Imágenes de páginas

We must stop here, pressed both by time, lished variations of the verbs of that lan-, tion. Every auxiliary does it in the same space. It is with feelings of regret that we guage.

degree. Some of them require the omission have thus performed our duty to the public Our grammars inform us, that “Mood is of the particle to, but it is still understood in exposing the waste of time, paper, and a particular form of the verb, showing the or implied in the sense of the verb, whether printers' ink, consumed in these works. It manner in which the being, action, or pas- expressed or not. is with feelings the reverse of aught un- sion is represented.” Mr Murray attempts Now it is certain that the above examfriendly, that we beseech Mr Fairfield to to explain the nature of a mood, by saying, ples and a great number of others, do not write no more verses. Can it be probable, that "it consists in the change which the come under the definition of any of the five that he will ever gain fame by it, and is it verb undergoes, to signify the various in- moods ; and yet they are as distinct in their not squandering what little talent he may tentions of the mind, and various modifica- character as important in their signification, possess in a pursuit worse than vain? Iftions and circumstances of action."

and of as frequentoccurrence, as those which there be any thing that he can do of use to A moment's consideration will show any are included under the common enumeration himself and society, let him turn himself to grammarian, that English verbs are not va of moods. If the reader will pursue this in. that ere it be too late ; a poet, we may sure- ried to express these varieties of intention quiry, he will find that the five moods defined ly say, without exposing ourselves to a and action. The verbs of many other lan- in our grammars, do not express half of the charge of presumptuous prophecy, he will guages are varied but in English, they ad-“ various intentions of the mind,” and he never be, until his intellectual nature be mit of scarcely any change. To save the cannot fail of remarking, that the verb wholly changed.

trouble of proving this, we request those i undergoes little or no change in expressing who are interested in the inquiry, to go any of them.

through the conjugation of a regular verb, In the next place, we say, that modes of ERRORS OF THE PRESS. and to mark all the changes which it admits. action are not denoted by the five moods of

In paming the second person singular, we the verb. I walk, walk, I may walk, if I In the first column of the article upon recommend that the familiar style be sub- walk, to walk, express no modes of the acBuchanan's Sketches of the North American stituted for the solemn, or Quaker style. tion of walking. This is so plainly a matter Indians, in our last number but one, the word The only variation which has any claim to of fact, that every grammarian must see it.

be called a mood, is in the termination of The "modifications and circumstances of ac“Miltiades” is printed for “ Mithridates.” | the third person singular of the indicative tion" are commonly expressed by adverbs, We may mention, as an amusing coincidence, present; where we say, he loveth or loves, or by nouns and prepositions: as I walk that precisely the same mistake occurs on instead of love. Let the abettors of the fast, I walk with rapidity; he speaks fluentthe 66th page of the American edition of present system make the most of this soli- jly, he speaks with energy; he lives in a very

tary variation; it will furnish them but an unhappy situation. Medwin's Conversations of Lord Byron. incompetent and ludicrous reason for all Our last assertion was, that the changes In that instance, Byron is supposed to be their display of the conjugation of the verb and modifications of being, intention, and through five moods.

action, supposed to be expressed by either speaking of the individuals, and converts

If it were true that the five moods, as of the five moods, as formed by the common the Athenian commander into the Pontic formed with the help of auxiliaries, express auxiliaries, are frequently expressed by the monarch, by the same error, which, in our all “ the various intentions of the mind,” other moods with equal precision. We might

and all “ the various modifications and cir- add, that they are still more frequently dereview, miscalls Professor Adelung's great cumstances of action;" or if they expressed noted by other forms of expression, which work.

nearly all these circumstances of intention do not come under the definition of either of We would also notice the omission of the and action, leaving only trifling exceptions; the moods.

we should then admit that they ought to be Take, for example, the following senproper signature, “J,” to “The Gladiator,” | retained in treatises on philosophical gram- tence. I think that I shall walk. This is in the same number.

mar. But the more we seek for any ground in the indicative mood; but is equally in the philosophy of language for this divi- well expressed by the infinitive, I expect

sion into moods, the more apparent it will to walk, or I purpose to walk, or I intend MISCELLANY.

be, that no such ground exists. If the reader to walk. So the imperative, walk, is exwill be patient enough to follow us in the in- pressed by the indicative, you shall walk ; quiry, we shall endeavour to show that very by the infinitive, I command you to walk; few of the common modes of intention and and by the potential, you must walk in

action are definitely expressed by what are stantly. These examples might be multiNo. IV.

