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another, until the mind of the reader is to- | tickets, many unfortunates, who are doomed | lem shrine, to the high honour of representtally confused with seeing so many beautiful to reap from the lottery only the “blank- ing the mighty Shah of Persia, as his amfragments of broken images, “yet noughtness of despair.” Mr Hope, a genius and bassador. In this latter character, howdistinctively." Take, for instance, the fol- upholsterer, writes a magnificent book all ever, he appears only in the preface, as the lowing passage from the “ Prometheus :" about Eastern (we mean oriental-not Yan- story leaves him attached to an embassy des“She gave her soul to love, and on her lip kee) folks and fashions, which gives him tined for England. He becomes connected Her heart stood, and he kissed the prize away,
vast fame, much money from the booksel with all manner of persons, and placed in More sweet than when the dews from roses drip lers, and extensive orders for divers matters all manner of circumstances, and moreover, In spangles on the grass in early day,
in his principal line of busines Then meets with divers story-tellers, who do not When emerald sylphs on airy pinions play,
comes Mr Morier (at least they say in Eng- add so much to the value, as to the size, of And lightly hover as the leaves unfold And spread their vermil velvet, in the ray
land, that it is he), who is a kind of diplo- the book. Hajjî is gay and frolicksome, Poured through the leafy canopy, and rolled
matic traveller, and no genius, that is, none sustaining himself generally pretty well, O'er all the bloom below in waving floods of gold: in comparison with Mr Hope; and he too and contriving, on the whole, to deserve the The lilac purpling with its luscious spires,
makes a book, and goes East,-even to name of an amusing companion. It is said Breathing a milky sweetness, like the balm Persia, for his matter, and out of it he con- that Morier has resided in the East, and From Aden's groves of myrrh, where summer fires cocts a work, which will do neither him, is well qualified to give information respectThe living world to rapture, but the calm, Cool shade of spreading maples, than the palm
nor any one else, any very great good. ing the Oriental character and customs. With all its crimson clusters, charms me more;
Still, it is not without some merit and value; This book may therefore be considered inThe violet, lurking underneath the halm
'tis not the worst book in the world to in-structive in these particulars; but all the Of withered grass tufts, has a dearer store duce an afternoon's slumbers, or to amuse characters are caricatured ; quite too much Of sweets, than all the flowers that glow on Cey- any body, who would like to hear Gil Blas, allowance is necessary for exaggerated lon's shore."
grown very old and garrulous, telling the sto- features and unnatural strength of colourOr the following from “ The Wreck :" ry of what befel him, or might have befallen ing; no human society could exist in the
“But nature still was in her, and she soon him in Persia. To the author it may be tol- condition which he describes. Felt that the fond affection of her sire,
erably profitable, not only because it is quite To show our readers how this work is And her loved tasks".
as amusing as many things which go down written, we will extract a few passages :(then follows a description of her loved very well, but because, when first published, Hajjî is second in command of a corps which tasks," occupying a page and a half of mere an indistinct impression prevailed that Hajji marches to attack the Russians; the Serparenthesis)
was a legitimate brother of Anastasius, and dar, who commands the division to which though her days
many doubtless will expect, as we did, to his corps is attached, has advanced with the Passed on in such sweet labours, still she felt find in it some display of Mr Hope's extra- cavalry to attack a walled town; Hajji's Alone, and there was in her virgin heart
ordinary powers. Indeed, as we read it, immediate commander, whose Persian title, A void that all her pleasure could not fill.” we were not wholly undeceived; it seemed done into English, is “chief executioner," If our author will be at the pains to read the to us very much such a thing as might have follows to his support with the infantry and beginning and end of his sentence, as we been made of what was left of Anastasius; artillery. All the battle which Hajjî is conhave put them, together, omitting the paren- and, to confess the whole of our mistake, cerned in, is after this sort. thesis, he will perceive at once, that in de we really supposed, for a season, that Mr “ The morning had just broke when we reached scribing the favourite pursuits of his hero- Hope, intending to make a great book, had the banks of the river. The chief executioner was ine he has lost sight not only of the idea he accumulated more materials than he could surrounded by a body of about five hundred cavalset out with, but of grammar, and really work up, and after he had drawn off the ry, and the infantry was coming up as well as it makes no sentence at all. spirit of his eloquence, his fine fancies, vivid a sudden we were accosted by a voice on the other
could. We were about fording the river, when of Another fault is the use of words which recollections, and acute observations, and side, which shouted two or three strange words either never were English, or have long sold it at a great price, he was willing to in a language unknown to us, explaining their since become obsolete; such as crinckled, part with the lees for just what he could meaning by a musket shot. This stopped our cawhich oceurs frequently; glint
, bosses, pa- get. After making an open avowal of this reer, and called the attention of our chief, who came vonnine, pavilioning, settle for a seat gener- error, we can only say in our defence, that up, looking paler than death,
· What's the news?' exclaimed he, in a voice far ally, instead of a kitchen seat (which would there is great force as well as beauty, in below its usual pitch- what are we doing ?-where be quite out of place where it occurs), tow-some passages; that some of the incidents are we going? --Hajji Baba,” accosting me, 'was it ers as a verb active, clomb for clumb or are very striking and well wrought out; and you that fired?" climbed, &c. &c.; most of them words which that on the whole, the book is so far inter
• No,' said I, catching rather more of his apprewe will venture to pronounce not English, esting, that no thorough novel reader would hension than was convenient; ' no, I did not fire.
