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conservation of his rights and privi In the summer of 1851, he was adleges, the judicial presence in this in mitted to the bar at Oswego, New stance, adds to the dignity of the York, and soon afterward sought a judicial position.

field for professional labor in the Hon. Elliott Anthony—the jurist to west. He first located at Sterling, whom allusion is made in the fore Illinois, where he was engaged in the going paragraph-came to Illinois, practice one year. At the end of that immediately after his admission to time he returned to New York and the bar of New York State in 1851, was married to Mary Dwight, sister and since 1852 he has been a member to his law preceptor, and a grandof the Chicago bar,

daughter of President Timothy He was born in the town of Spaf- Dwight of Yale College. After his ford, Onondaga County, New York, marriage, he returned to Illinois and June roth, 1827. As a boy he is said

As a boy he is said changed his location from Sterling to to have had an intense liking for Chicago, where he has achieved the books, and he developed early an distinction in professional and public ambition to enter professional life. life, to which his superior attainHis father's farm however demanded ments, his high character and indea considerable share of his attention fatigable, labors entitled him. As a up to the time that he became eigh- young lawyer he exhibited great force teen years of age, and in consequence of character, energy and industry, of this demand his attendance at along with superior educational and school was somewhat desultory and natural qualifications for his calling. irregular. Determing at this time These constituted the principal en to secure a classical education, he en dowments with which he began protered Cortland academy, where he fessional life. When he opened an spent two years fitting himself for office in Chicago, a copy of Blackcollege. At this institution, ther one stone's Commentaries constituted his of the renowned academies of Cen- library, and a very limited amount of tral New York, he applied himself to money represented his entire fortune. study to such good purpose, that The obstacles which he had to overwhen he entered Hamilton college in come, were therefore of that charac1847, he was able to secure admission ter which accustoms men who have to the sophomore class. In 1850 he well defined aims and fixed purposes graduated with honor from Hamilton in life, to self sacrifice, and which college, and at once commenced the leads to the fullest development of study of law, with Professor Theo their resources. They were of the dore W. Dwight, at a later date presi- character which develops strong, self dent of the Columbia Law School of reliant, and courageous men, who beNew York City.

come moulders of public sentiment,

His argu


and by common consent, fit persons

in their interest. Acting in this capacto assume important responsibilities, ity he became one of the most conand become representatives of the spicious figures in a suit at law, inpeople in the conduct of public af volving questions of vast importance fairs.

to the railroad interests of the United So closely did Mr. Anthony apply States. On behalf of his clients, himself to study, after he had once Judge Anthony contested the legality fairly entered upon his professional of the consolidation in both the Sucareer, that within two years from preme Court of Illinois and the United the time that he had located in States Supreme Court. Chicago, he had prepared and pub ments are declared to have been a lished a digest of the Illinois Supreme masterly presentation and analysis of Court reports which received the law applicable to the points at with favor by the bar of the State, issue, and his clients were entirely while at the same time he had estab successful in securing full recognilished himself successfully in business tion and protection of their interests. as a practitioner.

In 1862 he was chosen a member of In 1856 he was elected City At the convention called for the purpose torney of Chicago, and sometime of revising the constitution of Illinois, afterward was called upon to fill the but sat through its sessions with the important position of Corporation political minority party, which had Counsel.

but little to do with shaping the proThe Galena & Chicago Railroad visions of the instrument submitted Company made him its general solic to the people for adoption, and detor after he had devoted something feated by an overwhelming majority. like a dozen years to active practice, In 1870 another convention and he retained this position until called for the same purpose, and of this pioneer Illinois railroad became this body Judge Anthony was also a a part of the Chicago & Northwes- member, under different and more tern Railway system. This consoli favorable circumstances. The politidation of railroad interests occasioned cal party with which he has affiliated litigation of a kind with which since its organization, the minority the western courts had had little, if party in the convention of 1862, anything to do, prior to that time. controlled the Constitutional ConThe non-consenting stock and bond vention of 1870. He was, therefore, holders of the Galena & Chicago in a position to exercise an important corporation, brought an action to influence in shaping the organic law have the agreement of consolidation of the State. His speeches on the set aside, and Judge Anthony was 'powers of the convention attracted retained to take charge of the case general attention to his broad knowl




