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CHINESE COLLEGE AT NAPLES.

PREPARATION OF CAOUTCHOUC.

STATISTICS OF BRAZIL,

quets dropped down dead in the open air. | parts, and ultimately almost disappeared. I time ago in exile. A book has since apIn Africa, where Dr Winterbottom resided when cut thin, or when extended, this sub-peared under the title of “ Memoirs,” by four years, he once observed the thermome- stance forms excellent washers, or collars him, which contains many interesting anecter at 103° in the shade, and, placed upon the for stop-cocks, very little pressure being dotes of the revolution. It was eagerly read ground, (speaking from memory) at 138o. sufficient to render them perfectly tight. in France : the first edition was soon sold, In the Soosoo country, to the north of Leather has also been coated on one surface and a second was printing, when the sons Sierra Leone, at a considerable distance with the caoutchouc; and without being at of Fouché instituted the present suit to have inland, he walked one day about twenty all adhesive, or having any particular odour, the work suppressed. There has been one' miles, when the thermometer, observed by is perfectly water-tight. Before caoutchouc hearing of the cause, but only the plaintiff's Dr Afzelius, at present professor of botany was thus worked, it was often observed how counsel bas yet argued. He resis chiefly at Upsal, stood at 99fo in the shade; which many uses it might in such a case be applied on the following dilerima: Either the work degree of heat was by no means disagree to : now that it is so worked, how few the is genuine, or it is not: if it be genuine, the able, nor even suspected to be so great by cases are in which persons are induced to copyright belongs to the heirs of the author, at least 10°, owing to a pleasant breeze use it.

who do not choose to publish it; if it be not which met bim. We judge very inaccu

genuine, the publication ought to be suprately of heat by our feelings, and are more

pressed as spurious and fraudulent. In affected by a sudden diminution of 10° of heat than by a much greater increase.

There is a college for the Chinese at point of fact, however, he asserts, that the The lowest degree of heat Dr Winterbot. following account.

Naples, of which M. Viesseaux gives the work is not genuine. The truth is, that

It is the only institu- some memoirs, said to be his, got into the tom ever experienced in Africa, was about tion of the kind in Europe. Its founder hands of the ultras, who suppressed and alhalf an hour before suprise, when the mercury stood at 68°, and, to the feelings, the

was Matteo Ripa, a Neapolitan mission-tered passages to suit their political views, cold resembled that of a sharp frosty morn- several years at the missionary house at wish to have credited, and to cast an odium ary. Ripa went to China, and resided and have thus given them to the world, as

a confirmation in many points of what they ing in England.

Pekin, where his skill in painting recoin-
mended him to the Emperor and his court. upon the fallen party.

While living in that remote land he conMr T. Hancock has succeeded, by some ceived the plan which he afterwards exeprocess,—the result of a long investigation, cuted, of establishing a college in Europe The following statistical accounts, if corbut which he has not published, -in working for the education of young Chinese as rect, evince the wealth, the power, and the caoutchouc with great facility and readiness. Christian missionaries to their countrymen. resources of the Brazilian empire. The It is cast, as we understand, into large in- Several trials were made, and at last Na- population of the nineteen provinces which gots or cakes, and being cut with a wet ples was fixed upon for this institution, as compose it, amounts to upwards of four knife into leaves or sheets, about an eighth the climate appeared to be the most favour- millions. In this census, it is to be lamented or a tenth of an inch in thickness, can then able and congenial to them. The youths that there are more than two millions of be applied to almost any purpose for which destined for this place are smuggled out of slaves. The regular army of Brazil amounts the properties of the material render it fit. their country at the age of thirteen or to between twenty-five and thirty thousand The caoutchouc thus prepared, is more flexi- fourteen, by means of the Roman Catholic men; its militia to fifty thousand. The ble and adhesive than that which is gener missionaries, who send them first to Macao, revenue of the empire is estimated at nearly ally found in the shops, and is worked with whence they are conveyed to Europe, gen- 3,000,000l. sterling; in the year 1824, it is singular facility. Recent sections made erally in Portuguese vessels bound to Lis- estimated at 95,000,000 francs, or nearly with a sharp knife or scissors, when brought bon, from which place they proceed to 4,000,000l. sterling. The vast extent of together and pressed, adhere so firmly as to Italy.. The expenses are defrayed partly land belonging to the nation, permits Braresist rupture as strongly as any other part; by this institution, and partly by the Col- zil