Perhaps there are ghols here among the Muscowhatever else they may be. And we pray quit it, until he had fairly made an end of vites, as well as at Ashtarek among the Armenians.' our author not to call plebeians plebians, both volumes.
“ In another minute more barbarous cries were nor morasses morăsses, nor Pericles Peri- The book is introduced by a pleasant pre- heard, and another shot was fired, and by this time cles, &c.—if he can help it.
fatory letter from Peregrine Persic Esq., day had sufficiently advanced to show two men, on These are peccadilloes; but still they are gentleman at large-to Dr Fundgruben, soldiers. As soon as our chief saw the extent of
the other bank, whom we discovered to be Russian worthy the attention of a man who aims to Chaplain to the Swedish Embassy at the the danger, and the foe opposed to us, his countenwrite poetry and English, and of whom, Porte, stating how these memoirs happen- ance cleared up, and he instantly put on the face of we think, his country has great reason to be ed to be obtained from the author, Hajjî the greatest resolution and vigour. 'Go, seize, proud.
, killi” he exclaimed, almost in one breath, to amount to about this; that Hajjî Baba, the those around him—Go, bring me the heads of
yonder two sellows.' The Adventures of Hajjê Baba of Ispahan. to depart from Persia for Constantinople ; with drawn swords, whilst the two soldiers withson of a barber in Ispahan, takes occasion
“Immediately several men dashed into the river, Philadelphia, 1824. 2 vols.
12mo. Pp. but
certain robbers interfered, and the bar- drew to a small rising ground, and, placing them513. If Anastasius had not been written, this mans,—whose character, country, appear-ants, with a steadiness that surprised us. They killed ber soon found himself shaving the Turco- selves back to back, began a regular, though alter
nate discharge of their muskets upon their assailbook would have appeared to far more ad- ance, and habits, are vividly sketched. Af- two men, which caused the remainder to retreat vantage; but then, if the success of Anas- ter a while he escapes, and passes through back to our commander, and no one else seemed at tasius had not enticed Hajjî Baba into be- an infinite variety of adventures, which we all anxious to follow their example.
In vain ing, we feel fully persuaded that he would could not detail, without enlarging our no- he swore, entreated, pushed, and offered money for lave forever remained in innocent nonenti- tice unpardonably. Suffice it to say, he their heads: not one of his men would advance. ty. It is quite melancholy to think, how often rises and falls through every degree of "I myself will go'; here, make way! will nobody
At length, he said, with a most magnanimous shout, one high prize seduces into the purchase of rank, from that of a water-seller at a Mos-l follow me ?" Then, stopping, and addressing himself
to me, he said, “ Hajji! my soul, my friend, won't you, ed how many it would be agreeable that I should own life's blood back again to its mother earth? go and cut those men's heads off? I'll give you ev- say:-*Put down fifty thousand,' said the vizier Why am I called upon to do this, oh cruel, most ery thing you can ask.' Then, putting his hand coolly. How many killed?' said the mirza, looking cruel destiny ? Cannot I fly from the horrid scene? sound my neck, he said, 'Go, go; I am sure you first at the vizier, then at me. Write ten to fit- Cannot I rather run a dagger into my heart? But can cut their heads off.'
teen thousand killed,' answered the minister: 're- no, 'tis plain my fate is ordained, sealed, fixed! and “We were parleying in this manner, when a member these letters have to travel a great dis- in vain I struggle, -I must fulfil the task appointed shot from one of the Russians hit the chief execu- tance. It is beneath the dignity of the Shah to kill for me! Oh world, world! what art thou, and how tioner's stirrup, which awoke his fears to such a less than his thousands and tens of thousands much more wouldst thou be known, if each man degree, that he immediately fell to uttering the Would you have him less than Rustam, and weak. was to lift up the veil that hideth his own actions, most violent oaths. Calling away his troops, and er than Afrasiab? No, our kings must be drinkers and show himself as he really is !! retreating himself at a quick pace, he exclaimed, of blood, and slayers of men, to be held in estima- “With these feelings, oppressed as if the moun. • Curses be on their beards! Curse their fathers, tion by their subjects, and surrounding nations. tain of Demawend and all its sulphurs were on my mothers, their ancestry, and posterity! Who ever Well, have you written?' said the grand vizier. heart, I went about my work doggedly, collecting fought after this fashion ? Killing, killing, as if we Yes, at your Highness' service,' answered the the several men who were to be my colleagues in were so many hogs. See, see, what animals they mirza; "I have written (reading from his paper), this bloody tragedy; who, heedless and unconcernare ! They will not run away, do all you can to that the infidel dogs of Muscovites (whom may Al- ed at an event of no unfrequent occurrence, were them. They are worse than brutes ;-brutes have lah in his mercy impale on stakes of living fires !) indifferent whether they were to be the bearers of a feeling, they have none. O Allah, Allah, if there dared to appear in arms to the number of fifty murdered corpse, or themselves the instruments of was no dying in the case, how the Persians would thousand, flanked and supported by a hundred murder. figbt!
