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that the pupil must commit almost the whole medalling, be-ribboning, and be-starring the citizen of Boston, “Where, sir, is the poof the book to memory, or he can profit Duke of Wellington and all his quality, or lice ? Every thing here is regular and orlittle by it. The study of geography gen-going out of the body with loyal transport, derly; but how is it effected, and where are erally interests the young, if the facts to as he escorted his most condescending maj. the officers ?” We are a wary and calculatbe learned and remembered are not stated esty, George the Fourth, to the various ing people, no way given to bolidays, jubiin too naked and abstract a manner; and cities of his empire, he neglected no oppor lees, or uproar of any kind. Our young an elementary work in this science may tunity of sneering at our forgetfulness of and men sometimes play at ball, it is true, on avoid this fault without exceeding its prop- ingratitude to those illustrious men, who had fast days, and shoot turkies on Thanksgiv. er compass. We are no advocates for those in times of peril, directed the counsels, or ings, let off a few squibs on the occasion of works which are intended to cheat children fought the battles of this republic. But be a governor's election, and burn a tar-barrel into learning ; but the knowledge present- ing tired at last of vapouring in his holiday- or two in honour of the Fourth of July ; but, ed to them may, and should be so presented suit, and settled quietly down to business, in general, these things are done in a disas to induce and encourage them to seek, on a sudden he is aroused by the echo of a creet and orderly manner; and it is the by study, for further knowledge. As this nation's shout of welcome to one of its ear- opinion of some of the elders among us, that is intended to be a purely elementary book, liest and dearest friends. Mr Bull puts his the spirit with which they are conducted, as Mr Smiley has done wisely in omitting those pen behind his ear, looks forth from his well as the enjoyment which they afford, is astronomical notices which are usually pre-counting-roomn, beholds processions, triumph- gradually diminishing. It is fair, therefore, fixed to Geographies; children may begin al arches, and illuminations, and hears ora- to presume, that the feeling is deep and to learn geography at an age, at which it tions and addresses. He sees a whole peo- strong, which has aroused such a people, is impossible for them to have acquired that ple crowding to welcome and honour a man, and excited them to unite, as it were, with knowledge, without which they cannot to whom no welcome can be too hearty, and one heart and one voice, in the most, we comprehend the relation between this sci- hardly any honour too great; and what says had nearly said extravagant, demonstrations ence and astronomy and geometry. Ques- he to all this? Why, truly, he says it is demo- of gratitude and joy. We rejoice that we tions are attached to the description of each cratic twaddling. Really, cousin Bull, you live in these days; we rejoice for the honcountry and state, and they are divided in- are hard to suit, and it is seriously to be our of our nation ; we rejoice for the honour to two classes, viz. those which may be an- feared, that we shall scarcely ever be hon- of human nature. Let those who can neither swered from the book, and those which com- oured with your approbation, since we have understand nor appreciate the benefits of pel the learner to search the maps; this so few legitimate objects of glorification. Our revolution, or the services of La Fayette, arrangement is not perfectly new, but it is We have no heroes of Waterloo, no dukes look askance at our enthusiasm, and insinua very good one. Throughout the book, the or duchesses, and, save the mark, no George ate that we are thankful for small mercies. mountains, rivers, and cities are divided the Fourth to reign over us; and as for our We will endeavour to set a just value upon into six classes, according to the height of Presidents, no reasonable person can expect the former, and by every possible method to the first, the length of the second, and the ten millions of people to go mad once in four cherish and proclaim our gratitude for the population of the third ; and this classifica- years. In the mean time, whatever our latter. We have other reasons for being tion is carried into the maps by figures, crusty relation may think or say, and prob- gratified by this general display of national from 1 to 6, attached to each mountain, ably in this matter, as in some others, bis enthusiasm. It has added strength to the stream, and city. We believe this plan to bark is worse than his bite, we have every ties that bind our union together. A party be original with Mr Smiley, and it does him reason to be gratified by the reception which of individuals, whom, perhaps, accident bas credit. There is one fault in some parts of General La Fayette bas met with in this associated on some occasion of happiness, this book, which a little care might have country: We had heard of the selfishness who have visited together some delightprevented, and may still avoid, if it reaches and cold-heartedness of mankind, and read of ful spot, or passed together some delighta third edition. Some of the statements the ingratitude of republics, till we trembled ful hours, when