edge of the subject under discussion the Republican party in Illinois, and and also to his familiarity with con has always been a warm supporter stitutional law. He was made chair of its policies and principles. Prior man of the Executive Committee of to his acceptance of a judicial posithe convention, and was one of the tion, he seldom failed to take an acmen who took an exceedingly prom tive part in the state and national inent part in framing and sustaining campaigns, as an expounder of the upon the floor of the convention, the doctrines of his party, and in 1880 he provisions of the present State con an influential delegate to the stitution.

.convention which nominated General In 1880 he was elected one of the Garfield for President of the United Judges of the Superior Court of Cook States. county, and re-elected to the same Literature and farming constitute office in 1886. In this position he has

the diversions which Judge Anthony become recognized as a leading jurist, allows himself. His private library in next to the largest of the cities of is one of the largest and most carethe United States, and this entitles fully selected in Chicago, and his him to further recognition as one of contributions to the press have covthe able jurists of the country.

ered a wide range of subjects, many While giving close attention to the of his historical contributions having business of his profession, during his been especially interesting and valualong term of service as a member of ble. the Chicago bar, he has also found He has spent many of his vacations time to render valuable services to in traveling in Europe, and within the public in various ways. The the last few years, has visited almost Chicago Law Institute, with its splen- every country north of the Mediterdid library, and other facilities for ranean, including Russia, Turkey, broadening the knowledge and eleva Greece, Italy and Spain. Few Amerting the standard of the legal pro icans possess so broad a knowledge fession in Chicago, is largely indebt of all these countries as he, and a ed to Judge Anthony for its existence,

still smaller number of his countryas he was the author of its original men have written of them so much charter, and the chief agent in secur that is instructive and entertaining. ing its incorporation. In aiding to His position in his adopted State is establish the public library of Chic one of great' influence.

He is reago, the public parks of the city, and garded as one of the foremost citiin the encouragement and promotion zens of that great Commonwealth, of public improvements generally, he and is justly entitled to its highest has always been conspicuously active. honors. He participated in the formation of



The recent death of Jeptha H. Wade, one clerk, and receiving a comfortable salary of the early telegraph builders and owners of from each. Naturally, I delight in such a America, has called out a number of state memory of work and fellowship such as ments concerning the initial days of that marked these early heroic years, when labor great invention. Some points of general and to all was an honor and a glory. I am grate. special interest in connection therewith may ful that I retain in my new sphere all my anbe found in the following extract from a let cient love for work, and that I have health ter from the pen of the venerable James D. far in advance of that with which I entered Reid, who now occupies the position of my telegraph life in 1845. One error made United States Consul at Dumferline, Scot by one of the prominent scientific papers in land: “ Although I am not at all anxious New York may as well be corrected. Henry publicly to claim the peculiar and very inter S. Potter, of Rochester, N. Y., was the first esting place my friends seem to take so much president of the Western Union Telegraph pleasure in assigning to me, there is this to Company. Hiram Sibley became president be said as a matter of correct telegraph his in 1851. Jeptha H. Wade was elected presitory, that neither Prof. Morse, with whom I dent in 1866, refused re-election July 1oth, was on the most intimate terms, nor Mr. Al 1867, and was succeeded by William Orton, fred Vail, who was also my very valued who died April 22d, 1878, when, after a short friend, ever had, at any time, any super interval, Dr. Green became, and is now, vision or official direction of any kind with president. The name of Western Union any telegraph line built for commercial uses was given to the company by Ezra Cornell." or employment. Prof. Morse superintended the construction of the government experi A SCENE of considerable historical interest mental line between Baltimore and Wash was witnessed in New York on Saturday, ington, Mr. Vail acting as his assistant, their September 20th, when the bronze memorial appointment ceasing with the delivery of the to Horace Greeley was unveiled with approline to the government and the abandonment priate ceremonies, in the presence of a large of the line to private purchasers by the Post concourse of people. The monument is a master-General as a thing that wouldn't pay. special recognition on the part of the New I became superintendent when the first tele York Tribune of the great and remarkable graph line was built for commercial uses, man who was its founder. The artist, J. Q. and superintended oth construction and A. Ward, has performed his part of the task management, and of which the government with skill, and those who knew Greeley best experimental line soon formed a part. And are warmest in their commendation of the it seems a very curious fact that such, for a skill with which the great editor has been time, was the dearth of the material out of reproduced in the bronze. The Tribune of which telegraph superintendents were made, the 21st, after speaking of the monument that for several years I was superintendent raised already to Greeley in the journal itof four--and, for a time, of five-distinct self, adds these words: “One memorial only telegraph companies, performing all my was lacking. That was a statue of Horace duties without aid of secretary, assistant, or Greeley on the historic corner of Printing