mouths spouting fire and brimstone; but that as soon “The night was dark and lowering, and well * By this time he had proceeded some distance, as the all-victorious armies of the Shah appeared, suited to the horrid scene about to be acted. The and then halted. Our chief, expecting to find the ten to fifteen thousand of them gave up their souls; sun, unusual in these climates, had set surrounded Russians back to back under every bush, did not whilst prisoners poured in in such vast numbers, by clouds of the colour of blood ; and, as the night know what course to pursue, when the decision was that the prices of slaves have diminished one hun- advanced, they rolled on in unceasing thunders soon made for us by the appearance of the Serdar, dred per cent. in all the slave markets of Asia.' over the adjacent range of Albors. At sudden inwho, followed by his cavalry, was seen retreating
Parikallah! Well done,' said the grand vizier, tervals the moon was seen through the dense vain all haste from before the enemy. It was evident You have written well. If the thing be not ex- pour, which covered her again as suddenly, and rethat his enterprise had entirely failed, and nothing actly so, yet, by the good luck of the Shah, it will, stored the night to its darkness and solemnity. I was left for the whole army but to return whence and therefore it amounts to the same thing. Truth was seated lonely in the guard-room of the palace, it came."
is an excellent thing when it suits one's purpose, when I heard the cries of the sentinels on the but very inconvenient when otherwise.'
watch-towers, announcing midnight, and the voices So much for the battle ; which is very ac- “Yes,' said the mirza, as he looked up from his of the muezzins from the mosques, the wild notes of curately related in the official description, knee, upon which he rested his hand to write his whose chant floating on the wind, ran through my and in the instructions of Hajji's officer to letter, and quoting a well known passage in Saadi, veins with the chilling creep of death, and announhim.
• Falsehood mixed with good intentions, is prefera- ced to me that the hour of murder was at hand ! ble to truth tending to excite strife.'
They were the harbingers of death to the helpless «•You yourself was there, Hajji,' said he to me,
“ The vizier then called for his shoes, rose from woman. I started up,- I could not bear to hear "and therefore can describe the whole action as well his seat, mounted the horse that was waiting for them more, -I rushed on in desperat aste, and as as I could.-We cannot precisely say that we gained him at the door of his tent, and proceeded to the I came to the appointed spot, I found my five coma victory, because, alas ! we have no heads to show; audience of the Shah, to give an account of the panions already arrived, sitting unconcerned on and but we also were not defeated. The Serdar, ass diferent despatches that he had just received. I about the coffin that was to carry my Zeenab to that he is, instead of waiting for the artillery, and followed him, and mixed in with his large retinue her eternal mansion. The only word which I had availing himself of the infantry, attacks a walled of servants, until he turned round to me, and said, power to say to them was, . Shoud ? Is it done?" town with his cavalry only, and is very much sur. You are dismissed; go and take your rest.
to which they answered, “Ne Shoud,' 'It is not prised that the garrison shut their gates, and fire at
done.' To which ensued an awful silence. I had him from the ramparts : of course, he can achieve
Our next extract shall give the conclu- hoped that all was over, and that I should have nothing, and retires in disgrace. Had I been your sion of the only story in which Hajjî aims been spared every other horror, excepting that of leader, things would have gone otherwise ; and as at the pathetic. He had found means to conducting the melancholy procession to the place it was, I was the only man who came hand to band procure several interviews with Zeenab, of burial; but no, the deed was still to be done, and with the enemy. I was wounded in a desperate
I could not retreat. manner; and had it not been for the river between who was in the Haram of an officer of the us, not a man of them would have been left to tell court. Afterwards, the Shah, being struck the women in the Shah's palace stands a high oc
“On the confines of the apartments allotted to the tale. You will say all this, and as much more with her beauty, ordered her to be trans- tagonal tower, some thirty ghez in height, seen as you please ;' and then, giving me a packet of ferred to his own Seraglio. He returned conspicuous from all parts of the city, at the sumletters to the grand vizier, and to the different men from a journey when some months had pass- mit of which is a chamber, in which he frequently in office, and an arizeh (a memorial) to the Shah, ed away, and the consequences of Zeenab's reposes and takes the air. It is surrounded by unhe ordered me to depart.
appropriated ground, and the principal gate of the “ I found the Shah still encamped at Sultanieh, previous guilt were apparent. Hajji's par- harem is close to its base. On the top of all is a although the autumn was now far advanced, and ticipation in the crime, was not known, but terrace (a spot, ah! never by me to be forgotten!), the season for returning to Tehran near at hand. I while conversing upon the subject with her and it was to this that our whole attention was now presented myself at the grand vizier's levee, with former master, who had fallen under the rivetted. I had scarcely arrived, when looking up, several other couriers, from different parts of the
we saw three figures, two men and a female, whose empire, and delivered my despatches. When he Shah's displeasure,—
forms were lighted up by an occasional gleam of had inspected mine, he called me to him, and said “One of the Shah's eunuchs came up to me, and moonshine, that shone in a wild and uncertain aloud, You are welcome! You also were at Ha- said that his chief had been ordered to see that the manner upon them. They seemed to drag their mamlú? The infidels did not dare to face the Kizzil sub-lieutenant to the chief executioner, with five | victim between them with much violence, wbilsi bashes, eh? The Persian horseman, and the Persian men, were in waiting at the foot of the bigh tower she was seen in attitudes of supplication, on her sword, after all, nobody can face. Your khan, I at the entrance of the harem, at the hour of mid- knees, with her hands extended, and in all the agosee, has been wounded; he is indeed one of the night; and that they were to bring a taboot, or ny of the deepest desperation. When they were Shah's best servants. Well it was no worse. You hand-bier, with them, to bear away a corpse for in- at the brink of the tower her shrieks were audible, must have had hot work on each side of the river.' terment.