the cares, the selfishness, cannot be understood without an advance for the event of the visit of this benefactor and uncharitableness of the world were ment in knowledge for which this book is to our land. Our alarm has as yet proved cast behind them and forgotten, and none not at all calculated. For example, on groundless. He has been received, as one but joyous or kind feelings permitted to page 20, it is said, “On the 20th of March whom the people delighted to honour. The appear, will always to a certain degree and 23d of September the days and nights shouts of welcome have resounded from connect these feelings with the presence are equal in all parts of the world, because Maine to Georgia, and from the shores of or memory of their companions. We reat those times the sun passes the equator." the Atlantic to the valley of the Mississippi. gard the friends of our youth with sentiA child who could perfectly understand | The cynic may tell us, that the mob will al- ments, which no after ones can share ; what is meant by the sun's passing the ways shout on any argument. But in these other friends may be more learned, more equator, and how this circumstance causes United States, we reply, and we have British sensible, more estimable, even more amiaan equal alternation of day and night, could authority for the assertion, mobs are rarely ble; but they want the charm which the certainly find many books upon geography seen. These are the peccant humours, that associations of youthful hope and joy alone better suited to him than this. ere are infest the bodies politic of the old world. can bestow; we may admire, esteem, and not many faults of this kind, but there This republic threw them off with the mon- love the latter, but the presence of the forwould be none, if the author were sufficient- archical regime, which engendered them. mer lifts the load of years from our shoully impressed with the importance of mak. The passions of our citizens are continually ders-gives to the mind the feelings of aniing a school-book perfectly intelligible to exbaled through the newspapers, or the mation, which belonged to other days, and those for whom it is intended.
courts of law; their actions are sober and that renovation, which the elixir os Paradeliberate. A foreigner who should peruse celsus, had it been real, could never have
the alarms and denunciations of the periodi- imparted. Something of the same kind bapMemoirs of General La Fayette. With an cal press, which precede an election, might pens with the individuals of a nation. When
Account of his Visit to America, and of conclude that we were on the verge of they rejoice together, they will love each his Reception by the People of the United anarchy and ruin. Let him attend the other; when they unite in paying honour to States ; from his Arrival
, August 15th, to election itself, and he will be astonished to merit, they will be proud of each other. To the Celebration at Yorktown, October 19th, find so little bustle or disorder; and as he a nation, spread over such an extent of ter 1824. Boston. 1824. 12mo. pp. 264.
sees successive groups of voters quietly drop ritory, whose component parts are so variWhen our loving and well-beloved consin, ping their suffrages into a box, and then go ous, and whose sectional interests and feelon the other side of the water, was filling ing about their usual business, will wonder ings so often conflicting, as our own, every up patriotic subscriptions and building mon- what magic has stilled the tuinult, which he moment which consigns these differences to uments, with all his might, to the praise and had expected to witness, and perhaps in- temporary forgetfulness is a precious one ; glory of the conquerors of Napoleon, be-Iquire, as an English traveller once did of a land La Fayette has added one more to the
long list of bis benefactions to our country, times will dp his character that justice which groundless, and that the republic is safe. by giving us an opportunity to feel and act the times themselves have too frequently de- We have yet among its guardians a few, like Ainericans. The sons of the Pilgrims, nied; and we, who “ from our loop-boles of whose judgment the spirit of liberality could the descendants of the broad-brimmed gen- retreat” beyond the ocean, have "seen the not bias, nor the blaze of merit blind; they eration of Penn,or the broad-hosed burghers stir of the great Babel,” in which he has knew, that although General La Fayette of New Amsterdam, the sailor and the back- been involved, can understand and pay the had lavished his fortune in the service of woodsman, the hunter of the prairie, and the tribute of admiration to a character, such this country, the gift was a free one, and chaser “of the gigantic game on the coasts as the world has not often seen. From that no country is bound to return what of Brazil,” have forgotten every thing on the account of La Fayette by Madame de was bestowed without stipulation or expectthis glorious occasion, but that they belonged Stael, quoted in these Memoirs, after recom- ation; they abhorred the idea of tendering to the same great and happy nation, and that mending the whole of it to the perusal of pitiful trash, to one who has shown that the one of the last survivors of those who had our readers, we extract the concluding re- only objects of value in his eyes, were the made them such a nation, was before them. marks.