termed the five moods of verbs; and that|plied indefinitely. In like manner, I can

those modes of intention and action which walk signifies no more nor less than, I have In a previous number, we promised to either of the several moods of verbs is sup- the ability to walk ; the verb is the same in resume the subject of moods and tenses. It posed to denote, are very frequently ex- both cases; and can it be pretended, that was our intention to offer some criticisms pressed by the other moods with equal pre- the use of different auxiliaries changes the on the systems advanced in our grammars, cision. In the first place, let us inquire, mood, while the sense and form of the verb encyclopædias, and philosophical treatises; whether the various intentions of the mind remain the same? If so, what is the meanbut a critical examination of them, which are designated by the several moods of verbs. ing of mood ? we made some time ago, afforded so little Take, for example, the verb walk. By which We do not see that any thing needs to useful information, and so few principles of the moods are the following dispositions be added against the common division and which we could esteem as correct, that our of the mind expressed ? I desire to walk ; I definition of English moods; for, if we misJabour of reading was followed by a degree expect to walk ; I am afraid to walk ; I think take not, we have analyzed them fairly, of disgust which we know not how to over- of walking ; I hope to walk. These are par- and shown, that English verbs have no come; and we feel incapable of repeating ticular affections, dispositions, and intentions moods in form, that is, by variations of the the drudgery with any advantage to our of the mind, in relation to the action, signi- verb, and that the ideas and intentions which selves or others. The most, therefore, that fied by the term walk; and they are dis- verbs express, have an almost infinite num. we shall attempt, will be to illustrate and tinctlý expressed by the aid of auxiliaries. ber of modes, which are not comprehended apply the principle which we formerly In the first example, for instance, the verb under the definition of any of the five moods. stated, that the number of moods and desire is the auxiliary; and why is it not as We shall leave the subject here, till we tenses which should be recognised in the suitable an auxiliary as can or may? It may learn some good reason for resuming it;grammar of any language, is so many as be said, that desire changes the verb to the reserving our remarks on tenses for another are expressed by the regular and estab. infinitive mood. But this is a mere decep- number.







LETTERS FROM A TRAVELLER. formed us, that we had, by missing the miles further, on the banks of the Tweed
No. VI.

road, past the object of our pursuit. The and near the base of the Eildon hills, stand

question which naturally arose in this the ruins of the lordly monastery of St Edinburgh, November 8, 18

case, was, whether to remain where we Mary; at the sight of which we forgot MY DEAR FRIENDS,

were, or to retrace our steps in search of alike the mist, the mud, and the pickled On leaving Dr Hope's room, after Middleton; the appearance of the house herrings, and hastened on to obtain a nearbis introductory lecture on Wedneday Jast, decided us in favour of the latter course, er view of this magnificent object. I was agreeably surprised to hear the mono- and we turned back accordingly. After We employed several hours in examinsyllabic agnomen by which I have been foundering in the mud for about a mile, we ing the remains of the abbey, which are usually designated, pronounced by a voice became sepsible, from a sort of splashing worth a voyage across the Atlantic, were from among the crowd of students,- I torn- in our vicinity, that we were passing a mov- there nothing else to be seen in Britain. I ed, and exchanged greetings with B, ing object of some kind. Ii proved to be had never before conceived of the effect who had lately arrived from London. The a man, who advised us not to proceed to produced on the mind by such an immense pleasure I enjoyed at this encounter can the unlucky village which had hitherto pile of picturesque ruins, where all around only be conceived by those who have met, eluded our researches, as it was very doubt is still as the graves of the mighty, who at an unexpected moment, with a familiar ful whether we could obtain lodgings there. slumber beneath, except from the occaface in a strange land. As the lectures We therefore once more wheeled about, sional cawing of the rooks, that bave fixed were, soon after their commencement, to resolved to take up our quarters at the inn their residence about its buttresses and be interrupted by the season of Holy Fair, which we had lately left. Ill fortune, how- spires, and resent the intrusion of strangers we agreed to improve the opportunity for a ever, had not done with us yet. When we into the precincts of their “ ancient, solitapedestrian excursion to Melrose, which is reached it the waiter informed us, that, ry reign.” “We sat us down on a marble about thirty-five miles to the southward. while we were tramping about after that stone,” with the monk of St Mary's aisle In pursuance of this plan we left Edinburgh Will o' the wisp, Middleton, some gentle and William of Deloraine, and, as far as last Thursday by the way of Salisbury men bad arrived and secured all the beds. bodily vigor is concerned, B- is no bad Crags, and directed our course towards Lib. So we were once more turned adrist in the resemblance of the knight, though the parberton, a village which you will recollect mud, rain, and darkness, to seek for a house allel would scarce hold, in regard to their as the residence of Reuben Butler. The about a mile distant, where there was a respective companions. preceding day had been rainy, the aspect possibility of some accoinmodation.


