union upon a college course, being encoura

College, Schenectady, N.Y -not until ged by those who knew him. The

this year did he feel able to hire his trustees of a neighboring district board; up this time he had offered him their school for the win

“bached.” He graduated with the ter term, at fourteen dollars a month

class of 1856. and “board round.” He accepted the Literally penniless in 1852, Presiposition. Thus, at the age of nineteen dent Hale worked his way through

-a mere boy-standing less than five college, maintaining a high standing feet in his stockings, and weighing throughout the course, without reless than one hundred pounds, he be ceiving the slightest pecuninary assisgan the career of a schoolmaster, by tance. (At both colleges his tuition wielding the birch over forty-seven was made nominal.) farmers' sons and daughters, just such Furthermore, he had accumulated, in variety and capacity as are to be besides contributing his full proporseen to-day in the thrifty rural dis tion to the support of his widowed



mother, so that he was able to and C. I. Walker, as a student, where he did loan to a fellow student, one hun remained until admitted to the bar in dred and fifty dollars to enable him 1863: While pursuing his legal studto finish his course. Friends offered ies he taught an evening school, to loan him money, but he prefered coached the son of Senator Jacob M. to fight it out on the line begun. Howard, who was fitting for college, Good health, business tact and pluck and taught three hours in the Gercarried him through.

man-English School--being compelled After graduating, he taught the to do so to keep up expenses, the Union School at West Bloomfield, savings of himself and wife, of previN. Y. In the fall of 1857 he went to ous years, being locked up in TennesNashville, Tenn., and there obtained see real estate and loans, and which, a position in the public schools; after for the time, were unavailable, having teaching in a subordinate department been nominally confiscated as the one term, he was assigned to a prin property of a Union man. cipalship, and ultimately the Howard Although admitted to the bar and School of 750 pupils was placed in prepared to practice in all the courts his charge. This position he held of Michigan, he found that the extra until the end of June, 1861. He had labor undergone had told upon his the supreme satisfaction of voting health. Bronchitis had such a hold twice against the secession of Ten upon him that his physician ordered nessee, but when the State at the a change of climate and occupation. second election decided to go with In the fall of 1863, leaving his wife the Confederacy, he concluded that and boy at North Bloomfield, he with his usefulness there was at an end. his brother set out for Colorado,

In 1859, at Nashville, he married crossing the plains from Atchison to Martha Eliza Huntington, his school Denver with a horse and buggy, mate of boyhood days in New York, reaching Central City, his brother's and then an associate teacher.

home, in October. During the folLeaving Nashville, he, with his lowing four years he dropped intelwife, returned to their early home, lectual pursuits and sedentary habits, North Bloomfield, N. Y., where was and engaged in out-door work of vaborn to them, August 28, 1861, their rious kinds — mechanical, mining, only child—Irving—who graduated teaming, etc. In 1865 he returned to at West Point, in June, 1884, with the New York for his family, crossing highest honors ever before attained the plains both ways with a mule by any graduate of the institution. team. This was during the Indian

In the fall of 1861, the family troubles of 1865, and the journey moved to Detroit, Mich., and Mr. westward covered a period of forty Hale entered the law office of Hon. days. Emigrants were required to

travel with large trains, and picket sity of Colorado, tendered him by its guards were stationed every night. Board of Regents. This honorable

The course taken, restored his position was not only wholly unhealth completely, and in 1868 he re sought, but was at tirst declined, and turned to his early love, accepting finally accepted after earnest solicitathe principalship of the Central City tions by his friends and the friends of public schools. This he retained un the University. til 1873, having in the mean time At the State election of 1878, he been elected to the office of County was elected by the Republican party Superintendent of Schools of Gilpin a Regent of the State University for County. In 1873 Governor Elbert six years. In 1882, while Superintenappointed him Superintendent of dent of the Central City Schools, he Public Instruction for Colorado, to was chosen Mayor of the city, and fill a vacancy, and re-appointed him was re-elected in 1883. for two years in 1874. He was con Not one of the public offices ever tinued in this office by Governor held by Mr. Hale was sought by him, Routt, until the admission of Colo yet, at one and the same time, he was rado as a State in 1876. While Sup State Regent, County Superintendent erintendent for the Territory, he of Schools, City Mayor and Principal framed and got through the Legisla- of the city schools. ture, a revised School Law, which has Few schoolmasters can show a reproved to be well adapted to the pe cord superior to his-nearly forty culiarities of the wants of the State. years of almost continuous school

In 1877 he re-called to the work, a quarter of a century of which management of the Central City has been in but three different Schools, which position he held until schools. He was never asked to reJuly, 1887. After an aggregate ser sign, nor was it ever intimated to vice of fifteen years, he resigned to him that his resignation would be accept the presidency of the Univer acceptable.


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UPON the almost cloudless morning flected to the left of Chicago trail, of August 9, 1890, Hon. Henry Plum taking us up a very pleasant horsemer, President of the First National back route along the range east of, Bank of Idaho Springs; Col. F. F. and for a distance in sight and hearOsbiston, Manager of the Freeland ing of Chicago Creek, . The latter and Plutus Mining Companies; Cap- part of this trail-following is up a tain George G. Vivian, Manager of mountain side of gentle declivity, the Koohinor and Donaldson Consol covered by a dense forest of tall, anidated Mines, and myself, started, as cestral pines, so luxuriant of growth, a fishing party, for Echo Lake. that some have developed from one

This popular resort is nine miles rock-fastened root into two, three, from Idaho Springs, and about forty and four stalwart bodies. from Denver, on an almost due west Arriving at this secluded lake, I line. From the Capital City its loca was surprised to find the ample action may be almost definitely deter commodations that have been promined by first singling out majestic vided for tourists. There was the Mount Evans.

longed-for “lodge in a vast wilderThe lake is in the region of Evans, ness,” with every essential for conveGold Mountain intervening, its alti nience and comfort for housekeeping tude being 10,500. It is in the center and lake sports. of four hundred and eighty acres, We had been about two hours on owned equally by Mr. Plummer and the way, breathing the while as deliColonel Osbiston.

cious air as ever penetrated lung-cells. Two carriages conveyed us up the The distance from Idaho had passed Chicago road about six miles, to the without weariness and without taking beginning of the same trail that leads note of the lapse of time. The jouron to the scene of Bierstadt's well ney had only prepared us for the known painting. Here we unhitched restful recreation that awaited usour horses, and after equipping them, trout-fishing at this mountain retreat. mounted to pursue our further course Echo Lake is a beautiful body of in single file. We followed this trail water, covering about fifty acres. It about one mile, when its course is de is fed by springs and up-gurgling

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