rights of mankind. They knew, that he We bave arisen as one man, and stood firm
Since the departure of M. de La Fayette for bad long since become a citizen of these and united, and the friends and enemies of America, now forty years ago, we cannot quote a States, and they conceived him to be fully our confederacy may alike be taught by our single action or a single word of his, which was entitled, with the citizen soldiers of his conduct, that occasion alone is wanting to not direct and consistent. Personal interest never time, to the valuable privilege of serving call forth the same spirit of union, whether / blended itself in the least with his public conduct: his country without reward. They had seen
success would have displayed such sentiments to it be needed to welcome a benefactor or advantage ; but they claim the attention of the his- the petition of the veteran officers of our trample on an assailant.
torian in spite of circumstances, and in spite of revolution lying on the table of congress, In order to appreciate justly the moral faults, which may serve as a handle to his oppo- year after year, and session after session, grandeur of the character of La Fayette, nents.
till the dwindling list of its subscribers was and the merits of his claim to the gratitude Besides the claim of General La Fayette at last hidden under piles of road bills and and admiration of the people of these United to all the honour which it is in the power of draughts of canals; plans of fertile townStates, it is necessary to be acquainted with the American people to bestow, he had anoth- ships, manufacturing memorials, modificathe history of bis eventful life, from the er upon that treasury, which, once so low as tions of tariffs, and maps of the interior of moment when he engaged in our service, to need the assistance of a private individ- the earth; and they bebeld it in imaginaat the age of nineteen, to the present time; ual, is now, as we are annually informed by tion disinterred, and the spirit again hauntand in the volume which is the subject of our chief magistrate, beginning to overflow ing the splendid hall, which they had hoped this article, we find this faithfully and very with accumulating millions. Such a claim was laid forever; they beheld the whiteagreeably related. We do not intend to could not be considered without alarm by the haired remnants of the last century creepgive any particular analysis of it, as we ex- friends of that economy, which has ever been ing out once more from their retreat, and pect that it will be in the hands of all our the distinguishing characteristic of our gov- heard again the appalling sounds of deprereaders, quite as soon as this article. They ernment, gaining the hearts of the careful ciated currency, funded debt, bounty lands, will learn from the details of the life of La ren of these realms, and extorting the reluc- and five years' commutation. They felt
Fayette, to admire the singular consistency tant admiration of Europe. They had reas- likewise on this occasion, what every true ! of his character. His speeches and writings, on to regard with anxiety the session of a patriot must feel, that the security of our | as well as bis actions, in every period of it, a congress, so lately collected from the union is debate; and that our liberties can I evince the same enthusiastic and inflexible crowds that hailed the arrival of this illus- never be impaired till our representatives I regard to civil liberty and the unalienable trious person, their ears yet tingling with shall cease to talk. Their hands and their
rights of mankind, and the same undeviat- the sounds of rapturous welcome; and their voices therefore were uplifted against reing opposition to any government which had hearts yet warm with the remembrance of funding; what they could not prevent, they
not this for its object. In the war waged the dinners they had eaten to his honor. at least delayed, and history will forever I by these Colonies, in support of these prin- It was to be feared that they would forget, preserve the names of those, who retained
ciples, he lavished his fortune, and risked to a man, that tender regard to the people's their coolness amid the enthusiasm of a nahis life, with a spirit belonging rather to the money, which we cannot sufficiently praise, tion, and reasoned when others only felt. age of chivalry than any more modern pe- and vote by acclamation the payınent of the riod. In his own country he soon after ap- the only part of our debt, wbich can ever be peared among the leaders of a revolution, liquidated; and that some furious member, Escalala : an American Tale. By Samuel which professed to have the establishment in a paroxysm of frantic liberality, would
B. Beach. Utica. 1824. 12mo. pp. 109. 1 of the same principles for its object; but empty the treasury with a motion, and re- This poem exbibits some talents, but does
when his companions and countrymen be duce it again to that state from which La not exhibit them to advantage ;-the imagegan to carry the work of demolition beyond Fayette had formerly rescued it. It was ry is occasionally quite good, and the ver
the limits which necessity and justice marked to be feared, that no civil courage, how. sification is often excellent, but there are sout, La Fayette was no longer with them. ever tried, could resist the impulse of that many unpardonable offences against good 3 His uniform adherence to these principles moment; and no soul could be so independent taste, both as it respects thought and ex
have procured him the hatred alike of the of circunstances, as to be untouched by such pression, and the story is exceedingly deis rulers and reformers of the old world; the as those, no heart so firm as not to be fective. > despots immured him in their dungeons, softened; no voice so loud as to make its It must be known to most of our readers,
and the demagogies denounced his name, prudential accents heard amid the uproar of|that numerous mounds and barrows exist in confiscated his estates, and threatened his gratitude. That even he, that old man vigi- in the interior of North America, the origin
life; amid the fierce struggles and corrupt lant, from whose “wakeful custody, the of which is wholly unknown. There they intrigues of Europe, his opinions and actions guarded gold” of these United States has so are, but none living can say what hand have been unintelligible anomalies; and seldom passed without opposition, would re- built them or how many ages have rolled how could those of a disciple of Washing- lax bis diligence, and swell the vote of his over them,- for what uses they once servton be otherwise ; contending steadily and fellows, heedless of the twinges of prudence, ed, or what deeds or names they were inundauntedly for the cause of reason, right, and careless of coming regrets. With such tended to record. The Indians who are and justice, he has been almost uniformly in fears, did the unbending patriot-economists of around them, know as little about them as the ranks of the weaker party. His zeal and our land await the doings of the great council we. Before our fathers came here, all activity have been a perpetual terror to the of the nation; and accordingly, no sooner had knowledge, all tradition of their beginning usurpers of unlawful power, and his exam- the logocracy assembled, than rumours of re- was lost, and the shadow of their memory ple a perpetual rebuke to the unprincipled muneration began to issue from the capitol. bad faded away.