The pillared arches were over our heads, of the present one was threatening, and we discovered between six and seven And beneath our feet were the bones of the dead, the roads were vilely muddy; but we were o'clock, and were agreeably disappointed while grotesque figures of all descriptions not to be discouraged by such trifles as to find it quite a tolerable place, where a grinded or frowned from every corbell and mud and rain. Our route, after passing good fire and supper soon consoled us for projection around us. Libberton kirk, wbich is about three miles all our disasters--but whether Middleton

I do not intend to attempt a particular distant froin the city, lay by the Pentland, be an actually existing village, or not, we description of St Mary's Abbey, for many Braid, and Blackford hills; and our progress are uncertain.

Suffice it, that we saw the tombs was but indifferent for some hours, for B- The aspect of the following morning was of kings, prelates, and warriors; the wizis a botanist, and was continually arrested inauspicious. It rained violently, and there ard's grave, the stone on wbich“ the moon by some weed or moss, which he was pleas- was every prospect of its continuing to do through the east oriel shone;" the sepuled to think interesting. Moreover, we so, But the changeable nature of Scotch chre of Douglas, who fell at Otterburn, wandered out of the direct road into the weather was now a point in our favour. It &c. &c. Not the least among the beauties village of Lonehead, of which I know ceased to rain about eleven, and heroically of Melrose is the east oriel, or window, nothing remarkable, except that Baron determining to pursue our original plan, in itself, with its courts are held there, or at least were defiance of mire, we sallied forth and soon

Our so in the days of Bartoline Saddletree. reached the Galla-water (or river.)

"Slender shafts of shapely stone,

By foliage tracery combined: From thence, by a cross road, we came to road lay along its banks, and was sufficient- Thou wouldst have thought some fairy's hand, Laswade, where are the remains of an old ly solitary. We scarcely saw a house, or "Twixt poplars straight, the osier wand, kirk, of a very interesting appearance, but a human being, but there were many pic- In many a freakish knot, had twined; we could learn nothing of its history. Just turesque views and some interesting plants.

Then framed a spell, when the work was done, beyond, we crossed the North Esk, and en- The Galla is a pretty river, or, as we should

And changed the willow-wreaths to stone." joyed some very picturesque views-one in call it, brook, which flows into the Tweed But as I can neither talk of Melrose withparticular of Melville Castle. Further on a few miles below Melrose. The weather out spouting Scott's verses, nor write about was Newbottle Abbey, the seat of the Mar- was misty and the walking horrible ; but it without quoting them, I think it best to quis of Lothian, and here we passsed over B— was sure that he had met with a leave it for the present, only pausing to another beautiful river, the South Esk. By road, somewhere in the state of New York, copy, for you, the following inscription from this time it was past four o'clock, and, as the that was quite as bad, which was very con- an old tomb-stone in the church.yard : days are now very short, it began to grow solatory.

“ The Earth goeth on the Earth glist'ring like gold; dark. We had determined, at the outset, Nothwithstanding the experience of the The Earth goes to the Earth sooner than it wold ; to stop for the night at Middleton, about former day, we loitered considerably, and The Earth builds on the Earth castles and towers; twelve miles from Edinburgh, -and we liad were consequently again benighted, at some The Earth says to the Earth, All shall be ours;" yet hardly accomplished ten. We turned distance from our proposed resting place; and to observe, that I should think I had our attention therefore from flowers and but, on this occasion, we were less fortu- not come to Scotland in vain, were it only views, and pushed on as well as we might; Date than before, for our accommodation for the feelings with which I surveyed these which was not very well, as it soon became for the night was very indifferent. magnificent remains, and those which will dark as Egypt, and miry as the Slough of Our route on Saturday morning was com- forever be associated with Scott's inimitaDespond. We were not fated to reach Mid- paratively pleasant, for, though the weath- ble description of them. dleton that night, for my travels, like those er was cloudy, it did not rain, and to the Leaving “ St David's ruined pile” about of Johnie Hielandman from Crieff to Lon- mud we had become accustomed. Continu- two o'clock, we passed through Newstead, don, are full of small adventures, and if ing along the banks of the Galla, about crossed the Tweed by an ancient and there is a bad road, or a wrong road, I am four miles, we reached Galashiels, a tol- beautiful stone bridge, from which we enpretty sure to happen upon it.