, by their sale, to redeem its debt, withso that, if two sheets be laid together and lege de Propagandâ Fide at Rome. 5 The out imposing burthens on the people. From cut round, the mere act of cutting joins the college,” says M. Viesseaux, “is situated on the king's arrival in 1808, to bis departure edges, and a little pressure on them makes the slope of the hill of Capo di Monte, in a in 1820, the revenue was in a regularly a perfect bag of one piece of substance. quiet, retired spot, which commands a fine progressive state, and during that period, The adhesion of the substance in those prospect of the bay. The house and the from fourteen millions to sixty-one millions parts where it is not required, is entirely adjoining church-are simply but neatly con- of francs annually. prevented by rubbing them with a little structed, and the apartments are comfortafour, or other substance in fine powder. In ble and airy; and the whole place is kept

SOUTHEY'S LETTER ON LORD BYRON. this way flexible tube catheters, &c. are remarkably clean and in the best order, so Southey has published a letter respecting prepared. The tubes intended for experi- as to form an agreeable contrast with the Lord Byron. We shall, says a London ediments on gases, and where occasion might generality of Neapolitan establishments. tor, give no further opinion on the controrequire they should sustain considerable ! The rector, a Neapolitan missionary, and a versy, than to express regret, that even the internal pressure, are made double, and sensible, well-informed man, politely showed object of self-defence should reduce a living have a piece of twine twisted spirally round us every thing deserving attention. We author to the alternative of so violently asbetween the two. This, therefore, is im- entered first the hall, which is hung round saulting the dead. bedded in the caoutchouc, and, at the same with portraits of the Chinese who have retime that it allows of any extension in length sided in this bouse since its establishment; of the tube, prevents its expanding laterally, they are about forty; and among them is The Greek government has sent over two The caoutchouc is, in this state, exceedingly that of Ripa, the founder. Those who have letters, addressed to the daughter of Lord elastic. Bags made of it, in the way just suffered martyrdom are represented with Byron, giving an account of her father's described, have been expanded, by baving the instruments of their death; others have death, and of the services he had rendered air forced into them, until the caoutchouc chains around their necks, as a sign of their Greece, and declaring that Greece will was quite transparent; and, when expanded having suffered imprisonment. There were consider her as its own child. by hydrogen, they were so light as to form six Chinese in the college when I visited it; balloons, with considerable ascending power; one of them was insane, and another blind.”

ROMAN AMPHORE. the hydrogen, however, gradually escapes,

Among the curiosities lately deposited in perhaps through the pores of this thin film

the British Museum, are some Roman wine of caoutchouc. On expanding the bags in A curious trial has occupied the attention jars of the year before Christ 105. Their this way, the junctions yielded like the other of the Parisian public. Fouché died some antiquity and precise date are placed be

a

DAUGHTER OF LORD BYRON.

MEMOIRS OF FOUCHE.

MEDICAL REMAINS AT POMPEII.

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I HAVE examined your treatise on asExtract from the North American Review.