Mr Beach thinks that aspirants after it; but the history of these The event has proved that our alarms were every one may solve a mystery so deep as
this, just as he pleases ;-in this he may be Tasted life's joys with richer zest,
And soul of more elastic power-
More bland, more bright, in blissful hour, right; but he also appears to think that it is
More stern, relentless, undismayed, impossible for the story of a poem to oppose In peace they dwelt; the Indian, wild,
When danger roused or passion swayed obvious probabilities too violently ;-and in Bland nature's free but simple child,
Ne'er found in male or female breast, this he is clearly wrong. It is said by, or
Beheld, with terror and surprise,
Since time began, congenial rest.
Their race increase, their cities rise, for some Norwegian historian, that Nad
Though in her form you might not trace And hid him in some wildwood glen;
The nice proportion, or the grace, dohr, a petty chief of that kingdom, flying
Deeming the gods had left the skies
Which shone in love's all-beauteous queen, from Harold Honfager, who had subdued To tabernacle there, like men.
When erst by Trojan Paris seen; him and his brethren, discovered and colo
Accordingly the king and his nobles Yet such--so vigorous, yet so freenized Greenland; and in one of his voyages feasted and hunted after the fashion, which
Such beauty twined with majesty, to that country, was supposed to have per- their ancestors had brought from Norway,
Were chaste Diana's; when she came
To Tempe's vale, with quivered reed, ished by shipwreck. Our author rescues and during the festival the “scalds”. “ in- Bent bow, and hounds of heavenly breed, him from a fate so undesirable, places him voked the muse, the rites to aid;"—that is To rouse the sylvan game. near the junction of the Ohio and Missis- to say, one of the bards relates an anecdote
Far from her wonted haunts, the maid, sippi, and permits him to found a colony of the witch of Hesleggen, and another
Intent upon her sport, bad strayed, there, which, under the ninth" of Nad- tells a pleasant tale of diablerie concern
And wearied, turned to trace again
Her homeward course across the plain; dohr's royal pedigree,” arnounted to six ing the Ocean Queen. In the second can- Just as the din, so wild and drear, hundred thousand souls. Scania is the
to the hunt begins; they ride on gallant Of that gay hun--from hound and hom, name of this singular nation, and Gondibert steeds very furiously, and go through woods
On Echo's thousand voices borneis their king. The poem is introduced by where they had never been before, and
Burst on her unaccustomed ear, some lines about America and Americans, kill a great deal of game. We would re- Ruric carries off Escalala, and in the which are pretty good and nothing more mark, that the dogs and horses used upon next canto, Reta relates the circumstance In the first canto we are told that
this occasion, demonstrate the care with to Warredondo. It chanced that TeondeGondibert, in pride of place,
which Naddohr provided himself with ade. tha, to whom Escalala, just before she went Stern king of Scania's powerful race, quate means for the maintenance of ancient a fishing, had promised to be married the Summoned his nobles, near and far,
customs,-or perhaps we may rather infer, next day,was with Warredondo at the To grace the pomp of sylvan war.
