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of opinion on this subject. Every unsophis- whether it should be classed amongst vir-jinstruction which he has proposed, that have ticated mind views the expression of selfish tues or vices; that is to say, whether it adds any claim to novelty, may be found in the desires for the approbation of others with to the happiness or misery of human crea- works of Pestalozzi and his followers. They displeasure ; and conscience and common tures.”
are unquestionably very important, and it is sense infallibly distinguish it as evil.
Nothing is gained by such quibbling about well for the world that they are beginning Pride relates to the judgment we form of the meaning of common language; but let to be thought so. ourselves in comparison with others. The this pass. A more formidable objection to Miss Edgeworth's talent for arranging light by which we are blessed by Heaven, the passage, is, that she makes that to be the ideas which she collects, and presenting enables us to estimate our own qualities virtue which adds to the happiness;" and them in a lucid and beautiful dress, is rejustly; but our self-love often opposes and that to be vice which “ adds to the misery markably perfect; and the external charms perverts this light,-fills our minds with of human creatures ;" without giving us any of her moral principles combine to produce deceitful imaginations of our superiority standard for determining the ultimate effect a very powerful effect on the miod of the over others, and makes us attach to our of our various passions and sentiments. The reader. It may be asked, how these emiown qualities a value and dignity which christian standard is, that what proceeds nent qualities can be accounted for, without they do not possess. It is because the quali- from love to the Lord, and charity towards supposing that they proceed from a genuine ties are ours, and not another's, that self- our neighbour, and is regulated by truth in love of purity and order. There is certainly love thus exalts and deifies them. This its application to life, is essentially right, is no greater dificulty in accounting for these false estimate of ourselves, proceeding from judicious, and will produce ultimate happi- than for the beautiful writings of professed self-love, is what is commonly denominated ness. The remark we have already made, infidels. It is not unknown, that "the chilpride.
is illustrated here: Miss Edgeworth does dren of this world are, in their generation, If your readers will excuse the digression, not refer to the principles from which pas- wiser than the children of light.” Their I will say, that what are cominonly called sions proceed, but judges of their character minds are less divided. Their thoughts and passions, consist not merely of an affection from their effects. No man is competent at affections are limited to the present world ; of the mind, but they include the immediate all times to do this justly. He is much bet- and it would be strange indeed, if they did expression of such affection. The express- ter able to look within, —to consult his con- not frequently become adepts in their sevion may sometimes be deceitful, but the science, and to ask counsel of his Bible. eral modes of life. Who can board money only way to determine the moral quality of There are a few other passages in the like a Jew, or adorn the natural passions a passion, is to analyze it, and ascertain work, of the same eharacter with those like an infidel? It becomes those who live what is the affection within it, and from upon which I have last remarked; but, in only for the present world, to make the which it proceeds. We may then describe general, the external form of its morals, best of it; and why should it surprise us, it in synthetical order; and this is the or- like that of the other works of this author, that they learn the arts of self-gratification, der in which it must afterwards be viewed. is very pure, and not unfrequently distin- and can imitate the order and beauty which Now, Miss Edgeworth and infidel writers guished by uncommon beauty. The defect would result from bringing even beavenly do not analyze the passions thoroughly. is,-and it is not a smallone,—the moral prin- principles into actual life. All that is necesThe distinctions they make between good ciples want a soul. They recommend right sary is consistency of character; and who and evil are external; having reference actions; but the motives from which these was ever more consistent, assiduous, and rather to the immediate expression of an are to proceed, are generally incompetent faithful to any purpose, than Miss Edgeaffection, and the ultimate result of actions, to produce them, and are always destitute worth has been in endeavouring to make than to the affection itself. If it be asked, of that vitality, that reference to God and a life devoted solely to the present world, how we can distinguish good from evil, while tuturity, which is necessary to make the ac- comfortable and respectable? S. viewing the very principles of passions, I an- tions good in any other than a worldly, selfswer, that it is by a faculty given by God ish view. It is not a little surprising, that, to every man, and commonly called con- with an education in a christian community, science. Whoever will learn any thing of the language of Scripture and of christian
No. III. metaphysics which will be practically use writers should have made so little impressful, must acquire the habit of looking within ion on her mind, that she could almost THERE is nothing in our common gramhimself, and tracing his passions to their entirely divest herself of every thing that mars which defines the true nature and use principles, and of noticing the influence would lead the reader to infer that she had of the adjective. In some works we read of which his affections have upon his thoughts any knowledge of them. I see no reason for substantive nouns and adjective nouns. This and decisions; and whoever will communi- ascribing this to a love of any system, which is very well. What we denominate adjeccate metaphysical knowledge, should view she has formed to herself. There is nothing tives, are only a particular class of nouns, his subject from its essence to the form of the originality of a system-maker; and, used in connexion with other nouns. Some and not inversely.
