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he enlisted in the 9th Regiment, New ous enterprises, and it was finally York S. M. and was immdediately placed at the disposal of the gallant summoned to Washington, where his and intrepid Sheridan. It shared the company (K) was equipped as a light dangers, marches, and fatigues of the baitery. This command so distin- campaign of the Wilderness, as well guished itself by gallant and con as that final and masterly maneuvre spicuous service during the Peninsular which terminated the great war. Campaign, that the government con George Browne had enlisted as a priferred the rank of horse battery, and vate among the heroic band of men. from the date of this change until the He rose to be senior first lieutenant, close of the war, the 6th Independent commanding the battery at Kelly's New York Horse Battery was the Fort, the first great cavalry battle of only volunteer command of its kind the war. Several times he was offered in the United States Army. The com a higher command, but preferred a pany first served under General Pat subordinate rank in the veteran troop tison, in Virginia, and was praised which had become so famous. for its conduct at Harper's Ferry and Just previous to the surrender of Balls Bluff. From the command of Lee, George Browne resigned his General Pattison the battery passed command and returned to civilian under the control of General Hooker, life, settling down to the ways of and at Chancellorsville they were peace, and became a clerk with the largely given the credit of saving the banking firm of H. A. Stone & Son, day, as it was this battery which of New York. Within a year he was checked, and finally stopped the on member of the New York Exslaught of Stonewall Jackson, after change, and for years continued to breaking through the lines of the share in the success and reverses of 11th and 12th Corps. The gallant the Wall street folk. In 1873 he marNew Yorkers received the personal ried, but had not as yet laid the thanks of the generals on the field of foundation of his fortune. All good battle at the close of this most event things seemed to come to him with ful day. Again at the battle of Mal his charming wife, Ella Haskell, secvern Hill, the first great artillery duel ond daughter of Leonidas Haskell, an of the war, the New York. Battery re early pioneer in California and native ceived additional honors. The first of Gloucester, Massachusetts, the gun from the land forces in this fight fruits of the happy union being three was fired by George Browne's order, sons. Early in 1882 George Browne received through General Griffin. retired from active business, having The discipline and heroic services of acquired an independent fortune, and the battery caused it to be constantly resolved to travel. In May, 1882, he, employed in hazardous and danger with his family, visited England, Bel

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gium and Holland, and in the winter the city of Tacoma. He built the of the same year took up his abode at first suburban street car line, of Florence, Italy, visiting every point which he was president. of interest in Italy. In 1883, they Mr. Browne is a Republican in visited Paris, where they remained politics, and in 1889 was returned to until 1885. Then removing to Dres the tirst State legislature as a repreden, a year's residence in Germany sentative from Tacoma. He ended their sojourn in Europe, and made chairman of one of the most their return to America was that their important committees of the Housesons might have the benefits of that of the Tide Lands, and the satAmerican schooling Immediately isfactory settlement of the question on returning to America George was, in a great measure, due to his Browne accompanied the officers of tact, forbearance and business ability. the Northern Pacific Railroad on the

Mr. Browne is still in the very prime yearly inspection of the road, and of life, and is equally popular with during his tour Mr. Browne made his the proletaire and with the literary, first investment in the northwest, and legal and financial circles. The hosat Tacoma. These purchases which pitality of his house is worthy of the he made in 1886 had increased in owner, and reminds the visitor of value so rapidly that with the con those courteous days that existed templated improvements it became prior to the deluge of modern ideas necessary for him to reside in Ta that. have inundated the world. coma and give his personal attention It is unquestionably a pleasure to to the work. It was during a second enjoy the characteristic, ardent greetvisit that he became acquainted with ing with which he meets his friends; Col. C. W. Griggs and Henry Hewitt, the warm smile, the genial manners Jr., and that the great corporation of

and address win at once.

He is a the St. Paul & Tacoma Lumber Com happy man, and his best characterispany was formed.

tic is that his whole being seems bent '. Mr. Browne became secretary of on making others happy; his home in the Company. Subsequently he was the “ City of Destiny,” is but an outcalled to the presidency of the Taco ward expression of his inward tastes ma Smelting and Refining Company,

and feelings. and one of the guiding spirits in

P. A. O'FARRELL. every new and noble enterprise for

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One of the great storehouses of in Bancroft, Robertson, Hildreth, Bryformation in regard to the early set ant, and all other historians, have tlement of this country, and the given us distant but general views of customs, habits and laws which pre the countries and States of which they vailed, and the changes, vicissitudes, treat, but it requires a microscope to gradual expansion and development bring out the whole truth. of an infant colony into a great and · History has its foreground and powerful commonwealth, is found in its background, and it is principally Hening's Statutes at Large of the in the management of its perspective State of Virginia. This storehouse, that one artist differs from another. which has been so industriously ran Some events must be represented on sacked and explored by the historian, a large scale, others diminished, the the novelist and the jurist, still re great majority will be lost in the dimmains unexhausted, and teems with ness of the horizon, and a general matters of the greatest interest.