that valuable breeds of these animals were moment of Reta's arrival, and immediately Three days, his royal will decreed once indigenous to this continent, but are summoned his friends and followers to go To urge the chase with hound and steed; now well nigh extinct. After they have with him in pursuit of Ruric, who in the And on the fourth, the gathered spoil Of all their sport and all their toil,
hunted awhile, they stop to rest and make mean time was riding slowly home without In one vast quarry to array
merry ;-in furtherance of which pleasant any apprehension of injury or danger. And thence, with pious care, convey, object, Ruric, the king's son and heir ap
While thus along their dusky way Of every kind, the fairest nine
parent, relates a most melancholy dream, Sauntered the chiefs, in loose arrayAnd offer them at Odin's shrine.which
Sudden as bursts from cloud-wrapt skies 'Twas an old custom, which bis sire
The bolt of deathWho fled, long since, from Harold's ire,
-checked their mirth, and sunk their tone Had brought from Norway, o'er the sea, Of laughter, loud, and noisy glee,
Was heard such hissing, in the air,
As though ten thousand snakes were there, And he observed it, annually.
To whispered sigh and stifled moan
With brandished tongues and fiery eyes
And poisonous breath. For Scania's sons—though fabling pride But the next day they hunt again, and 'Twas loud and sharp, like wintry blast; Their lineage to the gods alliedRuric's dream is accomplished.
But with such volleying speed it passed, Were the descendants of the crew Of shipwrecked outlaws, bold but few,
It chanced, on that autumnal morn,
That scarce the startled ear believed
Its impulse; each uncertain knight
Deemed it some viewless insect-flight On Nova Scotia's savage strand, Woke Echo from her lonely sleep;
Which, with its hum, his sense deceived.
Again it hissed-again-again!
And Ruric's steed, with sudden bound,
Plunged violently, as from pain
Inflicted by some deadly wound;
And Albert, from his lofty horse,
Fell head-long down, a breathless corse.
Then, well those gallant chieftains knew Richer than Araby the Blest. of Wabash-guiding the light wand
The shrill, familiar sound;
It was no insect hum, that threw
Such fearful warnings round;
But arrow-flights, from twanging bows, And thousand flowers, of varied hue,
That Indian maid-than whom the sun
Of vigorous, but secret, foes.
“Halt!-form!" the word was passed, obeyed; Shed fragrance-rich as poets sing Among the dark brunettes that rove
Soon was such active band arrayed,
And flashing bright, each battle-blade
Leaped lightly from its sheath;
Each dexter arm was quickly bared,
Each throbbing heart beat high, prepared Of nature's boons, the richest, rarest, Of the Algonquin's war-like host.
For victory or death.
“Now comrades, on the covert foe! Some fairy hand had culled, with care,
What though the blush with deeper hue
Stern be the dint and sure the blow
Which makes such dark assassins know And there, the wanderers stayed their feet Came with as warm, as ready flow,
A Scanian warrior's energy":
Scarce from the prince the mandate fell
When, from the shrubbery, rose a yell
As wild, as though the fiends of hell
Were howling there, in agony:
And from the thicket burst, amain,
Brave Teondetha and his train.
Through her swart cheek and eloquent eyes, Ruric was overpowered and nearly slais, From present bliss, to point and linger
Her soul, unclouded by the guise O'er friends, home, kindred, far away
Of that slight drapery, beamed as bright
when Aldobrand, whom his father had sent Not Eden's tenants, ere their shame
As the wild flash of magic light
to meet him, attacked and slew Teondeths And guilt, by the Destroyer, came,
Which evening throws o'er arctic skies. Then Warredondo sends to Gondiberty
demand Escalala, and Ruric will not let her Fiercely and fast, from wing to wing,
works and monuments left nameless and go, and the Algonquins make war upon the
On helm and mail their war-clubs ring; storyless.
And the living keep their stainless fame, Scanians; and, in a furious battle, one hun
We hope that Mr Beach is young, and
And the dying earn a deathless name: dred thousand Indians defeat, with terrible
But o'er their shattered ranks, the fray
that, before he writes again, he will subject slaughter, sixty thousand Scanians. The
Spreads carnage, doubt, and disarray;
his mind to profitable discipline, and enbattle rages loud and long; and both parties They droop; they falter-and they flee! deavour to amend his taste. No one can are very near beating several times, before “ Húzza !-pursue the victory!"
read his poem without acknowledging that it is finished. It begins in this wise.