indeed, there are few works which have less of them are very frequently used indiscrimiTo return: the meaning which I have claims to original ideas. In this respect, it nately as nouns or adjectives. Others suffer given to the terms vanity and pride, is what seems to me that Miss Edgeworth has been some change of form, when used as adjecI believe them to have in common language. misjudged. She has a wonderful faculty of tives, in order to make them more readily When, therefore, Miss Edgeworth asks :- selecting the ideas of such writers as Vol. distinguishable; but, in all cases, they should “ If we could give our pupils exactly the taire, Rousseau, Helvetius, Darwin, Adam be regarded as a class of nouns, used to excharacter we wish, what degrees of vanity Smith, and Hume ;' and some affinity of soul press the qualities of other nouns. and pride should we desire them to bave?) with Franklin and Priestley. Most of her When Mr Murray tells us, thatóan adjecthe plain answer is, None at all. What she references are to infidel authors; and nearly tive put without a substantive, with the defidenominates vanity and pride, generally all her metaphysical notions are derived from nite article before it, becomes a substantive in proceed from selfish principles, although them. Whoever has had much acquaintance sense and meaning, and is written as a subthey may proceed from something better; with these, can have no difficulty in tracing stantive; as, Providence rewards the good, and she is answerable for the equivocal use the origin of her principles. It must not, and punishes the bad;" in this case, we can of the terms. More reverence for the lan- however, be inferred that she directly re-only say, that he talks nonsense. It is guage of Scripture, and more regard for re- commends the writings of these authors. proper to speak of substantives being used ligion itself, would have made her avoid this Your readers may perhaps expect me to as adjectives, for this obvious means, that confusion.
concede to Mr Edgeworth the merit of much they are used to express the quality of other “ As to ambition,” she remarks, “we originality in his chapters on the propermode substantives; but we cannot with propriety must decide what species of ambition we of teaching some of the sciences. " I know say, that an adjective is used as a substanmean, before we can determine whether it not but he deserves it; but this I know, tive, because there is no distinct class of ought to be encouraged or repressed; I that nearly all the principles and modes of words to which the term adjective properly
ON THE COMMON SYSTEMS OF ENGLISH
applies. Even those adjective pouns which the Album, and, under the guidance of a ponds, which, for any thing that I could ever are used only as such, always imply an idea Mc Farlane, set forward for the Trosachs. learn, would compete in point of diffculties of a substantive noun, and merely express The variations in the aspect of the sky are with any Loch in Scotland. But I content. that idea under some peculiar modification. among the most remarkable circumstances ed myself with pitying the narrowness of
Besides, the principle given above from that I have had occasion to remark since I their understandings; and saved my breath Mr Murray, does not involve all the cases left Glasgow. The beauty of the morning for better occasions. We landed at the little in which even the terms “good” and “bad” equals that of an October day in New Eng- creek where Ellen's shallop was moored, are used as substantive nouns. When we land; while the aspect of the afternoon bears this being the only place where one can say, “This journey did him much good,” we a striking resemblance to that of one of our conveniently do so. Just by it juts out an use the term good without the definite arti- south-easterly storms. In the course of our old rugged oak, the former shelter of “ Dun. cle, but still as a substantive noun. The walk, which was over hills, and through craggan's widowed dame.” From the height terin “bad” cannot be thus used; but its bogs, I had many occasions for congratulat- of the island, we had a fine view; behind us substitutes, evil and ill, are frequently used ing myself, that I had relinquished my at- was Coir.nan-Uriskin, the Goblin's cave; in this manner.