but so wild, so varied by the blasts of wind that To all this, and much more, I said 'Yes, yes,' “ All I could say in answer was ‘be cheshm, (by blew around the building, that they appeared to me and . No, no,' as fast as the necessity of the remark my eyes); and lucky was it for me that he quited like the sounds of laughing madness. required; and I enjoyed the satisfaction of being me immediately, that Mirza Ahmak had also left “We all kept a dead and breathless silence: looked upon as a man just come out of a battle. The me, and that it was dusk, or else the fear and an- even my five ruffians seemed moved—I was transvizier then called to one of his mirzas or secreta- guish which overwhelmed me upon hearing this fixed like a lump of lifeless clay, and if I am asked ries. Here,' said he, ‘you must make out a fatteh message must have betrayed me. A cold sweat what my sensations were at the time, I should be at nameh (a proclamation of victory), which must im- broke out all over my body, my eyes swam, my a loss to describe them, I was totally inanimate, mediately be sent into the different provinces, par- knees knocked under me, and I should perhaps have and still I knew what was going on. At length, one ticularly to Kborassan, in order to overawe the reb- fallen into a swoon, if the counter fear of being loud, shrill, and searching scream of the bitterest woe el khans there ; and let the account be suited to the seen in such a state, in the very centre of the pal- was heard, which
was suddenly lost in an interval dignity and character of our victorious monarch. ace, had not roused me. We are in want of a victory just at present; but,
of the most frightful silence. A heavy fall, which
• What,' said I to myself, “is it not enough that I immediately succeeded, told us that all was over. recollect, a good, substantial
, and bloody victory. have been the cause of her death, must I be her ex- I was then roused, and with my head confused, half “How many strong were the enemy inquired ecutioner too? must I be the grave-digger to my crazed and half conscious, I immediately rushed to the mirza, looking towards me. Bisyar, bisyar, own child? must I be the ill-fated he who is to the spot, where my Zeenab and her burthen lay many, many,'answered I, hesitating and embarrass-stretch her cold limbs in the grave,
and send my struggling, a mangled and mutilated corpse. She
still breathed, but the convulsions of death were vice to common youths, governed by com-, as the little work upon the Domestic Manupon her, and her lips moved as if she would mon motives and aiming at common objects, ners of the Romans, lately reprinted in this speak, although the blood was fast flowing from her if it be written, not for the one in a country; it is however much shorter,--OCmouth. I could not catch a word, although she ut: thousand-who would not need it—but for cupying but fifty-five rather small 12mo tered sounds that seemed like words. I thought she said, "My child ! my child!' but perhaps it the mass, we must say that it appears to pages. If attached to an edition of some was an illusion of my brain. I hung over her in us to offer much advice which cannot be one of the higher Latin classics, intended for the deepest despair, and having lost all sense of pru-taken.
the use of schools, it might be useful, not dence and of self-preservation, I acted so much up
On the whole, it is undoubtedly safer to only by giving the pupil much information to my own feelings, that if the men around me had had the smallest suspicion of my real situation, noth-recommend too much exertion and too high upon topics intimately connected
with the an aim, than to err in the opposite extreme. classical literature of Rome, but by awaking could have saved me from destruction. I even carried my phrensy so far as to steep my handker- Still, where so much study, or rather so ex-ening an interest and curiosity that would chief in her blood, saying to myself, This, at least, tensive studies are prescribed, the student lead to further researches. shall never part from me!'. I came to myself, how- is compelled to select, for himself, such ever, upon hearing the shrill and dæmonlike voice branches of human knowledge as it may be of one of her murderers from the tower's height, crying out— Is she dead ?'' Ay, as a stone,' answer most necessary to master, and thus the prin- Self-Cultivation. By Isaac Taylor, Mined one of my ruffians. "Carry her away, then,' said cipal object of the book is defeated, or else ister of the Gospel at Ongar. Boston. the voice. To hell yourself,' in a suppressed tone, he will aim at all, and of necessity inflict 1823. 12mo. said another ruffian; upon which my men lifted upon himself the pain and the depression of Advice to the Teens. By Isaac Taylor. Bosthe dead body into the taboot
, placed it upon their disappointment, and dissipate his attention ton. 1823. 12mo. shoulders, and walked off with it to the burial amid constant changes, and waste a large The first of these little volumes consists of ground without the city, where they found a grave ready dug to receive it. I walked mechanically proportion of his labour.
considerations on the six following subjects: after them, absorbed in most melancholy thoughts,
We think Mr Watterston has made anoth- “ The purport of education to fit us for our and when we had arrived at the burial-place, I sat er mistake. We regard reading as a much stations in life : The different sources of inmyself down on a grave-stone, scarcely conscious less important part of education than he struction: The period of leaving school as of the Nasackchies with a sort of unmeaning stare ; appears to do. We consider it as among the best suited to real education : Ìhe imporsaw them place the dead body in the earth ; then principal means of intellectual improve- tance of self-cultivation : The various obshovel the mould over it ; then place two stones, ment, but as altogether subordinate to jects of self-cultivation : Using our talents : one at the feet and the other at the head. When thinking. On page 178, our author says, Self-cultivation may hope for divine blesthey had finished, they came up to me and said " in this (conversation) as in reading, always sings." that all was done :' to which I answered, 'Go examine and think for yourself; it is by home ; I will follow. They left me seated on the thinking much, that much is acquired, and ready pretty well informed on these impor
Every reader will consider himself algrave, and returned to town."
