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By_sunny ray, and starry throne,

The wonders of our mighty Lord
To man's attentive heart are known,
Bright as the promise of his word.

E-N.

light, and perhaps elicit from others some And wash away the blood-stain there. light, upon important facts. We have no Why should I guard, from wind and sun,

This cheek, whose virgin rose is fled, room to make an analysis of its contents;

It was for one-oh, only onebut would briefly present some considera

I kept its bloom, and he is dead. tions which they suggest to us. For General Hull's surrender of his forces and posts But they who slew him-unaware to the British, he was tried and condemned

Of coward murderers lurking nigh

And left him to the fowls of air, to death as a coward; and he lives to tell

Are yet alive--and they must die. this story through the mercy of the Execu

They slew him-and my virgin years tive. Whether he has wholly justified his Are vowed to Greece and vengeance now; surrender without a battle, may be deter- And many an Othman dame, in tears, mined differently by different persons. We

Shall rue the Grecian maiden's vow. suppose that most readers will agree that

I touched the lute in better days, his conduct could be accounted for without

I led in dance the joyous band ; charging with cowardice or treachery, one Ah! they may move to mirthful lays to whom Washington entrusted important Whose hands can touch a lover's hand. commands. He has sufficiently shown that

The march of hosts that haste to meet much more than his due of punishment

Seems gayer than the dance to me;

The lute's sweet tones are not so sweet visited his share of the follies, improvidence,

As the fierce shout of victory.

B. and misconduct, which characterized that astonishing campaign. We feel no kind of hostility to General Dearborn, and have no [It is perhaps due to our readers, to inform them acquaintance with, and no personal feelings that the following pieces, and others with a similar towards General Hull; we know that we signature, are from a small manuscript volume of are unprejudiced, and believe all who are poetry written by the late Rev. Mr Eastburn, one 20, will agree with us in thinking that some of the authors of " Yamoyden." As we have sething of a load lies upon General Dear- lelectrd many of these poems for our columns, it born, which he will do well to throw off as

may be improper that we should express more dissoon as may be. General Hull lost all he tinctly our opinion of their merit. Had we not had ;-General Dearborn did nothing thought that they would gratify our readers, and achieved nothing-suffered nothing; and far, perhaps, he had the best of it. But we should not have availed ourselves of the kindness

support the reputation of their author, we certainly do not recollect that General Dearborn has of the gentleman by whose means we have obtainever explained the singular lapse of mem

ed them.-EDITOR.] ory during which he relieved himself from the peril of a British force, and left that

THE PROSPECT OF DEATH. force to go en masse upon General Hull

When sailing on this troubled sea who was likely to bave enough to encoun

Of pain, and tears, and agony, ter without this addition. But when Hull

Though wildly roar the waves around, was tried, and Dearborn tried him, why With restless and repeated sound, was the affair of Washington forgotten? 'Tis sweet to think that on our eyes Whoever was guilty there, was answerable

A lovelier clime shall yet arise;

That we shall wake from sorrow's dream somewhere; and it would be rather difficult

Beside a pure and living stream. to persuade any one just now, that the loss of Detroit and of all Hull's posts, afforded Yet we must suffer, here below, more proof of cowardice or treachery than Unnumbered pangs of grief and wo; that misconduct-whatever be its true name

Nor must the trembling heart repine,

But all, upto its God resign; or nature—which lost Washington. Gen

In weakness and in pain made known, eral Hull has shown that there was other

His powerful mercy shail be shown, opposition arrayed against him than that

Until the fight of faith is o'er, which arose from his military faults. But And earth shall vex the soul no more! they mistook their man. He was not a suf

E-N ficient scape-goat ; he could not bear away all the disgrace and punishment due to the

PART OF THE Xixth PSALM.
military managers of that play—and par-
ticularly to them who conducted the flight The glittering heaven's refulgent glow,
of Bladensburgh.

And sparkling spheres of golden light,
Jehovah's work and glory show,

By burning day, or gentle night.

In silence through the vast profound
POETRY.

They move their orbs of fire on high,
Nor speech, nor word, nor answering sound,

Is heard upon the tranquil sky:
SONG OF THE GRECIAN AMAZON.

Yet to the earth's remotest bar
I buckle to my slender side

Their burning glory, all is known;
The pistol and the scimetar,

Their living light has sparkled far,
And in my maiden flower and pride

And on the attentive silence shone.
Am come to share the tasks of war.
And yonder stands my fiery steed,

God 'mid their shining legions rears
That paws the ground and neighs to go,

A tent where burns the radiant sun; My charger of the Arab breed,

As, like a bridegroom bright, appears I took him from the routed foe.