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ENGLISH TEACHER AND EXERFifth edition: (In this edition, the Questions are in it, and gather from the confiding grati

CISES. , the inconvenience of turning

to the end of the tude of surrounding objects, fresh cause of CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & Co. No. 134 Washchapter when using them. The answers are not praise to the Maker of them all."

ington street (No. 1 Cornbill], have for designated by figures in the text, as that arrangement would seem to favour the case, rather than the

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The Promiscuous Exercises in each of EDMANDS, 59 Washington-street (53 Corn- Feb. 1. the four parts of False Grammar, in both hill.] volumes, have figures, or letters of the al- Walker's School Dictionary, printed on

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. BY R. P. & C. Williams, 79 Washingular rule or principle by which nearly eve- The Elements of Arithmetic, by James ry individual correction is to be made. Robinson, jr.: an appropriate work for lon-street, Boston, Great care and vigilance have been exer- the first classes in schools.

A Letter from a Blacksmith to the Mincised to prevent defects of the press in The American Arithmetic, by James isters and Elders of the Church of Scotthese editions, as well as to correct the nu- Robinson, jr. ; intended as a Sequel to the land, in which the manner of Public Wormerous errors which have found their way Elements. This work contains all the gen- ship in that Church is considered, its incon. into the various editions of these works eral rules which are necessary to adapt it veniences and defects pointed out, and now in circulation. There can be no haz- to schools in cities and in the country, em- methods for removing them humbly proard in saying, that there is no American bracing Commission, Discount, Duties, An posed. edition, either of Murray's Exercises or nuities, Barter, Guaging, Mechanical Pow- Be not rash with thy mouth, and let not thine Key, so correct as the English Teacher, ers, &c. &c. Although the work is put at heart be hasty to utter any thing before God, for and the Boston “ Improved Stereotype Edi- | a low price, it will be found to contain a

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greater quantity of matter than most of let thy words be few. Eccl. v. 2. These very neat and handsome school the School Arithmetics in general use.

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the understanding also. 1 Cor. xiv. 15. manuals will perform much service, save The Child's Assistant in the Art of Read

From a London edition. For sale as much time, and furnish teachers, private ing, containing a pleasing selection of easy above, and by the booksellers throughout learners, and schools with those facilities readings for young children. Price 12 cts. the United States. which will enable the attentive and indus- The Pronouncing Introduction, being

This work is published on common patrious student to trace with precision, Murray's Introduction with accents, calcu- per, and sold at a cheap rate for distribupleasure, and profit, the great variety of lated to lead to a correct pronunciation.

tion; also on fine five dollar paper, to principles, wbich, like the muscles of the The Pronouncing English Reader, being bind, and match other elegant books. body, spread themselves through the Eng- Murray's Reader accented, divided into

Feb. 1. lish language.

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WELLS & LILLY, construction of their own language. There on a fine linen paper, and solicits the pub- HAVE in press, and will shortly publish, is a fashion already too prevalent in our lic patronage.

A New Digest of Massachusetts Reports. country, which has long obtained in Eng

Adams' Geography; a very much approv. By Lewis Bigelow, Counsellor at Law. The land, particularly among the superior class. ed work, which has passed through numer- work will embrace all the Reports now pubes of society, and which has by no means ous editions. With a correct Atlas. lished, and will be otherwise improved in been conducive to a general and extensive Temple's Arithmetic, with additions and several important particulars. cultivation of the English language. The improvements. Printed on fine paper. subject of allusion is an extravagant predi- Eighth edition. lection for the study of foreign languages, The Pronouncing Testament, in which

The Publishers of this Gazette furnish, to the neglect of our own, a language all the proper names, and many other on liberal terms, every book and every which by us should be esteemed the most words, are divided and accented agreeably periodical work of any value which America useful and valuable of all.

This extrava- to Walker's Dictionary and Classical Key; affords. They have regular correspondents, gance has been justly censured by Mr Wal. -peculiarly suited to the use of Schools.

and make up orders on the tenth of every ker in the following remark. “We think," Conversations on Natural Philosophy, month for England and France, and fresays be, “ we show our breeding by a knowl. with Questions for examination, with addi- quently for Germany and Italy, and import edge of those tongues (the French and tional Notes and Illustrations,'a Frontis- from thence to order, books, in quantities Italian), and an ignorance of our own.” piece representing the Solar System, &c. or single copies, for a moderate commis. A knowledge of other languages is truly &c., being a greatly improved edition. By sion.