House Square, where his familiar figure was and that forty or more of such marriages have seen in bygone years, and where his work been contracted in Utah since last June or among men was mainly done. That me during the past year; also, that in public dismorial was supplied yesterday in a work of courses the leaders of the church have taught, art, noble in conception, singularly chaste encouraged and urged the continuance of the and tender in feeling, and masterful and im practice of polygamy. pressive in effect. Mr. Greeley's own

I, therefore, as President of the Church piration, that he should be known to coming of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, do ages as the founder of the Tribune, is ful hereby, in the most solemn manner, declare filled in this unique triple monument—the that the charges are false. We are not teachbuilding, the journal and the heroic figure in ing polygamy or plural marriage, nor perbronze, with its contemplative eyes uplifted mitting any person to enter into its practice, from the open page and with good-will for and I deny that either forty or any other men beaming. from its benignant features. number of plural marriages have, during The ceremonies with which the last of these that period, been solemnized in our temples memorials was revealed to the public were or any other place in the territory. simple and impressive. Col. Hay's unaf “One case has been reported in which the fected and graceful speech was fo.lowed by parties alleged that the marriage was perMr. Depew's oration-a noble yet touching formed in the endowment house in Salt Lake and almost affectionate tribute to Horace City in the spring of 1889. But I have not Greeley's genius, robust civic virtues and been able to learn who performed the cerepurity of heart. Each address was a wreath mony. Whatever was done in this matter worthy to crown the memory of the heroic was done without my knowledge. In condead. A faithful daughter's hand removed sequence of this alleged occurrence the enthe veil, and the great editor was revealed in dowment house was, by my instructions, sculptured bronze, in the habit of thought taken down without delay. and life as he was seen among men. He “Inasmuch as laws have been enacted by being dead still speaketh to all who have Congress forbidding plural marriages, which caught something of the inspiration of his laws have been pronounced constitutional by life. The Tribune henceforth bears on its the court of last resort, I do hereby declare front the image and superscription of its my intention to submit to those laws, and use founder."

all my influence with the members of the

church over which I preside to have them do The following document, issued by the likewise. There is nothing in my teaching president of the Mormon Church on the 24th to the church or in those of my associates, of September, 1890, may have a deep signifi during the time specified, which can reasoncance in reference to events to come-time ably be construed to inculcate or encourage only can show its bearing upon the history polygamy; and when any elder of the church of the Mormon church:

has used language which appeared to con'SALT LAKE, Sept. 24. vey such teachings, he has been promptly To whom it may concern :

reproved; and I now publicly declare that Press despatches having been sent from my

advice to the Latter Day Saints is to reSalt Lake City, which have been widely pub frain from contracting any marriages forbidlished for political purposes, to the effect that den by the laws of the land. the Utah Commission, in their recent report

· WILFORD WOODRUFF, to the Secretary of the Interior, allege that President of the Church of Jesus Christ plural marriages are still being solemnized, of Latter Day Saints.”

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