The monarch, on his course begun;

From end to end of azure heaven My mirror is the mountain spring,

He holds his wery path along, At which I dress my ruffled hair;

To all his circling heat is given, My dimmed and dusty arms I bring,

AUTUMNAL NIGHTFALL. Round Autumn's mouldering urn, Loud mourns the chill and cheerless gale, When nightfall shades the quiet vale,

And stars in beauty burn.

'Tis the year's eventide. The wind, like one that sigbs in pain O'er joys that ne'er will bloom again,

Mourns on the far hill-side.

And yet my pensive eye
Rests on the faint blue mountain long,
And for the fairy-land of song,

That lies beyond, I sigh,

The moon unveils her brow;
In the mid-sky her urn glows bright,
And in her sad and mellowing light

The valley sleeps below.

Upon the hazel gray
The lyre of Autumn hangs unstrung,
And o'er its tremulous chords are flung

The fringes of decay.

I stand deep musing here,
Beneath the dark and motionless beech,
Whilst wandering winds of nightfall reach

My melancholy ear.

The air breathes chill and free;
A Spirit, in soft music calls
From Autumn's gray and moss-grown halls,

And round her withered tree.

The hoar and mantled Oak,
With moss and twisted ivy brown,
Bends in its lifeless beauty down

Where weeds the fountain choke.

That fountain's hollow voice
Echoes the sound of precious things;
Of early feeling's tuneful springs

Choked with our blighted joys.

Leaves, that the night-wind bears
To earth's cold bosom with a sigh,
Are types of our mortality,

And of our fading years.

The tree that shades the plain,
Wasting and hoar as time decays,
Spring shall renew with cheerful days,-
But not my joys again.

H. W. L.

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INTELLIGENCE.

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MUSICAL BAROMETER. A gentleman, at Burkil, not far from Bâsle, in Switzerland, by the name of Ventain, invented some years ago a sort of musical barometer, called, in the German, wetter harfe, weather barp, or riesen harfe, giant harp, which possesses the singular property of indicating changes of the weather by musical tones. This gentleman was in the habit of amusing himself by shooting at a mark from his window, and that he might not be obliged to go after the mark at every shot, he fixed a piece of iron wire to it, so as to be able to draw it to him at pleas

He frequently remarked that this wire gave musical tones sounding exactly

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ure.

THE NIGER.

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NEWLY DISCOVERED REPTILE.

mosa.

GREEK NEWSPAPERS.

an octave; and he found that an iron wire,

called Babar Dibber, or the sea of Ghimbaextended in a direction parallel to the me- Mr Dupuis, in his work upon Ashantee, ba. The Dibber is very large, and in the ridian, gave this tone every time the wind lately published, says of the course of this season of rain the land on the opposite side, changed. A piece of brass wire gave no mysterious river, that he never heard of two although high, is not discernible. Beyond sound, nor did an iron wire extended east different opinions with regard to its termina- Jenny, the river, at the opposite outlet of and west. In consequence of these obser. tion. “South or north of the great desert, in the lake, inclines to the north till it reachvations a musical barometer was construct. Wangara or Mauritania, the sentiments es Timbuctoo. From thence its track is ed. In the year 1787, Capt. Hans, of Bâsle, were the same, that the great flow of water easterly to Ghou, having then traversed made one in the following manner:- Thir- is easterly to the Egyptian Nile. Yet it the district of Fillany. From Gbou it enteen pieces of iron wire, each three hundred must be confessed that none of my instruct- ters Marroa, passing through. Corimen, and twenty feet long, were extended from ers had ever tracked its course beyond the Kaby, and Zamberma, as it inclines with a his summer-house to the onter court, cross- western limits of Bournou. It was an or-southerly fall to the Youry, and the lake ing a garden. They were placed about thodox opinion, that the Shady, as well as of Noufy. two inches apart; the largest were two the Koara, united its waters with inpumeralines in diameter, the smallest only one, ble other large and small rivers (like the and the others about one and a half; they Amazon), which contributed to replenish were on the side of the house, and made its channel in the dry season, when it usual