From the farthest verge of their flying bost
he has talents of a highly respectable charA short but fearful pause, Now hope is abandoned and order lost
acter, to say no more,-and regretting that Of hesitation, hope and dread,
And their bravest have joined in the mingling rout. they are not used to better purpose. Sucteeds--as to the burnished head His shaft each bowman draws :
One might well despair of the Indian
have flourished to this day, to our no small Sbeds o'er each host so deep and full
annoyance, but for one remarkable circumHer noiseless spell, that the pained ear
EDGEWORTH'S WORKS. stance, to wit, that Escalala, having escaped Seems as if never more to hear.
Miss EDGEWORTH and her admirers canThus-ere the yawning earthquake burst
from prison, ran about until she found a To whelm proud Lisbon in the dust, Mammoth, mounted upon him, and came to not complain that her works have received And o'er her fall the billows rushed
succour the Algonquins and avenge her less attention than they merit. They posThe very elements seemed hushed : father's death.
sess no excellence, which has not been And thus-on Afric's deserts vast,
critically examined, and liberally applaudWhere darts the dark Sirocco's blast
Vigorous, active, dauntless, free,
ed. Their faults have been faithfully exIts poison npon beast and man
Sheathed in burnished panoply, Through all the shuddering caravan;
And armed and girded for the slaughter,
posed, but generally treated with tenderEre sweeps the death-wind's fated sound,
Like Juno's flower-begotten daughter;
ness; and she has had every inducement A horrid stiilness breathes around.
On a mammoth's giant might,
and every assistance to render her works Rushing through the failing fight,
faultless, which could be afforded by the The word is given !
Like Hope descending on Despair, Hiss the barbed shafts, the bowstrings twang,
most enlightened community in the world.
ESCALALA's self is there. And dinted shields and bucklers clang,
She has not been wholly unmindful of these And riogs and rives the tempered mail, The lady and the beast do wonders; the advantages and facilities, and in many reAs pours the arrow-shower like hail, Scanians are beginning to fly, and are only spects, she has fully rewarded the confiAnd- echoing up to heaven, -
sustained by the strength and fiery courage dence and liberality of her readers. In all Withering, and wild, and shrill, and sell, Bursts far and wide the savage yell;
of Ruric. At length Escalala espies him, that relates to the merely literary characThrilling upon the wildered ear
and a terrible combat ensues, which we ter of her works, she has made improveIn tones as dissonant and drear;
must give in the words of our author. ment; and, in her later works, the morAs when the winds and surges roar
ality is more refined, and she less fre
But the havoc of his brand
The injured maid descries;
quently introduces descriptions of immoral From all their fearless archery,
And for vengeance, through the band, actions without distinguishing them with With errless aim and hurtling might
Impatiently she flies.
marks of disapprobation. She has, howevWings back the viewless arrow-flight
Stern and implacable as fate,
er, rigidly adhered to her original plan of Impetuous as the flasbing levin
And fushed with hope, and armed with hate, inculcating morality separate from relig
Beneath her mammoth's rushing weight
The solid earth appears to tremble ;
ion,-of teaching how to live well in the Of warring waves on the troubled ocean:
And her flashing eyes resemble
present world without any reference to the Some fiery and malignant star
world to come. And their answering shouts that defy the strife,
This indignity against And the sharp, shrill notes of the martial fife,
Glancing o'er the troubled war.
revelation has called forth numerous re
Not unobserved of Ruric, came And the sighs and the groans of the wounded
monstrances from her christian readers; and dying,
That eye of fire, that heart of fame;
and it can have given little satisfaction, to Dashed to the earth, in their heart's-blood lying,
Nor from the combat turns aside, And the bugle's trill, and the drum's loud rattle,
In fear or scorn, his arm of pride;
receive equivocal assertions in favour of Float, mingle, and swell, o'er the raging battle.
Nor waits he till the foe draws near;
her own and her father's faith. The public But spurs his steed to full career
required them to show their faith in their Warredondo leads a chosen band through With shield advanced, and dancing crest, works; they have not done it, and their an unguarded pass in hopes to surprise the And visor closed, and lance in rest,
excuses have been incompetent and frivoScanians; but he is met by Gondibert with
And soul as haughty, stern, and free,
As that which nerves his enemy. his reserve, defeated, and slain.
The works of Miss Edgeworth are so exMid-way, in their sounding course, “Now, forth! and on the wakened foe,
They meet; and Rurio's gasping horse- tensively read, and their influence is so Ere he recover from the blow !"
