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(Statutes, Executive Orders, Proclamations, and

Statistics of Tribes.)

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Resolved, That the Committee on Indian Affairs is hereby authorized to have prepared for the use of the Senate a compilation of all treaties, laws, and Executive orders now in force relating to Indian affairs. .

Passed the Senate May 20, 1902. (Congressional Record, Fifty-seventh Congress, first session, p. 566).)

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PREFACE.

An accurate compilation of the treaties, laws, Executive orders, and other matters relating to Indian affairs, from the organization of the Government to the present time, has been urgently needed for many years, and its desirability has been repeatedly emphasized by the Commissioner of Indian Affairs in his annual reports to Congress. The present work was undertaken by the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs in pursuance of the recommendation of the Commissioner and to meet the pressing need which the committee found for a correct compilation, convenient in form and properly indexed, so that any law, treaty, or order could readily be found. Much difficulty and vexatious delay have heretofore preceded the finding of the text of Indian treaties, orders, laws, and subsequent amendments thereto, in the scattered form in which they have only been obtainable.

Owing to the great mass of matter to be examined and edited, much caution and judgment had to be exercised to keep the volumes within bounds. It is believed that the two volumes comprising this work contain everything necessary to a proper understanding of Indian legislation.

The general form of the Statutes at Large has been followed, as being familiar to publicists and lawyers and best suited to meet practical requirements. With the annotations and footnotes, and the complete index and cross references accompanying the volumes, little delay or difficulty should be experienced in research.

At the suggestion of the Commissioner of Indian Affairs, the correct modern spelling of Indian names, as decided by the Indian Office and the Bureau of Ethnology, has been introduced and adopted in the headlines to the treaties, but in the text it was found expedient to follow the orthography of the Statutes.

The compiler is especially indebted to Mr. W. E. Richardson, Messrs. Ralston & Siddons, and Mr. W. T. Sherman Doyle, of the bar of the District of Columbia, for most valuable assistance in making the compilation. He also takes pleasure in acknowledging his indebtedness to Senator William M. Stewart, Hon. W. A. Jones, Commissioner of Indian Affairs; Maj. Charles F. Larrabee and Mr. C. G. Porterfield, of the Indian Office, for much careful review work and many wise suggestions.

CHARLES J. KAPPLER. WASHINGTON, D. C., February 1, 1903.

III

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