not by rushing over the innumerable pages tant subjects, and will be sure to regard all
of innumerable volumes,” &c. ; but this is remarks upon them as trite and dull, which A Course of Study, preparatory to the Bar the only evidence the book contains, of the are not recommended by some peculiar
or the Senate ; to which is annexed a Me author's agreeing with us in this opinion. charm of novelty. The first part of the moir on the Private or Domestic Lives of Upon every subject, and every division of book is exceedingly deficient in this requithe Romans. By George Watterston. every subject, he recommends many books; site.
It abounds with judicious maxims of now, as we have already said, he should abstract morality, and the simple results of Washington. 1823. 12mo. pp. 240.
not impose upon the student a necessity of long trains of logical reflection; but it is There is much good sense, good learning, choosing, because the principal intent of the altogether too intellectual,—too full of preand good taste in this work, but its useful book is to relieve him from this necessity, by cept without example and illustration. If, ness as a book of practical advice must, we pointing out to him exactly the prepara- however, the reader will exercise a little think, be very limited. In the first place, tory course” he is to pursue ; but if all the patience with the first forty pages, he will the course of study prescribed, if pursued books suggested are read as they should be begin to be relieved ; and before he has finwith any tolerable fidelity, would educate read, if read at all, there will be little time ished the volume, he will find many things the student far more thoroughly than can left for thought. be expedient-not to say practicable,-if The limits which should be regarded, and his attention.
that are highly entertaining and well worth
We select the following any reference is had to some after-pursuit the precautions which should be used to as the main business of life.
passage from the preface. Of this the give to reading its utmost efficiency as one reader may judge from the titles of the among the means of intellectual cultiva
"It is a very common mistake which the author letters, which serve as a table of contents. tion, cannot at this moment and in this way provement;-that masters are to teach their pupils;
has found extremely detrimental to youthful imBesides the languages, rhetoric, philosophy, be discussed. The subject is extensive and and that the whole burden of education lies on the &c. &c., drawing, painting, civil, military, important, and we hope to call the atten- tutor. That the thoughtless volatile young should and naval architecture, music, chemistry, tion of our readers to it before long. But take up such a notion, is no wonder ; but the manmineralogy, botany, and zoology, are all our concern is now, only with Mr Watter- ner in which many teachers operate seems to intipressed upon the attention of the student; ston's course of study; and in this connex: their teaching is telling; substituting the means for
mate that they also make the same mistake ; for all and these things are to be learned, notion it is enough to say, that if all the works the end. That teaching is alone efficient which is slightly, not superficially, but as well as a here enumerated are fairly dealt with, the connected with doing. The pupil must not be a mere amateur would be likely to learn any future lawyer or senator will incur no small mere recipient, a listener ; but an actor, if he one of them. It is often said that a man risk of finding his mind overlaid by that would ever comprehend the lesson; if especially cannot know too much,—but, waving all which ought to be and might be so used, as he would make that morsel of knowledge his own. discussion of the truth of this axiom, it is to furnish at once aliment and stimulus. We suspect, that if the reader can uncertain that any one may endeavour to We have spoken plainly of the faults of derstand this, he will find the sentiment learn too much. The brightest genius this book, and would with equal distinct- good; but the style is so clumsy and the would be strongly tasked if required to ac- ness admit that it contains many valuable punctuation so bad, that we should almost cumulate all the knowledge which Mr Wat- observations, and, both in the matter and prefer leaving our children to take their terston recommends, even if he did not the manner, sufficient proof that it is not the chance for finding the sentiment somewhere look to eminence at the bar or in the sen- work of a weak or an empty mind. else. Some parts of the book are far less ate, as his “ ultima Thule.” But few could The Memoir upon the Private Life of the exceptionable in this respect. It contains compass this boundless extent of art and Romans, contains little that is very original very few views that are new, but many imscience, and leave themselves an opportunity or striking; it is a short, but accurate and portant common principles are enforced to become any thing in any profession; now, judicious compendium of other works upon with considerable power. It teaches valuaif this book be meant to give practical ad- | this subject. We do not think it 60 good l ble lessons on employing our time with
economy, and on the active and energetic the story, which would leave no curiosity ed his flight, he made ready his arrow, and a moo use of all our talents.
for the book to gratify, but only remark, ment after the noble bird lay Auttering at his feet. Our remarks respecting the style of “ Self- that the scene is laid in Boston, Salem and sounded familiar to his ears. He raised his head
, ,' said Cultivation" apply in some measure to the Plymouth, that the tale relates to the ear to see from whence it proceeded. Charles Brown first part of “ Advice to the Teens.” But the liest infancy of these colonies, and that the stood by his side! The countenance of the savage cloudiness is soon dissipated, and the au- principal characters bear historical and assumed at once the terrible, ashen hue of Indian thor's intellect shines forth with an uncom- venerable names.