tempt the preceding evening. We reached before us, the place where Fitz-James first Many of the words which we call prepo- the change house of Stewart of Alpine (a came in sight of the lake and island. Farsitions are adjectives. Most of these express paltry place, by the way) in very good time ther up was the point of interview, where the quality or condition of one noun as it for breakfast ; after the discussion of which Roderick discovered himself to Fitz-James, relates to another poun. The words above, important concern, we proceeded through &c. &c. I detail these matters to you as I under, over, near, and many others, are of the Trosach to Loch Ka'rine. The Tro- received them from our guide, who, as the this class. If I say, “ A man of integrity sach is a pass between the mountains, which manner is with these people through the is above doing a mean action;" the word surround the lake, and bears a great resem- whole British empire, at least so far as my "above” expresses the quality of the man blance to the Gulf in the Green Mountains information or experience goes, had drilled in relation to doing a mean action ; he is of Vermont; the likeness is a miniature one, himself to the repetition of a sort of parrot above it. A thousand examples might be to be sure, but perhaps is more beautiful story, talked of Fitz-James and Ellen, and multiplied, with this and other prepositions, from that circumstance. Through this pass, quoted Scott, without attaching any very to show that they really retain the nature
distinct idea either to the names or the
Like billow with his crest of foam, of adjectives.
Right onward did Clan Alpine come.
poetry. This island has, in more modern We deem these last remarks important, we passed through it, at a moderate pace, for whiskey-distillers and smugglers. Alter
and less romantic days, served as a retreat as they may lead the scholar to a just view and over a very good road, and at its termi- a reasonable time spent in surveying the of the nature of many terms which are com- nation found ourselves on the shore of the prospect, I was set ashore by my Manchesmonly parsed without any analysis of their meaning. But our particular object was to Loch. Here we were surrounded with old ter friends
, on the beach opposite the landprepare the way for explaining how those acquaintance; Ben-An, Ben-Voirlich, Ben- ing. We exchanged addresses, and parted, tormentors of grammarians, like, worth, and Venue, and Ben-Ledi
, the whole tribe of I datter mysell, with mutual regret. They as, should be parsed. The first and second of Benjamin, as somebody calls them, reared proceeded up the lake towards Tarbet, and these not only express the quality of pouns
their shingly cliffs and craggy summits left me to pursue my route for Callander. in relation to other nouns, but they express around us.
Having heard the guide observe, that the something of the abstract, essential quality Poetic scenes encompassed us around,
road by which we came througb the Troof nouns; and this circumstance has made
And still we seemed to tread on classic ground; sachs was not the ancient one, I inquired
For here so ofi the muse her harp has strung, them so puzzling. When we say, “The That not a mountain rears his head unsung.
into the matter, and was informed, that the horse is worth ten dollars,” the term worth
old path was circuitous and mountainous, conveys some idea of the essential quality we embarked for Roderick’s island in a impassible by any wheel-carriage, but it of the horse, and also its quality relative skiff, which was as like that of Ellen Doug- might, he added, be passable by foot pasto, or compared with, ten dollars. Again : las' as a bum-boat is like a captain's gig. sengers. Upon the faith of this might “ He looks like a prince ;" “Glass is like Really these boats are horrid to romantic be, and with the temptation which the ice.” In these and similar cases, it is ob- eges; I gave the boatmen my poor thoughts idea of a difficult path bolds out to a pedesvious, that the term like is to be parsed as respecting the matter, suggesting the pro- trian in search of adventures, and armed at an adjective and a preposition, and is to priety of a clean clinker-built cutter, with all points against the elements, I undertook be explained in the manner we have been a light oar for sculling, in the place of the it, and found it sufficient to satisfy the exstating. The term as, when used in sen- anomalous machine, which they had the mis- pectations of any adventurer, whose ambitences like the following: “I esteem him fortune to propel among scenes with which tion does not go the length of perilling life as a friend,” really expresses the quality of
it was so little in keeping; but "oh! cæca or limb. I waded through mosses and bogs, “him,” by placing "him” and “ friend" in mens hominum!" they had the impudence to fought through heather and fern, and hopped apposition. It is frequently used somewhat insinuate in return for my endeavours to re- from stone to stone, down the course of differently; but it always, I believe, places lake navigation. By the trident of Neptune bis “ gallant gray” in such a place, was
fine their ideas, that I knew nothing about brooks. That Fitz-James should have lost two words of some class in apposition, or on an equality, more or less exact. The scholar and the scallop-shell coach of his wife, my matter of no surprise to me, as I passed the should point out what words it thus qualifies, dear friends, I was struck
dumb. A Yankee spot where I suppose the event to have hapand he may call it what he pleases, as rea- not understand navigation, whether it be of pened. No borse of these degenerate days sons for terming it an adjective, a pronoun, ocean, bay, creek, river, lake, or mill-pond. could have got there at all. About this an adverb, a preposition, and a conjunction, Truly I had half a mind to explain to the time the usual rain-storm began to threaten, are pretty nearly equal.