Their orders are served by gentledesirable, and the acquisition of them the Rev. J. L. Blake.

men well qualified to select the best edi. ought, in a proper degree, to be encourag- Alger's Murray, being an Abridgement tions, and are purchased at the lowest cash ed by all friends of improvement; but it is of Murray's Grammar, in which large ad- prices. All new publications in any way devoutly to be wished, by every friend to ditions of Rules and Notes are inserted noticed in this Gazette, they have for sale, the interests of our country and of English from the larger work.

or can procure on quite as good terms as literature, that American youth would show The English Teacher, being Murray's those of their respective publishers. a zeal, in this respect, exemplified by the Exercises and Key, placed in opposite col

CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & Co. matrons of ancient Rome; and, like them, umns, with the addition of rules and obsersuffer not the study of foreign languages to vations from the Grammar;-an admi

CAMBRIDGE: prevent, but strictly to subserve the culti- rable private learner's guide to an accurate vation of their own.

knowledge of the English language, and PRINTED AT THE UNIVERSITY PRESS, It is confidently believed that the Eng- also an assistant to instructers. By T. lish Teacher and Exercises are excellently | Alger, jr.

AILLIARD AND METCALE.

BY

THE UNITED STATES LITERARY GAZETTE.

-Terms, $5 per annum, payable in July.

Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. No. 1 Cornhill, Boston.
VOL. I.

BOSTON, MARCH 1, 1826.

No. 22.

REVIEWS.

els, the reader, on the first introduction of, bled of green fields, upon the strength of a personage, was generally favoured with an experience which was limited to an

a minute account of his character, which area of an hundred feet, railed in with iron Lionel Lincoln; or, The Leaguer of Boston. indeed he could not often have learned by and surrounded by flag-stones. But a series

In trdo Volumes. By the Author of the any other method; a part, by the way, of novels dow implies a series of journeys. Pioneers, Pilot, &c. New York. 1825. which veteran devorrers of novels were apt The descriptions of an hundred pages may 12mo.

to skip, and most persons to forget before cost the author a trip of as many miles. As the reading class of the community in they had made much progress. Authors In short, in these critical days, whether the creases in numbers and in wealth, the de- at present avoid committing themselves novelists deal with persons or things, they mand for new works of imagination neces- in this way, and prefer leaving it to the are compelled to paint from nature, instead sarily increases with it; and this has had the reader's ingenuity to discover the charac- of making new copies of bad pictures. effect of bringing into the market many ar- ter of each, by his language and conduct. The faculty of giving to a story that ticles of home manufacture. The love of So that if the latter should happen to mis- dramatic interest, which arises from variety fame, which was balanced in the minds of take, in any instance, the design, his own of character, forcible delineation, and picmany by diffidence and fear of loss, bas dullness may come in for a share of that turesque grouping, or, in other words, the derived new energies from the hope of blame, which, before, fell wholly upon the powers of observation, discrimination, and profit. Of the supply thus produced, a author's want of observation. One conse- description are possessed by Mr Cooper in considerable portion has been of inferior quence of this new method is, that, as the a very high degree; and it is with national quality. This might have been foreseen; characters are, or, at least, are intended pride and pleasure that we see these powers but it was also to be expected, that, as the to be drawn from real life, the story not employed upon supjects so worthy of them. competition continued, some minds would unfrequently is totally destitute of a regu- Brief as is the period since history first saw be called into action, of ability sufficient to lar, impeccable, and all-accomplished hero, our infant nation cradled in a howling wilcommand a share of the praise and profit or heroine. This is an evil of magnitude derness, she has found much to tell of deeds attending upon excellence in this popular to those who were brought up in the days of high emprize. She offers to the novelist pursuit; whose success would encourage when the Mortimers and Belvilles were in abundance of materials, the harvest is rich themselves to go on and improve, and fashion. But these inimitable patterns of enough, and we rejoice to welcome labourers others to follow.