erable place, where we breakfasted, in a joyed some delightful views; cast a lingerAfter groping along for more than an very satisfactory manner, by the assistance ing look at the abbey, and then pursued bour, we reached a house, which proved to of a few boiled pickled herrings, which are our route towards Auld Reekie, along the be a sort of inn, the tenant of which in- ' among the delicacies of this land. Three banks of the Leeder. Just below Melrose,



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the rivers Ettrick and Yarrow unite with


The grape in rich clusters hung, promising mirth, the Tweed, and in the vicinity is the seat

And the boughs of the apple-tree slept on the earth. of Sir Walter Scott. Further on 'we en

Did we thank thee, then, God of the seasons? Oh tered the district or earldom of Lauder

no! dale, passed near Cowden-knows, and pluck

Lament who will, in fruitless tears,

We were prompt in accepting thy favours, but slow

The speed with which our moments ily: ed some of the bonny broom, which was

Were our lips to give thanks for the rich gifts, thy I sigh not over vanished years,

hand then in flower; beyond this was Earlstone,

But watch the years that hasten by.

Showered thick on the maize-littered vales of our or Ercildoune tower, the birthplace of

land. Thomas the Rhymer, who figures in the

See how they come, a mingled crowd “Scottish Chiefs.

Of bright and dark, but rapid days ;- Thou hast rained on us manna, Lord, yet we are Beneath them, like a summer cloud,

mute; There were so many beautiful scenes in

The wide world changes as I gaze. Though summers all smiles, of thy love are the fruit, our route, that we were unable to divest

Springs and autumns, as fair as the Orient boasts, ourselves of our incorrigible habit of loiter- What! grieve that time has brought so soon

The sober age of manhood on!

Dawn on us,-yet faint are our tongues, Lord of ing, and were, the third time, delivered


As idly should I weep at noon, over to the power of darkness, with its

To see the blush of morning gone. usual and very agreeable concomitants,

Now we raise our glad voices in gratitude raise, mud and rain. We reached Lauder, how

Could I forego the hopes that glow

And we waft on the beams of the morning our In prospect, like Elysian isles ?

praise; ever, in pretty good time, and with as little

And let the charming future go,

We thank thee for golden grain gathered in shock, difficulty as was to have been expected.

With all her promises and smiles?

And the milk of the kine, and the fleece of the flock. Lauder is a burgh of barony, the meaning

The future!-cruel were the power of which designation I do not know. It

Whose doom would tear thee from my heart. And we thank thee for limbs moving light to the

task, interested me principally as the place Thou sweetener of the present hour!

For hearts beating high, though unwarmed of the where Archibald Bell-the-Cat hanged Coch- We cannot-no-we will not part.

flask. ran. It is ten miles distant from Melrose,

Oh, leave me, still, the rapid flight

Fill us, Lord, with just sense of thy bounty, and give so that we did pretty well this day, having That makes the changing seasons gay,

Health to us, and to all in the land where we live. walked seventeen miles, besides standing The grateful speed that brings the night, some hours in and about the abbey.

The swift and glad retum of day;
Although this day was Sunday, we could
The months that touch with lovelier grace

NIGHT.-A POEM. [Continued.]
not think of spending twenty-four hours in This little prattler at my knee,
Lauder, and accordingly departed at nine In whose arch eye and speaking face

Oh why doth the spirit thus love to roam, o'clock. Near the village is Thirlestane New meaning every hour I see ;

From its wonted rest in its quiet home?

Is it that fairy spirits fly castle, the seat of the Earl of Lauderdale,

The years that o'er each sister land

Around the orb of the sleeping eyean ancient and odd-looking edifice, built,

Shall lift the country of my birth,

Recalling the scenes that had gone forever, some five centuries ago, by Edward Long- And nurse her strength, till she shall stand The friends from whom we were doomed to sever, shanks. From thence we proceeded four The pride and pattern of the earth ; The smiling lip, and the sparkling eye, miles, through rather an upinteresting

The bosom on which we were wont to lie,

Till younger communwealths, for aid, The voice whose accents calmed our fears, country, still by the banks of the Leeder,

Shall cling about her ample robe,

The hand that dried our falling tears : here reduced to a very small stream, to And, from her frown, shall shrink, afraid, All we love, and all we dread, Carfrae Mill.