paleness. His wounded victim was left untouched, mon splendor. The reader must be very dull
and he hastily retreated into the thicket, casting
That our readers may judge of the style, back a fearful glance on what he supposed to be the who does not find in it a rich entertain- we will quote the first pages of the book, ghost of his rival. Brown attempted to follow; ment. It is not adapted merely to the as a fair specimen of its general character. but the farther he advanced, the farther the Indian Teens, but many principles applicable in later life are bere displayed in a very lu- land, which speak so forcibly to the heart, of happi
“I never view the thriving villages of New Eng- retreated, his face growing paler and paler, and his
knees trembling against each other in excessive minous and forcible manner. We have not ness and prosperity, without feeling a glow of na
· Hobomok,' said the intruder, 'I am a man like room for critical remarks, and shall content tional pride, as I say, This is my own, my native ourselves with saying, that the duties of land. A long train of associations are connected yourself. I suppose three years agone you heard I boys to their parents, brothers and sisters, peaceful loveliness, the broad and sparkling mirror in captivity until this time, and to lead me once
with her picturesque rivers, as they repose in their was dead, but it has pleased the Lord to spare me and all their associates of both sexes, are of the heavens, and with the cultivated environs more to New England. The vessel which brought described with singular fidelity; and that of her busy cities, which seem every where blush- me hither, lieth down a mile below, but I chose the the most important considerations respect-ing into a perfect Eden of fruit and flowers. The rather to be put on shore, being impatient to inquire ing their manners, and the proper modes of remembrance of what we have been, comes rushing concerning the friends I left behind. You used to
be my friend, Hobomok, and many a piece of seremploying their time, are pointed out with on the heart in powerful and happy contrast.
most nations the path of antiquity is shrouded in vice have you done for me. I beseech you feel of much judgment and much eloquence. We darkness, rendered more visible by the wild, fantas- my hand, that you may know I am flesh and blood, select one passage as a specimen.
even as yourself.' tic light of fable ; but with us, the vista of time is
After repeated assurances, the Indian timidly ap"Home is the grand nursery for virtues, and luminous to its remotest point. Each succeeding admirably adapted for the purpose ; it lays hold of year has left its footsteps distinct upon the soil, and proached--and the certainty that Brown was inthe heart while it is yet unsophisticated, and has the cold dew of our chilling
dawn is still visible be- deed alive, was more dreadful to him than all the only its common depravity to struggle against, not neath the mid-day sun. Two centuries only have ghosts that could have been
summoned from anoth
er world. fixed, rooted, warped yet by habit, bad company, elapsed, since our most beautiful villages reposed in
• You look as if you were sorry your old friend or false notions. If parents are judicious and the undisturbed grandeur of nature ;—when the faithful, here, much may be done. To love home, scenes now rendered classic by literary associa- had returned,' said the Englishman; but do speak
and tell me one thing--Is Mary Conant yet is one of the first of virtues, first in point of time tions, or resounding with the din of commerce,
alive?' and of importance too, as it is the parent of all the echoed nought but the song of the hunter, or the
Hobomok fixed his eyes upon him with such a rest. The sweet charities that bind man to man, feet tread of the wild deer. God was here in his which ornament and enrich social life ; which in holy temple, and the whole earth kept silence be- strange mixture of sorrow and fierceness, that value, as regarding happiness, are far beyond fore him! But the voice of prayer was soon to be Brown laid
his hand upon his rifle, half fearful his wealth or talent; these all germinate from the nur- heard in the desert. The son, which for ages be- intentions were evil
. At length, the Indian an
swered with deliberate emphasis, sery, are fostered amid the domestic circle; and yond the memory of man had gazed on the strange,
She is both alive and well.' only there can be reared to maturity, firmness, or fearful worship of the Great Spirit of the wilderness,
"I thank God,' rejoined his rival. 'I need not beauty., Virtues engrafted afterwards, by artificial was soon to shed its splendor upon the altars of the heat and culture, seldom have the freshness nor the living God. That light which had arisen amid the ask whether she is married?"
The savage looked earnestly and mournfully uphealthy appearance, nor the fruitfulness of those darkness of Europe, stretched its long, luminous
on him, and sighed deeply, as he said, generated at home. Here the child learns, before track across the Atlantic, till the summits of the
• The handsome English bird hath for three years Learning is felt as a lesson ; learns to love, in itself western
world became tinged with its brightness. lain in my bosom; and her milk hath nourished the the most delightful of all sensations ; is allured to During many long, long ages of gloom and corrup
son of Hobomok.' play its own part at benevolence, by smiles which tion, it seemed as if the pure flame of religion was
The Englishman cast a glance of mingled doubt fibrate every
nerve of sensibility'; begins to bestow every where quenchad in blood ; --but the watchful and despair towards the Indian, who again repeated when it has nothing to give but affection;
vestal had kept the sacred flame still burning deep the distressing truth. Disappointed love, a sense fer favours, though itself feeble, ignorant, and de- ly and fervently,
Men, stern and unyielding, of degradation, perhaps something of resentment,
brought it hither in their own bosom, and amid des were all mingled in a dreadful chaos of agony, pendent."