Encountered by the swerveless force
great, that their moral character deserves Thus utters Ruric: o'er the fosse,
Of the huge mammoth—from the shock more attention from our journals than it Spanned by the light but firm pontoon,
Recoils, as from the ocean-rock
has received. I would suggest some conDash, fearlessly, the glittering horse,
The rushing wave; and on the plain The heavier phalanx follows soon;
Sinks, shuddering-ne'er to rise again :
siderations applicable to this subject; and And, like the earthquake's fated gush,
And hapless Ruric, swift and far
shall illustrate my remarks by references Their deep, united masses rush
As peasant might can pitch the bar,
to her “ Practical Education." But I must Upon the foe; whose frowning columns,
Is head-long hurled-like meteor driven first be allowed to quote the following highIn huge and dense and darkening volumes, Downward, from the cope of heaven. Stand to receive them, as fixed and undaunted
ly judicious and eloquent remarks respect
Dizzy he rises; his palsied hand As the earth, on whose bosom their banners
ing the moral character of her works gen
Feebly gropes for his useless brand : are planted.
But ere from its sheath he has freed the blade, erally, from the Inaugural Address of the Dire is the crash of their meeting bands,
On bim rushes the vengeful maid,
late Professor Frisbie. Wild the din of their shivering brands;
And her war club's weight, like the levin-burst, “ Miss Edgeworth has so cautiously comMore dire and more wild are the shout and the Dashes bim down to his kindred dust; bined the features of her characters, that cry
and scull and gushing brain of the victors, who triumph, the vanquished, It sinks-and Ruric's with the slain.
the predominant expression is ever what it who die;
should be ; she has shown us, not vices enAnd fearfully strewn is the gore-drenched plain
Gondibert dies when he sees his son die : nobled by virtues, but yirtues degraded by With the weltering wounded and tombless slain. no quarter is given to his troops, who are their union with vices. The success of Sternly the allies withstand
pursued and slaughtered day after day, un- this lady has been great, but had she availThe death-shoek of the Scanian band; til the nation is extirpated, --and all their led herself more of the motives and senti
ments of religion, we think it would have tific parts were written by Mr Edgeworth. world will be determined by our conduct been greater. She has stretched forth a That it may not be inferred, that I require in the present. We do not say that it is powerful hand to the impotent in virtue; more than could be reasonably expected necessary to inspire into the minds of our and had she added, with the apostle, . In the from the general design of the work, it is children a superstitious dread of the horname of Jesus of Nazareth,' we should al- necessary to say, that the authors professrors of retributive justice, for we believe most have expected miracles from its to treat of every thing that is important to that mankind are every day becoming touch.”
children, as will appear from p. 311. more capable of acting from enlightened Respecting the importance of incorpora- “Though we have been principally atten- principles,-of seeing the reasons why virting religion with morality, he adds the tive to all the circumstances, which can be tue produces happiness, and vice, misery; following remarks. The influence of this essential to the management of young peo- and thus of maintaining a regard for the “ extends to every order in society. It is ple during the first pine or ten years of right, because it is right, instead of acting not the fountain, which plays only in the their lives, we have by no means confined from fear of punishment or hope of reward. garden of the palace, but the rain of heav- our observations to this period alone ; but But we see little reason for expecting a en, which descends alike on the enclosures we have endeavoured to lay before parents period—and certainly none for saying it of the rich and the poor, and refreshes the a general view of the human mind (as far has arrived-when we may dispense with meanest shrub no less than the fairest flow- as it relates to our subject), of proper meth- the sanctions, while we inculcate the law.
The sages of antiquity seem to have ods of teaching, and of the objects of ra. The grand christian principle, that, in a believed that morality had nothing to do tional instruction.”
future state of existenee, our destiny will with religion; and Christians of the middle The plain question now is, whether they be determined by our character, and that ages, that religion had nothing to do with have performed this task with any reasona- every one shall be rewarded according to morality. But at the present day, we ac- ble degree of fidelity. By referring to a his works,” is absolutely essential to form knowledge how intimate and important is few chapters we shall find a satisfactory our minds after the image and likeness of their connexion. It is not views of moral answer. The chapter on “Truth” affords God. An external morality, however exfitness, by which the minds of men are at a fair specimen of the moral character of act it may be, which has within it no soulfirst to be affected, but by connecting their the book. Its object is to show by what no reference to God and eternity, cannot duties with the feelings and motives, the methods children may be made to acquire abide the judgment of Him,“ who searchhopes and fears of Christianity. Both are the habit of telling the truth. Most of the eth the heart;" and by teaching our chilnecessary, the latter to prompt and invigo- directions that are given, are worthy of at- dren to tell the truth because it is useful, rate virtue, the former to give it the beauty tention. They may do much ; but much without alluding to any other than temporof knowledge and taste. It is heat, that will still remain to be done, unless we ac- al good, we are doing nothing for them, but causes the germ to spring and flourish in company our exertions with other modes to encourage them to live with devotion to the heart; but it is light that imparts ver- and other principles, than are here describ- the world—to seek its good things by the dure to its foliage, and their hues to its ed. The fact, that lying is forbidden by most eff. ctual means, and to be prepared flowers."