The crowned oppressors of the globe. The absent living, and the dead, Leaving the Mill, we began to ascend the

True-time will seam and blanch my brow By bringing the forms of death to light?

As if to mock the power of night, Lammermoor hills to Channelkirk, and

Well-I shall sit with aged men,

Or is it, that while the frame is still, from thence passed over the bills and a And my good glass will tell me how

And the thoughts no longer obey the will, dreary, heathy waste, which extended, on A grisly beard becomes me then.

That Fancy, escaping from Reason's sway, each side of the road, as far as the eye

And should no foul dishonour lie

Leaves her to slumber-and flies away; could see in misty weather. Eight miles

Upon my head, when I am gray,

Poising her fickle and downy wing, from Lauder brought us to the county of Love yet may search my fading eye,

O'er bowers of Joy, where pleasures spring, Mid Lothian. Here we began to descend And smooth the path of my decay.

Or wandering drearily 'mid the shade

Of ruined prospects, that guilt hath made ? and the country presented a more agreea- Then haste thee, time,-'tis kindness all Enough to learn, as we mark the feeling ble aspect, but the weather assumed a very That speeds thy winged feet so fast; Within a slumbering bosom stealing, different one.

Thy pleasures stay not till they pall,

While it dwells on the pictures of joy or pain Excepting the village of Fala, which is And all thy pains are quickly past. Which Fancy's pencil hath touched again, the neatest that I have noticed in Scotland,

That there dwells in that frail abode of clay, Thou fliest, and bear'st away our woes;

A being, whose home is far away; we observed nothing remarkable for the And, as thy shadowy train depart,

There is soinething there no power can bind, next nine miles. Here we recrossed the Esk The memory of sorrow grows

A living soul. an immortal mind! rivers, which are particularly beautiful át A lighter burden on the heart.


A prisoner there—which waits the hour, this point, and passed through Dalkeith,

When Death, destroying Nature's power, which is a considerable town. Near it

Shall free it from the thrall of Time,

And let it seek its native clime,stands Dalkeith castle, the seat of the

Which, trying its powers in sleep, would seem Duke of Buccleugh, who is said to be the Now we rest from our toils, Lord, our labours are To rise on the wing of a midnight dream, richest nobleman in Scotland. Six miles


And struggle to lift the veil that's thrown from Dalkeith, by Duddingstone, brought Our meadows are bared to the kiss of the sun;

Between it and the world unknown ; us to Edinburgh, which we entered exact. We have winnowed the wheat,-well our toil it That world, where its being shall still endure ly at six o'clock, having walked twenty- repays,

In joy or in sorrow-defiled or pure,

While ages roll-through time's extent, five miles in nine hours, including stop- And our oxen have eaten the husks of the maize.

Eternally living-but still unspent! pages. The road, during the last fourteen We gathered our harvests; with strength in each or fifteen miles, had been quite good, com- limb

Oh night! thou emblem of death's long sleep. pared with what we had experienced be- Toiled the mower,-the ripe grass bowed prostrate How many poor wretches thy vigils keep, fore, so that we were very slightly fatigued,

to hin,

On the stormy wave, where the winds are high, though pretty well wet, and our garments Was blither than those who wear sceptres and How many, worn out by thy terrors, pray

And the reaper, as nimbly be felled the proud grain, and the lightnings flash from an angry sky; somewhat the worse for the samples of

For the blessed beams of another day, the soil," with which they had been adorned, in the various stages of our progress. And the wheat blade was tall, and the full, golden ear See Stewart's Elements of the Philosophy of Farewell.


Proclaimed that the months of rejoicing were near; the Human Mind, vol. I, chapter v, section 5.