Highland savages the extent of their igno- but did not commence till I had reached rance and presumption, by giving them to terra firma again, and very fortunately for
know that the natives of New England, from me, as I could ill have spared a hand to hold LETTERS FROM A TRAVELLER. the first-born of them, who saw the light on an open umbrella, inasmuch as all four ex.
board the May-flower, two hundred years tremities generally found full employment No. IV.
ago, down to the urchins who fish for tom- in these "haunts of the gor-cock and the Edinburgh, September 28. cod in Boston harbor, have an instinctive | deer.” The stillness which reigns in these MY DEAR FRIENDS,
admiration and delight in, and a very tolera- Highland deserts is very remarkable. In “Up rose the sun, and uprose”--the ble insight into the mysteries of all water- the wildest and most barren places in New party at Aberfoyle Inn, on the morning craft, of whatever name or nature; and that England, at least so far as my knowledge ex: after the events commemorated in my 1, even I myself, simple as I stood there, had tends, one always hears some sound; even in last despatch. We inscribed our names in rowed, sailed, and sculled, and paddled in the calmest weather, the trees and bushes
make a slight murmur, or some animal or the inn were not of the first order, but after miles, was very beautiful, but I recollect no bird rustles among the dry leaves; but here walking five and twenty miles, one is not object of any great importance. Here I the silence is frequently deathlike, the ferns apl to be critical about such matters. Just crossed the Carron river, and after two and heaths are too low to be affected by a beyond the village are the ruins of Doune miles more, passed under the grand canal, light wind, and there are very few trees, castle, which is not now in quite so good which connects the Forth and Clyde, and and those small and stunted. This produces repair as it was when king James sallied entered Falkirk early in the afternoon ; something of the same effect on the mind as from it on the morning of the “chase.” It this is a very antique looking town, but unthe stillness of night; the excitability of the affords at present a residence for beings of fortunately I was precluded by certain consense of hearing, to speak after the manner a more aerial nature, not ghosts or sprites, sequences of a new pair of shoes, from goof the Brunonians, is accumulated; the sound at least as far as I know, but crows, a sort ing about it, or proceeding farther on my of one's own footsteps, the rattling of a stone, of gentry, who, with a taste like that of walls, which was the more troublesome, as which you have accidentally displaced and Sultan Mahmoud's owls, have appropriated this proved to be the first day since I left rolled down a declivity, or any noise, how-to themselves the ruined towers and clois- Glasgow, which was throughout clear and ever slight, strikes it unpleasantly. One ters in this country, wherever they could serene. The following morning, as if to walks or stands, in such circumstances, “ar- find them; they are termed rooks here, and make up for so much extra fair weather, rectis auribus," and with a sort of feeling of I beg their pardon and yours, for calling was as dull, misty, and muggy as one would expectation that something is about to come them by such an every day appellation as wish to see; and as my walking gear was still of all this. I almost looked to see
that of crow; but notwithstanding all my out of order, 1 had the alternative of taking From shingles gray the lances start,
endeavours at the romantic and poetical, the coach for the remaining distance to EdThe bracken bush send forth the dart. the original sin of giving things their right inburgh, or spending the day in a gloomy But nothing was to be seen more lively than names will now and then get the ascendan- inn, which last being little less than a chal" brackens green and cold gray stone,” and cy. From the castle I took my departure, lenge to the blue devils, was rather too great without further adventure, I arrived again with Waverley and Balmaw happle, for Stir- a hazard; and I departed accordingly. Eight in safety at Stewart's. Here I saw, for the ling, a distance of nine miles. It is almost miles from Falkirk, we passed through Linfirst time in my life, a British nobleman; unnecessary to mention that the morning lith-gow, where is the cathedral in which not a sprig of Scotch quality, but a real was beautiful; about four miles from Doune the apparition appeared to king James, beEnglish marquiss, with a travelling tutor; I crossed the Teath, by the bridge of Allan, fore the battle of Flodden, and reached Auld by which sight, as you may well imagine, my and soon came in sight of the object of my Reekie about one o'clock. Notwithstanding plebeian eyes were wonderfully refreshed. destination, which, from its elevated situa- the disadvantage of a stormy day, I was at From Stewart's I marched stoutly along the tion, is visible for some distance. As I drew once fully satisfied that this was the most banks of Lochs Achray and Vennachar, two near, I enjoyed the view of one of the most beautiful city I had ever seen, and I have had beautifol sheets of water; passed Lanrick beautiful