square-toed perfection are now regarded as so worthy to gather it. We are glad to be Such expectations have been justified by very uñinteresting fellows. We can on- able to greet an American author, in terms the result. We have had a considerable ly be pleased with the representation of of good hearty commendation, instead of that and rapidly increasing number of American inan, as nature made him, a being subject cautious and somewhat dubious praise, which authors. A large proportion of their works, to affections and passions, capable of good we are too often called on to bestow upon it must be admitted, are but indifferent, ness and greatness, but variable and err- works, which, as honest Andrew Fairservice when compared with those of their British ing, whose thread is a mingled yarn, and observes, "are ower bad for blessing, and prototypes. But some among them have whose virtues and vices alternately ennoble ower gude for banning," without a good been such as the critics, on either side of and debase him.

deal of neutralizing qualification. the Atlantic, have ventured to praise, and, The natural or artificial objects, amid The following is an outline of the story what is to the author's purpose, the public which the incidents occur, must likewise of the work before us. Lionel Lincoln, a delighted to read.

be delineated with that force of colouring, native of Boston, becoming entitled, on the The taste of the novel-readers of this and minute accuracy of detail, which iden- failure of male heirs in a direct line, to a age requires something very different from tify the particular scene of action, and for baronetcy and large estate in England, the delicate distresses and complicated sto- want of which, the same forests have sails for that country, for the purpose of ries, with their machinery of trap-doors frowned, and the same dungeons yawned taking possession. He leaves behind him and dark-lanterns, which puzzled the brains for thousands of heroes to seek their re. his wife and infant, in the care of his aunt and barrowed up the souls of more roman- cesses, and the same ruinous stair-ways and and godmother, Mrs Lechnere. In the tic generations We are not disappointed, corridors echoed, while the self-moving same house is a young woman, whom he if the plot is something less than inscruta- clock struck one, to sright the souls of bad seduced, previous to his marriage, and ble to any but the reader of the five last countless heroines.

by wbom he had also a son. On his retura, pages, nor dissatified, if the incidents are This requisition imposes upon modern he finds bis wife dead, and, what is worse, neither very crowded nor very improbable. authors the necessity of actually seeing he is informed by his aunt, that she had The character of the novels of the present day the places, which they intend to describe. been unfaithful, and this information is conis more closely allied to that of the drama, in Their predecessors could travel in their gar- firmed by the oath of the young woman the course of which characters, imaginary in- rets, as the impudent fabricator of the ad- abovementioned, Abigail Pray. The modeed in that situation, make their entrances ventures of Damberger did through the tive of the former in fabricating this story, and exits, and play their parts in accord- centre of Africa, describing successive for it proves to be unfounded, was, by diminance with motives and passions, which have hordes of Boshmen, as identical as so many ishing his sorrow for the loss of his wife, to a real existence in the human heart. The troops of buffaloes, and successive kraals render him more susceptible of the charms author has only to invent, or, if he pleases, of Hottentots, which, like the bee-bive and of her daughter, whom she was ambitious of to borrow the outlines of a story, which the bird's nest, evinced the unerring na- beholding as the lady of a baronet, and the shall place his actors in circumstances fa- ture of the instinct of their framers. With head of the house of Lincoln. The latter, vourable to the powerful development of just so much knowledge of sunshine, as they on her part, hoped to regain her former their particular ruling passions, and to make could obtain through the medium of the hold on his affections, and become Lady them speak and act, in such situations, con- smoke of a metropolis, they dwelt for pages Lincoln herself. Both seem to have forsistently and naturally. In the older wov- upon the glories of an Italian sky, and bab- gotten the proverbial thanklessness of the

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