Yet, ere that day in its joy shall sbine,

subject, and having with him a son of a which are attendant on public and private Their prayer is hushed in the foaming brine ! So man, on the ocean of life, is met,

professor of Cambridge University, whom education; to collect the means, which By an angry storm, when his sails are set

he was to place at a Gymnasium, he avail should be brought to bear upon a large And the night of death, with its murky clouds,

ed himself of this circumstance to become number of boys, and yet to maintain the The bark of his fairest hopes enshrouds

acquainted with most of the best teachers exactness and the watchfulness, which may And he prays for light but to reach that shore, in the North of Germany. Education is exist in a private family. Where his bark must land—to return no more : there taught as a science; and he had the In the attempt to form the characters of Yet oh, how oft doth he sink to rest,

advantage of personal intercourse with pupils, they endeavour on the one hand to Without such heavenly guidance blest! For when skies were fáir, he had wandered far Niemeyer, the chancellor of the University prevent any perverse tendencies, and to From the light of that only unaltering star,

of Halle, and the most practical man of correct natural faults; but to leave to indiWhich alone can guide, o'er life's rough sea, our day in the matters relating to schools, vidual character a free opportunity of being To the peaceful shore of eternity!

and also of hearing public lectures deliver. developed in a natural manner. They valOh, life is a dangerous sea to them,

ed at Berlin, on the science of education, ue accuracy of knowledge more than variWho find not the "Star of Bethlehem !"


by one of the most able and eloquent men ety; and esteem it better to convey a few (To be continued.)

of the age. During his residence in Ger- ideas distinctly, than many in a vague and many he witnessed the effects of the various indefinite manner. In selecting objects of

systems of education as exhibited in prac- pursuit, they hold it to be the first duty, to INTELLIGENCE.

tice; and, at different times and in different cultivate and bring forth all natural capacplaces, made himself an inmate of their ities, to confirm talents into powers, to give Gymnasia for the purpose of more accurate to the individual skill in the management and extended observations.

of all which he has received from ProviWe consider it to be one of our duties to Immediately on his return, the plan of a dence. Of course they do not seek to make furnish the public with whatever informa- school was proposed and discussed. Many bright scholars of very dull boys, nor to tion we can procure, respecting the means parts of the outline presented gave satisfac- impart, but only to cultivate, faculties. of education existing among us. This sub. tion. It was no small subject of mutual This first and most important point, the ject, at all times and every where interest satisfaction to both of these gentlemen, that general improvement of the mind, being ing, is peculiarly so, now and here. It is nearly the same course of observation settled, they aim at uniting those studies not of new books only, that we would speak, should have led them to nearly the same which are best calculated to unfold the but of all new things, which have any rela- results. As a harmony existed in their powers, and give elegance to taste, and the tion to the discipline and culture of youth- opinions, they were soon led to take their habits of thought with those which are of ful minds. We cannot pretend, nor can it measures jointly; and as the situation direct practical utility in the busy world. be desired, that we should state opinions so which they filled at the University, did not There is time enough for both, where edumuch as facts. Let the public know what seem to them to offer the best sphere for cation is begun at an early age; and, suremeans and facilities for education are put exertion, they determined to try the ex- ly, a man may be of good thrift in busiinto operation, and there is little reason to periment of what they could themselves ness, or patient application in his profession, doubt that a correct judgment will be form- accomplish.

even after having cultivated a general ed of their wisdom and efficiency, and a It was a deep conviction of the imperfect love of knowledge, of intellectual improveright and adequate use inade of them. condition of the means of liberal education ment and pleasure. On the subject of Many of our readers must be aware that Mr in our country, which led them to engage classical learning while they are true to the Cogswell and Mr Bancroft, both of whom in this arduous business. They saw that faith which holds the ancients to be our recently held official situations in the Uni- our colleges needed a reform; and as they models in literature, they concede that versity at Cambridge, have opened a school could not accomplish that, they held it a they are not indispensable to those, whose in Northampton, which they profess to con- worthy object to attempt the establishment business will call them to the exchange or duct upon new principles and in a new of a good school. The evils, which most the forum; and, while full testimony is

The establishment of this novel justly excite complaint in many of our in- borne to their superiority, and endeavours institution has awakened some interest in stitutions, are well known. A want of in- are made to awaken a love for them, they this vicinity, and, we believe, elsewhere; spection leads the pupil into mischief and do not insist on their being pursued in opit seems to us a circumstance worthy of vice by entrusting him to himself before he position to the wishes of parents and the notice and attention, from its connexion knows how to take care of, or to valve, bis inclinations of pupils. with the literature of our country; and, not own moral character. Mr Cogswell and Mr Considering a knowledge of the modern doubting that a portion of our readers—to Bancroft established for their first principle, languages valuable to every body, to the say no more-would thank us for our that the discipline should be of a precaution- scholar, the merchant, the lawyer, and the trouble, we have enabled ourselves to ac- ary nature ; they would not so much punish man, they at once engaged Mr Hentz, an quaint them with the views and purposes of faults committed, as labour to prevent the instructer of established reputation in the these gentlemen, and with their rules and commission of them; they would hold their French language and literature. He was processes in the discipline of the school. pupils in the right course, not so much by educated at the University of Paris, and is