M. Marion has found, in the island of an angle of twenty or thirty degrees with ly tracks its course mildly; and in the sea. Manilla, a species of reptile of the family the horizon; they were stretched and kept son of rain, when it runs in tempestuous of the Agamoides, which has the faculty of tight by wheels made for that purpose. eddies, sweeping off in its current whole changing colour, like the camelion. Its Every time the weather changes these wires islands of matted vegetation. The Mos- head is triangular, pretty large in propormake so much noise that it is impossible to lems of Kong and Manding commonly used tion to the body; the tail long and slender; continue concerts in the parlour, and the the term Wangara, as relating to Åslian- along the back, the crest or ridge is formsound resembles that of a tea-urn when tee, Dahomy, and 'Benin, east of the For-ed of soft scales, and under the throat is a boiling,—sometimes that of a harmonicon, a of the Niger, well known to them goitre. The feet have tues, detached and distant bell, or an organ. In the opin. by its Bambira name, Jolliba, they report- very unequal; the scales are mostly trianion of the celebrated chemist, Dobereiner ed to this effect : that it has its source in a gular, imbricated, and especially those of as stated in the Bulletin Technologique, chain of mountains, which bears west and the tail. The iris is blackish, bordered with this is an electro-magnetical phenomenon. something north of the capital of Kong, a little white circle about the pupil. The

from whence it is distant eighteen journeys. animal is very active, and feeds on insects.

According to this estimation, I conceive its When the author first came into possession The following newspapers are now pub- fountain may exist in about 11° 15' latitude of it, its colour, for twenty-four hours, was lished in Greece: At Missolonghi, the north, and 7° 10 longitude west of the a delicate green, whether held in the dark, Greek Chronicle (in Greek), and the Greek meridian of Greenwich. The intermediate or exposed to the sun,—whether kept moTelagraph (in several languages);-at Hy-space comprises a part of the district call- tionless or in a state of agitation : but next dra, The Friend of the Laws (in Greek);

ed Ganowa, inhabited by the Manding and morning, on removing it from the inside of at Athens, the Athens Free Press' (in Falah [Foulah] tribes. The surface, for a bamboo, where it had been placed, its Greek); -at Psara, The Psara Newspaper clining to hilly, yet it is by no means ab- lite; when exposed to the air, this colour

the first five or six days, they relate, is in- colour throughout had changed to carme(in Greek). All the above, in of an arrangement made, may now be ob- rupt; and forests alternately abound, but gradually disappeared, and the animal re

On this ground, certained in England by orders through the they are not so impervious as those of Ashan- sumed its green robe.

tee. English Foreign Post Office.

After the first hundred miles, the tain brown lines were soon after visible : traveller commences ascending a cluster the animal was then replaced in the bamof lofty mountains, and this labour occupies boo, but on drawing it out, it had acquired

him six days. The mountains abound in a bluish green colour, and it was only in The New Monthly Magazine speaks in rivers and rapid torrents, which discharge the open air that the brownish tints rethe following terms of this work, which is themselves on the opposite sides into the torned; and at length, without any varia. so deservedly high in favour with the Jolliba, and further to the westward they tion of form or position, the brown colour American public.

are so high and steep that no man can as- gave place to a uniform green, intermin. “We are happy to find that the book-cend to their summits, which are barren, gled, however, with some brownish streaks. stores of America are beginning to furnish bleak, and oftentimes covered with snow.

When laid on green or red substances, no us with some good novels, in return for the They are inhabited about half way up by grain of colour was observed. numerous cargoes with which Paternoster- ferocious tribes of cannibals. The source row has supplied the transatlantic market of the river lies about two days' distance Mr Brown and Mr Cooper are well and up the mountains, and is distant from Con- All publishers of books throughout the deservedly known to the English public, and nassy thirty-eight journeys, or about five United States, are very earnestly requested we anticipate an equal reputation for the hundred British miles, horizontal. The author of the present volumes. The story river in the neighbourhood, at the head of

to forward to us, regularly and seasonably, of Redwood possesses little of the powerful the mountains, is a small rapid stream full the names of all works of every kind, prewriting and well-imagined situations which of cataracts, which foam over a bed of paring for publication, in the press, or characterize the novels of the former writ- rocky ground, where it would not be possi- recently published. er, and nothing of the historical interest ble to Hoat a canoe.

