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1876 it was proposed to make her a ideas of others they become her own, member of the National Medical and in restating them her words, Association, being the first woman manner and application indicate that proposed for this honor, and she was she is not quoting authority, but that elected.

she is presenting the living thoughts She has been prominently identified of her own intellect. with the progress of the great city Dr. Stevenson's dynamic vitality, in many ways pertaining to her pro clear perceptions and indomitable infession, such as the Woman's College, dustry, are directed by an unusually Home for Incurables, Training

Training persistent and concentrated will,which School for Nurses, and various hos would render her arbitrary, if it were pitals. At present she occupies the not for her kindliness of disposition chair of obstetrics in the Woman's and abundant sympathy. All these Medical College, is attending physi- qualities of intellect and affection are cian of the Woman's Hospital, at the elements of her success, socially tending physician of the Hospital for and professionally. Women and Children, gynæcologist While she is naturally succesful in and obstetrician of Cook county her professional practice in a general Hospital, chairman of the hospital way, she is especially fortunate in her committee of the Illinois Training treatment of all those ailments in School for Nurses, member of the which keen insight, ready tact, deliAmerican Medical Association, mem cate operation, and ministry to mind ber of the Illinois State Medical So and morals are effective elements of ciety, member of Chicago Medical cure. Her sense of justice and her Society, member of the Mississippi warm sympathy with the needy and Valley Medical Society, and Chicago the suffering, frequently war with Medico Legal Society.

each other-each by turns gaining Meanwhile Dr. Stevenson has ac the temporary mastery, but her revcomplished much in a literary way, erence of all she deems sacred will her work being largely in the form not allow either one or the other to of essays and papers in connection get far from the true line of sweet with the Fortnightly and Woman's mercy with stern justice, Clubs of Chicago, of which she is an

Dr. Stevenson is a true worker. active member.

Her abilities and industry must renIndustrious, enthusiastic, and direct der her successful.

She is of necesas a student, and hence of necessity sity useful in her profession, but in well informed as to what the books the larger field of arousing others to tell her of her profession, still, no one work, directing their operations, and will ever think of her as a “bookishi thus multiplying herself, she will woman” because in adopting the have still grander success.

The work upon various institutions for the amelioration of the condition of mankind, is in the beginning slow and difficult to carry; later when the work begins to reflect great credit upon those interested, it is carried forward by its own impetus and gains supporters even from its earlier detractors.

In many of those institutions which are to-day the crown of Chicago's benevolence and philanthropy, the first organization shows a small number of well known

names, and

among these stands frequently that of Dr. Stevenson. The influence of a physician knows no limit-not only is it

often the breath of life to the individual, but in the community, it stands for right living, for the righteousness that means health mentally, physically, and morally. For this, women welcome representatives of their sex who, trained scientifically, can lend to the public weal the weight of that conservative element in the social world, the vast number of women who otherwise have no voice.

With a name known already beyond her

own country, American women can well be proud of one who is in many ways the representative of all they hold dear and who has never failed to honor her high calling.

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PROBABLY for the same reason that first decade of the city's existence to those persons who were adult resi claim all the rights and privileges of dents of Chicago prior to 1840 have, pioneer citizens. by common consent, been styled the Limiting the membership of the “old settlers” of the city, the men pioneer bar to this period renders it who were engaged here in the prac comparatively easy to deal, to some tice of law prior to that date have extent, with the personality of the always been accounted the "pioneers” men who looked after the interests of the Chicago bar. Just why the of litigants in the early Chicago line should have been drawn at 1840 courts.

So much is necessary in this is not clearly apparent in either in connection, to give some idea of the stance, but there can be no question character and ability of the pioneers as to the right of those who estab individually and of the bar of that lished themselves here during the period as a whole.


It may be of interest first to note was born in Massachusetts, and read the fact that with three or four excep- law in Ohio with Benjamin F. Wade tions all the lawyers who became and Joshua R. Giddings, when those identified with the Chicago bar prior two distinguished men were practicto 1840 were from the eastern States, ing together in the Western Reserve and · New York, Connecticut, Massa of the Buckeye State. chusetts and Vermont were the States Spring's education was faulty, but making the most genero!is contribu a fair estimate of his ability as a lawtions of legal talent. Only a small yer has been left on record by a connumber of the pioneers were

men temporary, who declares that "he was who, even at that period, would have a phenomenon," and then goes on to been termed liberally educated men, say: “ He was a natural born lawyer. and the great majority of them were His education was quite limited, and men who, in one way or another, edu he paid little attention to the rules cated themselves.

of grammar; yet he could present a Russell Heacock, the first lawyer point of law to the court and argue to locate here, had learned the car the facts of a case to the jury with a penter's trade before he began the clearness and force seldom equalled. study of law. He was born in Con He seemed sometimes to have an innecticut, and when he first came west tuitive knowledge of the law and located in St. Louis. From there he mastery of its profoundest and most came to Chicago, where he practiced subtle principles. His brain worked law until 1849, when he fell a victim with the rapidity of lightning and to the cholera epidemic of that year.

with the force of an engine. In arRichard J. Hamilton, the second gument he possessed a keenness of lawyer to locate in Chicago, was a analysis, a force of compact, crushing Kentuckian by birth, whose career in logic which bore down all opposition. Chicago has been previously noticed His language, though sometimes in this series of articles. An ex homely, was always forcible, and tended biographical sketch of Hon. strongly expressive of thought. He John D. Caton, who came a few years was firm in attack, but not often oflater, has also been published in this fensive. His most astounding powers connection. Judge Caton's most ac were exhibited when some new ques. tive competitor, in fact, his only tion arose in the progress of a trial. active competitor when he began However suddenly it might be sprung practicing in Chicago-Messrs. Hea and however grave or abstruse in cock and Hamilton being at that time character, he would instantly, and busied with non-professional affairs seemingly by a flash of intuition, was Giles Spring, one of the most grasp it with a skill and mastery of noted of the pioneer lawyers. He legal learning, which seemed possible

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