Several years ago, before Mr Cogswell's punishing them, if they went wrong, as by a scholar, an upright man, and a faithful residence in Europe, he had been engaged giving them no chance of getting out of teacher. They have since written to their in instruction at Cambridge, and in that the right road. Connected with this, they friends in Germany for one, who to a thorsituation had a favourable opportunity of endeavour to assume the parental relation ough knowledge of his own language might becoming acquainted with the condition and towards their pupils ; that is to say, they un- add an intimnate acquaintance with ancient character of the principal schools in this dertake to provide, as far as in them lies, for literature. Through the attention of Heersection of the country. His thoughts were their happiness, and at the same time claim en, the eminent historian, the friend and fordirected to the subject of education, and, the authority and rights of parents in regu- merly the instructer of Mr Bancroft, they during the years which he spent abroad, he lating their concerns. Pocket money is have engaged a young man, Dr Bode, al. had every opportunity of inspecting the not tolerated by them. They are ready to ready known to the public by a dissertation best institutions in Great Britain and on supply all reasonable wants, and some in on the Orphic poetry (one of the most diffithe continent. Mr Bancroft completed his dulgence is shown to childish desires; but cult subjects in ancieni literature),for which education at European Universities; and money, given for the express purpose of he gained the highest prize of the faculty at it was his particular object, in going thither, being wasted, seems to them inconsistent Göttingen. He is expected early in the to qualify himself as an instructer. During with good order.

spring, and there is every reason for hopbis residence in Germany, be repeatedly In this way they endeavour to connect ing to find in him an important acquisition. received letters, calling his attention to the the advantages, and avoid the disadvantages, | Very recently a master of Spanish, who





likewise teaches drawing and book-keep-bility to the public. They are also favour- | Antiochus III, and was made librarian at ing, has joined the institution, and the im-ed by their situation, as they are enabled Antioch, where he died. Euphorion prinportant branch of the Spanish language and by it to offer boys every reasonable grati- cipally devoted himself to epic poetry, but literature is thus provided for.

fication and amusement on their own prem- he also wrote elegies and epigrams. He In whatever branch they can best teach, ises, a circumstance of no small moment. also produced some treatises on grammar they are themselves the instructers. In They live in the midst of a healthy, moral, and history. He was charged with being the modern languages, and in some other and thriving population, and are surround- obscure in his expressions, and with using things, instruction can best be given by men ed by scenery of great beauty, and of a words in a forced sense. who devote themselves to the branch. Suill cheerful character. All this has a favourathey hold themselves responsible for every ble influence on the forming mind. thing. Should their means allow it, they Our readers may wish to know, particu- A sarcophagus has been brought to Marwill add to their number an instructer in larly, how the day is passed at this school. seilles from Alexandria, which is described the language and literature of Italy. They rise in winter at six; and, after the de- as being very magnificent. It was found in

The administration of the school rests votional exercises of the morning, are busy the burying grounds of Memphis, near the solely with Mr Cogswell and Mr Bancroft. with teaching and study till eight, at which valley of the Pyramids, and was taken, with They are assisted by a gentleman, who, in tiine all breakfast. They then engage in intinite pains, out of a well sixty feet in the present divided state of the town, per- some vigorous exercise till nine, when the depth. The lower part is eight feet long, forms for them a service on Sunday, De- season for intellectual labor again com- two and a half high, and three and a half in termined to have nothing to do with dis- mences, and continues till noon. Two its greatest breadth. It is covered with putes in religion, they wish the religious hours are allowed for exercise, dining, and a multitude of hieroglyphics, mythological principle should be strong and efficacious for rest, when, at two, studies are resum- figures, and symbols, admirably executed. in the minds of all around them.