As they will be in

It flows on to a conwhich gives so much value to the works of siderable distance among the valleys and serted in the Gazette, it is particularly the latter. It much more nearly resembles broken ground, until it has cleared the desired that the exact titles be stated at the tales of Miss Edgeworth, in its pleas- mountains, which it leaves far to the south, length. ant, and, we believe, accurate delineation as it explores a channel on the plains of of domestic manners. Redwood is a reli- Melly. On the confines of Bambara, it

** The proprietors of Newspapers, for gious novel, but there is nothing like big- is already a large river, occasioned by the which this Gazette is exchanged, and of otry or fanaticism in the opinions of the junction of many other rivers of almost which the price is less than that of the writer, who displays a spirit of very liberal equal magnitude, and whose sources are in and rational piety.”- – We ought to add, these mountains. It passes Yamina, Sata- Gazette, are expected to pay the differ that the style of Redwood is good, and the na, and Sago, to Massina and Jenny; be- ence. story interesting.” yond which it spreads into a large lake,

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In this little work pure devotion and moFormation on the Criticism of the Text-on the An- rality are expressed in chaste, and often ployed in the Construction, Equipment, cient Versions-on Critical Editions—to furnish beautiful poetical language. The questions Machinery, Movements, and Military as forward interesting Articles on the Manners, Cus. Hymns of considerable length, each verse as will be found useful to practical NavigaDiscussions of a Hermeneutical character-to bring are comprehensive, and are answered in well as Naval Operations of Ships ; with

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ELEMENTS OF GEOGRAPHY ANCIENT AND

MODERN

a

SKETCHES OF THE EARTH AND ITS

INHABITANTS.

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Published on the first and fifteenth day of every month, by Cummings, Hilliard, & Co. No. 1 Cornhill, Boston.--Terms, $5 per annum, payable in July.
VOL. I.
BOSTON, DECEMBER 16, 1824.

No. 17.

REVIEWS.

perhaps, of all things, that which is most to gardens and vineyards, wood and verdure, catile and

be dreaded and bated ; but these are not groups of villagers, all blended in baight and gay conRecollections of the Peninsula. By the Au- whom its actual horrors do not reach; and parties of monks, in the dark and picturesque dress the feelings which it usually excites in them fusion, arrest the eye, and address the heart. Here

you saw, in their cool and shaded cloisters, small thor of Sketches of India.First Amer-one reason why there is so little truth in of their orders, observing us as we passed along ican from the second London Edition, the common opinions and sentiments upon there some happy family, parents, children, and Philadelphia. 1824. 12mo. pp. 260.

this subject, is, that we consider it in the servants, would hurry to their garden terrace on the This book details the personal experiences mass, and not in detail. The true nature water's edge, and salute us with smiles and vivas: of a British officer actively engaged in the of war is concealed from the multitude by discern some solitary nun, who, from the high and

while a little farther, in the back ground, you might Peninsular war. We can safely recom- its pomp and glories; but follow the indi- grated casement of her convent, looked out upon mend it as an interesting work; and we viduals who compose this mass, and observe the strange and brilliant show, and hastily withbelieve we may go further, and call it a the feelings which govern them, the deeds drew. About two leagues above Villa Franca, the useful work. The author does not attempt upon which they are bent, the ends they breeze died away, and not a breath of air stirred on to give a plan of the campaign, or to de- seek and the means they use, the doom the water. Our boatmen took to their poles, and

with all their exertion, made little more than a scribe the movements of the military masses which few escape of toil and peril, of league, when the shades of evening closed in, and which were then combatting in Spain. As savage hate, of more than brutal enmity, we brought to near the bank. Here we found a he does not write for the instruction of sol- of suffering which it is terrible to read of, Portuguese tent, which had been pitched for some diers, he adapts himself to the comprehen- and, perhaps, the violent death towards day-guard, but was abandoned for the night; of this sion of others besides his martial brethren ; which many are pressing,--and these idle my cheerful little mess took possession, and here and he narrates in a lively, unaffected, and glories will fade away. Military arrays are the gaiety of a party of pleasure.