scenes in Scotland. The road is no reason since to alter that opinion. We mead, the Brigg of Turk and Glepfinlass, considerably above the level of the carse,or, entered it by the way of Prince's street, and and about three o'clock, reached Coilan. as we should call it, intervale, and one can as the coach was driven along this magnifitogle ford, which is now crossed by means see its whole extent, with the Forth, which cent avenue, the crowds of human creatures of a stone-bridge ; just beyond is Callander, we left at Aberfoyle, now swelled to a re- which thronged it, reminded me of the workwhere, being “far past Clan Alpine's ut- spectable size, winding through it. This ing and lighting pismnires of Africa, traversing most guard,” I paused for a while, to re-carse is a process, if I may be allowed to the galleries of their wonderful structures. cover a little from the effects of the rain, be professional, of the lowlands, extending The coach on which I was perched seemed which had accompanied me during the lat- like a wedge, between the bilis on each like a baby-house toy, drawn by a team of ter part of the way. This was the first vil side, and from about the middle of it the little atomies; and when I was set down at lage I had seen since I left Leven; it is eminence on which Stirling is built, arises last with my bundle and umbrella, in my quite a considerable one for the situation, gradually, and terminates in a precipitous travelling dress, without a single acquaintand contains a thousand inhabitants. Here bluff, something like a headland which has ance, or letter of introduction,--for I had I entered again upon the Low Country, and been worn by the waves; on the brow of left them with my baggage at Glasgow,-1 directed my course towards Doune, which this stands the castle, while the town is on felt in its full force the “solitude of a crowd," was distant eight miles. The evening soon the acclivity, which leads to it. It was on and with Will Marvel, I “cannot deny, became so dark and misty, that little of the this carse that Mr Jinker's steeds had occa- that I did for some time suffer melancholy country could be seen. About four milession to show their mettle, when their com- to prevail upon me, and wish myself safe at from Callander, I overtook another pedes-mander, like another British leader, on a home.” Luckily I happened to have that in trian, and walked along with him the re- later occasion, and in a scene nearer home, my pockets which the people were disposed mainder of the way. He was a native of
so bravely led them on,
to recognise as an acquaintance, and which Stirling, and spoke the abominable patois And spirited the troops to-run.
introduced me to very tolerable acmmodaof that shire. İle afiorded me much amuse- Crossing the Forth by a stone bridge, I en- tions. Still I was alone, and unwilling, on ment by his abuse of the Highlands, where, tered Stirling. The town presented noth- account of the appearance of my external he informed me, he had sometimes been, and ing remarkable; it looked pleasant enough man, to perambulate the streets of a city; where the people could jabber nothing but in the sunshine. If I had had a companion, I so that I had every prospect of spending the Gaelic, and eat barley-bannocks without a should have staid some time here, examined time between my own arrival and that of grain of white-bread, meaning thereby oat- the fortress, &c., and I dare say, it will seem my baggage, in a manner which none of cakes, -wbich are about equal in quality and strange to you that I did not ; but if any you will envy. My first step, in these cirflavour to our Indian hoe-cakes. Just before one of you should ever happen to walk two or cumstances, was to despatch a requisition entering Doune, we passed the seat of Sir three days in succession, through a strange for the aforesaid baggage, the second, only John Murray, the present chief of the Mc country alone, you will wonder less; one's one of you will probably be able to conjecGregor clan. You may perhaps recollect enthusiasm is very apt to cool, unless he has ture, -'T-alone will know it by intuition. to have seen in a child's book, called the some friend to participate in his pleasures The only alternative in such cases, as he is Chapter of Accidents, the picture and ac- and troubles ; certainly my zeal for moun- well aware, is the Circulating Library; an count of a tiger rushing upon Monro, and tains, floods, and antiquities, was on the invention which takes rank with that of the wounding him mortally. This Sir John wane ; so I remained here but a few hours, steam-engine or the printing press; thither Murray, as my companion informed me, and then set forward for Falkirk, about a I repaired, and arıning myself with Scott's was then present, and slew the tiger, whose mile from Stirling passed the ruins of Cam- last novel, set the azure demons at defiance. head now hangs in his hall. We reached bus-Kenneth Abbey, and one and a half I have thus given you an account of my Doune about seven o'clock, in a dark and further crossed Bannock-burn, near the field journey from Glasgow, and you will perhiaps drizzly evening. The accommodations of of battle. The country, for the next six lihink ihat I have made the most of it; and
THE MURDERED TRAVELLER.