ed, and continued till four. An hour and This large and splendid antique weighs In short, they have begun a school, a a balf is then employed in the sports and above six thousand pounds. The lid, the place for the liberal education of boys as- exercises suited to the season. The eve- workmanship of which is no less remarksembled in numbers, where they wish to ning meal is over by six, when some time able, is nearly of equal weight. It is of collect the means of teaching all that a boy is passed in attending to declamations, a dark green colour, resembling that of needs to learn. They would have good disci. and then about an hour and a half is given bronze, with spots of a rich dark red. Bepline, a free, constant, and affectionate in- to study, and the exercises of devotion. The sides these spots, which are pretty equally tercourse between masters and pupils; they instructers and pupils spend a few moments distributed, the lower part is marked in would encourage and promote a love of around the fire, and the boys are sent to bed three or four places by broad streaks of a knowledge, and give instructions in the an- at half past eight. In the morning and bright yellow colour, which extend to the cient languages, in French, Spanish, Ger- evening religious services, they chiefly use top: these accidents beautifully relieve the man, and if it be desired in the Italian, the excellent prayers of the Episcopal deep colour of the ground. It has sustained among the modern ; in mathematics, the church. The collects and various services no damage, except two slight notches on outlines of the natural sciences; in geog- furnish a variety of earnest and suitable the edge, doubtless made by persons who raphy, history, morals; in reading, writing, petitions. Saturday evening they meet, but had formerly attempted to remove the lid, composing ; in short, in whatsoever it can not for study. At that time exhortations are in order to plunder the tomb of its contents. be thought essential for boys to learn. made to the boys on their studies, and on the two parts have been placed on separate Their object is, to establish a good school, subjects suggested by the events of the carriages, and despatched for Paris. and no more. If they can impart knowl- week. The older boys read the New Tesedge, they are indifferent to names, and tament aloud to the school. On Sunday think the evidence of a diploma, or the dis- the smaller boys read aloud in the Bible. tinction of a degree, would be superfluous. The older ones are engaged with works of

“ Jean Perthus, or the Citizen of Paris two There exists nowhere an institution ex- Paley, Porteus, or Mason, books where the hundred and fifty years ago,” is an attempt actly like this. The gentlemen who con- duties of religion are inculcated without in the manner of the Scotch 'novels, and duct it, have borrowed from the most dif- any of the spirit of party.

gives a good picture of France and Paris ferent sources ;

one principle from the They neither covet, nor shun inspection at the tiine of the League. But the author schools at Berlin, another from Hofwyl, a A parent is in duty bound to know, in what has introduced a Baron de Malteste, who is

much too fond of developing his political third from Edinburgh, a fourth from the condition his child is, and these gentlemen books and practice of Niemeyer. With have ever been ready to explain to any views, and too superior to those around him. respect to health and morals, and the im- the principles and practice of the school. When Sir Walter Scott places a personage portant branch of physical education, they The criterion, by which to judge of a good of his own creation among historical chartrust to their observations. Originality is school, must always be the state of the acters, he takes care not to assign him the not the distinction they covet; they wish scholars; and it is by this they must be and first rank. The author, it appears, bas, in to bring to practical application the prin- are willing to be judged. As for health, manuscript, other novels relative to various ciples in education, which have the united they have as yet had no sickness; and now, periods of French history. testimony of nature, of reason, and of expe- out of forty boys, there is not one who does rience. They are aware, that a mere imi- not enjoy firm health, though many were GREAT HEAT AT NEW SOUTH WALES. tation of a foreign model would never suc- received in a weak state of body.

Dr Winterbottom relates, that a particuceed, and have endeavoured to adapt all It will certainly require much time to lar friend of his, a very careful observer, things to our own conntry.

complete this design, but its form and ten saw the thermometer rise, in New South There are one or two circumstances dency are already apparent.

Wales, to '112°, and continue so nearly a which favour them very much. They are

week. The effects of this heat upon the responsible only to the public. No tribu

human body, were extremely distressing, nal, or board of men, stands between them The life of this poet, and fragments of his producing extreme languor and incapability and the country, whose rising generations works, have been published at Leipsic, by of exertion. A gentleman, remarkably rothey wish to serve; they gladly acknowl. M. Meinecke; who distinguishes him from bust and active, out of bravado, to show edge the value of the public opinion, and in another Euphorion, of Thrace, author of the that he could do what not a man in the general the justice of the public voice; and, Priapeia. Euphorion of Chalcis obtained colony dared to attempt, took his gun, and while any direct interference on the part of the right of citizenship at Atheos. He was went ont in pursuit of game; but he was men who might not sufficiently understand the pupil of Lacydes and Prytanis in phi- very soon obliged to return, and found some their views, would be injurious, nothing but losophy, and of Archebulus in poetry. At difficulty in doing so. The effects of this good can be apprehended from a responsi- | the age of fifty, he went to the court of I heat upon animals was such, that the parro



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