we ate our cold meat and drank our wine, with all very pleasant way, those circumstances splendid objects; the dancing plumes and After an hour's labour in the morning, finding which befell him personally. We abide glittering arms are beautiful; the trumpet, we made little or no way by water, we landed and with him in his quiet quarters, during his and the echoing volley, will stir up the marched to Santarem. The situation of this city rare periods of rest, and follow him in the spirit; but these things are only the be- is very striking; it is built on bold, elevated ground, march, and stand by his side in the battle, ginning, and the end is on the battle field, banging directly over the Tagus, the southern

bank

of which it completely commands. The regiment and thus learn what things they are, which where the fierce cries of rage and agony was quartered for the night in a convent, and I rea soldier must do and suffer. That such a and the groans of dying men are heard, ceived a billet on a private house. At the door of book must needs be interesting, our read- and the gay plume is bloody, and the wound it, I was met by the owner, a gentlemanlike lookers will grant; and we think it also useful, ed bosom is breaking beneath a crushing ing, well-dressed man, of about sixty, and of a very because it helps to do away certain errors, hoof; and, if the beginning

and the end are mild, pleasing address : he led the way to a neat

apartment, and a pretty bedchamber. I was cove and throw some light upon the folly and kept nearer to each other in our thoughts, ered with dust and dirt, and declined them as too wickedness of a love of war, and an admi- they will not wander so far from the truth. good; but how was my confusion increased, when ration of military achievement. Wars will But, we do not mean to make this pleas- my host himself brought me water in a silver basin probably be necessary evils for some time ant book serve only to introduce a discus- to wash, while his good lady presented me with to come ; but though necessary, they should sion of the true character of war; and we that they had mistaken my rank from my two ep

chocolate, bearing it herself on a salver. I feared be regarded as evils. Universal and un- hasten to state its contents somewhat more aulettes. and I explained to them that I was a simbroken peace cannot be established until distinctly. The author embarked at Ports- ple Lieutenant. No; they well knew my rank, men love each other much better than they mouth, to follow his regiment to Portugal, but did not pay me the less attention ; they pernow do; and, in the mean time, nations in the last week of June 1809. In Lisbon fumed my chamber with rose-water, took off my should not neglect the means of defence, he remained about a fortnight, and the de-knapsack with their own hands, and then left me

to refresh myself by washing and dressing, and to nor refuse to acknowledge the necessity scription of this city and its beautiful vi- recover from the pleasing astonishment, into which of defence, when this necessity actually cinity occupies the first thirty pages of the their cordial and polite reception had thrown me. comes. The prevalence and common love volume. About the last of July his regi- In the evening my party dined here, and the wor: of war, is a strong proof that men are not, ment received orders to march for Spain; thy host presented us with some magnums of fine in their nature, so far from brutes, as they and for many days the march was a mere old wine, and the choicest fruit. We made scruwould fain think; for, though man may journey of pleasure, and every thing was hospitality, and we, in return, pressed on his ac

ples; he overruled them with true and unaffected submit to the necessity of conflict, it is es- delightful. The following extract will give ceptance six bottles of excellent Sauterne, the resentially brutish and irrational to provoke our readers some idea of the treatment mains of our small stock of French wine. the combat and meet it with delight. That which the British at first received from the Such was my treatment in the first billet I ever war may prevent worse evils is certain; inhabitants of the country, and also of the entered in Portugal, and such, with very few excepbut let it rank with the earthquake, the change, and of the causes of the change, (by Portuguese of all classes, according to their

tions, was the character of the reception given whirlwind, and the plague; let it stand which soon took place.

means, at the commencement of the Peninsula foremost among the avenging ministers of From the quay of the Commercial Square our struggle, to the British army: rich and poor, the God, whose visitations cover the face of men sprung into the boats, and our little fleet was clergy and laity, the fidalgo and the peasant, all · society with a darkness like the shadow of soon saili ng up the river, under a favourable breeze. expressed an eagerness to serve, and a readiness death, and can only be borne as they come

It must have been a beautiful sight, for those on the to honour us. In these early marches, the villa, quays

and along the banks, to mark our fair array: the monastery, and the cottage, were thrown open to purge away, with fear and sorrow, evils The polished arms, the glittering cap-plates, and at the approach of our troops; the best apartments, which would have led to direr wo and the crimson dress of the British soldiers, crowded the neatest cells, he bumble but only beds, were more dreadful desolation. War is essen- in open barks, must have produced a very fine all resigned to the march-worn officers and men, tially the science and art of mutual injury; effect. And we, too, gazed on a scene far different with undisguised cheerfulness. It is with pain I and all possible modes of human suffering indeed, but

most peaceful, most lovely: The north- am compelled to confess, that the manners of my all the forms which pain and misery can (about six leagues) presents a continued succession a change in the kind dispositions of this people.

er bank of the river from Lisbon to Villa Franca strange, but well-meaning countrymen soon wrought take, are its true accompaniments. It is, l of rural beauties: convents, chapels, and quintas, When they saw many assume as a right all which

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