like Marvel again, have endeavoured to The aspiring lark up from the reedy river which have given rise to this undue degree make a story of what, if told in proper Mounted, on cheerful pinion; and she sat of vividness." It is therefore chiefly for the terms, would be only that the roads were Casting smooth pebbles into a clear fountain, sometimes rough and sometimes dirty, and for him that perished thus in the vast deep. And marking how they sunk ; -and oft she sighed purpose of explaining such laws, that the
present dissertation is written. But I here that the weather “presented the usual vi- She had a sea-shell, that her lover brought enter into a perfectly new field of research, cissitude of rain and sunshine.” Farewell. From the far distant ocean, and she pressed where far greater difficulties are to be en
Its smooth cold lips unto her ear, and thought countered than 1 anticipated. The extent
of them can indeed be only estimated by the POETRY.
And sad, she cried, " The tides are out!-and now
metaphysician.” The laws which govern Around her neck a string of rose-lipped shells,
the vividness of our feelings, Dr Hibbert And coral, and white pearl, was loosely hung, explains in the various transitions which the And close beside her lay a delicate fan,
mind undergoes; 1st. From perfect sleep to When Spring, to woods and wastes around,
Made of the halcyon's blue wing; and when the common state of watchfulness; 2d. From Brought bloom and joy again;
She looked upon it, it would calm her thoughts The murdered traveller's bones were found, As that bird calms the ocean,- for it gave
the ordinary tranquil state of watchfulness Far down a narrow glen. Mournful, yet pleasant memory. Once I marked,
to that condition of extreme mental exciteWhen through the mountain hollows and green ment which is conceived to be necessary The fragrant birch, above him, hung woods,
for the production of spectral illusions; 3d. Her tassels in the sky;
That bent beneath its footsteps, the loud wind From perfect and imperfect sleep to dreams And many a vernal blossom sprung,
Came with a voice as of the restless deep, And nodded, careless, by.
and somnambulism. These laws meet with She raised her head, and on her pale cold cheek A beauty of diviner seeming came:
very striking illustrations; which, the auThe red-bird warbled, as he wrought
And then she spread her hands, and smiled, as if thor adds, "are not more numerous than His hanging nest o'erhead,
She welcomed a long absent friend,--and then the treatise requires, as my object is, not And fearless, near the fatal spot, Shrunk timorously back again, and wept.
only to render the principles which I have Her young the partridge led.
I turned away: a multitude of thoughts,
inculcated, as intelligible as possible, but to
direct the attention of the reader, less to And gentle eyes, for him, With watching many an anxious day, A living monument that still on earth
the vulgar absurdities which are blended There is warm love and deep sincerity,
with ghost stories, than to the important Grew sorrowful and dim.
She gazed upon the west, where the bine sky philosophical inferences, which are freThey little knew, who loved him so, Held, like an ocean, in its wide embrace
quently to be deduced from them. The The fearful death he met,
Those fairy islands of bright cloud, that lay
subject of apparitions has, indeed, for cenUnarmed, and hard beset. And then she pointed where, alone and high,
turies, occupied the attention of the learnOne little cloud sailed onward, like a lost
ed; but seldom without reference to superNor how, when round the frosty pole
And wandering bark, and fainter grew, and fainter, stitious speculations. It is time, however, The northern dawn was red,
And soon was swallowed up in the blue depths. that these illusions should be viewed in a The mountain wolf and wild-cat stole
And when it sunk away, she turned again
perfectly different light; for, if the conclu-
they are calculated, more than almost any They dressed the hasty bier,
She sat no longer by her favourite fountain ! other class of mental phenomena, to throw And marked his grave with nameless stones,
She was at rest forever.
H. W. L. considerable light upon certain important Unmoistened by a tear.
laws connected with the physiology of the
human mind.” But long they looked, and feared, and wept,
PHILOSOPHY OF APPARITIONS.
OCCASIONAL ABUNDANCE AND SUPPOSED MI-
GRATION OF FIELD-MICE.
been lately published by Dr Hibbert, enti- Feld-mice appeared in extraordinary Nor knew the fearful death he died
tled “Sketches of the Philosophy of Appa- numbers in Morvern (Scotland) about the Far down that narrow glen.
B. ritions." The general plan of the work year 1809 or 1810. They were first observed
may be best described in the words of the in the month of August, and disappeared author himself.
during the ensuing winter. They were most THE LUNATIC GIRL.