God, is not even alluded to; nor is it inti- to die the death of brutes. If in any work we might expect a distinct mated that integrity is to be preferred to In the chapter on Vanity, Pride, and Amrecognition of the authority of revealed falsehood, because one is in itself virtuous bition, the first two are classed among virtruth, surely none could have higher claims and the other vicious. Indeed we do not tues. They are, however, considered as to it, than a treatise on Practical Educa- find in the book the idea, that any actions vices, when they are excessive, and when tion. Miss Edgeworth obviously saw that are wicked in the common sense of the excited by unworthy objects. I am well an apology would be required for the omis- term. In general, those actions which are aware, that the terms vanity and pride can sion, and she has given the following in the commonly denominated wicked, are disap- be so defined as to denote virtues ; but in preface.
proved; but they are not represented as ordinary language, they signify vices. There “On religion and politics we have been opposed to the laws of God nor is their has been so much contention on this subject silent, because we have no ambition to gain effect on the future state any where recog- among metaphysicians, that I must endearpartisans, or to make proselytes, and be nised.
our to clear away the mist they have raised, cause we do not address ourselves exclu- That truth is to be preferred to false- in order to make myself understood. sively to any sect or to any party.” hood, because it is more useful, might be a The desire of receiving the approbation
Had this been given by any one but Miss competent reason, were we always compe- of others, may proceed from benevolence, Edgeworth, it would be regarded as too fee. tent and always disposed to judge rightly of or from self-love. For example; the artisan ble and contemptible to deserve notice. Be- what is most useful. But the simple fact, may be gratified by the praises bestowed on cause it is not her object to make proselytes that the Scriptures reveal sanctions to the his works, because he knows them to be to any sectarian dogmas, is the very spirit divine law, proves that our judgment of truly valuable, and loves to have others any life of religion to be disregarded ? Was utility is not always to be trusted. There rightly estimate them. If this be the only it necessary to avoid every allusion to the can be no question, in the abstract, that cause of his pleasure, it would be equal, if Sacred Scriptures as containing the light of integrity of character is more advantageous the works were the fruit of another's skill life, and to draw every motive for good con- than duplicity and falsehood; but whoever and industry. He may be pleased with the duct from merely temporary considerations? has learned how prone his corrupt affec- commendation, because he perceives that The essence of religion is common to all the tions are to blind his judgment,-how fre- the laudable objects of his pursuit are prochildren of God; and Christians of every de- quently he acts with reference only to the moted, such as the maintenance of his family. nomination may be referred to the Bible as present, and how often the present allures In these cases, it is obvious that his pleasure their spiritual directory, without regard to him by deceptive appearances of utility, arises from the gratification of good affecthe peculiarities of their several views. and causes him to mistake the gratification tions; and no one has any question as to What, but an indifference to religion itself, of evil concupiscences, for the essential the purity of such a love of approbation. can prevent a teacher from doing this ? Lest and eternal good of his soul,—such an one, But the artisan may be gratified by the we make our children sectarians, shall we surely, needs not to be told, that in order praises bestowed on his labour and skill, avoid giving them any religious principles ? to preserve the mind at all times within the because he considers them as distinguishLest the sanctions of religion should be path of rectitude, it is necessary to impressing him above others, -as magnifying bis misused to strengthen some error, or justify it deeply with those truths, which teach us importance; and not from any regard to some bad feeling, shall we utterly forget that there is an all-seeing eye, from whose the good of others. The desire of approor desecrate them?
ken nothing is secret; that we are amena- bation, so far as it proceeds from these selle It will be seen then that I impute to Miss ble for every thought, affection, word, and ish affections, is commonly regarded as evil; Edgeworth all the faults in the moral char-action to the judgment of an unerring tri- and it is what, in ordinary discourse, we deacter of this work. Only the more scien- ! bunal ; and that our state in the future nominate vanity. There is little difference