olation and poverty they kindled it on the shrine of within the mind of the unfortunate young man; and It is to be regretted that the author had not Jehovah. In this enlightened and liberal age, it is at that moment it was difficult to tell to which of a more intelligible system of punctuation; perhaps too fashionable to look back upon those the two, anguish had presented her most unmingled but the moral worth of the work is suffi early sufferers in the cause of the Reformation, as
cup. The Indian gazed upon his rival, as he stood cient to counterbalance many such faults. a band of dark, discontented bigots. We may safely recommend that every their characters, but there was likewise bold and and again he indulged in the design of taking his
, there were many broad, deep shadows in leaning his aching head against a tree; and once parent purchase it, and read it first himself. powerful light. The peculiarities of their situation occasioned most of their faults, and atoned for loves him better than she does me; for even now
*No, thought he. “She was first his. Mary them. They were struck off from a learned, opu. she prays for him in her sleep. The sacrifice most Hobomok, A Tale of Early Times. By an lent, and powerful nation, under circumstances be made to her." American. Boston, 1824. 12mo. Pp. ty ;-and no wonder that men who fled from op- whether he could collect sufficient fortitude to fulfil which goaded and lacerated them almost to feroci
For a long time however, it seemed doubtful 188.
pression in their own country, to all the hardships his resolution. The remembrance of the smiling We can say of this little work what can of a remote and dreary province, should have ex wife and the little prattling boy, whom he had that seldom be said truly of any book, that its hibited a deep, mixture of exclusive, bitter, and mo- morning left
, came too vividly before him. It recks merit is greater than its pretension. It is rose passions."
not now what was the mighty struggle in the mind a brief and simple story of our fathers, To make the next extract intelligible, of that dark man. He arose and touched Brown's sketching their manners, character, and we must state, that Mary, the heroine, sup
arm, as he said,
" 'Tis all true which I have told you. It is three circumstances, with equal truth and spirit, posing her lover, Brown, to be shipwreck
snows since the bird came to my nest; and the -connecting with the chain of supposed ed, had married, more in despair than in Great Spirit only knows how much I have loved events, many interesting traditions, and love, the Indian, Hobomok ; after some her. Good and kind has she been; but the heart exhibiting the author's talents in many years had passed, Brown returns and meets of Mary is not with the Indian. In her sleep she
talks with the Great Spirit, and the name of the passages of power and beauty. The style Hobomok in the woods. does not indicate the practised writer, and
white man is on her lips. Hobomok will go far ofi
“ Hobomok was pursuing his way through the among some of the red men in the west. They will, we hope, be improved by careful cul- woods, whistling and singing as he went, in the joy- will dig him a grave, and Mary may sing the martiyation. Still, with many faults which fulness of his heart. He had proceeded near half'a riage song in the wigwam of the Englishman.' due culture may remove, there is a kind of with a fight so lofty, that he seemed almost like å is your wife. Keep her, and cherish her with ten
mile in this way, when he espied an eagle, soaring No,' answered his astonished companion. She graceful wildness which almost redeems speck in the blue abyss above. The Indian fixed Cerness. A moment ago, I expected your arrow ihem. We shall not give an analysis of his keen eye upon him, and as he gradually lower. I would rid me of the life which has now become a
burden. I will be as generous as you have been. Idence in his ability increased with every for the demonstration of the case. I know the imwill return from whence I came, and bear my sor- exertion of his powers; till, in the latter portance of it, from numerous conversations I have rows as I may. Let Mary never know that I am alive. Love her and be happy:' part of his career, he became callous to bad, both in Scotland and England, on this most in
teresting subject. Persons of truly religious prin* The purpose of an Indian is seldom changed,' criticism, setting at nought literary opin- ciples, as well as those of little or no religion at all, replied Hobomok. My tracks will soon be seen ions that interfered with his own, and bold- have greatly erred in their estimate of this great far beyond the back-bone of the Great Spirit. For ly and justly relying on his own superior and good man.' Mary's sake I have borne t'e hatred of the Yengees, judgment. He was, moreover, a man of The Editor of this publication seems to the scorn of my tribe, and the insults of my enemy; 'warm affections; and, while severely judg- have had doubts of his own, as to the propriAnd now, I will be buried among strangers, and none shall black their faces for the unknown chief. ing himself, overflowing with charity to all ety of publishing some of the more gloomy of When the light sinks behind the hills, see that Cor- mankind ;-thoroughly pious; and, while these letters, lest they should have a tenbitant be not near my wigwam ; for that hawk has firmly persuaded of the truth of his own dency to create despondency in other ofien been flying round my nest. Be kind to my views of christianity, ready to believe, that minds; but he silenced his doubts by a boy:-— His voice choked, and the tears fell bright “ in every nation, kindred, tongue, and peo- very natural reflection, that insanity is and fast. He hastily wiped them away as he added, “You have seen the first and last tears that ple, they who fear the Lord and work not contagious -and it is well that he did Hobomok will ever shed. Ask Mary to pray for righteousness, are accepted of him ;"_bow- so. The mystery which has so long hung me—that when I die, I may go to the Englishman's ed down with a constitutional melancholy; over the character of Cowper, is now reGod, where I may hunt beaver with little Hobomok, yet sedulous in his exertions to relieve from moved. It seems, that for thirty years preand count my beavers for Mary.'
the like uneasiness, all within the sphere vious to his death he had been incessantly
of his influence. Thus much we learn haunted by the notion that he was deserted Private Correspondence of William Cow from Hayley's life, and his selections from of God, and doomed to eternal destruction ;
per Esq. with several of his most intimate Cowper's letters; but, on the subject of his to use his own inimitable language, “ My friends. Now first published from the melancholy, we are left by that work en-thoughts are clad in a sober livery, for Originals in the possession of his kinsman, tirely in the dark; from any thing we can the most part as grave as that of a bishop's John Johnson, EL. D. First American find there, saving some obscure hints that servants. They turn too upon spiritual Edition. Philadelphia, 1824. 8vo. pp.