“ In the first place,” he observes, “a nunjerous in the north, on Loch Sunart side Most beautiful, most gentle! Yet how lost general view is given of the particular of Morvern, where the country is wildest To all that gladdens the fair earth; the eye morbid affections, with which the produc- and most rugged, and where there is least That watched her being; the maternal care
tion of phantasms is often connected. Ap- arable land. On the coast of the sound of That kept and nourished her; and the calm light That steals from our own thoughts
, and softly rests paritions are likewise considered as nothing Mull, their numbers were comparatively On youth's green vallies and smooth-sliding waters.
more than ideas, or the recollected images trifling. They also infested the districts of Alas! few suns of life, and fewer winds,
of the mind, which have been rendered more Sunart, Arduamurchan, Moidart, Arisaig, Had withered or had wasted the fresh rose vivid than actual impressions.” In a second and Ardgour. In Morvern, during the That bloomed upon her cheek; but one chill frost part of this work he says, “ My object has months of August and September, any spot Came in that early Autumn, when ripe thought Is ricb and beautiful, -and blighted it;
been to point out, that in well authenticated of fine pasture in the bills was cut in roads, And the fair stalk grew languid day by day,
ghost-stories, of a supposed supernatural close to the ground. The grass, cut by the And drooped,—and drooped, and shed its many character,--the ideas which are rendered root, lay withered. Bushes were also cut leaves.
so unduly intense as to induce spectral illu- by the root in the same way, and the white 'Tis said that some have died of love, and some, sions, may be traced to such fantastical ob- interior substance gathered into heaps for That once from beauty's high rouance had caught jects of prior belief as are incorporated in nests. About the end of October and beginLove's passionate feelings and heart-wasting cares the various systems of superstition, which for ning of November, in woods and low grounds Have spurned life's threshold with a desperate foot:
ages have possessed the minds of the vulgar.” preserved for winter grazing, the grass was And others liave gone mad, -and she was one ! - In the succeeding, and by far the most con- found cut the same way as in the hills. The Her lover died at sea; and they had felt
siderable part of this treatise, the research bark of young wood was frequently gnawed A coldness for each other when they parted; is of a novel kind. Since apparitions are off, and the ground perforated to such a deBut love returned again, and to her ear Came tidings, that the sbip which bore her lover
ideas equalling or exceeding in vividness gree, in making their subterraneous resiHad sullenly gone down at sea, and all were lost. actual impressions, there ought to be some dences, that it often yielded to the foot in I saw her in her native vale, when high
important and definite laws of the mind I walking. These subterraneous residences,
OR SELECTIONS FROM THE WORKS OF
it is supposed, were intended for winter ham made his experiments with two guns, to forward to us, regularly and seasonably, quarters
. It was observed that the nests of at the distances of 29,547 feet and 13,923.3 the names of all works of every kind, prethe mice, above and below ground, all com- feet. They were twenty-four pounders, paring for publication, in the press, or municated with each other by an amazing charged with eight pounds of powder, and recently published. As they will be innumber of these cross roads, formed by cut the experiments were continued during the serted in the Gazette, it is particularly ting the grass close to the ground, and latter part of 1820, and the whole of 1821. desired that the exact titles be stated at every nest was invariably connected, by The following table contains the substance length. means of these roads, with some place of these numerous and well conducted ex- *** The proprietors of Newspapers, for where there was water. In Morvern, and, periments; and it is curious to remark, how which this Gazette is exchanged, and of it is believed, in every quarter which the the velocity gradually increases towards the which the price is less than that of the mice infested, they were most numerous in middle of the year, and again gradually Gazette, are expected to pay the differ
C. H. & Co. those farms where there is least crop; and diminishes. Mr Goldingham conceives that ence. upon the whole, they destroyed much less this regularity would be still greater, with crop than grass. This did not proceed from the mean of several years' observations. a want of relish for corn diet; for, in one
Velocity of sound in
ADVERTISEMENTS. farm in Morvern, where there is very little
a second, in feet. arable ground, the crop was completely de
CUMMINGS, HILLIARD, & CO.
February stroyed. Even every square foot of the roof
March of the barn was perforated; and a great
PROPOSE publishing a Collection of April
1145 many of the stobs (sharp-pointed rods for May
American Poetry, under the title of fastening the thatch) nearly cut through. June
ANTHOLOGIA AMERICANA, It has been observed that mice are more
August numerous during wet than dry seasons.