idea of their joint effect will be given Almost everything that has been by a few slight sketches." written concerning the early settle The more incongruous the facts, ments along the Atlantic, and especi- the more they interest us in searchally of the adventurers who first took ing for their connection. We turn up their abode in Virginia, consists of over the leaves of some old volumes a mere generalization, a chronicle of of laws and find that statutes were events in their order, but omits the passed about supplying ammunition thrilling incidents which a personal to protect the community against hosnarrative would supply; which, if ex tile savages, against planting seeds in tended to the details of the plantation spring and gathering crops in auand embraced its laws, customs, hab tumn, about establishing a church its, struggles and privations, would and founding a college, about punishfurnish a story the most marvelous ing crimes and misdemeanors, and we and touching in the annals of the smile at the minutia indulged in and human race, a story abounding with the quaint language employed, and all that is wild and wonderful, with we fall to wondering at the wisdom all that is pathetic and animating. and necessity of those laws; but we

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see in these things the development thing worthy to be imitated and someof a State. We read between the thing to be shunned.” lines and fill out the narrative for Thomas Jefferson was, at a very ourselves. It is like outline

early period in life, struck with the. scrawled with a pen which seizes the importance of collecting all the charmarked features of a countenance and ters and laws of Virginia relating to gives us a stronger idea of it than a the early settlement of that plantabad painting in oils. Hening's stat tion, and used all of his influence to utes are outlines scrawled with a pen, have them collected, printed and pubbut they exhibit the real facts in re lished in consecutive order for the use gard to the early settlement of Vir of subsequent generations. He himginia in a much more striking manner self made a collection of all the early than either Bancroft or any other his laws, which he arranged and indexed torian has ever done.

with his own hand, and in 1807, when Commencing with the first charter he became President, turned them all or letters patent which James I. issued over to W. W. Hening, who was auto Sir Thomas Gates, Sir George thorized to publish all the charters Somers, and others in 1606, for two and laws on the plan proposed by several colonies and plantations, to be him years before. Mr. Hening, in made in Virginia and other parts and giving an account of how the early territories of America, and which was laws came to be published, and of followed in 1609 by the organization Jefferson's connection with the same, of the Great London Company with among other things, says: With men the right, power and control over a of liberal and large minds, it had long vast and unknown region extending been a subject of serious regret that four hundred miles along the coast, no legislative means were adopted for two hundred miles north and two the preservation of our ancient laws hundred miles south, reckoning from so very essential to a correct view of the starting point, extending three our history, and on which so much hundred leagues to sea, and thence property depended. The evil began westward to the Pacific Ocean; and to be so sensibly felt, as it respected coming down to the time within the questions of property, that the legismemory of men still living, there will lature, at the session of 1795, passed be found rich treasures of informa an act directing that all the laws and tion, "relative to the state of society classes of laws, whether public or priamong the first settlers, their religi- vate, relating to lands, tenements or ous intolerance, the rise, progress and hereditaments within this commonestablishment of our civil institutions; wealth, at any time passed since the and generally such political events as first settlement of Virginia, should be afford a lesson to posterity, of some collected, and an edition of one thou

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sand copies published. A committee Those in MSS. were not sent, because consisting of George Wythe, John not supposed to have been within Brown, John Marshall, Bushrod your view, and because some of them Washington and John Wickham, was will not bear removal, being so rotappointed, who, or any three of whom, 'ten that on turning over a leaf it were requested to carry the intention sometimes falls into powder. These of the legislature into effect.

I preserve by wrapping and sewing Thomas Jefferson had long before them up in oiled cloth, so that neither this time made a most complete col air nor moisture can have access to lection of all the laws that had ever them. Very early in the course of been passed, and on the appointment my researches into the laws of Virof this committee, Judge Wythe ad- ginia, I observed that many of them dressed him a letter upon the subject, were already lost, and many more on and he immediately placed all of the the point of being lost, as existing printed statutes which were in his pos- only in single copies in the hands of session at the disposal of the commit careful or curious individuals, on tee, and soon after, in a letter ad whose death they would probably be dressed to Mr. Wythe, dated Monti

used for waste paper.

I set myself, cello, January 16th, 1795, explained therefore, to work to collect all which how he came to make the collection,

then existing, in order that and his motives for so doing, which when the day should come in which is so interesting in its character that the public should advert to the magwe have copied it entire, and is as nitude of their loss in these precious follows:

monuments of our prosperity and our Monticello, Jan, 16, 1795. history, a part of the regret might be In my letter which accompanied the spared by information that a portion box containing my collection of print has been saved from the wreck, which ed laws, I promised to send you by is worthy of their attention and prepost a statement of the contents of servation. In searching after these that box.

remains spared neither time, On taking up the subject, I found it trouble nor expense, and am of opinbetter to take a more general review nion that scarcely any law escaped of the whole of the laws I possess, as me which was in being as late as the well manuscript as printed, as also of year 1770, in the middle or southern those which I do not possess,

and

sup part of the State. In the northern pose to be no longer extant. This part, perhaps, something might still general view you will have in the in be found in the clerks' offices in the closed paper, whereof the articles ancient counties, some of whose stated to be printed constitute the manuscript copies of the laws may contents of the box I sent you. possibly still exist which used to be

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