serve only to perplex us, it would appear subjects, but the tallest fellow, and the 386.
that after Cowper removed from St Albans, loudest among them all, is he who is contin
all that he suffered was from such fits of the ually crying with a loud voice, Actum est de This is a remarkable age for literature. spleen as visit ordinary mortals. A new te, Perlist.”. We believe there are few Within a few years we have recovered lost light is shed upon his character, by the let- individuals who have not occasionally sufworks of Cicero, an unknown manuscript ters now published. We think Hayley, fered from attacks of the spleen, and let of Milton; and we are now presented with having these letters in his possession, and any one call to mind the disheartening senletters of Cowper heretofore suppressed. suppressing them, was guilty of unfairness, sation, and then contemplate Cowper. His We hasten to congratulate our readers on and injured the character of his friend, be were not such short, intermitted fits of the the means of mingled amusement and in- sides attempting to deceive his readers; disease as others, perhaps all, have suffered; struction, which this work offers to them. and we are disposed to comment on his con- but a gloom of despondency always preThere are few who would not rise from the duct in much more severe language than is sent with him, and rarely lightened by perusal of Cowper's Letters wiser, though used by Cowper's kinsman in his preface. ray of hope. Yet he did not the less aim they might be sadder men.
He was in ev- We quote the passages from the preface to perform his duty as a man and a chrisery respect an extraordinary being. But relating to this subject.
tian. He must have felt, what all have felt, for his timidity, and wonderful distrust of his own powers in early life, no one can dressed to the same persons (with the exception of pation in unhallowed pleasures; but be
" As the letters in the present volume are ad- temptations to relieve his cares by particidoubt that he might have attained the like Mrs King) as those in the former, it may be need- strenuously resisted them; determined to eminence in his profession as his friend less to observe that they were equally submitted to bear that cross in whose influence of blessThurlow, and have filled the same station, the selecting hand of Mr Hayley. *
ing, as he believed, he had ceased to have with equal honor to himself and usefulness “And lastly, there are many letters addressed to to others. When this same timidity and Mr Newton, with two or three to Mr Bull, on the any interest. He exerted all the faculties distrust had driven him to an act of despe- application, but confined to its aspect on the mind as he fancied, had doomed him irrevocably
subject of religion; which, though not of general of his mind in the service of a master, who, ration, when his acute sense of the exceed of the writer, were decidedly worthy of Mr Hay- to everlasting misery. Madly persuaded ing sinfulness of his offence had destroyed ley's insertion; and the more so, indeed, on that that God had no mercy in store for him, his reason, when Providence had seen meet very account; his concern, as biographer, being that he had ceased to be to him a father, he
with the than to restore to him the possession of his fac- But these, out of tenderness to the feelings of the called not his justice in question, nor failed ulties, still, his utter unconsciousness of his reader, I am persuaded, and for
the gloominess they in filial obedience. In the midst of his own talents, kept him almost useless for years, attach to the writer's mind, he has utterly excluded. distresses he had still a heart to weep with engaged in desultory reading, in learning to In doing this, however, amiable and considerate as those that wept, and rejoice with those that draw, in rearing pigeons and hares, mak-his caution must appear, the gloominess which he rejoiced. Like the angels in heaven, he
has taken from the mind of Cowper, has the effect ing. dove-cotes and rabbit-hutches, and of involving his character in obscurity. People had joy over the sinner that repented, and delighting and edifying only the few who read the Letters' with the Task' in their recollec- he was ever ready with the balm of his conhad the benefit of observing his exem- tion (and vice versa), and are perplexed. They solation for the afflicted. Weakened as he plary life, and listening to his profound look for the Cowper of each, in the other, and find was, he ceased not to wrestle for the blesssense and his beautiful fancies. Thus did him not. The correspondency is destroyed. he bury his talent, thus might he have con- Hence the character of Cowper is undetermined; ing; and who can doubt that he finally obtinued to live,-at his death to have his him are as various as the minds of the enquirers. seldom alleviated his despair? The preface
mystery hangs over it; and the opinions formed of tained that happiness, the hope of which name recorded in some religious magazine, That I am not singular in deducing these conse to these letters, discloses facts which refer and then forgotten. But it pleased Provi- quences from the suppression of the gloomy, but, the melancholy,-we may say the insanity dence to lead him down again into “ the in many instances, strikingly pious passages, re- of Cowper,-to causes which have not been valley of the shadow of death,” and when stored in the present volume, hum warranted to as before revealed to the public; it also states the light once more partially dawned upon man justly valued for his attainments in theological with great distinctness, the peculiar form
, a his mind, to prompt his friend Unwin to knowledge, and extensively acquainted with the which his despair assumed. It seems, that suggest to him how he might be at once state of religious opinions. * In alluding to these there is good authority for believing that useful to himself and to his fellow-creatures. suppressed letters, he emphatically says, Cowper his liability to excessive melancholy a rose At the age of fifty he commenced author. will never be clearly and satisfactorily understood from his having imprudently checked an The awakened Sampson could not but be
erysipelatous complaint of the face. While conscious of his strength, and his confi- The Rev. Legh Richmond,
suffering from one of these attacks of de