September During the winter of the year in which October
AMERICAN POETS. they were numerous beyond all others, a November
1101 long continued and severe frost took place,
The extracts which have been prepared December
1099 and they then disappeared. It is supposed Mr Goldingham has also recorded the for this publication, will make three or four they perished for want of food or water. state of the barometer, thermometer, and volumes, crown octavo; and they will comAll opinions regarding the amount of dam- hygrometer, at the times of his observations, prise such portions of the works of our mere conjectures, but it must have been thermometer, 1.2 feet may be allowed in the The degrees of merit will, of course, be vaage done by these mice, to the pastures, are He concludes, that for each degree of the writers, as will present a fair specimen of
the actual poetical talent of our country. very considerable.
In one tenement at velocity of sound for a second; for each deMoidart, having a stock of two thousand gree of the hygrometer, 1.4 feet; and for rious; but it is the Editor's intention to adsheep, it was estimated as equal to that of 0.1 of an inch of the barometer, 9.2 feet. mit only such articles as shall have some three hundred sheep of an overstock. In He concludes, that ten feet per second is claim to a place in the collection, either on Ardgour, on the grounds around Colonel the difference between the velocity of account of their own intrinsic merit, or of
the rank which their authors have heretoMaclean's residence, the mice destroyed an sound in a calm and in a moderate breeze;
fore held in the public estimation. immense number of fir plants, and other and 214 feet in a second, or 1275 in a min
'The little volume lately published in young trees, by eating away the bark a lit- ute, is the difference, as the wind is in the ile above the root. So bent were they bere direction of the motion of sound, or oppose the American Poels," was (to say nothing of
London, under the title of “ Specimens of on mischief, that old women, with cats, were ed to it.
the merit of some of the articles selected) stationed at different points, in huts, ourh
too limited to meet the wishes of those the plantations; at least it is generally re
readers who take an interest in this subject; ported that such was the case. It is not A French Journal has just been set up at and the specimens were too few in number likely that these establishments could give New York, under this singular, but rather to answer the purposes of such a work. any effectual check to their depredations. attractive title. It is published every ThursIt is not probable that there was any thing day, in a pamphlet of about twenty pages, played by some of our native poets, the
From the marks of genius which are dislike an invasion of this country by the mice and has now reached its third number. The editor has been led to believe (perhaps not at the time they were so uncommonly nu- editor proposes to pass “ from grave to gay;"upinfluenced by partiality for his native merous. It is more probable, that there was to deal in politics, literature, foreign intelli- country) that there are quite as strong and something in the season peculiarly favoura.gence, especially news from his own France; decisive indications of a national taste for ble to their increase. There is always a and to have a hand in all the pleasant topics poetical composition, as is acknowledged in considerable number of field-mice in the of the day. One of his most inviting prom- the sister art of painting; in which our woods, where they live by hoarding up, ises is, to tell his readers so much of what is under ground, great quantities of hazel. doing in Paris, that they will almost forget could not have been expected at this early
country has already attained a rank that nuts; and in soft, moist ground, where there the distance that separates them from that is long, rank grass, or where the ground is capital of taste and the arts.
It is the intention of the Editor that the coated with moss or fog, many of their nests It is really surprising, that in a city like work shall be accompanied with a General and roads may be found under cover of the New York, which so swarms with foreign. Introduction, partly of a critical, and partly moss or grass. No facts occurred that would ers, where there is at least one church at of an historical nature. The plan has been lead one to suppose that they migrate from which the service is performed in the French communicated to several authors, who have, one district of country to another.
language, and where that language is so gen. without exception, expressed their consent erally understood, a plan of this kind should and approbation in the most flattering not have been sooner thought of.
terms; and the Editor now feels no hazA valuable and elaborate series of experi
The present attempt is very creditable, ard in anticipating the same liberality in ments on the velocity of sound, has been and cannot fail of becoming popular, if the those from whom he has not yet
had oppormade at Madras, by Mr Goldingham. Va- editor's skill in choosing and managing his tunity to obtain an answer.
The Editor rious different measures of the velocity of subjects proves
equal to his style of writing. considers it unnecessary to be more particsound, had been obtained by different ob
A Lover of French Literature.
ular on the present occasion ; such other servers, but the discrepancies in their obser.
information as may be requisite, will be vations were not supposed to arise from the All publishers of books throughout the given in a Prospectus of the work at a condition of the atmosphere. Mr Golding- United States, are very earnestly requested future day.
VELOCITY OF SOUND.